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3.1 Process Air Targets

* Directed early warning to supported units: Air defense LNOs at brigade and battalion receive and provide effective and timely directed early warning to the brigade task force. Air defense LNOs receive early warning from the Division Early Warning (DEW) net and directed early warning over the division command net. At both brigade and battalion, LNOs are quickly re-broadcasting the information to the task force.

3.1 Process Air Targets

* Air Defense early warning equipment positioning: Early warning using organic assets (Tactical Data Alerting Radar (TDAR), and Light and Special Division Interim Sensor (LSDIS) has been ineffective.

  1. Battery commanders position their organic radar/sensor too far to the rear of the brigade sector.
    RESULT: this positioning hinders the radar's ability to adequately detect enemy aircraft in the close battle area.
  2. Radar/sensor are often deployed without regard to line of sight in the direction of the expected enemy attack.
  3. Maintenance problems also exist for the two systems. Without a working PLL on hand, the systems were operational less than 50% of the time.
  4. When using LSDIS, air defense units were unfamiliar with the Simplified Handheld Terminal Unit (SHTU) which is used to receive early warning data.
  5. Team leaders were unfamiliar with link-up procedures.
    RESULT: 33% of all available teams received early warning in the data format.


  1. Position radar/sensors so they have line of sight along the expected enemy air avenue of approach.
  2. For both TDAR and LSDIS, a "go to war" stockage of PLL must be maintained. The headquarters battery within the parent unit battalion must transfer the necessary "slice" of the PLL to the deploying battery.
  3. Recognize that data link-up and SHTU operations is a perishable skill; enforce training standards resulting in soldiers understanding how to use the SHTU to achieve link-up with the LSDIS sensor, and then work hard to sustain the proficiency.
  4. Use FM 44-48 for guidance on deployment and employment of radar/sensors.
Table of Contents
Section II: TA.2 Fire Support BOS Narratives
Section II: TA.4 Command and Control BOS Narratives

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