SPILL RESIDUE COSTS
Mechanized warfare, and the training we do to fight and win, includes the creation of hazardous wastes and a high likelihood for spills. Clearly we need to be trained to not only deal with these events, but to deal with them in a cost-effective manner. The first piece is linking this to what leaders must do and demand even in the midst of a combat operation. The second piece is the one this appendix focuses on: being physically smart about how to deal with spills and the collection of hazardous waste.
Cleanup of POL spills can be expensive, but it does not have to be. With proper training, soldiers can make it less expensive by improving their techniques. The failure to do so means throwing away dollars that could be better used for other costs associated with training. We simply do not need to do things that cost us the ability to train effectively.
Soldiers need to know how to clean up a spill in a way that corrects the effects of the spill, and does so by gathering a minimum of dirt and other materials. (Note the weight associated with the contaminated soil listed on the rotational spill information included with this appendix.) Additionally, there is a discipline involved in keeping this material from contaminating other materials. The reason for this is fairly simple. First, the cost of POL-soaked soils can be lowered if the spill is contained quickly and the overall amount of soil that must be removed is reduced. Second, when POL-soaked soils are mixed with other soil or materials, the quantity of total material to be dealt with is increased. (Some states consider POL-soaked soils as hazardous waste.) It costs approximately $8 per pound to remove POL-soaked soils, so the soil must be removed properly. Do not pick up contaminated soil with a bucket-loader when it should be picked up with shovels. Over 990,000 pounds of contaminated soil were turned in during a specific rotation (98-05) at NTC. Think of the training money that would have been saved if proper procedures had reduced that amount by 50 percent.
Spill prevention (good unit practices, SOPs, training, and discipline) is the key to reducing cost and liabilities. (Appendix E addresses spill response.) However, the reality is that spills can never be eliminated, although they can be dramatically reduced. Soldiers need to be smart about how to handle spills and the manner used to perform spill cleanup. There are better uses for training monies than to spend more on spills or spill cleanup than is necessary. Be proactive, be responsive, and be smart about how you handle spills!
NTC REPORTED SPILLS
JP-8: 289 gallons and 1 pint spilled and reported.
OIL: 38.5 gallons spilled and reported.
ANTIFREEZE: 31 gallons spilled and reported.
HYDRAULIC FLUID: 58 gallons spilled and reported.
SOLVENT: 1/2 gallon spilled and reported.
KEROSENE: 22 gallons spilled and reported.
FRH: 1 gallon spilled and reported.
NOTE: A TOTAL OF 990,120 POUNDS OF SOIL WERE TURNED IN.
Appendix B: The Life of a Base Camp
Appendix D: Alaska - Story of a Spill
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