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Military

CHAPTER III

ARM, FUEL, FIX, SUPPLY AND TRANSPORT


Welcome, Maintenance Officers, to the CMTC!

Some Guidelines for the Battalion/Squadron Maintenance Office

by CPT Edward Campbell

Many battalion/squadron maintenance officers want to know: What will the observer/controller (O/C) team look at when my unit trains at the Combat Maneuver Training Center (CMTC)?

This article answers that question. This article also provides some clarification to the CMTC maintenance-specific Rules of Engagement (ROE). When in doubt, abide by the guidance in the ROE.

CMTC training focuses on the development of maneuver skills at the task-force level. Because of this focus, maintenance usually spends most of the training time focusing on real-world deadlines/repairs, rather than on the training scenario. DO NOT LOSE TRACK OF THE PURPOSE FOR TRAINING! Use the CMTC rotation to practice and develop your fieldcraft as it applies to maintenance. You must be thoroughly involved in planning, preparing and executing your commander's intent as it applies to maintenance (and Class IX), and be able to execute that intent in both stability actions and support actions and High Intensity Conflict (HIC).

Your observer/controller's main goal is to assist the section in improving its ability to do the tactical mission. They do not conduct technical inspections, but they will point out problem areas that may arise. Feel free to ask questions at any time, particularly after each mission after-action review (AAR).

First, some clarifications on Rules of Engagement (ROE).

1. To play, a weapon system must cross the LD with the unit at the beginning of each battle. The unit can drag combat equipment out for later repair, as long as it has been fitted with MILES and entered into the computer.

2. For repair of simulated battle damage assessment (SBDA) vehicles, you must have the parts, mechanics, tools, and end item on hand prior to starting the CMTC MAC Chart (Maintenance Allocation Chart) repair time.

  • Since this is simulated, if a part is not on hand, you can present a DA Form 2765-1, with the supporting Supply Support Activity's (SSA's) stamp, to simulate the part.
  • If the job is direct support, you must prepare and present a DA Form 5504.

3. Wear MILES and use vehicle MILES at all times. If it is broken, tell the O/C and take it to the MILES repair team. The team works in the box daily.

4. MILES II should be prioritized on your M88s. Designate one of these vehicles as your "flag bearer;" he'll be the vehicle the CMTC Instrumentation System tracks when the UMCP moves or jumps.

5. The OPFOR vehicles and aircraft you may see are listed below. Make sure your soldiers know these, because fratricide is simulated at CMTC as well.

  • BRDM simulated by a hardtop HMMVW with a modified hood.
  • BMP simulated by an M113A1 (no external fuel tanks).
  • T80 simulated by an M60 tank.
  • HIND simulated by a UH-1 (HUEY) with a blue bottom.

6. Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC) attacks can be expected against rear-echelon elements.

  • Be prepared to fight on the dirty battlefield.
  • Soldiers who do not respond appropriately will be assessed as an NBC casualty.
  • Non-persistent strikes can contaminate an area for up to 2 hours.
  • Persistent agent will remain effective until decontamination measures are taken, so if you were in MOPP4 in a persistent contaminated area, you would eventually become a casualty as your MOPP gear degraded.

7. M1s must have a brake vehicle when being recovered. (IAW USAREUR Supp 1 to AR 750-1).

8. Safety is the number one concern here.

9. If a vehicle has simulated damage, the appropriate recovery assets must be used to bring it in. No tow bars or chains will be physically connected; the SBDA vehicle will follow behind the recovery vehicle.

10. Violations of the ROE (not wearing MILES, for example) and safety violations will be referred to the soldier's chain of command.

This is the data that will be used to develop the CSS AAR.

1. Initial Vehicle Density (by company/troop, type, and bumper number). Focus on M1s, M2/M3s, M106s, M88s, M113s, M998s, M1026/1026s, Engineer assets, ADA assets, Medical assets, and NBC assets. These are all the vehicles that are starting the box rotation. Slice coordination and tracking is critical here, especially with the engineers.

2. Daily DA Form 2406 (turned into O/C each night). The report needs to identify what has been "circle X'd," and what pieces of equipment are still at Home Station (not in the box).

3. Daily tracking of the number of daily 02, 05, and 12 priority requisitions by company/troop.

4. Daily tracking of the number of DA Form 2404s (5988-Es) received from each company and troop.

5. Listing of recovery assets participating in the rotation, by type and bumper number (M88s, 5-ton wreckers, HEMMT wreckers, M113s), and their corresponding MILES II PID number if fitted with MILES II.

6. Description of the organizational structure of assigned maintenance personnel and assets. Include DS teams. This is what you actually have on the ground.not doctrinally.

Consider the following critical points when preparing for Stability and Support Operations.

1. Risk Assessment and Reduction. Have a program and use it. Don't just put it up for show.

2. Enforcement of Safety Measures. These come out of your risk assessment. Items to plan for include eyewash stations, fire plan, POL contamination, and spills.

3. Self-Recovery. Tracks and wheels all need the ability to self recover. Ensure each vehicle has a tow bar, cable, or chain.

4. Recovery Training. Ensure each recovery element knows how to recover the other equipment in the task force. You don't need an Armor company M88 destroying a Bradley's drive train because it wasn't prepared for towing properly.

5. Identify support requirements for high-use vehicles such Scouts or MPs. Scouts have been known to put in 2,000-4,000 miles per month downrange.

6. Establish your standards for deadline reporting, PMCSs, "circle X'd," etc. The bottom line on this is prior coordination with all your task force elements.

7. The four (4)-vehicle rule is enforced here in all situations, as it is downrange.

8. Pre-combat checks and pre-combat inspections (PCCs/PCIs) are essential for everything, particularly convoys.

9. Bosnia is not a garrison environment. Avoid that mindset. If you plan and approach each mission as you would in high intensity conflict (HIC), you will succeed.

The O/Cs will look at the following Army Training and Evaluation Program (ARTEP) tasks.

Maintenance Platoon: Mission Training Plans (MTP).

1. Task No. 1731300 - PLAN and conduct a convoy. Task Standards: The platoon moves on the designated route and arrives at its new location by the time specified in the OPORD or FRAGO without losing a vehicle due to control.

Task Elements:

a. Platoon leader conducts map reconnaissance (01-1250.00-002) (Includes nine subtasks.)

b. Quartering party conducts route reconnaissance. (Includes two subtasks.) NOTE: Quartering party will consist of the BMT or BMS, and one soldier per section as a minimum.

c. Platoon leader coordinates for required support. (Includes five subtasks.)

d. Unit prepares vehicles for convoy. (Includes five subtasks.)

e. Platoon leader organizes convoy (03-7151.00-0002). (Includes two subtasks.)

f. Platoon leader briefs unit (121-030-3516). (Includes 14 subtasks.)

g. Convoy crosses SP. (Includes two subtasks.)

h. The convoy commander reports convoy location. (Includes two subtasks.)

i. Convoy conducts scheduled halts. (Includes 10 subtasks.)

j. Convoy moves under blackout conditions. (Includes six subtasks.)

k. Convoy makes unscheduled halt. (Includes six subtasks.)

l. Trail party recovers disabled vehicle. (Includes three subtasks.)

m. Convoy moves through urban areas. (Includes five subtasks.)

n. Convoy arrives at release point (RP). (Includes two subtasks.)

2. Task No. 1731014 - REMOVE casualty from vehicle. Task Standards: The platoon must remove the injured soldier from the vehicle without causing further injury or unnecessary discomfort and perform first aid prior to resuming operations.

Task Elements:

a. Unit members locate and identify casualties. (Includes two subtasks.)

b. Platoon extracts casualties from damaged vehicle. (Includes five subtasks.)

c. Platoon members administer the correct lifesaving measures. (Includes 14 subtasks.)

d. Platoon leader determines method of evacuation based on mission and extent of injuries. (Includes six subtasks.)

3. Task No. 1741260 - PLAN and allocate maintenance support requirements. Task Standards: Unit personnel and equipment are prepared to support the task force within the time stated in the OPORD.

Task Elements:

a. Battalion maintenance officer (BMO) analyzes the unit's mission and current tactical situation. (Includes seven subtasks.)

b. Platoon leader accurately evaluates the capabilities of platoon elements. (Includes three subtasks.)

c. BMO arranges for maintenance support team (MST). (Includes four subtasks.)

d. BMO coordinates with support maintenance. (Includes two subtasks.)

e. BMO or BMT coordinates with the BMO or BMT of the cross-attached units. (Includes four subtasks.)

4. Task No. 1731266 - SELECT and establish UMCP or field maintenance sites. Task Standards: The platoon moves to the new location and reports occupation on or before time given in the OPORD.

Task Elements:

a. Platoon leader performs map reconnaissance (01-1250.00-0002). (Includes three subtasks.)

b. Platoon leader performs ground reconnaissance. (Includes three subtasks.)

c. Platoon leader makes site selection. (Includes five subtasks.)

d. Platoon leader develops the layout plan. (Includes four subtasks.)

e. Platoon leader develops a traffic plan. (Includes two subtasks.)

f. Platoon leader develops a defense plan. (Includes seven subtasks.)

g. Platoon leader organizes maintenance site. (Includes six subtasks.)

h. Platoon leader establishes maintenance control system (01-4965.21-0001). (Includes five subtasks.)

i. Team chief provides quality control management (113-623-7028). (Includes three subtasks.)

j. Platoon sustains unit maintenance and supply operations. (Includes four subtasks.)

5. Task No. 1731279 - PERFORM battle damage assessment. Task Standards: Maintenance teams make assessment of damage and make repairs, if possible, to the exact system or component that failed.

Task Elements:

a. Team chief performs battle damage assessment (BDA) of non-operable equipment. (Includes eight subtasks.)

b. Battalion maintenance technician (BMT) conducts BDA. (Includes four subtasks.)

c. Platoon leader determines priorities for repair. (Includes three subtasks.)

6. Task No. 1731280 - REPAIR unit equipment. Task Standards: Repairs must be accomplished to return the vehicles to a mission-capable status without further damage to the equipment or injury to personnel.

Task Elements:

a. Team chief reviews DA Form 2404. (Includes four subtasks.)

b. Platoon repairs equipment. (Includes six subtasks.)

c. Records clerk turns in repair parts. (Includes two subtasks.)

7. Task No. 1731282 - PERFORM emergency destruction of equipment. Task Standards: Unit personnel will destroy equipment to the extent that vital components are beyond repair or use.

Task Elements:

a. Team chief supervises emergency destruction of equipment. (Includes three subtasks.)

b. Platoon destroys combat vehicles. (Includes five subtasks.)

c. Platoon destroys tactical vehicles. (Includes six subtasks.)

d. Platoon destroys repair parts. (Includes three subtasks.)

8. Task No. 1741284 - MAINTAIN the prescribed load list (PLL). Task Standards: All items of the PLL must be on hand or on order.

Task Elements:

a. Records clerk orders repair parts. (Includes three subtasks.)

b. Records clerk maintains repair parts. (Includes three subtasks.)

c. Record clerk issues repair parts. (Includes two subtasks.)

d. BMO/BMT supervises PLL operations (03-5101.00-0007). (Includes three subtasks.)

9. Task No. 1731288 - PROVIDE on-site maintenance support. Task Standards: Repairs must be accomplished to return the vehicles to a mission-capable status without further damage to the equipment of injury to personnel.

Task Elements:

a. 1SG dispatches maintenance team. (Includes four subtasks.)

b. Platoon inspects disabled vehicles and equipment for safety hazards. (Includes five subtasks.)

c. Team chief determines maintenance requirements. (Includes nine subtasks.)

d. Platoon repairs and recovers equipment. (Includes four subtasks.)

10. Task No. 1731289 - PLAN a recovery mission. Task Standards: The disabled vehicle is recovered to the UMCP without causing further damage to the vehicle.

Task Elements:

a. Team chief develops a recovery plan. (Includes four subtasks.)

b. Platoon leader approves and coordinates the recovery plan. (Includes two subtasks.)

The O/Cs will look at the following Maintain Weapons Systems and Equipment tasks (Plan, Prepare, and Execute phases).

Excerpts from the Training Feedback System (TFS) and 71-2 MTP.

PLAN

  • Issue TF warning order.
  • Analyze TF mission.
  • Determine maintenance requirements and priorities.
  • S4 updates Commander on combat status of unit.
  • Assess status of maintenance assets.
  • Provide maintenance support.
  • BMO coordinates with FSB Commander and staff for maintenance support.
  • Develop maintenance support portion of TF Service Support Annex.
  • TF evaluates ability of service support plan to support tactical operations.
  • Issue Service Support Annex to TF OPORD.

PREPARE

  • Provide maintenance support to TF and its elements.
  • Manage Class IX repair parts resupply.
  • Perform periodic services.
  • Perform UMCP activities.
  • Recover, repair and return NMC equipment.
  • Continuously monitor and update combat status.
  • CTCP staff coordinates DS maintenance requests.
  • Combat trains command post (CTCP) staff coordinates pickup of repaired/replacement vehicles.
  • Field Trains CP (FTCP) coordinates maintenance requirements with FSB.

EXECUTE

  • Push maintenance forward in support of combat operations.
  • Conduct Battle Damage Assessment and Repair (BDAR) as far forward as possible.
  • Recover damaged equipment to next higher maintenance echelon.
  • Combat trains and UMCP stay abreast of fighting forces needs.
  • Perform controlled exchange.
  • Maintain and report combat status.
  • TF provides emergency maintenance support, recovery/repair.
  • Process incoming equipment suspected of NBC contamination.
  • Maintenance platoon consolidates and reorganizes.
  • Prepare to continue battle or change mission.

An O/C Inbrief/Checklist.

a. Requirements Sheet (daily DA Form 2404/5988e count, daily PLL requisitions, daily DA Form 2406, vehicle density)

b. Authority and Procedures for:
  • Controlled Substitution
  • Cannibalization
  • BDAR

c. Location of ULLS/Reasons

d. Slice Support Plan for:
  • Engr
  • ADA
  • NBC

e. Method of Receiving DA Form 2404s/5988Es(LOGPAC/whenever/etc.)

f. Method of Receiving/Issuing Parts.

g. How Is Battle-Tracking/DA Form 2406 Update Done from Cmt to UMCP?

h. Ability to Do Night Ops (Maint Tent, Tarps, etc.).

i. DS Concerns:

j. Unit/section Concerns:

Suggested Matrix Charts for Unit DA Forms 2404 and 5988E Turn-ins/PLL Requisitions.

DA Form 2404/5988-E Turn-ins

UNITX1X2X3X4X5X6X7X8X9X10
HHC
A
B
C
D
ENG
ADA

TOTAL

PLL REQUISITIONS (02, 05, 12)
02 PRIORITY

UNITX1X2X3X4X5X6X7X8X9X10
HHC
A
B
C
D
ENG
ADA

TOTAL

05 PRIORITY

UNITX1X2X3X4X5X6X7X8X9X10
HHC
A
B
C
D
ENG
ADA

TOTAL

12 PRIORITY

UNITX1X2X3X4X5X6X7X8X9X10
HHC
A
B
C
D
ENG
ADA

TOTAL
btn_tabl.gif 1.21 K
btn_prev.gif 1.18 KULLS Gunnery at the NTC
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