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CHAPTER III

ARM, FUEL, FIX, SUPPLY AND TRANSPORT


Logistics Package (LOGPAC) Resupply Operations

by CPT Charles H. Allen

Sustaining combat operations requires an enormous, constant flow of supplies. According to one report, during Operation DESERT STORM, the 24ID alone needed 291 trucks to maintain the proper levels of fuel, water, food, ammunition and medical supplies. LOGPAC operations must support the task force mission, upload needs, and requirements for attached units. LOGPACs are pushed forward daily to keep units and soldiers combat ready for the next mission. The technique provided below, presented in the plan, prepare and execute format, is offered as a way to conduct a successful LOGPAC operation.

I. PLAN: Company XO and Battalion S4 Conduct Mission Analysis.

Mission analysis provides information on the types and amounts of supplies needed for the next LOGPAC. LOGPAC requests may come from several sources:

  • Unit SOPs.
  • LOGSAT reports.
  • Supply requests called in via FM.

The information is collected and disseminated to all sections in the field trains. A suggested tool to manage this information is the LOGPAC Matrix (Figure 1). Using the LOGPAC matrix helps field trains personnel organize and understand the supplies needed for the next LOGPAC. The matrix may be posted in the field trains Command Post where it can be easily updated and referenced by all section leaders in the field trains.

CL ICL IICL III (B)CL III (P)CL IVCL VCL VIIIMAINT
AMPMAMPMAMPMAMPMAMPMAMPMAMPMAMPM
CO/TM
CO/TM
CO/TM
CO/TM
SCT
MRT
TOC
CBT TRN
SLICE
SLICE

Figure 1. LOGPAC Matrix

II. PREPARE

The S4's Field Trains NCOIC initiates LOGPAC preparation and supervises the company supply sergeants. The NCOIC receives the supply requests for the next LOGPAC using the Matrix in Figure l during the planning phase. He now is prepared to coordinate the supply requirements with the sections in the field trains. He should be simultaneously monitoring the company supply sergeants while they build the next LOGPAC. The S4 NCOIC ensures all unit resupply requirements are met, and LOGPAC personnel are prepared for the LOGPAC briefing.

The support platoon leader, assisted by the S4 NCOIC, conducts a LOGPAC briefing prior to the LOGPAC departure (Figure 2). Use a large terrain model during the LOGPAC briefing to enhance the effectiveness of the convoy briefing. The support platoon leader and S4 NCOlC conclude the preparation phase by conducting a pre-combat inspection (PCI) of the LOGPAC vehicles. Using the LOGPAC matrix during the PCI ensures that all supplies are loaded into the correct vehicles.

LOGPAC BRIEFING CHECKLIST

1. Situation

  • Terrain conditions along route, hazardous areas
  • Type, disposition, composition of enemy elements that may be encountered
  • Location of known or suspected enemy mine fields/obstacles
  • Locations of CO/TMs, TOC, combat trains, UMCP, attached units

2. Mission statement ("where" = convoy route)

3. Execution

  • Time line for LOGPAC
  • Staging plan for vehicles (SP from field trains and return LRP site)
  • Speed/distance between vehicles
  • Battle drills (action on control, break in contact, air attack)
  • Marking system for vehicles identification, day or night
  • Actions/linkup at LRP site
  • Contingency plan for return LOGPAC/no shows

4. Service Support

  • Vehicle breakdown procedures
  • Combat life savers located in LOGPAC

5. Command and Signal

  • Communications plan for LOGPAC
  • Key leaders' locations
  • Uniform
  • Risk assessment/reduction

Figure 2. LOGPAC Briefing Checklist

III. EXECUTE

LOGPAC execution begins as the convoy rolls out the gate headed toward the Logistical Release Point (LRP). LOGPAC operations are basically a push/pull system of resupply.

The S4 conducts the LRP meeting normally 30 minutes prior to the LOGPAC's arrival. There is no standard agenda for the LRP meeting. As such, the S4 may develop his agenda as he desires. Attendees for this meeting should include all key logistical personnel in the battalion. At a minimum, these should include:

  • S4
  • S1
  • Battalion X0
  • Battalion CSM
  • Company XO or lSG
  • BMO
  • Medical platoon leader
  • PAC representative
  • Chaplain

The S4 collects the company LOGSTAT reports and consolidates the information onto a LOGPAC matrix for the next LOGPAC. The support platoon leader, on the return trip, gives the matrix and copies of the company LOGSTAT reports to the field trains command post.

The LOGPAC arrives at the LRP without stopping. The company representative picks up the unit's LOGPAC and heads back to the front lines. This reduces the threat to air attack and/or ambush.

As the company is being resupplied, the supply sergeant confers with the XO and 1SG on supplies requested on the logistics statistics (LOGSTAT) report that was previously turned in to the S4 at the LRP. The company LOGPAC returns to the LRP at the designated turnaround time. At this point, the supply sergeants wait for the support platoon leader to lead them back to the field.


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