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Military

CHAPTER II

COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2)


Ten Battle Drills for Combat Service Support (CSS) Units

by CPT James Fly, Grizzly 26

What advantages can CSS units gain by training with, and using, battle drills? The answer is in this article.

The 10 battle drills presented here support the training and operations of a forward support battalion maintenance company. The battle drills were designed to support the company-level collective tasks as defined by ARTEP 43-009-30-MTP: Defend Convoy, Defend against Level I Attack, and Defend Company Sector. With some modification, they can support the mission-essential task list (METL) of other CSS units.


FM 25-101 describes a battle drill as, "a collective action rapidly executed by a platoon or smaller unit without applying a deliberate decisionmaking process." Well-trained, -practiced, and -executed battle drills are essential to successful small unit engagements. They can be the difference between victory and defeat for CSS units conducting rear battle operations.

We found that using a series of battle drills cross-walked from supported company-level collective tasks down to individual level common tasks offers several benefits:

1. Provides the unit with techniques, procedures and standards for squad-, section- and platoon-level training.

2. Maximizes the use of limited training time by focusing Sergeant's Time on training the drills and their supporting common tasks to proficiency.

DECENTRALIZED EXECUTION

A typical brigade support area's reaction to a Level I threat is more like a meeting engagement than a perimeter defense. According to ARTEP 7-8 DRILL: ".battle drills are designed to be executed by platoon- and squad-sized elements. The speed of action is vital to success in combat or critical to preserving life. The drill is initiated on a cue, such as an enemy action or simple leader's order, and is a trained response to the given stimulus. It requires minimal leader orders to accomplish...." Speed of action is critical to combat actions in defense of a brigade support area or convoy.

Battle drills facilitate a CSS unit's defense because they provide subordinate units with a planned response to enemy action in the absence of orders. Brigade support areas (BSAs) reduce their perimeter manning in favor of supporting combat units forward. The actual defensive force that an enemy threat may encounter during an attack on a BSA could consist only of listening post/observation post (LP/OP) and crew-served weapon positions. The augmenting soldiers may have to move under fire from their work areas to the perimeter, which may be more than 500 meters away. The few soldiers who are able to make it to the perimeter in time to make a difference in such an attack must be ready to execute battle drills. Decentralized execution on the part of the soldiers who make it to the perimeter allow the remainder of the CSS unit's perimeter to raise its security posture and gives the command time to analyze the situation and react.

TRAINING FOCUS

CSS units do not have doctrinal manuals that provide the standards to train platoon- and squad-level operations. Battle drills can bridge the doctrinal gap between common tasks and company-level collective tasks for CSS units. They can focus training by providing a set of standards for squad-, section-, and platoon-level training in CSS units where few standards currently exist.

Battle drills maximize training time by effectively focusing on best ways to support a CSS unit's METL. Since battle drills support company-level collective tasks, a company commander can cross-walk the results from Sergeant's Time training on drills to evaluate his company's proficiency on METL tasks.

Techniques:

1. Develop simple score cards for individuals, squads, sections and platoons to track progress of training the company battle drills and supporting common tasks during Sergeant's Time training.

2. Use battle drills and these score cards to increase soldier involvement, provide structure and minimize wasted training time for company-level training programs.


BATTLE DRILL No. 1

Task: React to Sniper Attack.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD has occupied a defensive position, is performing its direct support mission, and receives intermittent small arms fire.

Standards:
1. PLT/SQD sustains no casualties following the initial attack.
2. PLT/SQD kills, captures or forces the withdrawal of the enemy.
3. PLT/SQD reorganizes defense, provides first aid and evacuates all casualties within 1 hour of injury.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Take Cover (move to perimeter from work area)ALL
2. Report contact to CP using SALUTE formatRTO
3. Move a crew-served weapon out of positionSL/PL/PSG
4. Attempt to locate sniper visually (thermal sights will help)ALL
5. Request permission to engage sniper from CPSL/PL/PSG
6. Attempt to locate sniper by fire (if required)MG CREW
7. Engage and destroy sniper with crew-served weaponMG CREW
8. Report results of engagements using ACE reportsRTO
9. Provide first aid to casualties and reorganize defense after and during lulls in contact.SL/PL/PSG

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator PSG = Platoon Sergeant MG = Machine Gun
SL = Squad Leader PL = Platoon Leader PLT/SQD = Platoon/Squad

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Defend

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Estimate Range 071-326-0512; Perform Search and Scan Procedures 441-091-1101; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun 071-312-3031; Select Temporary Fighting Position 071-326-0513; Perform Surveillance without the Aid of Electronic Devices 071-331-0804; Evaluate a Casualty 081-8311000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put on a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put on a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Orient a Map using a Lensatic Compass 071-329-1011; Locate an Unknown Point on the Ground by Intersection 071-329-1014; Locate an Unknown Point of a Map and on the Ground by Resection 071-329-1015; Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates 061-283-1002.

Skill Level 3: Analyze Terrain 071-331-0820; Conduct a Defense by a Squad 071-430-0002; Consolidate a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0003; Reorganize a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0004.

Skill Level 4: Prepare a Platoon Sector Sketch 071-326-5770; Coordinate with adjacent Platoon 071-326-5775; Conduct a Defense by Platoon 071-430-0006; Consolidate a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0007; Reorganize a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0008.


BATTLE DRILL No. 2

Task: React to Artillery Attack.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD has occupied a defensive position, is performing its direct support mission, and receives indirect fire.

Standards:
1. PLT/SQD sustains no casualties following the initial attack.
2. PLT/SQD reorganizes defense, treats and evacuates all casualties within one hour of injury.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Take cover and dawn protective maskALL
2. Report artillery fire to CP using SALUTE formatRTO
3. Watch for indicators of chemical agent attack (If chemical agent attack, then see Battle Drill No. 4; if not, go to all clear)ALL
4. Move to perimeter and prepare for ground attackALL
5. Assess damage to PLT/SQD areaPL/PSG/SL
6. Treat/Evacuate casualties to company medical collection PTPL/PSG/SL
7. Report situation to CP (assessment of combat effectiveness (ACE) report) RTO

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator SL = Squad Leader PL = Platoon Leader
PSG = Platoon Sergeant MG = Machine Gun PLT/SQD = Platoon/Squad
CP = Company Command Post PT = Point

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Defend

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; React to Indirect Fire while Dismounted 071-326-0510; Recognize and React to Chemical or Biological Hazard 031-503-1019; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put on a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831- 1016; Put on a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty Using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121030-3534

Skill Level 3: Conduct a Defense by a Squad 071-430-000; Consolidate Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0004; Reorganize a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0004; Supervise Positioning of the Chemical Agent Alarm 031-5043001.

Skill Level 4: Conduct a Defense by Platoon 071-430-0006; Consolidate a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0007; Reorganize a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0008; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002; Supervise Unit Preparation for NBC Attack 031-503-4002.


BATTLE DRILL No. 3

Task: React to Ground Attack.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD has occupied a defensive position, is performing its direct support function, and LP/OP detects enemy movement to the front of perimeter.

Standards:
1. PLT/SQD is not surprised.
2. PLT/SQD kills, captures or forces the withdrawal of the enemy and accomplishes its mission within the commander's intent.
3. PLT/SQD reorganizes defense, treats and evacuates all casualties within 1 hour of injury.
4. PLT/SQD retains sufficient fighting force to continue its mission.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Report enemy activity to CP (SALUTE format)RTO
2. Move to perimeterALL
3. Receive permission from CP and then use LP/OP to direct indirect firest NCT 500M in front of LP/OP positionPL/PSG/SL
4. Withdraw LP/OP prior to becoming decisively engagedPL/PSG/SL
5. Engage enemy with indirect fire to NCT 500M in front of perimeterPL/PSG/SL
6. Hold fire on all direct fire weapons until enemy has advanced to within 250M of perimeter positionsALL
7. Engage enemy armored vehicles first with AT weapons using volley fireALL
8. Engage enemy dismounts with as many direct fire weapons as possible utilizing control measures to maximize effect ALL
9. Fire FPFs when enemy closes to within hand grenade rangePL/PSG/SL
10. Report enemies progress (SALUTE) and current status (ACE) at each lull in the battleRTO
11. Assess damage and reorganize defense following each attackPL/PSG/SL
12. Treat/Evacuate casualties to medical collection point at CPPL/PSG/SL

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator PSG = Platoon Sergeant NCT = No Closer Than
FPF = Final Protective Fire SL = Squad Leader PL= Platoon Leader
MG = Machine Gun PLT/SQD = Platoon/Squad AT = Anti-Tank
CP = Company Command Post

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Defend

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Estimate Range 071-326-0512' Perform Search and Scan Procedures 441-091-1101; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Engage Targets with a M16A2 Rifle 071-311-2007; Engage Targets with a M136 Launcher 071-054-0004; Engage Targets with a M203 Grenade Launcher 071-311-2130; Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun 071-312-3031; Employ Hand Grenades 071-325-4407; Employ an M181A1 Claymore Mine 071-325-4425; Use Challenge and Password 071-331-0801; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put on a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put on a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121030-3534; Orient a Map using a Lensatic Compass 071-329-1011; Locate an Unknown Point on the Ground by Intersection 071-329-1014; Locate an Unknown Point of a Map and on the Ground By Resection 071-329-1015; Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates 061-283-1002; Adjust Indirect Fire 061-283-6003; Supervise Construction of a Fighting Position 071-326-5704; Request Medical Evacuation 081-831-0101; Handle Enemy Personnel and Equipment 191-337-5250.

Skill Level 3: Establish an Observation Post 071-326-5705; Inspect Personnel/Equipment 071-328-5301; Analyze Terrain 071-331-0820; Direct Construction of Non-Explosive Anti-Vehicular Obstacles 051-195-3005; Conduct a Defense by a Squad 071-430-0002; Consolidate a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0003; Reorganize a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0004; Protect Classified Information and Material 301348-6001.

Skill Level 4: Prepare a Platoon Sector Sketch 071-326-5770; Conduct Movement Techniques by Platoon 071-326-5630; Coordinate with Adjacent Platoon 071-326-5775; Conduct a Defense by Platoon 071-430-0006; Consolidate a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0007; Reorganize a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0008; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002; Supervise Handling of Enemy Personnel and Equipment at Unit Level 191-379-4450; Process Captured Material 301-337-6001.


BATTLE DRILL No. 4

Task: React to Chemical Agent Attack.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD has occupied a defensive position and receives incoming artillery, rockets or air attack. Chemical alarm sounds and/or chemical detection paper reads positive. Soldiers show indications of chemical agent poisoning.

Standards:
1. PLT/SQD reacts to attack within 15 seconds.
2. PLT/SQD goes to MOPP 4 within 8 minutes.
3. PLT/SQD begins survey and ADC of immediate area immediately upon completion of attack and reports 100-percent accurate results to CP.
4. PLT/SQD retains sufficient fighting force to continue its mission.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Don protective mask within 9 seconds, hood within 15 secondsALL
2. Sound alarm (hand-and-arm signal to SMs in immediate area, three successive beeps on a vehicle horn or metal on metal to SMs in general area)ALL
3. Seek shelter in fighting positions or closed vehiclesALL
4. Don NBC overgarments, boots and gloves within 8 minutesALL
5. Report to CP (NBC 1 (initial))RTO
6. Perform basic soldier skills decontamination as necessaryALL
7. Initiate M256 kit survey immediate PLT/SQD area for casualties/contaminated equipmentPL/PSG/SL
8. Report status to CP (ACE report)RTO
9. Treat casualtiesALL
10. Report to CP (NBC 1 [follow-up])RTO
11. Evacuate casualties as directed by CPPL/PSG/SL
12. Move to perimeter and prepare for ground attackALL

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator SL = Squad Leader PL = Platoon Leader
PSG = Platoon Sergeant PLT/SQD =Platoon/Squad CP = Company Command Post
SM = Service Member SL = Squad Leader

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Defend

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Decontaminate your Skin and Personal Equipment 031-503-1007; Put On and Wear MOPP Gear 031-503-1015; Recognize and React to Chemical or Biological Hazard 031-503-1019; Use M8 Detector Paper to Identify Chemical Agent 031-503-1014; Use M9 Detector Paper to Detect Chemical Agent 031-503-1020, 031-503-1023; Exchange MOPP Gear 031-503-1023; Replace Canister on your M40-series Protective Mask 031-503-1024; Put On, Wear, Remove, and Store your M40 Protective Mask with Hood 031-503-1025; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Administer Nerve Agent Antidote to Self (Self-Aid) 081-831-1030; Administer First Aid to a Nerve Agent Casualty (Buddy-Aid) 081-831-1031; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put On a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put on a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034. Transport a Casualty using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Use M256 or M256A1 Chemical Agent Detector Kit 031-503-2001; Prepare and Submit NBC 4 Reports 031-503-2004; Supervise the Fitting of Protective Masks 031-503-2012.

Skill Level 3: Consolidate a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0003; Reorganize a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0004; Conduct Unmasking Procedures 031-503-3002; Supervise the Crossing of a Contaminated Area 031-503-3004; Prepare and Submit NBC 1 Reports 031-503-3005; Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture 031-503-3008; Lead MOPP Gear Exchange 031-503-3009; Supervise Employment of Nuclear, Biological, or Chemical Markers 031-503-3010; Supervise Positioning of the Chemical Agent Alarm 031-504-3001; Supervise Hasty Decontamination 031-507-3003.

Skill Level 4: Reorganize a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0008; Supervise Unit Preparation for NBC Attack 031-503-4602.


BATTLE DRILL No. 5

Task: React to Air Attack.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD has occupied a defensive position, is performing its direct support mission, and is attacked by aircraft CP signals imminent Air/Ground Attack with a long blast on vehicle horn.

Standards:
1. PLT/SQD members successfully identify threat aircraft.
2. PLT/SQD destroys or wards off all attacking aircraft.
3. PLT/SQD reorganizes defense, treats and evacuates all casualties within 1 hour of injury.
4. PLT/SQD retains sufficient fighting force to continue its mission.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Echo company signal for air attack (long blast on vehicle horn)RTO
2. Move to perimeter fighting positionsALL
3. Search assigned sector for A/CALL
4. Identify enemy A/C visuallyALL
5. Report enemy A/C activity (SALUTE)RTO
6. Hold fire until attacked or directed to fire by CP (Engage with all available weapons)ALL
7. Watch for indicators of a chemical agent attack (if chemical agent attack, then see battle drill no. 4)ALL
8. Perform damage assessment after attackSL/PSG/PL
9. Treat casualtiesALL
10. Evacuate casualtiesALL
11. Send status report to CP (ACE format)RTO
12. Reorganize defense/prepare for ground attackSL/PSG/PL

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator SL = Squad Leader PSG = Platoon Sergeant PLT/SQD = Platoon/Squad CP = Company Command Post
A/C = Aircraft PL = Platoon Leader

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Defend (Employ Passive and Active Air Defense Measures).

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Perform Search and Scan Procedures 441-091-1101; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Engage Targets with a M16A2 Rifle 071-311-2007; Engage Hostile Aircraft with Small Arms 441-091-1102; Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun 071-312-3031; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put On a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put On a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty Using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty Using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Visually Identify Threat Aircraft 441-091-1040; Request Medical Evacuation 081-831-0101.

Skill Level 3: Reorganize a Squad following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0004; Direct Unit Air Defense 441-091-3001.

Skill Level 4: Reorganize a Platoon following Enemy Contact while in the Defense 071-430-0008; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002.

CONVOY BATTLE DRILL No. 1

Task: React to Sniper While Moving.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD is moving as part of a company march serial in convoy and receives intermittent small arms fire.

Standards:
1. Threat attacks are repelled, and the march is resumed.
2. PLT/SQD sustains no casualties following the initial attack.
3. Casualties are treated and evacuated within 1 hour.

Performance Measures:

6. Request ground/air MEDEVAC for casualties

STEP No.Who
1. Report enemy activity to march serial commander (SALUTE format) RTO/DRV
2. Return fire to kill/suppress sniperPIKZ
3. Increase rate of march to increase vehicle intervalALL
4. Treat casualties reorganize march unitSL/PL/PSG
5. Report status to march serial commander (ACE format)RTO/DVR
RTO/DVR

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator PSG = Platoon Sergeant DRV = Driver SL = Squad Leader
PIKZ = Personnel in Kill Zone PL = Platoon Leader

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Move (Defend Convoy).

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Perform Search and Scan Procedures 441-091-1101; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Engage Targets with an M16A2 Rifle 071-311-2007; Engage Targets with a M136 Launcher 071-054-0004; Engage Targets with an M203 Grenade Launcher 071-311-2130; Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun 071-312-3031; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put On a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put On a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty Using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty Using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Orient a Map Using a Lensatic Compass 071-329-1011; Locate an Unknown Point on the Ground by Intersection 071-329-1014; Locate an Unknown Point of a Map and on the Ground by Resection 071-329-1015; Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates 061-283-1002; Request Medical Evacuation 081-831-0101; Handle Enemy Personnel and Equipment 191-337-5250.

Skill Level 3: Analyze Terrain 071-331-0820; Direct Convoy Defense Operations 551-721-3352; Protect Classified Information and Material 301-348-6001.

Skill Level 4: Prepare a Strip Map 551-721-3359; Conduct a Tactical Road March 071-326-3013; Conduct Movement Techniques by Platoon 071-326-5630; Conduct a Route Reconnaissance Mission 071-326-5805; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002; Supervise Handling of Enemy Personnel and Equipment at Unit Level 191-379-4450; Process Captured Material 301-337-6001; Perform Duties as Convoy Commander 551-721-4326.

CONVOY BATTLE DRILL No. 2

Task: React to Ground Ambush (Road Not Blocked).

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD is moving as part of a company march serial in convoy and receives intensive fires as part of a threat ambush.

Standards:
1. Vehicles in the kill zone immediately move out of the kill zone or move to a covered position in the kill zone.
2. Personnel on disabled vehicles in the kill zone dismount immediately assume concealed positions and provide a base of fire.
3. SQD/PLT successfully disengages the element in the kill zone or reduces the ambush.
4. Casualties are treated and evacuated within one hour.
5. Threat attacks are repelled, and the march is resumed.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Report enemy activity to march serial commander (SALUTE format)RTO/DVR
2. Return fire to kill/suppress enemy ambush (nonvehicle drivers)PIKZ
3. Stop vehicles not in kill zone of ambushALL
4. Increase rate of march for vehicles in kill zone of ambushPIKZ
5. Keep roadway clear by pushing damage/destroyed vehicles asidePIKZ
6. Organize security element of SMs not in kill zoneSL/PL/PSG
7. Direct fire and maneuver of security element to reduce ambush and allow remaining vehicles to passSL/PL/PSG
8. Treat casualties; reorganize march unitSL/PL/PSG
9. Report status to march serial commander (ACE format)RTO/DVR
10. Request ground/air MEDEVAC for casualtiesRTO/DVR
11. Reorganize march serial and continue to move on routeSL/PL/PSG

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator SL = Squad Leader PSG = Platoon Sergeant
PIKZ = Personnel in Kill Zone DVR = Driver SM = Service Member
PL = Platoon Leader

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Move (Defend Convoy).

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Perform Search and Scan Procedures 441-091-1101; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Engage Targets with an M16A2 Rifle 071-311-2007; Engage Targets with an M136 Launcher 071-054-0004; Engage Targets with an M203 Grenade Launcher 071-311-213O; Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun 071-312-3031; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put On a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put On a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty Using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty Using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Orient a Map Using a Lensatic Compass 071-329-1011; Locate an Unknown Point on the Ground by Intersection 071-329-1014; Locate an Unknown Point of a Map and on the Ground by Resection 071-329-1015; Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates 061-283-1002; Request Medical Evacuation 081-831-0101; Handle Enemy Personnel and Equipment 191-337-5250.

Skill Level 3: Analyze Terrain 071-331-0820; Direct Convoy Defense Operations 551-721-3352; Protect Classified Information and Material 301-348-6001.

Skill Level 4: Prepare a Strip Map 551-721-3359; Conduct a Tactical Road March 071-326-3013; Conduct Movement Techniques by Platoon 071-326-5630; Conduct a Route Reconnaissance Mission 071-326-5805; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002; Supervise Handling of Enemy Personnel and Equipment at Unit Level 191-379-4450; Process Captured Material 301-337-6001; Perform Duties as Convoy Commander 551-721-4326.

CONVOY BATTLE DRILL No. 3

Task: React to Ground Ambush (Road Blocked).

Conditions(Cue): PLT/SQD is moving as part of a company march serial in convoy and receives intensive fires as part of a threat ambush. Enemy has employed a road block to halt convoy movement in kill zone.

Standards:
1. Vehicles in the kill zone immediately move to a covered position in the kill zone.
2. Personnel on disabled vehicles in the kill zone dismount, immediately assume concealed positions and provide a base of fire.
3. SQD/PLT successfully disengages the element in the kill zone or reduces the ambush.
4. Casualties are treated and evacuated within one hour.
5. Threat attacks are repelled, and the march is resumed.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Report enemy activity to march serial commander (SALUTE format)RTO/DVR
2. Report road blockage and approximate location of enemy to march serial commanderRTO/DVR
3. Dismount vehicles on opposite side of road from ambushALL
4. Immediately return fire to kill/suppress enemy ambushPIKZ
5. Take up firing positions while awaiting orderPNIKZ
6. Organize security element of SMs not in kill zoneSL/PL/PSG
7. Direct fire and maneuver of security element to reduce ambush and remove roadblockSL/PL/PSG
8. Treat casualties; reorganize march unitSL/PL/PSG
9. Report status to march serial commander (ACE format)RTO/DVR
10. Request ground/air MEDEVAC for casualtiesRTO/DVR
11. Reorganize march serial and continue to move on routeSL/PL/PSG

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator SL = Squad Leader PL = Platoon Leader PSG = Platoon Sergeant
PIKZ = Personnel in Kill Zone DVR = Driver SM = Soldiers
PNIKZ = Personnel Not in Kill Zone

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Move (Defend Convoy).

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Perform Search and Scan Procedures 441-091-1101; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Engage Targets with an M16A2 Rifle 071-311-2007; Engage Targets with an M136 Launcher 071-054-0004; Engage Targets with an M203 Grenade Launcher 071-311-2130; Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun 071-312-3031; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put On a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put On a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty Using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty Using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-8311041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Orient a Map Using a Lensatic Compass 071-329-1011; Locate an Unknown Point on the Ground by Intersection 071-329-1014; Locate an Unknown Point of a Map and on the Ground by Resection 071-329-1015; Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates 061-283-1002; Request Medical Evacuation 081-831-0101; Handle Enemy Personnel and Equipment 191-337-5250.

Skill Level 3: Analyze Terrain 071-331-0820; Direct Convoy Defense Operations 551-721-3352; Protect Classified Information and Material 301-348-6001.

Skill Level 4: Prepare a Strip Map 551-721-3359; Conduct a Tactical Road March 071-326-3013; Conduct Movement Techniques by Platoon 071-326-5630; Conduct a Route Reconnaissance Mission 071-326-5805; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002; Supervise Handling of Enemy Personnel and Equipment at Unit Level 191-379-4450, Process Captured Material 301-337-6001; Perform Duties as Convoy Commander 551-721-4326.

CONVOY BATTLE DRILL No. 4

Task: React to Air Attack while Moving.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD is moving as part of a company march serial in convoy and is attacked by enemy aircraft. Signal for imminent air attack is initiated by march unit commander (long blast of vehicle horn).

Standards:
1. PLT/SQD members successfully identify threat aircraft.
2. PLT/SQD destroys or wards off all attacking aircraft.
3. PLT/SQD evacuates all casualties within one hour of injury.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Repeat signal for imminent air attack (long blast of vehicle horn)ALL
2. Stagger vehicles on sides of road in a herring bone formation to avoid a linear pattern for attacking A/CALL
3. Drive vehicle into shadows or woodlinesALL
4. Identify threat A/CALL
5. Take up firing positionsALL
6. Prepare MGs for firingMG CREWS
7. Fire only on attacking A/C or on commandALL
8. Treat casualties; reorganize march unitSL/PL/PSG
9. Report status to march serial commander (ACE format)RTO/DVR
10. Request ground/air MEDEVAC for casualtiesRTO/DVR
11. Reorganize march serial and continue to move on routeSL/PL/PSG

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator PSG = Platoon Sergeant A/C = Aircraft DVR = Driver
SL = Squad Leader PL = Platoon Leader MG = Machine Gun

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Move (Defend Convoy).

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Perform Search and Scan Procedures 441-091-1101; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Engage Targets with am M16A2 Rifle 071-311-2007; Engage Hostile Aircraft with Small Arms 441-091-1102; Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun 071-312-3031; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put On a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put On a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty Using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty Using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Orient a Map Using a Lensatic Compass 071-329-1011; Locate an Unknown Point on the Ground by Intersection 071-329-1014; Locate an Unknown Point of a Map and on the Ground by Resection 071-329-1015; Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates 061-283-1002; Request Medical Evacuation 081831-0101; Handle Enemy Personnel and Equipment 191-337-5250; Visually Identify Threat Aircraft 441-091-1040.

Skill Level 3: Analyze Terrain 071-331-0820; Direct Unit Air Defense 441-091-3001; Direct Convoy Defense Operations 551-721-3352; Protect Classified Information and Material 301-348-6001.

Skill Level 4: Prepare a Strip Map 551-721-3359; Conduct a Tactical Road March 071-326-3013; Conduct Movement Techniques by Platoon 071-326-5630; Conduct a Route Reconnaissance Mission 071-326-5805; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002; Supervise Handling of Enemy Personnel and Equipment at Unit Level 191-379-4450; Perform Duties as Convoy Commander 551-721-4326.

CONVOY BATTLE DRILL No. 5

Task: React to Artillery Attack while Moving.

Conditions (Cue): PLT/SQD is moving as part of a company march serial in convoy and receives indirect fire.

Standards:
1. PLT/SQD sustains no casualties following the initial attack.
2. PLT/SQD reorganizes march serial, treats and evacuates all casualties within one hour of injury.

Performance Measures:

STEP No.Who
1. Attempt to drive clear of the impact areaVIIA
2. If vehicle is disabled, attempt to clear roadwayVIIA
3. If vehicle is disabled, dismount and move by the fastest route out of the impact area (between round impacts)VIIA
4. Link up with vehicles outside of impact areaVIIA
5. Halt short of impact area and disperse vehiclesVNIIA
6. Report to march serial commander and request an alternate route around impact areaRTO/DVR
7. Move on alternate route and link up with trail end of march serial where break in contact occurredVNIIA
8. Treat casualties, reorganize march unitSL/PL/PSG
9. Report status to march serial commander (ACE format)RTO/DVR
10. Request ground/air MEDEVAC for casualtiesRTO/DVR
11. Reorganize march serial and continue to move on routeSL/PL/PSG

Abbreviations:
RTO = Radio/Telephone Operator SL = Squad Leader DVR = Driver PSG = Platoon Sergeant
VNIIA = Vehicles Not in Impact Area PL = Platoon Leader VIIA = Vehicles in Impact Area

Supported Company-Level METL Task: Move (Defend Convoy).

Supporting Soldier Tasks:

Skill Level 1: Report Enemy Information 071-331-0803; Send a Radio Message 113-571-1016; Evaluate a Casualty 081-831-1000; Clear an Object from the Throat of a Conscious Casualty 081-831-1003; Perform Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation 081-831-1042; Put On a Field or Pressure Dressing 081-831-1016; Put On a Tourniquet 081-831-1017; Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound 081-831-1025; Apply a Dressing to an Open Chest Wound 081-831-1026; Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound 081-831-1033; Prevent Shock 081-831-1005; Splint a Suspected Fracture 081-831-1034; Transport a Casualty Using a One-Man Carry 081-831-1041; Transport a Casualty Using a Two-Man Carry or an Improvised Litter 081-831-1041.

Skill Level 2: Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (SOI) 113-573-8006; Report Casualties 121-030-3534; Orient a Map Using a Lensatic Compass 071-329-1011; Locate an Unknown Point on the Ground by Intersection 071-329-1014; Locate an Unknown Point of a Map and on the Ground by Resection 071-329-1015; Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates 061-283-1002; Request Medical Evacuation 081831-0101.

Skill Level 3: Analyze Terrain 071-331-0820; Direct Convoy Defense Operations 551-721-3352; Protect Classified Information and Material 301-348-6001.

Skill Level 4: Prepare a Strip Map 551-721-3359; Conduct a Tactical Road March 071-326-3013; Conduct Movement Techniques by Platoon 071-326-5630; Conduct a Route Reconnaissance Mission 071-326-5805; Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures 113-573-0002; Perform Duties as Convoy Commander 551-721-4326.


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