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Military

MANEUVER BOS


Positive Performance

TREND 1: Platoon-level PCIs

SUSTAIN:

1. Platoons conduct excellent PCIs before each of their assigned missions.

2. PCIs are conducted without waiting for the TF checklist.

EXAMPLE: During a patrol, a tank broke down along the prescribed route. The platoon had the right equipment on-hand because of detailed PCI.

Techniques:

1. Ensure platoons continue to conduct PCIs before each mission.

2. Chain of command should occasionally spot-check platoon PCIs to make sure that the current level of excellence is maintained.

(TA.1.1.1.1 Prepare for Movement)


TREND 2: Platoon Movement Formations and Terrain Driving

SUSTAIN: Proficiency in employing the different formations and knowing when to use them increased significantly during the operation.

RESULT: Tank commanders rarely had to provide detailed instruction to drivers.

Techniques:

1. Continue to train on platoon formation and terrain driving.

2. To compensate for lack of field time, platoon leaders should walk a piece of terrain with their drivers and tank commanders to discuss platoon formations and terrain driving.

(TA.1.1.2 Negotiate Terrain)


TREND 3: Terrain Driving

SUSTAIN:

1. Unit takes full advantage of terrain when conducting offensive operations.

2. Drivers are disciplined.

3. TCs/BCs are situationally aware while moving.

4. Use of proper formations.

5. Formation changes take place when required.

Technique: Continue to emphasize maneuver execution at Home Station.

(TA.1.1.2 Negotiate Terrain)


Needs Emphasis

TREND 1: Units failed to aggressively conduct R&S.

PROBLEM: Units fail to conduct tailing patrols of factional dismounted patrols and suspicious vehicles and convoys.

Technique: Conduct tailing patrols of factional dismounted patrols and suspicious vehicles and convoys.

(TA.1.1 Move)


TREND 2: Mounted Land Navigation

PROBLEMS:

1. Difficulty in mounted land navigation.

2. Reliance on road networks vice terrain features.

RESULT: Platoons become disoriented.

Techniques:

1. Leadership should conduct a detailed map reconnaissance.

2. Leaders must be trained to maximize use of terrain features.

(TA.1.1.3 Navigate)


TREND 3: Mounted Land Navigation

PROBLEM: Difficulties with terrain-to-map association.

RESULTS:

1. Units erroneously run into another unit's route.

2. Unit inadvertently departs the TF sector.

3. Failure to mass combat power.

4. Forced to pause to regroup.

Technique: Focus on land navigation, mounted maneuver, and terrain association classes at Home Station.

(TA.1.1.3 Navigate)


TREND 4: Aviation units are slow to transition back to combat operations.

PROBLEM: Aviators are slow to transition from a 300' altitude to NOE for cover when flying a routine stability and support mission and suddenly encounter hostilities.

Techniques:

1. Crews must train to become more accustomed to adjusting to combat by occupying B/Ps, switching techniques of movement, and calling for indirect fires.

2. Make sure that crews understand who they are working for and who will coordinate weapons release authority.

(TA.1.2 Engage Enemy)


TREND 5: Platoon Actions on Contact

PROBLEMS:

1. Poor scanning skills.

2. Poor selection of attack by fire (ABF) positions.

3. Ineffective obscurants and indirect fire.

RESULTS:

1. Difficulty identifying the location of the enemy.

2. Vehicles' flanks exposed to enemy.

Techniques:

1. Conduct platoon battle drills on actions on contact. Focus on scanning and using the elements of fire and maneuver.

2. Select ABF positions appropriate to the force (i.e., light/heavy).

(TA.1.2 Engage Enemy)


TREND 6: Company Actions on Contact

PROBLEMS:

1. Upon contact, unit focuses all of its effort on one COA (assault).

2. Failure to consider finding adequate concealed and covered positions.

RESULT: When the unit is told to bypass, they tend to slow down and try to take out the enemy when not required.

Techniques:

1. Conduct rehearsals at Home Station and prior to mission execution if possible.

2. Consider developing an SOP or battle book.

3. Walking across an open field with key leaders greatly enhances a unit's ability to execute these drills to standard.

(TA.1.2 Engage Enemy)


TREND 7: TF units not repositioned to mass combat power against the enemy.

(TA.1.2.3 Integrate Direct Fire with Maneuver)


TREND 8: Units experience difficulty establishing and operating lodgment areas.

PROBLEMS:

1. Improper task organization.

2. Poor lodgment area security.

3. Lack of clearly defined responsibilities.

RESULTS:

1. Difficulty clearing lodgment areas of mines.

2. Sentries did not understand their duties.

3. Lack of communications with the CP.

Techniques:

1. Establish SOPs for lodgment area occupation and operation.

2. Designate responsibility for lodgment area security, including guard mount, communications, and dismounted patrols.

3. References:

  • ARTEP 71-2-MTP Task # 7-1-3001 (Occupy Assembly Area).

  • 7TH ATC White Paper MTP for STABOPS.

(TA.1.3.2 Occupy Terrain)


TREND 9: Units training for stability operations demonstrate a tendency to focus on the occupation of the zone of separation (ZOS).

PROBLEMS:

1. Units focus on entering the area of responsibility (AOR).

2. Sustainment planning is frequently ignored.

RESULT: Important information such as factional leaders, presence of nongovernmental organization (NGO)/private volunteer organization (PVO) in the AOR, ethnic composition and location of noncombatants, and identification of local leaders is considered only after the unit has deployed and occupied the ZOS.

Techniques:

1. Include assessments of all possible sources of information during planning. Include NGOs/PVOs, forces in the AOR, and open-source material.

2. Once the operation begins, continue the assessment and evaluation of the tactical plan to ensure the best possible use of forces. Be willing to change the plan and associated subordinate unit missions and AORs based on the actual situation encountered.

(TA.1.3.2 Occupy Terrain)


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