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Appendix A


This appendix focuses on the BDE and TF combined arms, fire support, and combat service support rehearsals.

Brigade and Battalion Combined Arms Rehearsals

After receiving an OPORD, subordinate leaders must be afforded the necessary time to complete their own planning prior to a parent unit's combined arms rehearsal. This planning window provides time for critical mission analysis, course-of-action development and analysis, and OPORD publishing. This ensures subordinate commanders have time to assign responsibility for specified tasks and resolve issues discovered in the parent commander's OPORD.

Additional information on the Combined Arms Rehearsal can be found in CALL Newsletter No. 93-4, Combat Training Centers' Bulletin - Reconnaissance, Jul 93, page 16, and No. 95-11, CTC 4QFY95 Bulletin - Notes from the Box, Sep 95, pg I-15.

WHO ATTENDS: The Commander, XO, and primary staff, the subordinate unit Commanders and their S3 or SPO, S2, and FSO must attend. The Trial Counsel or Civil Affairs Officer may be added depending on the scenario. Other pivotal players in the unit mission must attend as well. These include the normal slice leadership along with units operating in direct support such as aviation units or COLTs. Whenever possible, flank units and the higher unit should be invited to attend. When time is short, attendance may be modified.

HOW LONG: Usually, there is insufficient time to rehearse the entire operation. About 1 to 2 hours is a good rule but is METT-T dependant. If too much time is consumed, separate BOS support rehearsals and subordinate unit combined arms rehearsals will lack sufficient time. Ensure you prioritize those critical events which demand leader visualization of their synchronization. Rehearse the most important event first, and, as time permits, continue to rehearse subsequent events. Subordinates should arrive prepared to rehearse the prioritized events.


Agenda: Use the DST and the Synchronization Matrix.

Response Sequence: Establish before the rehearsal starts. Post where all participants can see it. See box for example sequences.

BDE and TF Combined Arms Rehearsal
Main Effort TF Main Effort CO
Supporting TFsSupporting COs
EN BNMortars

Unit Actions: Develop a checklist for both friendly and enemy actions. Either include in your unit SOP or distribute copies to all participants before the rehearsal starts. See boxes for example enemy and friendly unit action checklists.

Sequence of Events: See Chapter III.

EXAMPLE SCENERIO: In this example, the TF 1-1 commander explains his unit's action. The TF is attacking as part of a BDE deliberate attack. The 1-1 Commander is addressing from the time the breach is complete and marked through his establishment of SBF 4. The battlefield conditions necessary for his success are: SBF Mech has been established; the two northern enemy platoons are being suppressed by direct and indirect fire from SBF Mech. The southern enemy platoon has been isolated by a smoke screen and suppressed by direct and indirect fire from SBF Mech. The breach team has the breach open and marked. The BDE commander directs TF 1-1 to pass through the breach to continue the attack. The 1-1 TF Commander might state and show the following at the BDE combined arms rehearsal.

My task and purpose are. . . .T/O has not changed and I anticipate my slant to be. . . .The conditions for success are the establishment of SBF Mech in the north, the suppression and isolation of. . . .We will move from the assault position on axis slam to passage point 1 in a column formation and using traveling overwatch. Alpha Mech's task and purpose is. . . .They will lead the TF through the breach to establish SBF 1, orienting direct fires between TRP 2 and TRP 3. As Alpha moves through the breach, his FIST will call Target AE0005 to support his TMs and Team Charlie Tank's movement through the passage. Charlie's task and purpose is. . .and will follow Alpha through the passage. Once Charlie clears the breach, they will bound forward to, and occupy, SBF 2. Once they are set in SBF 2, Alpha will shift fires north orienting between TRP 3 and 4. From SBF 2 Charlie will begin assaulting north orienting on TRP 3. Team Bravo Mech will follow Charlie through the breach and occupy SBF 3 oriented northwest to block possible commitment of the Combined Arms Reserve. TM Bravo's task and purpose is . . . .At this point I will have three companies through the breach and the fourth, Team Delta Tank, task and purpose. . .moving to occupy SBF 2, ready to follow and support. Delta will have the Forward Aid Station moving behind him for initial establishment vicinity SBF 2. Team Charlie will continue assaulting north across OBJ South. As they reach the northern edge of OBJ South, Charlie will call Target AE0006 and SBF Mech will shift fires to OBJ North. Once Charlie is on OBJ Center, Alpha will lift direct fires. This will allow Charlie to move across OBJ Center. If Charlie becomes combat ineffective at any point, I have the flexibility to either commit Delta or bring up Alpha from SBF 3. As Charlie reaches TRP 3, Team Delta will move off SBF 2 and follow Charlie's route across OBJ South. As Charlie secures OBJ Center, they will establish SBF 4 to block the movement of the CAR if it is committed this late. We will then pass Delta through to continue onto OBJ North and establish SBF 5. The move onto OBJ North is the key for SBF Mech to lift fires from OBJ North.

VISUAL CONTACT: As we enter the breach area, my lead company will be able to assess the effectiveness of the smoke and adjust as necessary. I will use my mortars to mark the TRPs.

PHYSICAL CONTACT: I will establish a CCP behind SBF2 and as soon as possible move them back to the FAS behind Delta.

RECEIVE INDIRECT FIRE: We will depend on survivability moves and counter battery radar to handle any indirect.

OBSTACLES: We will use our tank plows to defeat these obstacles or any FASCAM used to closed the breach. Every new team through the breach will lead with a plow tank to replow the breach and ensure it stays open. Any hasty protective obstacle breaches will be marked IAW the BDE SOP. As Alpha moves off SBF 2, Charlie will send a guide back to lead them through any obstacles he breached.

ENEMY AIR: Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie will have stingers oriented on enemy air corridors.

NBC CONDITIONS: We will assume MOPP IV in the assault position.

EW: If we experience jamming, we will work through it by SOP.

THE RESULT: By clearly articulating his actions, each subordinate commander adds to his and the unit's visualization of the battlefield. This includes spacial relationships and the actions of each unit. He is able to display the timing of key events and the criticality of his unit or action to mission accomplishment. Players at the rehearsal must be prepared to discuss in detail how their units will perform and react to projected enemy actions. Situational awareness must be rehearsed by identifying critical locations, conditions and events as they will present themselves in the battle.

Bde CSS Rehearsal

The BDE CSS rehearsal ensures synchronization of the CSS effort within the unit and ensures that the CSS effort supports the Commander's intent. BDE CSS rehearsals normally occur immediately following the combined arms rehearsal. The players include key CSS leadership from across the units.

Additional information on the CSS Rehearsal can be found in CALL Newsletter No. 95-8, CTC Quarterly Bulletin, Jun 95, page 24.

WHO ATTENDS: Units must remember that this is the BDE CDR's rehearsal although the Brigade S-4 normally conducts it. Each Task Force sends the XO, S-4, BMO, SPT PLT LDR, MED PLT LDR, and HHC CDR. The FSB sends the CDR, SPO, S2/3, all Company Commanders, Supply PLT LDRs and SGTs, Ambulance PLT LDRs and SGTs, MEDEVAC Team LDR, Shop Officer, Maint Officer, and Repair Control Supervisor. The BDE staff sends the XO and representatives from the S-4, S-2, BDE ENG, FSO, S-3 and PLT leadership from any specialty platoons such as MP, Chemical, etc. When time is short, the attendance may be modified.

HOW LONG: A good rule is about 1 to 1 hours. Time dedicated to the CSS rehearsal is very expensive because of the nature of ongoing CSS activities. Participants must arrive on time and ready to rehearse. The timing of the rehearsal must be carefully coordinated. A convenient time is normally immediately following the combined arms rehearsal because most of the players are already there. Since key players, such as the TF/BN XO, S4 and HHC CDR, must attend both TF rehearsals and BDE CSS rehearsals, the BDE must coordinate the timing of the rehearsal early enough for the TF/BN to incorporate it into their timeline.


Agenda: Use the BDE Logistics Synchronization Matrix

Response Sequence: Establish before the rehearsal starts. Post where all participants can see it. See box for example.

Unit Actions: Develop a checklist for each type of unit and the specific players in each unit. Post where all participants can see it.

Technique: The BDE S4 establishes a standard response list and includes it in the unit SOP. All attachments are immediately given a copy so that they will understand what is expected of them at the rehearsal. Significant time can be saved if all players understand what to say and say it without hesitation or prompting.

Sequence of Events:

Technique: Divide the mission into three phases: before, during, and after. Use LD time to divide between before and during phases. Use achievement of the commander's endstate or change of mission to begin the after phase. Move through your response sequence one time per phase to ensure all players are represented.


Main Effort TF
Supporting Effort TFs
SPECIAL (MP, CI, etc.)

As the enemy is deployed in Step 2 (reference Chapter 3), the S2 should address likely avenues of approach, intelligence updates concerning level I and II threats, as well as refugee activity and deep artillery/aviation threats.

During Step 3, units may provide a current status update. For example, the TFs and BNs successively lay out current assets, unit locations to include the BAS, UMCP Trains, and their current combat power. The FSB SPO briefs current BSA locations, critical logistical activities within the next 24 hours, critical shortages, throughput locations and times, i.e., ATPs, bulk fuel breaks, and anticipated moves prior to LD.

During Step 5, rehearse the branches in the same sequence they were rehearsed at the combined arms rehearsal.

Every functional area must be addressed. Units must articulate enroute requirements, i.e., ROM, recovery, evacuation, etc. Units must move physically on the terrain board or sketch map to show the relationship between positions and functions of the logistics effort. Specific times, grids, communications nets, and requirements must be stated. Critical points are confirmed such as trigger points, control measures, and coordination points. Interactive coordination must occur throughout this process.

The Senior Logisticians present should ensure actions "during" the battle contribute to the logistics preparation of the battlefield for the next fight. These include hasty displacement plans, alternate communications means, alternate routes and locations, response to rear threats, use of aerial resupply and evacuation, and security measures.

Walk through key events such as medical evacuation from point of injury to the Forward Support Medical Company -- across all phases -- emphasizing the connectivity of the AXP and potential reconstitution. Players must "see" the operation from all aspects.

The FSB commander and the Support Operations officer should discuss each set of branches, particularly if the branch affects division or corps throughput. The focus must be on continuing to logistically shape the battlefield for future operations.

Logistical actions on the objective should reflect the same level of detailed coordination as the preceding phases. Focus on recovery of combat, clearing casualties, pre-positioning Class IV and other commodities; concentrate on speed of recovery from losses and re-establishment of the BDE's logistics base. Identify dedicated routes for both access and egress and emphasize route discipline. Ensure sure units know the location of obstacles and minefields.


Maneuver TF
TF XO: Unit Task and Purpose (stated once), Unit Location, Unit Actions (approach march, assault, etc.).
TF S4: Combat Trains Location, Combat Trains Movements, CTCP Actions (Movements, Reports, Possible Emergency Requests.).
MED PLT LDR: FAS and MAS Location, Displacement routes, triggers, and setup times AXPs.
BMO: Location and Organization of UMCP, Supply disk status.
HHC CDR: Location of Field Trains, Resupply Actions, LOGPAC Status.
SPL: TF resupply and movement actions as described by the HHC CDR.

Artillery Battalions
BN XO: Location of Batteries, Key Actions.
BN S4: Resupply actions.
SVC BTRY CDR: Location, LOGPAC status, Resupply actions as described by the S4.

Engineer Battalion
BN XO: Location of units and key actions.
BN S4: Resupply operations.
HHC CDR: Locations of field trains, LOGPAC Status, Resupply Operations described by the S4.

Forward Support Battalion
SPO: BSA Location and Unit Disposition, Critical Supply Activities, CSS synchronization matrix.
A CO CDR: CL I/II/III/IV activities, movements.
B CO CDR: CL IX activities, maint support posture, movements.
C CO CDR: CL VIII and blood resupply activities, AXPs.
AMB PLT LDR: Show AXPs and routes as described by the C CO CDR.

SPECIALTY UNITS: Only respond if they have critical issues or actions that impact on a specific event, i.e., Air corridors change or MSB has a resupply push package set for a specific trigger.

THE RESULTS: Two critical products that should result from the CSS rehearsal are a validated CSS annex for BDE and FSB orders and a finalized BDE CSS synchronization matrix. The CSS Rehearsal validates the who, what when, where and how of support. It will demonstrate that supporting plans integrate the logistical imperatives of anticipation, integration, continuity, responsiveness, and improvisation. It helps subordinates visualize the conditions for actions and triggers for change. After the rehearsal is complete, the recorder should restate any changes, coordination or clarifications directed by the commander and estimate the time that a written FRAGO to codify the changes will follow.

The Battalion/Task Force CSS Rehearsal

The BN/TF CSS rehearsal is in much greater detail than its BDE counterpart. How CSS tasks will be accomplished must be laid down by unit and event. Individual sections and units are addressed for each task. Most often the rehearsal occurs just prior to LOGPAC hand off at the LRP. The only shortcoming with this technique is normally the unit supply SGT and SPL are not able to attend because they are on the road with the LOGPAC at that time.

WHO ATTENDS: The XO, S4, CSM, BMO, Mortar and Scout representatives, MED PLT LDR and EVAC SEC attend from the TF. Having the S3 Air and Chaplain attend is helpful as well. The HHC Commander or XO attend. The company 1SG must attend. He may bring the company medic and mechanic sergeants. Any slice units must provide PLT LDR/SGT, i.e., ADA, GSR, etc.


Agenda: Use the same agenda tools that were used in the TF combined arms rehearsal.

Response Sequence: Establish before the rehearsal starts. Post where all participants can see it. See box for example.

Unit Actions: Develop a checklist for both friendly and enemy actions. Either include in your unit SOP or distribute copies to all participants before the rehearsal starts. See box for example friendly unit action checklist.

Sequence of Events: The S4 controls the rehearsal just as the XO did the combined arms rehearsal.


TM/CO/Specialty Platoon 1SG/PLT SGT: Unit Task and Purpose (stated once), Unit Location, Unit Actions, (assault, LOGPAC, fueling, etc.).

Unit Medic: CCP Locations, EVAC routes, AXPs.

Maint Team Chief: Location of Recovery, Location of Maint.

TF S4: Combat Trains Location, Combat Trains Movements, CTCP Actions (Movements, Reports, Possible Emergency Requests).

TF S1: Replacement Activities.

MED PLT LDR: FAS and MAS Location, displacement routes, triggers, and setup times, AXPs.

BMO: Location and Organization of UMCP.

HHC CDR: Location of Field Trains, Resupply Actions, LOGPAC Status.

SPL (if available): TF resupply and movement actions as described by the HHC CDR.

Fire Support (FS) Rehearsals

Fire Support rehearsals are important for ensuring the synchronization of the fire support plan with the scheme of maneuver. Technical fire control details should be addressed in the DS FA Battalion rehearsal and the FA Technical Rehearsal. This rehearsal should focus on maximizing the ability of the fire support systems to support the plan and achieve the commander's intent.

WHO ATTENDS: Although this is a FS rehearsal, the BDE S3 must be closely involved to ensure synchronization of the FS plan with the maneuver plan. Whenever possible, the Brigade Commander should participate as well. Normally the BDE sends the XO, S-3, S-4, S-2, BDE ENG, BDE FSO, and a representative from the FSB. Key representatives from the DS Artillery BN include the Commander, S3, S2, BN FDO, Radar Warrant, and MLRS LO. From the maneuver TFs, Commander, if available, S-3, FSO, SCT PLT LDR, and MTR PLT LDR. The COLTs, Army Aviation LO, and USAF ALO should attend as well. The DS Artillery Battalion Commander normally commands this rehearsal for the BDE Commander. He is assisted by the BDE FSO.

HOW LONG: Plan for 1 to 1 hours for the FS rehearsal. There is seldom time to rehearse every target. Rehearse at a minimum the priority targets. The purpose of the FS rehearsal is to ensure synchronization of the FS effort within the unit and to ensure that the FS plan supports the commander's intent. FS rehearsals normally occur after the Combined Arms rehearsal. Normally the technique selected for the rehearsal is the radio technique, although the terrain model technique works as well. Preforming the BDE FS rehearsal to the howitzer level is very effective, but carries a high cost in the amount of time required

Technique: Units must gain proficiency on the radio technique at home station. Attempting to perform this technique for the first time in the field is inviting disaster. Using the crawl, walk, run method. Try the technique face to face the first time to work out the bugs. In the walk phase, move the players into different rooms of the same building, then for the run, move them out to radios.


Agenda: Use the Fire Support Execution Matrix. Normally prior to the rehearsal, the DS FDO will announce the brigade consolidated target list by number, grid and any special instruction for the targets.

Response Sequence: Establish your response sequence early, then review it in Step 1. Post where all participants can see it. See box for example.

Technique: Often when using the Radio technique, it becomes difficult to keep the rehearsal moving because the players cannot see each other. Establishing a response sequence by SOP will help significantly.

Technique: Units respond as they are deployed front to rear. Units with no targets state so and back-up observers are allowed to fire targets. The short coming to this technique is that often back-up observers call the target prior to the primary, but this technique ensures every "looker" rehearses every target for the phase. Another technique is to fire the targets in the probable order they will be fired in. This normally takes longer and often leads to some confusion about which unit follows in the sequence.

Unit Actions: See box for an example.

  • When are the conditions or trigger?
  • Where is the target, and where will it be observed from?
  • Who is responsible for the target, the backup, which radio net and backup?
  • Why purpose of the target?
  • What are the desired effects?

Sequence of Events: If the FS rehearsal occurs prior to the combined arms rehearsal, then selection of branches to rehearse is done by the FSCOORD. If it occurs after the combined arms rehearsal, then the sequence the branches are rehearsed mirrors that of the proceeding combined arms rehearsal.

Step 2 may include an intelligence update.

In Step 3 the FSCOORD states the FSCM in effect at the starting point of the rehearsal and provides last-minute guidance.

In Step 4 the DS Artillery Battalion S2 advances the enemy or the friendly one critical event at a time. When the S2 finishes describing the event, all fire supporters will execute the portion of the fire support plan triggered by the action.


The following uses the previous deliberate attack example. The response sequence is front to rear; several units were left out for brevity. The sequence is: COLT, TF Mech, TF 1-1, . . . ALO, . . . and S2. The DS BN S2 states: It is now H+6. SBF Mech has been established; all three enemy platoon positions are being obscured by smoke and suppressed by SBF Mech. TF 1-1 is moving on Axis Slam just approaching PP1.

BDE COLT would respond: This is BDE COLT 2; I am backup for TGT AE0005 vic NA123456. TF 1-1's closure on PP1 is the trigger to fire. I will observe the TGT from vic NA 345678 and call it on FS net. . . . The alternate method is. . . .The TGT purpose is. . . .The desired effects are. . . . Break. . . .FDC, this is COLT 2 fire TGT AE0005, over. The FDO would repeat the call for fire and issue a message to observer to include time of flight. The observer would end the mission.

The TF Mech FSO would respond: No Action.

The TF1-1 FSO would respond: This is TF 1-1 FSO; I am the priority for TGT AE0005. Our closure on PP1 is the trigger to fire TGT AE0005, NA 123456. Alpha Team FIST will observe the TGT from vic NA 234567 and call it on FS net. . . .The alternate method is. . . .The TGT purpose is. . . . The desired effects are. . . .Break. . . .FDC, this is TF1-1 FSO fire TGT AE0005, over. The FDO would repeat the call for fire and issue a message to observer to include time of flight. If the Alpha Team FIST is participating, then he would fire the TGT instead of the TF FSO. The observer would end the mission.

The ALO would state: This is BDE ALO, TF 1-1 closure on PP1 is my trigger. Four A-10s with Mavericks are at IP Cheese. The ALO would continue with magnetic heading from IP to TGT, TGT description, location, and elevation, method of marking location of friendlies, egress, time from IP to target. Any SEAD or ACA changes in support of CAS should be rehearsed with the CAS mission.

The S2 states: Radar, this is S2. TF 1-1 closure on PP1 is my trigger, call for fire zone number 1, and critical friendly zones 4, 5, and 6 are in effect now. Que radar schedule Jane, 12 minutes, over.

The Radar tech would respond: S2, this is Radar Tech, call for fire zone number 1, and critical friendly zones 4, 5, and 6 are in effect. Que radar schedule Jane, 12 minutes, out.

For each target rehearse address grid location, trigger point, engagement criteria, primary and backup observer and communications method, method of engagement and attack guidance. Ensure the DS battalion S3 presents the battery movement plans and out-of-action cycles. Rehearse the radar target handoff and include clearing the fires at the TF level if TF FSO are involved. Rehearsal of counterfire during the rehearsal of priority targets is necessary to rehearse priority targets. Have the Radar Technician insert one or two acquisitions per phase of the rehearsal.

THE RESULT: This rehearsal ensures the validity of the FS plan. It will illustrate why fires are needed in relation to specific maneuver events and what they are intended to accomplish. It crosswalks lookers with shooters and ties them to a condition or event on the battlefield. It will ensure that FS performs the missions assigned and meets the commander's intent. When properly performed, the rehearsal practices the redundancy of observers and nets by having both the backup and primary shoot the targets. The FS plan is validated with the scheme of maneuver, the commander's intent, and attack guidance. It ensures the obstacle plan is coordinated with the FS plan and both support the maneuver plan. Finally it ensures the control measures for protecting and controlling aerial and ground forces are in place, integrated, and understood by all.

TF FS Rehearsals

The TF FSO normally runs this rehearsal. Involvement should be from the TF FSE all the way to the observers. This includes the S3, USAF, and S2. Lookers include scouts, Co FIST, and platoon leadership responsible for a target. Shooters include the mortar platoon. This is often difficult in a compressed time sequence because many of the lookers are maneuver units who have already crossed LD. The format for the rehearsal is exactly like that of the BDE rehearsal.

CO/TM Rehearsals

This is the lowest level that performs the combined arms rehearsal, i.e., including the FS and CSS aspects of the mission. Separate support rehearsals are not normally time efficient or very effective at this level. This integration of rehearsals is essential for all the leaders and soldiers participating to visualize special relationships and the complexity of seemingly simple tasks.

WHO ATTENDS: Minimum attendance at CO/TM rehearsals consists of the Commander, XO, 1SG, PLT LDRs and SGTs, any slice leadership, and the balance of the HQ section SGTs to include mortars, medics, and anti-tank, etc.


Agenda: Usually a DST is not completed at the company level, but a matrix OPORD format is commonly used. If this is the case, use the phases the fight is broken into on the OPORD matrix as the phases of the rehearsal.

Response Sequence: First, determine the level to which the mission will be rehearsed (i.e.: platoon leaders, squad leaders, fire team leaders). Then list each participant in sequence. Each player uses an established format for their respective response.

Unit Actions: Actions checklist are the same as the BDE and TF rehearsals. Since there is no S2 to represent the enemy, one option might be to have the XO represent the enemy.

Sequence of Events: Go into as much detail as possible. If time is limited, select key events (breech, action at the objective, etc.) to rehearse. Practice rehearsing in garrison so that the responses will be quick, to the point, and highlight key details.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO: In this example, the 1st Platoon Leader of Team Charlie Tank, reference TF 1-1 example from the previous chapters, explains his unit's action from the time the unit leaves SBF2 until he completes his assault across OBJ South. The platoon is assaulting and is the main effort of the company. The battlefield conditions are that Team Alpha Mech moved through the beach and established SBF1. Alpha is placing effective direct and indirect fire onto OBJ South. Team Charlie Tank has cleared the breach, established SBF 2 and is beginning to assault north onto OBJ South.

My task and purpose are. . .and my slant is 4/1(1st PLT has a CEV attached). We will be deployed on line at the western-most edge of SBF2 with 2d platoon on our right. Our initial orientation will be on TRP2 which will be marked by 4.2IN mortar illumination burning on the ground. We will move off the position by bounding overwatch with second section moving first. Once they are set, my section will begin its bound. I will call the commander and report set after our first bound. Our bound will be followed by 2d platoon's bound and this will continue across the objective.

VISUAL CONTACT AND PHYSICAL CONTACT: Visual contact is physical contact. If the enemy comes out of his hole, we will kill him immediately. We have to use good covered routes during the bounds. The best case is we see him first. If we see him first, I will attempt to bring the entire platoon up to engage individual enemy vehicles or positions. If he sees us first, we will return fire and seek a covered position immediately, then provide suppresive fire to allow either my other three vehicles or second platoon to work around for a shot.

RECEIVE INDIRECT FIRE: We will continue to make survivability moves every seven minutes as per company SOP; since we will be in bounding overwatch, this will not be a problem. The best way to move if we start receiving indirect fire is forward as it probably means the enemy is giving ground.

OBSTACLES: We will use our tank plow to breach any hasty protective obstacles we encounter. The CEV will be with me if my blade tank cannot reduce the obstacle. We will mark all breaches by BDE SOP and report them on the company net.

ENEMY AIR: At this point the most probable place we will get attacked is at SBF position. For rotary wing, will engage with main gun fire using volley fire when possible. For fixed wing, I will set an aerial TRP and we will use the .50 cals.

EW: If we get jammed, we will work through it by company SOP.

THE RESULT: The units at the CO/TM rehearsal must see the conditions for success being established at the rehearsal so they can recognize them later during the fight.

DS FA Battalion Rehearsals

The DS FA Battalion conducts both a FA BN rehearsal and a FA technical rehearsal. Both rehearsals ensure the DS BN's plan is synchronized with the BDE's maneuver plan and supports the BDE CDR's intent. The FA BN rehearsal includes key players from the FA battalion and normally occurs at the DS battalion TOC. The FA technical rehearsal is conducted by the battalion and platoon FDOs and is normally conducted by radio prior to the BDE FS rehearsal.

Field Artillery Battalion Rehearsal

WHO ATTENDS: Participants in the FA BN rehearsal include the FSCOORD, XO, S1, S3, AS3, S2, S4, FDO, CHEMO, Battery Commanders with FDOs, Radar Tech, R&S Officer, Met Chief, BMO, PA, and SIGO. Whenever possible, the firing batteries and platoons, down to individual section level, should participate.

HOW LONG: The entire rehearsal should not take more than 1 to 2 hours. Participants must arrive on time and be ready to rehearse. The rehearsal must be planned into the battalion timeline to ensure all the key players are there.


Agenda: Use the Fire Support Execution Matrix.

Response Sequence: Establish in the unit SOP. Post where all participants can see it.

Unit Actions: See box for an example.

Sequence of Events: In Step 2, the S2 should discuss mobility corridors/avenues of approach down to company level. From the enemy perspective, he discusses the most likely COA: enemy position, phases of fire, decision points, reconnaissance assets and missions, TA capabilities, probable CHEM/FASCAM strike locations, and air assault locations. In Step 3, the units deploy onto the rehearsal product.


BATTERY COMMANDERS: State task and purpose (once), location, azimuth of fire, projected combat power, critical FS task at that point of the operation, number of targets in file, alternate location and trigger for movement and required movement time, ammunition status, status-of-position improvement, CASEVAC plan for position.

RADAR: State task and purpose(once), position, movement trigger, active zones, cueing corresponding to the zones, adjacent unit security, GS fire and GS radar support.

COMBAT TRAINS COMMANDER: Task and purpose (once), location/trigger for movement, BAS, AXP, FAS, and MAS locations, Mass casualty mutual support plan, location of recovery and UMCP, Class V status in CBT TRNS, other CSS triggers.

FIELD TRAINS COMMANDER: Task and Purpose (once), location, Cl V O/H, ration cycle, LRP/Time and location, targets supporting the BSA, CSS triggers.

BN FDO: Scheme of fires, target assignment/volume and desired effects, MET schedule/status, fire order standards, method of communication (voice or digital), primary and secondary observers.

CHEMO: MOPP status, decontamination assets, L/U points and location, dirty routes.

SIGO: RETRANS location and movement triggers, emplacement times.

THE RESULT: At the conclusion of the FA BN rehearsal, each member of the battalion team should leave with a clear understanding of required actions and critical field artillery tasks, by phase or event. The FA BN rehearsal synchronizes the battalion's C2, logistics and delivery assets to the BDE's scheme of fires, ensuring the FA battalion can support the BDE CDR's intent.

Field Artillery Technical Rehearsal

The FA battalion conducts the technical rehearsal to verify that all of its subordinate firing units can support the brigade scheme of fires. This rehearsal should be conducted prior to the BDE fire support rehearsal. This will assist the S3/BN FDO in making changes to the scheme of maneuver if targets are out of range or to identify problems with target shift times. All special missions such as copperhead, smoke and FASCAM should be verified.

WHO ATTENDS: The FA Tech Rehearsal is normally conducted FM by the BN FDO. The participation level is down to howitzer level. All attached or reinforcing firing units should also participate.

HOW LONG: A well-prepared technical rehearsal should take no longer than one hour.

REHEARSAL SCRIPT: The rehearsal should begin by polling each firing unit and equipment status, specifically verifying unit location, azimuth of fire, tube strength, ammunition on hand, LCU, BUCS, and AFCS status. The FDO will restate the battalion fire order standard (IAW FM 6-40). The BN FDO verifies the target list data by polling the FDCs by target number to ensure all units have the correct target list on hand. The last administrative data is verification of all known FSCM. The actual rehearsal structure will follow the BDE's designated events or phases. The BN FDO initiates each mission by announcing the BDE trigger and target number in the scheme of fires sequence. A battery FDO specified by the BN FDO will follow up with the volume of fires and units to fire throughout the rehearsal. At a minimum, special missions such as Copperhead, SEAD, and FASCOM will be rehearsed during or prior to the technical rehearsal to clarify gun line responsibility and verify shift times.

THE RESULT: Assignment of units to fire and volume of fire as rehearsed during the FA BN rehearsal will be verified and refined. The FA BN will now be prepared to participate in the BDE FS rehearsal. Show stoppers such as shift times, range limitations, angle of fire and ammunition distribution, have been identified and resolved.

Forward Support Battalion Rehearsals

The FSB rehearsal ensures the mission support operations occurring in the BSA are effective and organized. The players include key CSS leaders from the FSB along with the TF/BN Field Trains leadership. It normally occurs in the BSA. The battalion should rehearse significant events, such as casualty evacuation, defense, reconnaissance and security, convoy assembly, Quartering Party Procedures, QRF assembly and employment, and movement of the BSA, to name a few. The rehearsal of these SOPs are critical to normal operations in the BSA.

WHO ATTENDS: Participants in the FSB/CO rehearsals range from the FSB CDR, XO, and SPO, through the staff, BN Chemical NCO, Company Commanders, BMO, and SIGO. Whenever possible, platoon and section leaders should participate as well. The TF/BNs being supported by the FSB must send their field trains leadership such as HHC CDR and SPT PLT LDR. MP and other specialty units operating in the BSA must attend as well, to include the DISCOM representatives.

HOW LONG: A good rule of thumb for any rehearsal is about 1 to 1 hours. Some of the rehearsals can be decentralize to the company level, but must involve the TF/BN field trains that are operating in the BSA if they are involved in the event such as defense or R&S.


Agenda: The agenda can follow the entire brigade scheme of maneuver (use the DST and Synchronization Matrix) or it can be a list of key events that the FSB commander wants to rehearse.

Response Sequence: Establish the response sequence based on the participants in the rehearsal. Post where all participants can easily see it.

Unit Actions: See Bde CSS Rehearsal Action Checklist and Actions Checklist for example action checklists.

Sequence of Events: FSB rehearsals can be initiated either on a time-based event, such as quartering party departing or a enemy-based event, reference Step 2. In either case, state the conditions that trigger the event to take place. In step 3, units respond in sequence with their actions. For example, a terrain model rehearsal of the ADVON for the movement of the BSA may be broken into three phases: assembly of the ADVON, movement, and actions upon arrival at the new site. For each phase, the response sequence is completed and each player presents his actions and responsibilities. These could include the communications plan, ADA and FS coverage, actions on contact, and medical support.

THE RESULTS: The results of the FSB rehearsals ensure operations within the BSA do not negatively impact on normal events. Rehearsals of the QRF ensures routes have reconnoitered and positions established, thus reducing chances of fratricide. Units understand MEDEVAC procedures, and convoy assembly areas ensure critical routes stay clear in an already normally congested area.

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One Billion Americans: The Case for Thinking Bigger - by Matthew Yglesias