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This publication is for the forces deploying to Somalia to provide humanitarian assistance to the population under Operation RESTORE HOPE.

This Special Edition Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) publication introduces Somalia, provides insights into operations other than war, highlights major preventive medicine lessons, provides Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP) for the soldier and presents Somali customs. The information in this Special Edition does not replicate that presently found in doctrinal publications. It is not intended to serve as a program to guide the conduct of operations and training. Rather, this newsletter is designed to highlight information and lessons that are applicable to the unique environment offered by the Somalian humanitarian assistance experience.

The Somalian effort poses many unique challenges not faced by our military forces in recent times. Organized governmental activities at the city and national levels do not exist. Security for civilians and food supplies is in constant jeopardy. The ability to supply necessary food to the starving citizenry is negligible or totally nonexistent. Warring clans, disease, the lack of sanitation and death are daily consequences associated with the extinction of the Somalian governmental infrastructure. War, famine and anarchy have combined in Somalia to create an atmosphere that is both tragic and surreal.

CALL thanks those commands and agencies who have shared their insights and experiences. This information and TTP are provided for your use and dissemination. If your unit has identified other relevant lessons or information, please share them with the rest of the U.S. Army by contacting us at DSN 552-2255 or 3035. Comments concerning this newsletter should be addressed to Commander, Combined Arms Command, ATTN: ATZL-CTL, Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-7000.


Brigadier General, USA
Deputy Commanding General for Training

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