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This newsletter reviews the lessons from humanitarian assistance operations that immediately followed Operation DESERT STORM. The Center for Army Lessons Learned(CALL) looked at two of these operations: 3d Armored Division's role in the Safwan area, southern Iraq, and Operation PROVIDE COMFORT, a much larger effort in northern Iraq. Combined Task Force Provide Comfort was a multinational force with a security and humanitarian aspect in its mission to save the Kurds. Both operations were a remarkable success due to the superb quality of individuals and leaders, both civilian and military.

Military humanitarian assistance can be separated into three phases: Phase 1, Emergency; Phase 2, Sustainment; and Phase 3, Withdrawal. This newsletter looks primarily at Phase 1 and uses Operation PROVIDE COMFORT as its model.

The remarkable changes in eastern Europe have signaled the beginning of a dynamic period for the Armed Forces and especially for the U.S. Army. With the ever-increasing problems in the Third World, contingency operations will gain emphasis. These changes will impact upon every member of the Total Force and require a review of doctrine to ensure our preparedness for future operations, especially humanitarian assistance operations.

CALL thanks those civilians and military participants who shared their insights and experiences. These tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) are provided for your use and dissemination. If your unit has identified any other combat-relevant lessons, please share them with the rest of the U.S. Army by contacting CALL at DSN 552-2132/4455. Comments concerning this newsletter should be addressed to Commander, Combined Arms Command, ATTN: ATZL-CTL, Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-7000.

Brigadier General, USA
Deputy Commanding General
for Training

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