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Military

FOREWORD


"For communications and command and control, for intelligence and navigation, we need to be in space, and we need a variety of space systems."

GENERAL Colin Powell
14 December 1990

The Army's leaders and soldiers in Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Kuwait exploited a wide range of space capabilities in their rapid success over Iraqi forces. The "variety of space systems" described by GENERAL Powell and the support they provided the Army are captured in this newsletter. Space support to position/navigation, weather and terrain, tactical missile defense, communications, and reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition (RSTA) proved invaluable in the fight to free Kuwait.

This newsletter educates the Army's warfighters on the tactical use of space systems. Operations DESERT SHIELD and DESERT STORM created the necessity and offered the opportunity for the Army to use space systems.

The U. S. Space Command and its Army, Navy, and Air Force component commands supported the joint forces with space support across a broad range of systems. Some have termed Operation DESERT STORM the first "space war" in that every aspect of military operation depended to some degree on the support provided by space systems. The Army Space Command, the Army Space Institute, and the Army Space Program Office provided extraordinary coordination to tie tactical users into available space systems.

NOTE: A significant amount of space support provided to the Army was in the area of RSTA. Most of that support is classified and is beyond the scope of this newsletter. RSTA lessons have been addressed in other documents.

The execution of the Army's AirLand Battle doctrine requires agility, initiative, depth, and synchronization of forces. Application of these tenets in the remote regions of the northern Arabia peninsula required the use of space assets previously unavailable at such a grand scale to tactical forces. The lengthy buildup prior to the start of the war permitted the delivery, setup, and training on a number of new systems that exploited space. Captured in this newsletter are some of the initial lessons from the conflict in the Gulf pertaining to the use of space.

MICHAEL S. DAVISON, JR.
Brigadier General, USA
Deputy Commanding General for Training

Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Position/Navigation (POS/NAV)



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