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Military

THE IRAQI THREAT

EQUIPMENT


ARMOR
T-72/T-72M1
Speed: 80km/h Crew: 3
Weaponry: 125mm gun (range 2000 m)/7.62mm MG (1000m)/12.7mm AA MG
(1500m GND/1000mAir)
Ammo: heat-FS/HE-FRAG/APFSDS-T
Rate of fire: 8rds/min
Remarks: NBC system/infrared/laser range finder. T-72M1 has
passive night vision.
T-54/55
Speed: 50km/h Crew: 4
Weaponry: 100mm gun (range 1500 m)/7.62mm MG (1000m)/12.7mm AA MG
(1500m Gnd/1000m air)
Ammo: HE-FRAG/HAT/HVAP-T/APC-T/AP-T
Rate of fire: 5-7 rds/min
Remarks: Telescopic sight/night vision.
T-62
Speed: 50 km/h Crew: 4
Arm: 115mm gun (range 1600m)/7.62mm MG (1000M)/12.7mm AA MG (1500
m gnd/1000 m air)
Ammo: HE FRAG/HEAT-FS/APFSDS
Remarks: Telescopic sight/night vision/NBC system.
Type 59-11
Speed: 50km/h Crew: 4
Weaponry: 105 gun (range 1800 m)/7.62mm MG (1000 m)/12.7mm AA MG
(1500 m gnd/1000 m air)
Ammo: Heat/HE/APHE/APFSDS
Remarks: might vision/laser range-finder telescopic sight.
Type 69-11
Speed: 50 km/h Crew: 4
Weaponry: 100mm gun (range 1500 m)/7.62mm MG (1000 m)/12.7mm AA
MG (1500 m gnd/1000 m air)
Ammo: Heat/HE/APHE/HVAPDS
Remarks: Infrared/laser range finder/NBC system.
Chieftain
Speed: 48 km/h Crew: 4
Weaponry: 120mm gun (range: moving target 2000 m, stationary
3000m)/7.62mm MG
Ammo: HE, ARMOR, SMOKE & WP
Rate of fire 6-10 rds/min
Remarks: Smoke dischargers/laser range finder.
INFANTRY FIGHTING VEHICLES AND RECON
BMP-1
Speed: 80 km/h Crew: 3
Weaponry: 73mm gun/7-62mm MG/SAGGER ATGN
Remarks: Capable of carrying 8 infantry/republican guard mech
units.
BMP-2
Speed: 65 km/h Crew: 3 plus 7 Infantry
Weaponry: 30 mm cannon/7-62mm MG/SPI-GOT ATGM
Remarks: NBC system/infrared.
Scorpion
Speed:80.5 km/h Crew: 3
Weaponry: 76mm gun/7062mm MG
Remarks: Recon bn.
BRDM-2
Speed: 100 km/h Crew: 4
Weaponry: 7.62mm & 14.5mm MGs/or 3 Sagger ATGMs/or SA-9
Remarks: Recon scout vehicle/NBC system.
CASCAVEL
Speed: 100 km/h Crew: 3
Weaponry: 90mm gun & 7.62mm MG or 12.7mm AA MG
Remarks: Three smoke dischargers on each side of turret.
BTR-50
Speed: 44 km/h Crew: 2
Weaponry: 7.62mm MG
Remarks: Capable of carrying 20 infantry; OT-62B/C models
available.
ALVIS SARACEN
Speed: 72 km/h Crew: 2
Weaponry: 2x7.62mm MG
Remarks: Capable of carrying 10 infantry.
PANHARD AML
Speed: 90 km/h Crew: 3
Weaponry: 90mm gun/7.62mm MG/HOT ATGM
Remarks: Recon vehicle.

ANTIARMOR

RPG-7V
Range: 500 m Penetration: 260 mm
Guidance: Optical
AT-5 Spandrel
Range: 4000 m Penetration: 500-600 mm
Guidance: SACLOS wire
MILAN
Range: 25-2000 m Penetration: 1060 mm
Guidance: LOS wire
AT-4 SPIGOT
Range: 70-2500 m Penetration: 600 mm
Guidance: LOS wire
SAGGER
Range: 500-3000 m Penetration: 400 mm+
Guidance: LOS wire
SWATTER
Range: 600-2500 m Penetration: 400 mm+
Guidance: Radio link
HOT
Range: 75-4000 m Penetration: 850 mm
Guidance: LOS wire
Remarks: Four HOTs may be installed on Gazelle & 6 HOTs on BO
105 helicopters.

FIRE SUPPORT

2SI-SP GUN/HOW
Caliber: 122mm Range: 15300 m
Ammo: HE, Smoke, HEAT-FS
Rate of fire: 5 rds/min
2S3-SP GUN/HOW
Caliber: 152mm Range: 27000 m
Ammo: HE, Chemical, HEAT-FS, AP-T, Smoke & Illum
Rate of fire: 4 rds/min
D-20 GUN/HOW
Caliber: 152mm Range: 17000 m
Ammo: HE, CP, AP-T, Illum, Heat, Smoke, Chemical
Rate of fire: 5 rds/min
GHN-45 GUN/HOW
Caliber: 155mm Range: 30300 m
Ammo: HE, Illum, Smoke
Rate of fire: 2-7 rds/min
G-5 GUN/HOW
Caliber: 155mm Range: 39000 m
Ammo: HE, Illum, Smoke, WP
Rate of fire: 3 rds/min
M-46 GUN
Caliber: 130mm Range: 27500 m
Ammo: HE, AP-T, Chemical, Illum, Smoke
Rate of fire: 1-2 rds/min
D-30 HOW
Caliber: 122mm Range: 15300 m
Ammo: HE, HEAR-FS, Chemical, Illum, Smoke
Rate of fire: 1-2 rds/min
BM-21 MRL
Caliber: 122mm (40 tubes) Range: 20500 m
Ammo: HE, Smoke, Chemical, WP
Rate of fire: 40 rds every 10 min
FM-13/16 MRL
Caliber: 132mm Range: 8000 m
Ammo: HE
Rate of fire: 16 rds every 15 min
M-1937 (ML-20) GUN/HOW
Caliber: 152mm Range: 17000 m
Ammo: HE, AP-T, Heat, Illum, Smoke
Rate of fire: 4 rds/min
M-1943 D-1 HOW
Caliber: 152mm Range: 12400 m
Ammo: HE, CP, Heat, Illum, Chemical
Rate of fire: 1 rd/min
TYPE 63 MRL
Caliber: 107mm Range: 10100 m
Ammo: HE
Rate of fire: 12 rds in 15 sec
TYPE 66 GUN/HOW
Caliber: 152mm Range: 17200 m
Ammo: HE, Smoke
Rate of fire: 3 rds/min
MORTAR
Caliber: 120 mm Range: 5700 m
Ammo: HE, Smoke, Illum
Rate of fire: 15 rds/min
MORTAR
Caliber: 82mm Range: 3100 m
Ammo: HE, Smoke
Rate of fire: 15 rds/min

AIR DEFENSE

ZSU-23/4
Target: Helicopters and low-flying aircraft
Caliber: 23 mm guns Range: 2500 m
Rate of fire: 850-1000 rds/min per gun
Guidance: Radar
SA-8 GECKO
Target: Low-to-medium altitude high-performance aircraft and
helicopters
Range: 15000 m Altitude: 10-12200 m
Guidance: Radar
SA-9 GASKIN
Target: Helicopters and slow-flying aircraft
Range: .8-5km Altitude: 10-4500 m
Guidance: Infrared homing
ROLAND I/II
Target: High-performance aircraft
Range: 700-6300 m Altitude: 10-5500 m
Guidance: Optical/radar
ZSU-57/2
Target: Helicopters and low-flying aircraft
Caliber: 57mm guns Range: 4000 m
Rate of fire: 105-120 rds/min
Guidance: Optical
SA-6 GAINFUL
Target: low-to-meduim altitude high-performance aircraft
Range: 4-24 km Altitude: 15 km
Guidance: Semiactive homing
M-53/59 & M-53/70
Target: Aerial & ground
Caliber: 30mm gun
Range: Light-Armored Vehicles - 2000 m; Aerial - 3000 m
Rate of fire: 420-450 rds/min per gun
Guidance: Tracer observation (aerial) Telescope (ground)
100 MM KS-19
Target: Aerial & ground
Range: 12600 m
Rate of fire: 15 rds/min
Penetration: 185 mm at 500 m/170 mm at 1000 m
Guidance: Radar/direct fire optical
85 MM M-1939 KS-12
Target: Aerial & ground
Range: 10000 m
Rate of fire: 15-20 rd/min
Guidance: Radar/optical
57 MM S-60
Target: Helicopters and slow-flying aircraft
Range: 4000 m
Rate of fire: 105-120 rds/min
Guidance: Optical & radar
37 MM M-1939
Target: Helicopters and slow-flying aircraft
Range: 4000 m
Rate of fire: 160-180 rds/min
Guidance: Optical
I HAWK
Target: High-performance Aircraft
Range: Low altitude: 3500-16000 m
High altitude: 2000-32000 m
Guidance: Radar
SA-7 GRAIL
Target: Helicopters & slow-flying aircraft
Range: .7-5 km
Altitude: 10-4500 m
Guidance: Infrared homing

AIRCRAFT

FIXED WING

MIG-23 FLOGGER
Mission: Fighter/ground attack
Speed: Approx 725 mph at sea level
Weaponry: 23mm gun, 2 APEX missiles, 2 or 4 APHID or 2 ATOLL
missiles, 57mm and 80mm rockets, 1000-lb bombs, surface-to-air
missiles
MIRAGE F-1
Mission: Multirole air-superiority/ground attack
Speed: Approx 625 mph at sea level
Weaponry: Two 30mm cannon & over 8800-lb operational load with a
mix of missiles, bombs and rockets
MIG-21 FISHBED
Mission: Close air support
Speed: Approx 675 mph at sea level
Weaponry: Twin-barrel 23mm gun, bombs and 57mm rockets
SU-17 FITTER
Mission: Attack
Speed: Approx 725 mph at sea level
Weaponry: 30mm gun, 7000+-lb bombs, rocket and guided missiles
capability
SU-25 FROGFOOT
Mission: Close air support
Speed: 540 mph
Weaponry: 30mm gun/57mm to 330mm rockets/laser-guided
missiles/500-kg incendiary, HE, antipersonnel and chemical
cluster bombs

ROTARY WING

HIND
Mission: Assault/attack
Speed: 185mph
Weaponry: 12.7mm MG/ATGM (Swatter)/57mm rocket/80mm rocket/twin
23mm guns/3300lbs of chemical and conventional bombs
Lift capability: 8 men (1 squad)
Remarks: Mine dispenser; capable/may be part of hunter/killer
team operations.
GAZELLE
Mission: Attack
Speed: 140 mph
Weaponry: Two 7.6mm MG or 20mm gun/two pods 68mm or 2.75 in
rockets, 4-6 HOT ATGMs
Remarks: May be part of hunter/killer team operations.

ASSAULT HELICOPTERS

MI-8 HIP
Mission: Assault/airlift
Speed: 155 mph
Weaponry: 12.7mm MG/57mm rocket/ATGM capable
Lift capability: 24 men
Remarks: Uprated model, MI-17 (HIP H) has been observed; improved
performance/cockpit armor with additional 23mm gun packs
BO-105
Mission: Attack
Speed: 168 mph
Weaponry: 6 HOT ATGMs, 7.62mm guns, 80mm rockets
Remarks: May be part of hunter/killer team operations.
ALOUETTE
Mission: Attack
Speed: 95-100 mph
Weaponry: 7.62mm MG/20mm fun/or 2 or 4 ATGMs or 68 mm rocket pod
Remarks: May be part of hunter/killer team operations

INDIVIDUAL WEAPONS CREW-SERVED WEAPONS

SGM MEDIUM MACHINE GUN
Ammo: 7.62mm
Effective range: 1000 m
Rate of fire: 650 rds/min
DSHK HEAVY MACHINE GUN
Ammo: 12.7mm
Effective range: 2000 m
Rate of fire: 575 rds/min

CHEMICAL AGENTS

The Iraqis may mix blister agent mustard and nerve agents tabun and sarin with artillery fire.

Delivery systems are:

  • bombs
  • rockets
  • artillery shells
  • aircraft-delivered sprays

Table of Contents
The Iraqi Threat: Tactics and Organization
The Iraqi Threat: Insignia



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