NOTE: Current mobilization plans are structured toward partial or full mobilization. Many unique problems have surfaced during the Presidential Selective Callup for Operation DESERT SHIELD. Agencies and Army installations provided excellent support and adjusted plans and work schedules to meet the demands of this depIoyment. It is important that installations capture current procedures and revise current SOPs to meet the needs of similar operations in the future.
OBSERVATION: Cross-leveling of USAR personnel was done at the Army Reserve Command (ARCOM) rather than at the mobilization station (MOBSTA).
DISCUSSION: During full mobilization, cross-leveling of reserve units is accomplished at the MOBSTA. However, for Operation DESERT SHIELD, the partial callup required cross-leveling of reserve units at the ARCOM level rather than at the MOBSTA level. This action allowed MOBSTAs to focus on transportation, administration, and trainup of reserve units.
LESSON(S): ARCOMs should continue to cross-level reserve unit personnel during a limited callup of reservists.
OBSERVATION: Problems and confusion arose with Selective Callup versus full mobilization.
DISCUSSION: During Presidential Selective Callup, units were assigned under headquarters with which they had never trained. Units had to wait for their chain of command to be identified before they could coordinate effectively. Additionally, some units were directed to mobilize at installations which were unfamiliar to them. These MOBSTAs were understaffed because the RC units, normally present under a full mobilization, were not activated. Currently, active units are pulling double duty - deploying themselves, while training and assisting reserve units.
LESSON(S): During planning, use the Forces Command Mobilization and Deployment Planning System (FORMDEPS), Volume III, and unit mobilization SOPs.
Higher headquarters must organize and publish task organizations as soon as possible to facilitate coordination among new unit relationships.
Units and installations must develop plans for other than full or partial mobilization. Installations must consider temporary hire of civilians or request reserve augmentees.
OBSERVATION: Units did not order their basic loads or fill equipment shortages prior to leaving home station.
DISCUSSION: Units must complete requisitions in advance to cover shortages. Each day the unit delays in ordering fills against shortages delays the receipt of equipment.
LESSON(S): Prepare 2765s for requisitioning all classes of supply at home station prior to movement to the MOBSTA. Submit requisitions immediately upon arrival at MOBSTA. As material arrives, the unit must update its AUEL.
OBSERVATION: MOBSTAs did not have current or accurate information on all deploying units.
DISCUSSION: The MOBSTA requires current records (e.g., training and equipment status) and a detailed history on the unit to prepare completely for unit arrival. MOBSTA agencies and staffs require more information as the mobilization and coordination process is refined and procedures are developed.
LESSON(S): ARCOMS, STARCs, and units must provide current unit information to the MOBSTA.
OBSERVATION: During selective callup, immediate transmission of both classified and unclassified information was necessary.
DISCUSSION: Operation DESERT SHIELD exposed the need to upgrade communications at RC unit centers. MOBSTAs, units, ARCOMS, and U.S. Army headquarters needed to exchange and collect information in detail. STU IIIs and secure fax machines at RC centers would have provided the capability to immediately transmit both classified and unclassified information.
LESSON(S): Acquire STU Ills and fax machines for RC unit centers.
OBSERVATION: RC Readiness Group personnel provided excellent assistance to mobilizing units.
DISCUSSION: Representatives from the RC Readiness Group Mobilization Assistance Team (MAT) were present at the home station for mobilizing reserve units and greatly assisted the mobilization effort. They identified problems and provided answers to unit questions. They also facilitated unit requests (chemical mask inserts, supply requests) and unit movement. The MAT coordinated advance party requirements and composition. In short, the team helped the RC units identify tasks that the units needed to accomplish prior to departure and inform the unit of what was expected of them at the MOBSTA.
LESSON(S): Use RC Readiness Group advisors to assist in mobilization.
OBSERVATION: RC units did not always have trained unit movement personnel or hazardous cargo certifers.
DISCUSSlON: Many RC units relied on MOBSTAs to provide knowledge and expertise in these areas. Once mobilized and moved to MOBSTAs, some units had to reconfigure load plans. This required trained unit movement officers capable of reworking movement plans. Reserve units also must have trained personnel to certify hazardous cargo shipments. AR 38-250, Hazardous Cargo, defines hazardous cargo (e.g., POL, batteries) and the procedures for loading the cargo onto an aircraft.
LESSON(S): Have some unit personnel qualified in movement planning and hazardous cargo certification. Do not depend on MOBSTA personnel to fulfill this requirement.
OBSERVATION: An RC unit developed a helpful list of key considerations for their advance party to gather, confirm, accomplish, or coordinate requirements.
DISCUSSION: The list is not all-inclusive, but does give insight into many areas needing attention prior to movement from home station to MOBSTA.
- Results of last AT eval
- Training requirements (PTSR)
- Calibration list
- Training support requirements
- Unit manning rosters
- Training aids
- Driver training
- Mobilization orders
- Medical/dental records
- Weapon firing (day, night, NBC)
- 201 files
- Convoy clearances
- CAPSTONE guidance
- Ear plugs
- Packing list
- Weapon magazines
- Unit status reports
- First aid kits
- Dining facility account
- Warning triangles
- SSSC account
- Prescription medications
- Mobilization purchases authority
- Medical warning tags
- Telephone requirements
- Command inspection reports
- OCIE shortages
- ARTEP and CLRT reports
- Requisitions (e.g., batteries)
- ClF requests
- Movement load personnel
- MRE requirements
- Hazardous cargo personnel
- Supply requisitions
- Operator training
- Security clearance requirements
- One set of ID tags
- Protective mask eyeglass inserts
LESSON(S): Information on mobilization requirements, cross-checks and coordination is spelled out in the Reserve Component Commander's Handbook, VoI II, FORMDEPS. Use this as a guide during selective callup.
OBSERVATION: Privately owned vehicles (POV) at MOBSTAs created additional problems.
DISCUSSION: Some commanders of units scheduled to deploy to Southwest Asia permitted soldiers to drive their POVs to MOBSTAs. In retrospect, commanders stated that using commerical transportation would have eliminated many administrative problems such as vehicle registration and storage.
LESSON(S): Commanders should restrict POV travel as much as possible. POVs taken to MOBSTAs require secure storage and proper documentation IAW the installation SOP.
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