for Army Lessons Learned
Package (THP) Format
This format is used by the LRS team at JRTC to forward take-home packets (THP) to rotational units at the completion of their rotation. It is provided as a "heads up" to units on how the THP is developed and formatted; therefore, the sustain and improve portions are samples.
OF THE ARMY
OPERATIONS GROUP, JOINT READINESS TRAINING CENTER
FORT POLK, LOUISIANA 71459
|ATZL-JRO-I||XX February 200X|
MEMORANDUM FOR COMMANDER, XXXXX
SUBJECT: Take-Home Package (THP), Rotation XX-XX
1. Purpose. Summarize observations during JRTC Rotation XX-XX to provide input for unit home-station training plans.
2. General. Unit XX captured several lessons learned and continuously improved their combat readiness throughout JRTC Rotation XX-XX (date). The unit and leaders clearly demonstrated a desire to train and learn. Observations of specific areas to sustain and improve follow.
3. DOB Observations. (O/Cs: MAJ XX, MSG XX)
(1) Detachment MDMP Process and Systems
(2) Team Battle Tracking (Locations, Status, NFAs)
(3) Report Tracking, Plotting, and Analysis
(1) IPB (AO and AI, effects vs. the team, insertion, extraction, and DOB)
(2) Detachment Rehearsals and Inspections
(3) Current and Future Operations Cells
(4) Insertion/Extraction Planning and Coordination
4. BRS Observations:
(1) Continuous Communications Support (HF/TACSAT)
(2) Communications Annex (in support of detachment orders process)
(1) Situation Awareness (friendly, enemy, DOB, and teams)
(2) Communications with or Eavesdropping on Supporting Assets/Other Units (adjacent units, AVN, LNO, BDE)
(3) Communications Section SOPs, TLPs, and Certification Procedures
5. Team Observations:
a. Team X (O/C: SSG XX)
(a) Leader: Leader's Reconnaissance, Communications, Hide Site Selection, Team Movement, Land Navigation, Conduct Patrol Base Activities, Rehearsals
(b) Individual: Camouflage, First Aid, Movement, Noise Discipline, Communications, and Patrol Logs
(c) Collective: Surveillance Site Construction, Counter-tracking
(a) Leader: Surveillance Site Selection, Vehicle Navigation, IPB, Contingency Plans, Operational Timeline
(b) Individual: Use of NVGs, Light Discipline
(c) Collective: Break Contact Drills, Hide Site Construction
b. Team X (Mission #2) (O/C: SSG XX)
(a) Leader: OPORD, Rehearsals, Team Task Organization in Planning
(b) Individual: Navigation, Camouflage
(c) Collective: Movement, Noise and Light Discipline, Route Selection
(a) Leader: AMB, IPB, Contingency Plans
(b) Individual: First Aid, Security, Knowledge of Insertion Platform
(c) Collective: Hole-Up Site Occupation/Construction, EPA, Survival Skills
c. Team X (O/C: SSG XX)
(a) Leader: Initial Inspections, Tactical Patience
(b) Individual: Noise Discipline, First Aid
(c) Collective: Team Movement, Counter-Tracking, Backbrief
(a) Leader: Mission Analysis, OPORD, Contingency Planning, Rehearsals
(b) Individual: Use of NVGs, Camouflage, Field Discipline (degraded drastically during the mission)
(c) Collective: Surveillance/Hide Site Selection and Construction, Reporting, Vehicle Navigation
d. Team X (O/C: SSG XX)
(a) Leader: IPB, Planning Timeline, Inspections, Patrolling, Leader's Reconnaissance, Select Hide Site, Site Construction, Patrol and Communications Logs
(b) Individual: Camouflage, Land Navigation, Noise Discipline, Counter-Tracking
(c) Collective: COA Development, War-game, COMMEX, Team Movement, Reporting, Conduct Link-Up
(a) Leader: Reconnaissance Plan, AMC, EPA, Rehearsals, Vehicle Navigation, Surveillance Site Selection, NCPZ Resupply Package
(b) Individual: Communications Skills, NVG Use, Light Discipline
(c) Collective: IADs, Contingencies
5. Detailed Detachment Operations Base Observations:
a. Throughout the rotation, the headquarters and operations cells exhibited a genuine desire to enhance their mission capabilities. Each element demonstrated an honest effort to correct previous problem areas, fine-tune successful TTPs, and identify additional tasks or techniques to improve their operation.
b. One of the unit's leaders deserves special notice -- XXX XXXX. Throughout the rotation, XXX XXXX clearly provided the direction and expertise required of an LRS headquarters. He worked tirelessly to coordinate and synchronize LRS operations, and continuously coached the remainder of the headquarters on required actions.
c. The unit refined its detachment orders process and orders group task organization into an effective system. The base radio station did an excellent job providing continuous communications/reporting support. Communication procedures were tactically sound.
d. Key areas that require improvement are:
(1) Conducting simultaneous current and future operations poses a problem for the unit in terms of equipment. Any requirement to perform simultaneous DOB and alternate operations base (AOB) or to operate in a field environment would further exacerbate the unit's current capabilities. The unit should immediately consider establishing DOB battle drills to support ongoing and contingency operations (i.e., react to downed aircraft, battle track insertion platform, conduct planning and operations simultaneously). The unit needs DOB/AOB load and equipment plans and checklists. The unit should consider development of load plans; current and future operations cells; and standardized map boards, overlays, and charts for each C2 node.
(2) Insertion and Contingency Planning and Rehearsals. Insertions and contingencies are the "make or break" for LRSUs. Team leaders conducted AMCs and AMBs, occasionally with attendance of the operations group. The unit briefly touched on possible contingencies and hardly touched on extraction planning. Rehearsals included load/off-load, but did not cover en route reporting, destruction plans, evasion plans, survival equipment, or insertion/extraction crew contingency plans. This resulted in an incomplete state of readiness to react to changes and predictable contingencies.
(3) Intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) posed a problem throughout the rotation. The unit does fairly well at surging on IPB of the AO for the OPORD, but the IPB of the AI is often overlooked. The IPB still requires refinement on effect at the team level. The XXXX reads the INTSUMs, but this information is not posted to a SITMAP or passed to others in the TOC through a shift change or BOS huddle brief (to include commo, DOC, and PSG). This caused several issues on the battlefield and (by chance) just missed several other contingency developments.
e. A few recommendations follow:
(1) To refine the entire unit's procedures, conduct several PLANEXs in such a way that the DOB is forced to execute current operations while simultaneously planning future operations. Practice simultaneous C2 from the AOB and DOB and displace these C2 nodes. Continually track friendly and enemy situations on the map to ensure situation awareness.
(2) The detachment must develop COAs for insertions and contingencies and war-game them. Checklists should be developed as reminders for all of the details involved with each COA. This will help greatly on insertions -- an area the unit commonly did not plan in detail. This will also assist in planning for E&R and development of an EPA.
f. Teams. Each team demonstrated its own strengths and areas requiring refinement. These areas are outlined on the enclosed AAR summary sheets. Two items require special mention. Team X clearly demonstrated a very high level of proficiency and continuously focused on improving its combat readiness. The XXX attended team AARs, understands team training needs, and has a base from which to plan a training schedule to further improve the unit's readiness.
7. Summary. Rotation XX-XX was a success for XXXXXXX. Combat readiness improved significantly and continuously throughout the rotation, and the unit seems devoted to continuing improvement based on lessons learned.
8. POC for this memorandum is the undersigned at DSN 863-0170/5204.
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