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"I feel it's right for us to be here . . . we are Americans and I will do what I can to make life better for anyone else."

--Task Force Hawk soldier

This is Volume I of a three-volume set of Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) newsletters, which introduces tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) employed by Task Force (TF) Hawk supporting Operation ALLIED FORCE in Albania from April through July 1999. The combat, combat support and combat service support TTPs and lessons discussed provide insights into how TF Hawk solved a myriad of operational challenges in preparing for deep operations. Factors that challenged task force planners included mountainous terrain, lack of host nation infrastructure, restrictive Rules of Engagement, and an enemy that was well-equipped with man-portable air defense (MANPAD) weaponry. Nevertheless, the task force built upon existing deep operations doctrine to develop a basic plan, modified it based on the combined experiences of the task force members, and developed TTPs to plan, prepare, and execute this complex operation. TF Hawk's lessons and TTPs offer important insights into organizing, planning, rehearsing, and executing future similar operations.

The information in this newsletter does not replicate that presently found in doctrinal publications. It is not intended to serve as doctrine or as a program to guide the conduct of operations and training. Rather, this newsletter is designed to highlight information and lessons that may be applicable to the evolving environment offered by contingency and deep operations.

CALL thanks those persons of U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) and the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) who shared their insights and experiences. The information contained in this publication is provided for your use and dissemination. If your unit has identified other relevant lessons or information, share them with the rest of the U.S. Army by contacting CALL at (913)-684-2255/3035, FAX (913)-684-9564, or DSN Prefix 552. The e-mail address for CALL is

Director, Center for Army Lessons Learned

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