'Parker Review': An Independent Report to inform the UK National Shipbuilding StrategyUK Ministry of Defence Released 29 Nov 2016 -- The National Shipbuilding Strategy is intended to be a radical, fundamental re-appraisal of how we undertake the shipbuilding enterprise in the UK, intending to place UK naval shipbuilding on a sustainable long term footing. The first step is Sir John Parker’s independent report. The government will give Sir John’s work the full consideration that it deserves and will provide a full and detailed response in the spring 2017. This response will be the National Shipbuilding Strategy. [Annexes to the report]
Restoring the Fleet: Naval Procurement and the National Shipbuilding StrategyUK House of Commons Defence Committee 21 Nov 2016 -- "The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is embarking on a major modernisation of the Royal Navy’s escort fleet. It has undertaken to replace the thirteen existing Type 23 frigates with eight new Type 26 Global Combat Ships and at least five new General Purpose Frigates, provisionally referred to as the Type 31. At the same time, the Royal Navy’s six Type 45 destroyers are about to undergo a major refit of their engines, after serious and repeated power failures."
Executive Summary of the Independent Special Investigation into the violence which occurred in Juba in 2016 and UNMISS responseUnited Nations 01 Nov 2016 -- "On 23 August 2016, the Secretary-General established an Independent Special Investigation led by Major General (ret) Patrick Cammaert, mandated to examine two aspects of the crisis in Juba, South Sudan, in July 2016: violence against civilians, including sexual violence, within or in the vicinity of the UNMISS Headquarters, known as “UN House" and its two adjacent “protection of civilians" (POC) sites, which house more than 27,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs), and the attack on Terrain camp, a private compound where UN personnel, aid workers and local staff were robbed, beaten, raped and killed by armed soldiers."
Rethinking General and Complete Disarmament in the Twenty-first Centur United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) Occasional Paper No. 28, October 2016 - Dan Plesch said "The purpose of this UN working paper is to dispel the myth that disarmament is too technically difficult, so that peace campaigners can be dismissed as naive. World Disarmament is not rocket science, it is practical. Whether we have the will is the question."
Libya: Examination of intervention and collapse and the UK’s future policy optionsHouse of Commons - Foreign Affairs Committee 14 Sep 2016 -- "In March 2011, the United Kingdom and France, with the support of the United States, led the international community to support an intervention in Libya to protect civilians from attacks by forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi. This policy was not informed by accurate intelligence. In particular, the Government failed to identify that the threat to civilians was overstated and that the rebels included a significant Islamist element."
Al-Shabaab as a Transnational Security Threat IGAD Security Sector Program (ISSP) and Sahan Foundation - In late 2013, Godane re-organised Al-Shabaab’s military wing to include two transnational units: one, the Jaysh Ayman, directed against Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, and another dedicated to operations against Ethiopia. While the latter formation has yet to mount an effective operation on Ethiopian soil, the Jaysh Ayman launched a series of cross-border attacks into Kenya
Report on Human Rights Abuses and Censorship in North KoreaUS Dept. of State 06 Jul 2016 -- Section 304 (a) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016, Public Law 114-122 , enacted on February 18, 2016, requires the Secretary of State to provide a report to Congress that (1) identifies each person the Secretary determines to be responsible for serious human rights abuses or censorship in North Korea and describes the conduct of that person; and (2) describes serious human rights abuses or censorship undertaken by the Government of North Korea or any person acting for or on behalf of that Government in the most recent year ending before the submission of the report.
Defence Expenditures of NATO Countries (2009-2016)NATO 04 Jul 2016 -- "NATO collects defence expenditures from Allies on a regular basis and presents aggregates and subsets of this information. Each Allied country’s Ministry of Defence reports current and estimated future defence expenditure according to an agreed definition of defence expenditure, and represent payments actually made, or to be made, during the course of the fiscal year. (...) The cut-off date for information used in this report is 1 July 2016. Figures for 2016 are estimates."
Enhancing Security and Stability in Afghanistan - June 2016 Released 17 Jun 2016 -- "This report is submitted in accordance with section 1225 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. “Buck" McKeon National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 (P.L. 113-291) as amended by sections 1213 and 1531 of the NDAA for FY 2016 (P.L. 114-92). It includes a description of the strategy of the United States for enhancing security and stability in Afghanistan, a current and anticipated threat assessment, as well as a description and assessment of the size, structure, strategy, budget, and financing of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. This report is the third in a series of reports required semi-annually through calendar year 2017, and it was prepared in coordination with the Secretary of State. This report describes efforts to enhance security and stability in Afghanistan from December 1, 2015, through May 31, 2016."
Children and armed conflict Report of the Secretary-General, A/70/836 - S/2016/360 General Assembly, Security Council : 20 April 2016 - The situation in Yemen was particularly worrisome with a five-fold increase in the number of children recruited and six times more children killed and maimed compared to 2014.
Crimes against humanity have been committed in a widespread and systematic manner in Eritrean detention facilities, military training camps and other locations across the country over the past 25 years, according to a new report by the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea. Crimes of enslavement, imprisonment, enforced disappearances, torture, persecution, rape, murder and other inhumane acts have been committed as part of a campaign to instil fear in, deter opposition from and ultimately to control the Eritrean civilian population since Eritrean authorities took control of Eritrean territory in 1991.
Position Paper on ROC South China Sea PolicyRepublic of China (Taiwan) 21 Mar 2016 -- "The Nansha (Spratly) Islands, Shisha Paracel) Chungsha (Macclesfield Bank) Islands, and Tungsha Pratas) Islands together known as the South China Sea Islands) were first discovered, named, and used by the ancient Chinese, and incorporated into national territory and administered by imperial Chinese governments. Whether from the perspective of history, geography, or international law, the South China Sea Islands and their surrounding waters are an inherent part of ROC territory and waters. The ROC enjoys all rights over them in accordance with international law. This is indisputable. Any claim to sovereignty over, or occupation of, these areas by other countries is illegal, irrespective of the reasons put forward or methods used, and the ROC government recognizes no such claim or occupation."
Final report of the Panel of Experts in accordance with paragraph 24 (d) of resolution 2213 (2015) S/2016/209 4 March 2016 - While the leadership of the General National Congress boycotted several meetings of the political dialogue and prevented any vote on it from being held, the leadership of the House of Representatives has played an increasingly negative role since October 2015. Meanwhile, armed conflict persists, resulting in a dire humanitarian situation. In Tripoli, clashes between armed groups have been occurring on an almost weekly basis, especially in the second half of 2015. Whereas initially clashes continued between the two major military alliances in Libya, the Libyan National Army and Operation Fajr, most of the fighting later became a mix of revenge attacks, banditry and infighting within Operation Fajr.
Protecting Peace and Security in Southeast AsiaUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Feb 2016 -- Rapid integration in Southeast Asia both internal to the ASEAN group and with near neighbours - is creating new economic and development opportunities but also some significant security challenges. Worryingly, data point to the fact organised crime and associated problems are expanding and diversifying as the region integrates.
Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic Human Rights Council, Thirty-first session Agenda item 4, A/HRC/31/68, 11 February 2016 - As the war is poised to enter its sixth year, its horrors are pervasive and ever-present. The lives of Syrian men, women and children have been ravaged as they suffer the destruction of their country and the devastation of the Syrian mosaic. As the conflict has intensified, civilians remain the primary victims, and are often the object of deliberate attacks by the warring parties.
NINTH SIX-MONTH REPORT (July 1, 2015 - December 31, 2015)Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) February 2016 - Despite campaign promises by both leaders to prioritize the fight against corruption, there are significant and increasing concerns about the ability of Afghanistan's National Unity Government (NUG) – after more than one year in power – to effectively address issues related to corruption, let alone other critical areas, such as security or employment.
2016 Australia Defence White PaperAustralia DoD 25 Feb 2016 - The Defence White Paper sets out a comprehensive, responsible long term plan for Australia’s defence. The Government is investing in Defence to ensure the armed forces needed to protect Australia and to secure our interests in the coming decades.
2016 Australia Integrated Investment Program Australia DoD 25 Feb 2016 - For the first time, all elements of the Government’s Defence investment, including new weapons, platforms, systems, and the enabling equipment, facilities, workforce, information and communications technology, and science and technology are outlined in an Integrated Investment Program, published with the Defence White Paper.
2016 Australia Defence Industry Policy StatementAustralia DoD 25 Feb 2016 - The Defence Industry Policy Statement released with the Defence White Paper acknowledges the fundamental contribution that Australian industry provides to defence capability. The Defence Industry Policy statement will refocus Defence’s relationship with Australian industry to support the plans in the Defence White Paper.
INDONESIAN AND MALAYSIAN SUPPORT FOR THE ISLAMIC STATE (FINAL REPORT), United States Agency for International Development. JANUARY 6, 2016. The emergence of Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) has had a dramatic impact on the jihadist community in Southeast Asia, particularly in Indonesia and Malaysia, which between them have almost 95 percent of the region’s Muslim population. First, it has further radicalized those sections of the jihadist community that were already extremist in disposition, as well as inspiring a new generation of young recruits to its cause. Second, it has attracted hundreds of jihadists from Indonesia and Malaysia to fight in Syria and Iraq.
SOF Role in Combating Transnational Crime The JSOU Press, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, 2016 - Drug trafficking tops the list and it brings in about $320 billion a year; human trafficking is worth about $32 billion; and gunrunning earns about $300 million annually.5 Just moving all this illicit money around the globe is lucrative too. Money laundering involves 2 to 5 percent of global gross domestic product (GDP), or $800 billion to $2 trillion in current U.S. dollars.