Conflict Management and "Whole of Government": Useful Tools for U.S. National Security Strategy?
Edited by Dr. Volker C. Franke, Dr. Robert H. Dorff.
Today, America faces security challenges that are exceedingly dynamic and complex, in part because of the ever changing mix and number of actors involved and the pace with which the strategic and operational environments change. To meet these new challenges more effectively, the Obama administration advocated strengthening civilian instruments of national power and enhancing America’s whole of government (WoG) capabilities. Although the need for comprehensive integration and coordination of civilian and military, governmental and nongovernmental, and national and international capabilities to improve efficiency and effectiveness of post-conflict stabilization and peacebuilding efforts is widely recognized, Washington has been criticized for its attempts at creating WoG responses to international crises and conflicts that result in the overcommitment of resources, lack of sufficient funding and personnel, competition between agencies, ambiguous mission objectives, and the undermining of the military’s primary purpose of defending the national interest. Presenting the results of an international symposium held at Kennesaw State University in February 2011, this volume traces the genesis of WoG, critically examines current WoG practices, and draws lessons from the operational contexts of Iraq and Afghanistan. The first part of the book describes the overall global security context within which peacebuilding and stability operations are currently conducted, examines the merits of WoG approaches, and discusses their efficacy for responding to a range of emerging threats. The second part addresses some of the practical challenges of implementing WoG approaches for international conflict management and specifically for U.S. intervention in fragile states. The third and final part examines WoG efforts in the field and draws lessons learned from operational experiences in Afghanistan and Iraq that may be useful in future interventions.
Daniel S. Papp
Volker C. Franke and Robert H. Dorff
2. Security Sector Reform: 12 Central Questions for Responding to the Security Challenges of the 21st Century
3. The Puzzle of National Security Planning for the Whole of Government
Mary R. Habeck
4. Development is Destruction, and Other Things You Weren’t Told at School
5. Where Does Whole of Government Meet Whole of Society?
6. Security System Reform in Weak or Fragile States: A Threefold Challenge to the Whole of Government Approach
Fouzieh Melanie Alamir
7. A Whole Lot of Substance or a Whole Lot of Rhetoric? A Perspective on a Whole of Government Approach to Security Challenges
Charles J. Dunlap, Jr.
8. Whole of Government in Diplomacy and Development: Whole or Hole?
9. The National Security Staff: What’s Missing in Whole of Government Approaches to National Security
Jack A. LeCuyer
10. Lessons from Iraq and Afghanistan—Looking from Outside the Box
11. Civil-Military Teaming: A Solution?
William J. Flavin
12. Ethical Lessons of Maximizing Private Contractor Value in Afghanistan and Iraq
Doug Brooks and Mackenzie Duelge
13. Multiethnic Conflicts in U.S. Military Theaters Overseas: Intercultural Imperatives
Gregory Paul P. Meyjes
About the Contributors
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