The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct
Authored by Dr. Samuel J. Newland, Dr. Clayton K. S. Chun.
The authors begin with an examination of prewar planning for various contingencies, then move to the origins of “Germany first” in American war planning. They then focus on the concept, favored by both George C. Marshall and Dwight D. Eisenhower, that the United States and its Allies had to conduct a cross-channel attack and undertake an offensive aimed at the heartland of Germany. Following this background contained in the initial chapters, the remainder of the book provides a comprehensive discussion outlining how the European Campaign was was carried out. The authors conclude that American political leaders and war planners established logical and achievable objectives for the nation’s military forces. However during the campaign’s execution, American military leaders were slow to put into practice what would later be called operational level warfare. For comparison, the authors include an appendix covering German efforts at war planning in the tumultuous 1920s and 1930s.
About the Authors
Chapter 1. The European Campaign: Origins
Chapter 2. Was Europe First?
Chapter 3. 1943: Frustrations and Successes
Chapter 4. D-Day: Planning and Execution
Chapter 5. Toward the German Border: Operations COBRA, The Falaise Pocket, and Operation ANVIL
Chapter 6. Operation MARKET GARDEN
Chapter 7. The Hürtgen Campaign
Chapter 8. The Ardennes Offensive
Chapter 9. The Ruhr or Berlin
Chapter 10. Conclusions and Observations
Appendix I. Developing Strategy: A Look at the Other Side
Appendix II. To Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force
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