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Global Climate Change National Security Implications


Global Climate Change National Security Implications - Cover

Edited by Dr. Carolyn Pumphrey.

May 2008

454 Pages

Brief Synopsis

On March 29-31, 2007, the Strategic Studies Institute and the Triangle Institute for Security Studies conducted a colloquium on “Global Climate Change: National Security Implications” held in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. This volume is based on the proceedings of this conference. Chapter 1 addresses the growing historical awareness of the threat and outlines the science of climate-change. Chapters 2 and 3 focus on how climate change might affect human societies and the degree to which it might cause or exacerbate violence and conflict. Particular attention is paid to the implications for the security of the United States. Chapters 4 and 5 consider a variety of potential solutions, ranging from international diplomacy to the development of efficient technologies. Chapters 6 and 7 focus on the role of the U.S. Armed Forces. What can they do and what should they do to mitigate climate change or prepare to meet the threat? Chapter 8 summarizes and concludes. Contributors to this volume agree that climate change is a threat deserving of serious attention. They stress the need for greater planning and coordination and for further research as well as the utility of engagement—military to military and state to state—on environmental issues. They differ as to whether the Armed Forces should play a leading or supporting role, but agree that they can—and already do—make a valuable contribution.

Contents

Preface

Introduction
Carolyn Pumphrey

1. DEFINING THE PROBLEM

A National Security Issue? How People Tried to Frame Global Warming
Spencer R. Weart

The Science of Climate Change
Robert W. Corell

A Threat Assessment
Richard A. Matthew

Commentator
James A. Rotenberg

Discussion

2. HUMAN SECURITY

Water, Climate Change, and Human Security
Erika Weinthal

On Climate Change and Infectious Disease: Implications for Political Destabilization and Conflict
Andrew Price-Smith

Climate Change, Population Movements, and Conflict
Timothy J. McKeown

Commentator
David Gilmartin

Discussion

3. U.S. NATIONAL DEFENSE

Climate Change: Complicating the Struggle against Extremist Ideology
Kent Hughes Butts

Under What Conditions Could Climate Change Pose a Threat to U.S. National Security?
Joshua Busby

The “Perfect Storm”
John T. Ackerman

Commentator
Gregory M. Douquet

Discussion

4. MEETING THE CHALLENGE

International Diplomacy
Dennis Tänzler

Meeting the Challenge of Climate Change: The Role of the Corporation
Simon Rich

Climate Change in the American Mind
Anthony Leiserowitz

Commentator
Marvin S. Soroos

Discussion

5. PREPARING FOR A CHANGED ENVIRONMENT

Achilles’ Other Heel: Early Warning Systems
Michael H. Glantz

Good Governance and Stability
Robert H. Dorff

Defense Planning
Henry H. Gaffney, Jr.

Commentator
William Schlesinger

Discussion

6. OPPORTUNITIES OR OBSTACLES FOR THE MILITARY

Climate, Energy, and Security—A Related Set of Challenges
E. Thomas Morehouse, Jr.

Military Technology and Renewable Energy
David A. Sheets

Warfare and Climate Change
Karen Lesley Hulme

Commentator
Christopher H. Schroeder

Discussion

7. THE U.S. MILITARY: PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE

The Role of the Military in Civil Support
Bert B. Tussing

Peace Operations
William L. Nash

The Strategic Challenges of the U.S. Army in the Face of Global Climate Change
Douglas V. Johnson II

Commentator
Richard J. Kilroy, Jr.

Discussion

8. KEYNOTE AND SUMMATION

Keynote Address
Paul J. Kern

Synopsis and Concluding Remarks
Richard Weitz

General Wrap Up

About the Contributors


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