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Report on Progress toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan

June 2008
Report to Congress in accordance with the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act (Section 1230, Public Law 110-181)


This report to Congress is submitted consistent with Section 1230 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181). It includes a description of the comprehensive strategy of the United States for security and stability in Afghanistan. This report is the first in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2010 and has been prepared in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Director of National Intelligence, the Attorney General, the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, and the Secretary of Agriculture. This assessment complements other reports and information about Afghanistan provided to the Congress; however, it is not intended as a single source of all information about the combined efforts or the future strategy of the United States, its Coalition Partners, or Afghanistan. The information contained in this report is current as of April 10, 2008.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

    Looking Ahead
Section 1: Security
    1.1 Counterinsurgency Strategy
    1.2 Nature of the Threat
    1.3 North Atlantic Treaty Organization International Security Assistance Force
      1.3.1 Efforts to Encourage NATO ISAF Countries to Fulfill Commitments
      1.3.2 National Caveats on NATO/ISAF Forces
    1.4 Operations
      1.4.1 Civilian Casualties
    1.5 Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF)
      1.5.1 ANSF Desired End-Strength
      1.5.2 ANSF Recruiting and Retention
      1.5.3 Afghan National Army (ANA) ANA Desired End-Strength ANA Training and Mentoring Efforts ANA Recruiting and Retention ANA Salary and Pay ANA Equipment ANA Assessment
      1.5.4 Afghan National Police (ANP) ANP Desired End State ANP Training and Mentoring Focused District Development (FDD) Program ANP Recruiting and Retention ANP Salary and Pay ANP Equipment ANP Assessment
Section 2: Governance, Rule of Law, and Human Rights
    2.1 Governance Strategy
      2.1.1 Progress since the Taliban
    2.2 Legislative Branch
    2.3 Executive Branch
      2.3.1 Ministerial Capacity
    2.4 Judicial Branch
      2.4.1 Civil Legal System
      2.4.2 Criminal Justice System
      2.4.3 Efforts to build Judicial Capacity
    2.5 Corruption
      2.5.1 Anti-Corruption Efforts
    2.6 Human Rights
    2.7 Subnational Government
    2.8 Key Measures of Political Stability
Section 3: Economic and Social Development
    3.1 Overview
      3.1.1 Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS)
      3.1.2 Interagency and International Cooperation
    3.2 Reconstruction and Development
      3.2.1 Communications
      3.2.2 Power
      3.2.3 Agriculture
      3.2.4 United States Department of Agriculture Efforts USDA Agricultural Advisors on Provincial Reconstruction Teams USDA Technical Assistance Food Assistance
      3.2.5 Natural Resources
      3.2.6 Transportation
    3.3 Economic and Social Indicators of Progress
      3.3.1 Unemployment
      3.3.2 Poverty Levels
      3.3.4 Health
      3.3.5 Education
    3.4 Economic Development Outlook
    3.5 Provincial Reconstruction Teams
      3.5.1 Strategy and Objectives
      3.5.2 Composition and Laydown
      3.5.3 Coordination and Chain of Command
      3.5.4 Provincial Reconstruction Team Funding
    3.6 Reconstruction and Development Oversight
Section 4: Counternarcotics (CN)
    4.1 Strategy, Resources, and Priorities
    4.2 Roles and Missions
    4.3 Efforts to Improve Coordination
      4.3.1 Interagency
      4.3.2 International
      4.3.3 Use of Intelligence
    4.4 Efforts to Improve Afghan Capacity
    4.5 Assessment
      4.5.1 Progress to Date
      4.5.2 Impact of Counternarcotics on the Counterinsurgency Mission
      4.5.3 Potential Improvements
Section 5: Regional Engagement
    5.1 Afghanistan-Pakistan Border Areas and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
    5.2 Iran

Full Report [PDF Version]

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