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Military Power of the People's Republic of China

China and Taiwan Forces Data

Taiwan Strait Military Balance, Ground Forces
China Taiwan
Total Taiwan Strait Area Total
Personnel (Active) 1.25 million 440,000 130,000
Group Armies 18 8 3
Infantry Divisions 19 8 0
Infantry Brigades 24 11 8
Mechanized Infantry Divisions 4 1 0
Mechanized Infantry Brigades 5 1 3
Armor Divisions 9 4 0
Armor Brigades 8 3 5
Artillery Divisions 2 2 0
Artillery Brigades 17 6 5
Airborne Divisions 3 3 0
Amphibious Divisions 2 2 0
Amphibious Brigades 3 3 3
Tanks 6,700 2,800 1,100
Artillery Pieces 7,400 2,900 1,600
Note: The PLA active ground forces are organized into Group Armies. Infantry, armor, and artillery units are organized into a combination of divisions and brigades deployed throughout the PLA's seven MRs. A significant portion of these assets are deployed in the Taiwan Strait area, specifically the Nanjing, Guangzhou, and Jinan MRs. Taiwan has seven Defense Commands, three of which have Field Armies. Each Army contains an Artillery Command roughly equivalent to a brigade plus.

Figure 10. Taiwan Strait Military Balance, Ground Forces

Major Ground Force Units
Figure 11. Major Ground Force Units

Taiwan Strait Military Balance, Air Forces
China Taiwan
Aircraft Total Within range of Taiwan Total
Fighters 1,630 330 330
Bombers 620 160 0
Transport 450 40 40
Note: The PLAAF and the PLA Navy have approximately 2,250 operational combat aircraft. These consist of air defense and multi-role fighters, ground attack aircraft, fighterbombers, and bombers. An additional 1,450 older fighters, bombers and trainers are employed for training and R&D. The two air arms also possess approximately 450 transports and over 100 surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft with intelligence, surface search, and airborne early warning capabilities. The majority of PLAAF and PLA Navy aircraft are based in the eastern half of the country. Currently, 490 aircraft could conduct combat operations against Taiwan without refueling. However, this number could be significantly increased through any combination of aircraft forward deployment, decreased ordnance loads, or altered mission profiles.

Figure 12. Taiwan Strait Military Balance, Air Forces

Major Air Force Units
Figure 13. Major Air Force Units

Taiwan Strait Military Balance, Naval Forces
China Taiwan
Total East and South Sea Fleets Total
Destroyers 29 17 4
Frigates 45 36 22
Tank Landing Ships 26 24 12
Medium Landing Ships 28 23 4
Diesel Submarines 54 32 4
Nuclear Submarines 5 1 0
Coastal Patrol (Missile) 45 35 51
Note: The PLA Navy has the largest force of principal combatants, submarines, and amphibious warfare ships in Asia. After years of neglect, the force of missile-armed patrol craft is also growing. In the event of a major Taiwan conflict, the East and South Sea Fleets would be expected to participate in direct action against the Taiwan Navy. The North Sea Fleet would be responsible primarily for protecting Beijing and the northern coast, but could provide mission critical assets to support other fleets.

Figure 14. Taiwan Strait Military Balance, Naval Forces

Major Naval Units of the People's Liberation Army Navy
Figure 15. Major Naval Units

Inventory of PLAAF Surface-to-Air Missile Launchers
System 2007
SA-20 (S-300PMU2) 32
SA-20 (S-300PMU1) 64
SA-10B (S-300PMU) 32
FT-2000* 0
HQ-9 follow-on 0
HQ-9 64
KS-1A 60
HQ-6 30 30
CSA-1 and variants 400
*Anti Radiation SAM

Figure 16. Inventory of PLAAF Surface-to-Air Missile Launchers

China's Missile Forces
China's Missile Inventory China's Missile Inventory Estimated Range
Missiles Launchers
CSS-2 15-20 5-10 3,000+ km
CSS-3 ICBM 15-20 10-15 5,400+ km
CSS-4 20 20 13,000+ km
DF-31 <10 <10 7,200+ km
DF-31A <10 <10 11,200+ km
CSS-5 60-80 60 1,750+ km
CSS-6 315-355 90-110 600 km
CSS-7 675-715 120-140 300 km
DH-10 50-250 20-30 2,000+ km
JL-2 Dvelopmental 10-14 7,200+ km
Note: China’s Second Artillery maintains at least 5 operational SRBM brigades; an additional two brigades are subordinate to PLA ground forces – one garrisoned in the Nanjing MR and the other in the Guangzhou MR. All of SRBM units are deployed to locations near Taiwan.

Figure 17. China's Missile Forces

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