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Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq

August 2006
Report to Congress
In accordance with the
Department of Defense Appropriations Act 2006
(Section 9010)


This report is divided into three sections. The first section, "Stability and Security in Iraq," describes trends and progress toward meeting goals for political stability, strengthened economic activity, and a stable security environment in Iraq. The second section, "Iraqi Security Forces Training and Performance," describes progress in the training, development, and readiness of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), including the forces of the Ministry of Defense (MOD) and the police and paramilitary forces of the Ministry of Interior (MOI).

The third section, "Transition," describes the transfer of security responsibility from Coalition forces to the Iraqi government, including prerequisite conditions and criteria for assessing the readiness of provinces to assume responsibility for security. A classified annex to this report provides data concerning security force training and performance and addresses possible U.S. military force rotations.

The information in this report is made available with the assistance of many departments and agencies of the U.S. Government, the U.S. Embassy in Iraq, Multi-National Force- Iraq (MNF-I), and the Government of Iraq. The report complements other reports and information about Iraq provided to Congress and does not replace them. The intent of this document is to report on the measures of stability and security specified in Section 9010.

Measures of Stability and Security and the National Strategy for Victory in Iraq

The President's National Strategy for Victory in Iraq lays out the goals and general framework to achieve security and stability in Iraq. The goal of the strategy is to help the Iraqi people build a new Iraq with a constitutional and representative government that respects political and human rights and with sufficient security forces both to maintain domestic order and to prevent Iraq from becoming a safe haven for terrorists. To this end, the United States is pursuing an integrated strategy along three broad tracks:

  • Political: Helping the Iraqi people forge a broadly supported compact for democratic government
  • Economic: Assisting the Government of Iraq in establishing the foundations for a sound market economy with the capacity to deliver essential services
  • Security: Contributing to an environment where Iraqis are capable of defeating terrorists and neutralizing insurgents and illegal armed groups

Each track is integrated with the other two, and success in each affects success in the others. Security depends, in part, on a democratic political process, which in turn depends, in part, on economic opportunity. Economic progress depends on securing the Iraqi infrastructure against sabotage and attack and protecting the Iraqi people from violence that undermines individual participation in economic development and the political process.

Although the National Strategy for Victory in Iraq is not a detailed plan for achieving specific objectives, consistent with the public nature of that document, it delineates measurable trends along each of these tracks to indicate where programs are achieving success and where it is necessary to increase efforts or adjust implementation of the strategy.

The President's strategy also identifies eight objectives, or pillars, of the integrated political, economic, and security strategy:

  • Defeat the terrorists and neutralize the insurgency
  • Transition Iraq to security self-reliance
  • Help Iraqis forge a national compact for democratic government
  • Help Iraq build government capacity and provide essential services
  • Help Iraq strengthen its economy
  • Help Iraq strengthen the rule of law and promote civil rights
  • Increase international support for Iraq
  • Strengthen public understanding of Coalition efforts and public isolation of the insurgents

Key indicators of progress since the last report are discussed below.


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