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Prospects for Peace in South Asia

Edited by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.

April 2003

Brief Synopsis

On January 21-22, 2003, the U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute and Stanford University's Asia Pacific Research Center cosponsored a conference on "Prospects for Peace in South Asia." This event brought together a number of well-known scholars, diplomats, and senior military officers with wide experience in the region. Panels considered a variety of topics related to the role of religion in conflict, the nature of past South Asian conflicts, Kashmir, the war on terrorism, and outsider policy interests.

Key Insights

• Serious prospects of nuclear war continue to exist in South Asia due to ongoing strategies of brinkmanship.
• U.S. effort and energy are vital to helping manage ongoing South Asian tensions. Appointing a special envoy to the region, along the lines of those appointed to the Middle East peace negotiations, may be useful.
• The Pakistani military considers the Kashmiri insurgent organizations to be a key asset, which they will not want to surrender.
• A major problem is that Pakistan may lose control over Kashmiri militant groups it supports.
• The United States has a number of key interests in South Asia, including the avoidance of a radicalized Pakistan.
• The United States may consider working more extensively with Indi a as it emerges as a regionalsuperpower.

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