After the 16th Party Congress: The Civil and the Military
Edited by Andy Gudgel.
Over 50 experts on China and the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) gathered at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, from October 1-3, to attend the 2004 Chinese Crisis Management Conference. Cosponsored by the Heritage Foundation, American Enterprise Institute, and the U.S. Army War College, the conference participants discussed a framework for analyzing Chinese decisionmaking during crises, and examined historical examples of domestic, regional, and international crises and how the Chinese government dealt with them.
• Elder Chinese Communist Party leaders such as Jiang Zemin are becoming increasingly marginalized, while leaders of the “Fourth Generation” are becoming more prominent.
• The Chinese political system is becoming increasingly institutionalized. However, this process is not yet complete.
• There is growing separation between Chinese civil and military elites.
• The best way to describe China’s new military leaders is as “Techno-Nationalists”; generals with strong operational and technical backgrounds who have a great interest in modernizing the People’s Liberation Army.
• Several new concepts in Chinese military thought require further study by Western researchers.
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