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Lt Col Tom Ward

August 1, 2001 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Surface Warfare Center Division

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Contents 

Mission Needs and Operational Requirements

Objective / Improved Military Capability

Operational Concept

Integrated Technical Approach

Programmatic / Organizational Approach

    Key Participants, Roles and Responsibilities, POCs

    Schedule and Cost

    Technical/Programmatic Risks

    Transition Strategy

Summary and Recommendation

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Mission Need and 
Operational Requirements
 

Current conventional weapons provide limited capability to defeat hard and deeply buried tunnel facilities with complex layouts 

Responds to requirements derived from:

    Capstone Requirements Document (CRD) for    “Hard and Deeply Buried Target Defeat” (HDBTD),        JROC approved Jan 2001

    USFK Mission Need Statement

    Special CINC and Joint Staff requests for a near-term capability improvement (e.g. post-target exercise)

    Joint Warfighting Capability Objective 

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

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FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Reinforced Concrete Bunkers

    Vulnerable to Conventional Weapons 

Tunnels

    Favored for Protection of Most Critical National Assets (e.g., WMD, C3, Ballistic Missiles, National Leadership)

    Invulnerable to Physical Destruction with Conventional Weapons

    Must Exploit Functional Defeat 

HDBTD Needs Focus on Tunnels 
 

Unique Challenges

    Large-volume mission areas deep under mountain

    Facility can operate in “buttoned up” mode

    Numerous entrances, vents, extensive D&D

    Supporting infrastructure has built-in redundancy 

Notional C3I Target

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Objective /  
Improved Military Capability
 

Improved Military Capability:

Fewer weapons required for functional defeat

Longer duration shutdown for similar conventional attacks

Success less sensitive to intelligence gaps

Optimized TB weapon operational tactics 

TB ACTD Objective:

Leverage mature and emerging technology in TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Increased In-Tunnel Lethality  

1100 ft tunnel 

___ lbs HE 

___ lbs HE 

Lethal Area for Humans (>10 psi)

Lethal Area for vehicles (50 psi)

Lethal Area for blast doors 

___ lbs TB 

CURRENT WEAPON 

Range 

Over-pressure 

Conv HE 

TB 

Notional 

A combustion-like vice detonation process resulting in a long-duration, high temperature and pressure environment 
 

Greater Impulse 

Greater Range to Effect

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Comparison of BLU-109 (Tritonal) with Solid Fuel Air Explosive 

BLU-109

(2000-lb Class)

SFAE

(1000-lb Class) 

U16a Tunnel 

BLU-109

SFAE 

Comparison

at 91ft

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

TB Weapon Operational Concepts 

1 

2 

3 

4 

1. Vertical delivery detonated at or just outside portal

2. Skip bomb with short fuse (1st or second contact)

3. Skip bomb with long fuse (penetrate door, max distance down adit)

4. Vertical delivery, penetrate overburden, detonate inside adit) 

Payload Candidates

PBXIH-135, HAS-13, SFAE 

Existing Weapon Bodies

BLU-109, Mk-84

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

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FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Metrics for Military Utility Assessment 

Compatibility with existing platforms 

Warhead survivability  

Increased lethality range and effects 

Increased facility reconstitution times 

Number of sorties required to meet mission objectives  

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Integrated Technical Approach 

Requirements Analysis 

Analytical

Computations 

Specialized Instrumentation  

Critical Element Fragilities 

Residual Assets 
& Support
 

MEA 
Tunnels
 

Collection of BDA  
Signatures
 

Concept Development 

Payload Development 

Weapon System Development 

Planning Tool Module 

Demonstration 
 

Military Utility Assessment 

Acquisition Transition Plan 

Validated Operational Tactics

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Primary Roles and Responsibilities  

USFK - Operational Sponsor

    Requirements, Military Utility Assessment (MUA), operations manager

    Demonstration aircraft, operational demo guidance kits 

DTRA - Executing Agency

    Program management, concept development, system engineering

    Demonstration coordination, integration, funding

    Residual assets purchase and residual support  

DUSD(AS&C) - OSD Sponsor

    Oversight, supplemental funding 

USAF - Proposed Service Sponsor

    Weapon requirements (XOR) and development (AAC, AFRL)

    Operational and acquisition transition coordination

    DT&E, OT&E, MUA Support (AFOTEC Det 1) 

Navy - Participating Service

    Payload development, MUA Support (OPTEVFOR), funding

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

TB ACTD Oversight Group and Management Structure 

DUSD(AT) Oversight Group 

DUSD(AS&C) - Chair

USFK - Operational Sponsor

DTRA - Executing Agent

USAF - Lead Service

USN - Participating Service 

  DTRA/TDSH 

Demonstration Manager 

Operational Manager 

       USFK 

Joint Managers 

ONR

NSWC/IH 

Payload

Development 

AAC 

Weapon System

Development 

Planning Tool

Development 

DTRA/TDA 

Operational

Demonstration Planning 

DTRA/TDT 

AFOTEC DET 1

OPTEVFOR 

Operational Test Agency 

IC 

Advisory Role

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

TB ACTD Points of Contact 

Demonstration Manager

    Lt Col Tom Ward

    DTRA

    (703) 325-1235 

TB ACTD Operational Manager

    MAJ Scott Horton

    USFK/ J5

    011-82-2-xxxx-xxxx 

Proposed Lead Service Product Manager

    Mr Gene Estep

    USAF/ AAC / WMG

    (850) 882-9514 x2132 

DTRA Technical Manager

    Dr Kibong Kim

    DTRA

    (703) 325-0087 

Navy Technical Manager

    Anh Duong

    NSWC/Indian Head

    (301) 744-6703

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

TB ACTD Schedule and Milestones 

FY/Quarter 

WBS ITEMS 

Program Mgt , System Eng, & Integration 

Payload Development 

Tunnel Defeat Demonstrations 

Test and Demonstration Plan 

Requirements Analysis 

Sub-scale Validation Tests 

Calculations and Experiments 

Full-scale Validation Test and Downselect 

IMEA Planning Tool Module 

Critical Equipment Fragilities Model 

Planning Tools (MEA-Tunnels) 

WSMR Test Bed Construct & Outfit 

Operational Demonstrations 

Weapon Delivery and Effects Model 

Capability Transition 

Implementation Directive 

02 

1 

2 

3 

4 

03 

1 

2 

3 

4 

04 

1 

2 

3 

4 

05 

1 

2 

4 

01 

Concept Development 

Select Candidate Fills 

Select Weaponization Concept 

Weapon System Development 

Warhead Selection and Design 

User Training and Residual Delivery 

Acquisition Recommendation 

Qualification 

Weapon Fabrication 

Fuze Integration 

9/3 

3/29 

12/21 

1/31 

12/20 

2/28 

Ground Test & Flight Test 

15 Test Assets 

10 Res. 

3/31 

9/30 

4/1 

5/15 

7/15 

10/29 

9/30 

Technical Military Assessment 

Explosive Qualification 

Booster Studies 

3/31

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

TB ACTD Budget ($) 
 

                                      FY02  FY03 FY04 FY05  FY06  

DTRA RDT&E (PE 060160BR)  14M * 15M 7M 1M 1M

        - Management/Integration (DTRA)

        - Weaponization/Qualification (Air Force)

DTRA PDW (for residual assets)   1M 

NAVY RDT&E (PE 0602123N) 7M *   6M 3M   

Air Force    Provide inventory hardware  

DUSD(AS&C) (PE 063750D) 1.5M 2.5M 5M 2M 1M 

TOTAL    22.5M 23.5M 16M 3M 2M 
 

* Funding provided under PBD 803

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Risk Management 

RISK 

ASSESSMENT

(Low / Med / High) 

MITIGATION 

TECHNICAL: Candidate TB payloads do not perform substantially better than existing HE in tunnels  

Parallel 6.2 payload  development efforts

Threshold capability does not include blast doors  

Medium 

Overall Risk  = MEDIUM 

TECHNICAL: Payload survivability/ Fuze compatibility/ integration 

Medium 

Simplify design to the extent possible 

SCHEDULE & COST: 
Payload/weapon/fuze integration across performing agencies
 

Medium 

Coordination of mgt plan

Frequent reviews 

SCHEDULE:  
WSMR Environmental Impact Statement
 

Submit requirements under on-going Env Assessment (EA)

Develop plans for alternate test site(s), e.g. NTS 

Medium

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Transition Strategy 

Warfighter Deliverables:

    10-20 weapons as residual assets

    Technical data to support storage, transportation, assembly, loading, and employment of the weapon system

    Guidance kits and other inventory weapons hardware are not included

    Unique target planning tools for weaponeering

    Validated operational tactics for employment

    Training to effectively plan and employ the system 

Follow-on Acquisition:

    Coordinated Transition Plan

    Acquisition Recommendation 

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Summary 

Critical Operational Need

    HDBTD Capstone Requirements Document

    USFK Mission Need Statement 

Achievable Operational Concept

    Weaponize a Validated means of delivery to/into tunnel adit

    Minimizes logistics and operational impacts 

Sponsors and Major Partners On-Board

    USFK - Operational Sponsor

    DTRA - Technical Management

    USAF - Proposed Service Sponsor

    Navy - Technical Support 

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Summary (continued) 

Acceptable Risk

    Technical – Medium

    Schedule and Cost – Medium 

Tangible Deliverables

    10-20 weapons as residual assets

    Planning tool for Technical data to support logistics and operational use of residual assets 

Acceptable Funding Profile

    DTRA and Navy FY02 funds for TB ACTD identified in PBD

    Sponsors will adjust POM to reflect overguidance in FY03-FY06

    Modest additional DUSD(AS&C) funding required 
     

Important: Manage Expectations

 

TB ACTD Breakfast Club Briefing, Aug 1, 2001, Page  

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 

Recommendation 

DUSD (AS&C) Breakfast Club: 
Approve the Thermobaric ACTD for an FY02 Start
 
 



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