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Military

Organizing for National Security

Edited by Dr. Douglas Stuart.

November 2000

304 Pages

Brief Synopsis

Over the last decade the United States has been confronted with not just the collapse of the Soviet empire but also with revolutionary scientific breakthroughs, the transformation of the global economy, and the erosion of many of the basic premises of the Westphalian system of international order. The U.S. policy community has attempted to make sense of these and other changes by recourse to bodies such as the National Defense Panel and the U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (USNCS/21). The USNCS/21 is currently in the third phase of its mandated activities. At the end of phase three, the members of the Commission will recommend changes in the institutions of the U.S. national security policymaking system. Its conclusions are likely to stimulate a lively, and much needed debate.

In order for institutional reform to succeed, it will have to be guided by a coherent and compelling national strategy which must, in turn, be anchored in widely-accepted national interests. It will also have to be in accord with such constitutional principles as civilian control of the armed forces and the inviolability of the civil liberties of all Americans. Hopefully, the chapters in this volume will offer some useful insights and some encouragement.

Contents

Foreword

1. Introduction
Douglas T. Stuart

2. Present at the Legislation: The 1947 National Security Act
Douglas T. Stuart

3. Ike and the Birth of the CINCs: The Continuity of Unity of Command
David Jablonsky

4. The DoD Reorganization Act of 1986: Improving The Department through Centralization and Integration
Douglas C. Lovelace, Jr.

5. Institutionalizing Defense Reform: The Politics of Transformation in the Root, McNamara, and Cohen Eras
Joseph R. Cerami

6. Time for a Revolution: The Transition from National Defense to International Security
Grant T. Hammond

7. National Security and the Interagency Process: Forward into the 21st Century
Gabriel Marcella

8. Improving National Security Decisionmaking
Constantine Menges

9. Servants, Supplicants, or Saboteurs: The Role of the Uniformed Officer and The Changing Nature of America’s Civil-Military Relations
John Hillen

10. DoD in the 21st Century
Lawrence J. Korb

11. The National Security Act of 2002
William A. Navas Jr.

12. Presidential Leadership and National Security Policy Making
Robert D. Steele

13. Conclusion
Douglas T. Stuart

Glossary

About the Contributors


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