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Security and Civil-Military Relations in the New World Disorder: The Use of Armed Forces in the Americas

An Anthology from a Symposium Cosponsored by The Chief of Staff, United States Army, The George Bush School of Government and Public Service, and The U.S. Army War College


Edited by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.

September 01, 1999

88 Pages

Brief Synopsis

In December 1998, the U.S. Army War College joined with the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and the George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University to cosponsor a conference entitled "The Use of Land Forces in the Americas." It was held on December 15, 1998, at the Bush School and was hosted by the President of Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Lieutenant General Marc Cisneros, USA (Retired). The various presentations, the level and scope of participation, the candor of the dialogue, the outstanding support provided by the cosponsors, and the relaxed atmosphere generated by the personal efforts of General Cisneros and former President Bush all contributed to a forward-looking and fruitful meeting. This book stems from the symposium, however it is not a comprehensive record of the proceedings. Rather, the book is organized as an anthology of the best of a series of excellent symposium presentations, revised in light of the discussions that took place there, and complemented by an explanation of the strategic interests of the United States in Latin America and an overview. The anthology examines the major political, economic, and social trends in Latin America; strategic issues that relate to the use of U.S. armed forces in the Americas; and, civil-military relations for now and the future.

Foreword

In December 1998, the U.S. Army War College joined with the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and the George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University to cosponsor a conference entitled “The Use of Land Forces in the Americas.” It was held on December 15, 1998, at the Bush School and was hosted by the President of Texas A&M University—Kingsville, Lieutenant General Marc Cisneros, USA (Retired).

The conference brought together over 100 prominent U.S. academic, civilian governmental, and military leaders and some distinguished Latin American scholars. It was designed to support U.S. and Latin American goals that were first articulated in President Bush’s “The Enterprise for the Americas” speech in June 1990. Our mutual goals as neighbors in the hemisphere are to promote democracy, encourage stability, preserve the peace, and provide for our nations’ common well-being now and into the 21st century.

The various presentations, the level and scope of participation, the candor of the dialogue, the outstanding support provided by the cosponsors, and the relaxed atmosphere generated by the personal efforts of General Cisneros and former President Bush all contributed to a forward-looking and fruitful meeting. This book stems from the symposium, however it is not a comprehensive record of the proceedings. Rather, the book is organized as an anthology of the best of a series of excellent symposium presentations, revised in light of the discussions that took place there, and complemented by an explanation of the strategic interests of the United States in Latin America and an overview. The anthology examines the major political, economic, and social trends in Latin America; strategic issues that relate to the use of U.S. armed forces in the Americas; and, civil-military relations for now and the future.

Hopefully, this book will stimulate our readers to reflect more deeply upon the cogent issues discussed at the conference that affect the vital interests of the entire hemisphere.

Table of Contents

Foreword

The United States and Latin America: A Strategic Perspective
Donald E. Schulz

The Three Temptations of Latin America
Peter Hakim

Economic Development and Economic Policy in Latin America
Terry L. McCoy

A New Vision of U.S.-Latin American Relations
Ambler H. Moss, Jr.

The Role of the U.S. Army in Promoting Democracy in the Americas
Donald E. Schulz

The Role of Land Forces in Drug Interdiction: The Need for Caution in a Pragmatic Struggle
John D. Negroponte

The Use of Armed Forces in Drug Interdiction: The Strategic Context
Bruce M. Bagley

Some Final Thoughts
William W. Hartzog

The Use of Armed Forces in the Americas: An Overview
Max G. Manwaring

About the Contributors


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