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Military

C-130 Broad Area Review
(January 1998)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Section Description Page
Tasking from the Secretary of the Air Force 1
Executive Summary 2
Team Composition 2
Approach 2
Fleet Safety Record 2
Action Taken 3
Recommendations 3
1.0 C-130 Operating Environments and Missions 6
1.1 Background 6
1.2 C-130 Operating Environments and Missions 7
2.0 Aircraft Systems 10
2.1 Introduction 10
2.2 Structures 10
2.3 Propulsion (Propellers & Engines) 11
2.4 Fuel System 14
2.5 Electrical System 20
2.6 Pneumatic System 24
2.7 Hydraulic System/Flight Controls 25
3.0 Operations and Training 26
3.1 C-130 Technical Manuals ("Technical Orders") 26
3.2 Aircrew Life Support Equipment 27
3.3 Ditching/Bailout 27
3.4 C-130 Aircrew Training 28
4.0 Maintenance 35
4.1 C-130 Maintenance Training 35
4.2 Maintenance Experience Levels 35
4.3 C-130 Maintenance Inspections 36
4.4 Depot Level Maintenance Impact On Flight Safety 36
4.5 Maintenance Practices 38
4.6 Technical Orders 39
5.0 C-130 Mishap Review 40
5.1 USAF Mishap Data 40
5.2 Worldwide Mishap Data 41
5.3 Uncommanded Power Reductions 42
5.4 Possible Fuel Starvation Incidents 45
6.0 King 56 Accident Summary 50
6.1 Established Facts 50
6.2 Flight Operations 50
6.3 Scenario Introduction 52
6.4 Scenarios Evaluated 56
6.5 Summary 83
7.0 Test Summaries Pertinent to the King 56 Mishap 89
7.1 March 1961 Lockheed Report ER-4120; Full Scale Mockup Test of the C-130B Fuel Feed System 89
7.2 April 1988 Lockheed Report LG88ER0071; C-130 Four Engine Power Reduction Test 89
7.3 Engine Testing Conducted at Allison in 1988 90
7.4 October 1997 Allison Temperature Datum Low Voltage 91
7.5 November 1997 Allison Air Injection Test (Test Stand) 92
7.6 November 1997 Edwards AFB Testing 92
7.7 December 1997 Allison Air Injection Test (Aircraft) 97
7.8 Innovative Technologies Report, Synchrophaser FMEA 98
8.0 C-130 Fleet Safety Corrective Actions 99
8.1 Complete 99
8.2 In Progress 100
8.3 Future 100
9.0 Appendices 103
9.1 Glossary of Terms 103
9.2 Team Members and Advisors 106



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