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Military



Directory of Russian Defense Enterprises in St. Petersburg and LeningradOblasts - Part 2


Produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Export Administration
July 1996

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • Leningrad Severnyy Zavod Plant Production Association
  • Magneton Joint Stock Company
  • Nevskoye Design Bureau, Joint Stock Company (Nevsky)
  • Obukhov State Plant
  • Okeanpribor Scientific Production Association
  • Petrozavod Joint Stock Company
  • Poisk Scientific Research Institute
  • Popov Research and Development Institute for Radio Broadcasting and Acoustics (Niirpa)
  • Pozitron Joint Stock Company
  • Primorsk Scientific Technical Center of the Russian Space Corporation Energiya
  • Prometey Central Scientific Research Institute of Structural Materials
  • Pyrometer Joint Stock Company
  • Radar Scientific Research Institute
  • Raduga Joint Stock Company
  • Ravenstvo Production Association
  • Redan Joint Stock Company
  • Rubin Central Marine Technology Design Bureau
  • Russian Institute of High-powered Radio-building
  • Severnaya Verf Shipbuilding Plant
  • Severnoye Design Bureau
  • Signal Scientific-industrial Enterprise
  • Srednenevskiy Shipbuilding Plant (Middle Neva)
  • St. Petersburg Krasny Oktyabr Machine-building Enterprise
  • Svetlana Joint-stock Company
  • Vavilov State Optical Institute
  • Vektor Scientific Research Institute
  • Vyborg Electronic Equipment- Making Plant
  • D.v. Yefremov State Scientific Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus
  • Zvezda Joint Stock Company


PROFILE OF KEY ELEMENTS

Each entry provides the following information:

ENTERPRISE NAME: This entry provides the name by which the enterprise ismostcommonly
known. We have also tried to provide the most commonly known alternative names of the
enterprise. Names of facilities in Russian can vary widely. At times, some enterpriseswere
known under the name of the building in which it was located or a location within a city. In
addition, many enterprises have changed their names over the past year.

ADDRESS/TELEPHONE: This entry provides the address in Russian format. Writingfirstis
suggested. When following up on a lead by mail, the addresses should be written in thefollowing
format, preferably in Russian, to assure proper delivery:

Country name in Russian Zip Code
City Street Name, Street
# Apartment/Office
# Addressee
(Name of company and contact)
Country name in English

Space is provided for telephone, telex, teletype, fax and Electronic Mail (E-Mail). Where no
number appears, information will be added as it becomes available. The reliability of these
numbers varies and the lines of communication are not always operating.

Telegrams are a useful and reliable mechanism for communications. Note that the Russian
communications system differentiates among telegraph, teletype, and telex. UseInternational
Access Code "011" to place a station-to-station call and "00" for operator-assisted calls(e.g.,
person-to-person calls).

The Russian term "TELEGRAPH' refers to a telegraphic address using the citycommunications
center, which delivers the telegram (comparable to sending a telegram via Western Union inthe
U.S.). The Russian term "TELETYPE" relates to the internal NIS (former Soviet Union)
telecommunications system directly to a terminal at an enterprise. The keyboard and printer arein
Cyrillic. Finally the Russian term "TELEX" means the international telextelecommunications
system directly to a terminal at an enterprise. The keyboard and printer are usually in Latin
characters. Some private information enterprises and most likely some citytelecommunications
centers offer a service of providing a manual interface between the Telex and Teletype or
Telegraph systems.

Increasingly, Russian government and enterprise officials are using Internet-compatibleE-Mail
(via domestic networks such as Relcom and international links such as SprintNet, Sovam
Teleport, etc.) to communicate quickly, reliably and conveniently. Following issuance ofthe
second installment, our own E-Mail has increased substantially, using the addresses listedtherein.
The process works!! Information sent via an E-mail file requires approximately five percentthe
size of the corresponding fax file. E-Mail also provides greater flexibility than faxtransmissions,
as messages can be stored until the receiving end is operating. Moreover, E-Mail rates maybe
less expensive than fax rates at the point of origin.

GENERAL OVERVIEW: This entry provides a general overview of theenterprisedetailingits
major products and technology.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: This lists the specific military focus of the enterprise(e.g.electronic
components) and provides the nearest equivalent U.S. Standard Industry Classification(SIC)
code(s) for it. When available, we intend to provide the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HS)
number(s).

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: In the past, one of several centralministries
controlled Soviet defense industry enterprises. The majority of defense plants in Russia todayare
now subordinate to, although not strictly controlled by the Russian Ministry of DefenseIndustry.

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: This provides the latest known number ofemployees. Today these figuresare
highly variable as many enterprises are in a state of flux as they restructure to adapt to anevolving
economic system.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: This lists the known principal officers of theenterprise (alongwiththeir titles) OWNERSHIP: Until the past year, the state owned all defense enterprises in Russia.With
the introduction of economic reforms, some have now become joint-stock companies as partof
the privatization process and others are leased. Where known, this entry indicates who ownswhat
share of joint-stock firms.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Date the enterprise was established. This informationmayprovidesome
indication of the age of some of the basic-infrastructure at the enterprise.

MILITARY PRODUCT LINE: This category lists products produced for themilitary.Again,this
may provide an indication of the types of technology available.

CIVILIAN PRODUCT LINE: This category lists products manufactured forciviluse.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Any knownsophisticatedfacilities,
equipment, or processes belonging to the enterprise are listed under this entry.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: This entry identifies any conversion plans oreffortscurrentlytaking
place at the enterprise.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: This will identify any human resourcessupport(e.g.,
housing, medical, child care) that the facility provides its work force. U.S. industry shouldtake
careful note of the additional financial burden these may impose on joint ventures and beprepared
to address this issue in negotiations.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: This provides any additional relevantinformation.For
example, if the facility is part of an association, this entry identifies the members of theassociation
and provides the basic information (e.g., number of employees, product lines) for each.

TRANSLATION OF RUSSIAN ABBRIEVIATIONS

NII - Scientific Research Institute (G) NPO - (State) Scientific Production Association (G) NPP-
(State) Scientific Production Enterprise AO - Joint Stock Company KB - Design Bureau ANTK-
Aviation Scientific Technical Complex PO - Production Association


ENTERPRISE NAME: LENINGRAD SEVERNYY ZAVOD PRODUCTIONASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO Leningradskiy Severnyy zavod

ADDRESS: 197228, St. Petersburg, Russia Kolomyazhskiy Prospekt, 10

Tel: (011-7-812) 246-19-65; Telex: N/A; Fax: (011-7-812) 394-11-79, 293-74-26

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Severnyy Plant Production Association is intransition from missile production to the production of civil products. Since the 1960's Severnyyhas produced surface-to-air missiles. Earlier, it had produced fixed wing aircraft and helicopters. Currently, the association produces a variety of civil products including enameling machines,metal furniture, and other consumer goods.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Guided Missiles; SIC Code: 2298, 2399, 2514, 2522,3421, 3444, 3465, 3469, 3631, 3914, 3949

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 10,000; Date: 1968.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: German Gordymova, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Pre-World War II

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Surface-to-air missiles.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Enameling machines, metal & enamel-coatedtableware, metal furniture, household lighting fixtures, kitchen gas stoves, fishing accessories,ferrous & non-ferrous scrap metals.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Titanium welding

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The member plants of the SevernyyZavod Production Association are the two manufacturing facilities, located several miles apart inSt. Petersburg, that for many years functioned as the Severnyy Plant.
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: MAGNETON JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye obshchestuo "Magneton", AOMagneton

ADDRESS: 194223, Russia, St. Petersburg, Ulitsa Kurchatova, 9

Tel: (011-7-812) 247-5551, 247-5589, Fax: (011-7-812) 552-0305; E- Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Formerly part of the Ferrite Production Association,Magneton is a major producer of ferrites and related products such as magnets. PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronics

PRODUCT SPECIALTY: Components made from strontium and barium ferrites.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Electronics Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total:1,500; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Anatoly Firsenkov, Director Lyubov Ivanova, Chieffinancial officer Vladimir M. Ishutkin, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company. Twenty percent of the shares arestate-owned, 51% are owned by the employees, and 29% are owned by private investmentcompanies.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1945

KEY TECH./EQPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Ferrite magnetic materials and microwavedevices based on these materials, as well as radar absorbing materials.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Dynamic heads for loudspeakers, mini TVs,magnetic locks for furniture, TV beam control systems and transformers, HF choking coils forvideo and TV equipment, radio components, magnets (isotopic and anisotropic) from strontiumand barium ferrites.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Production of magnets from ferrites; SIC Code: 32643651, 3677, 3695, 3826

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Design and production of consumer electronics.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The facility relies on 120 suppliers forits production. ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: NEVSKOYE PLANNING AND DESIGN BUREAUJOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: PKB Nevskoye, Nevsky Design Bureau

ADDRESS: 199106, St. Petersburg, Russia Galerny Proezd, 3

Tel.: (011-7-812) 356-0566, 352-0289, 352-0364; Fax: (011-7-812) 352-0740; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Nevskoye Planning and Design bureau isRussia's primary designer of large surface vessels.

PRODUCT SPECIALTY: Design of large naval vessels.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the ShipbuildingIndustry.

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: 603; Date: 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Lev V. Belov, Director Yury M. Varfolomeyev,Deputy Director Boris Y. Akimenko, Deputy Director for Economics OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1931

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Design of heavy aircraft carriers & largelanding ships. CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Tankers, bulk cargo carriers andcar carriers transporting ships.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Nevskoye is the oldest intitution fornaval architecture in Russia.
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: OBUKHOV STATE PLANT

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Zavod Obukhovskiy, Bolshevik Plant ProductionAssociation, PO Zavod Bolshevik

ADDRESS: 193012, St. Petersburg, Russia Obukhovskiy Oborony Prospekt,120 Obukhovskiy Plant Production Association

Tel: (011-7-812) 267-9929, 267-9573, 267-9523, 267-9860; 262-09-65 (General Director);267-96-40 (Chief Engineer); Telex: 121345 PTB SU KOMPLEX, 321067; Fax: (011-7-812)262-4277;

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Obukhov State Plant specializes in the fields ofmetallurgy and heavy machine building and is an established producer of missile launchingequipment and naval guns. The plant was founded in 1863 by Russian metallurgist PavelObukhov, who originated the use of cast steel for the manufacture of cannon barrels. TheObukhov plant was the site of the "Obukhov Defense of 1901," where workers clashed withTsarist forces. The plant changed its name in 1992 from the Bolshevik Plant back to its originalname, Obukhov.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Missile launchers, artillery; SIC Code: 3325, 3341,3366, 3369, 3523, 3533, 3547, 3556, 3589, 3663, 3842

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN .: Ministry of GeneralMachine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 10,000; Date: 1993.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Anatoliy F. Vashenko, General Director Alexander B.Poretskiy, Chief Engineer Valeriy S. Pyshkin, Chief, Foreign Economic RelationsDepartment

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1863

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Missile launching equipment; ICBM missilesilos; ground equipment associated with missile systems; submarine missile launch tubes; navalguns; submarine antenna arrays.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Ferrous and non-ferrous castings used in theelectrotechnical, chemical and shipbuilding industries, fork-lift trucks, wheelchairs, irons and otherhome appliances, television sets, cameras, gas and oil extraction equipment.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Open-hearth furnaces, hammer forgingand pressing equipment (up to 3200 ton capacity), equipment to manufacture cog wheels, verticalelectroplating tanks (up to 10 meter capacity), numerically controlled metal lathes.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Obukhov is developing a pipe foundry and rollingmill complex. The plant produces wheelchairs for the foreign and domestic markets with a UnitedStates company, which supplied modern production equipment and training. Obukhov is workingwith another US firm to produce oil and gas extraction equipment. Also, Obukhov has a licensingagreement to assemble irons for the Italian appliance firm "Delonghi" and is the largest producerof household irons in Russia. Obukhov also has converted to the production of "Positron"television sets and "Lomo" cameras.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The plant has a hospital, a nursery school,a sports complex, and two summer resort facilities in southern Russia.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Obukhov is attempting to convert toadditional civilian production, including agricultural equipment, medical sterilization equipment,and machinery for environmental cleanups, the latter with potential investment by the Finnishgovernment.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: OKEANPRIBOR SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTIONASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: "Okeanpribor". Nauchno-proizvodstvennoye, NPOOkeanpribor

ADDRESS: 197376, St. Petersburg, Russia Chkolovsky Prospect, 46

Tel: (011-7-812) 232-2105 or 235-2551, Fax: (011-7-812) 235-3991, E- mail: N/A; Telex:121345 PTB; Teletype: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Okeanpribor Scientific Production Associationis a major research and production facility engaged in the development of hydroacoustic systemsand equipment for both submarines and commercial vessels. . PRIMARYBUSINESS: Hydroacoustic systems

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: 10,000; Date: 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Dmitry D. Mironov, Director Alla N. Kalyaeva,Foreign Relations Dept.

OWNERSHIP: Joint-stock company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Hydroacoustic systems and equipment,antennas and transformers for submarines and naval vessels.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Audio equipment and magnetic discs.

PRIMARY TECH. AND EQUIPMENT: Hydroacoustic technology

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Okeanpribor states that allproduction for the military is dual purpose and has commercial applications. They are in the earlystage of conversion and would like to work with foreign partners. .___________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: PETROZAVOD JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye obshchestvo "Petrozavod", AOPetrozavod, Leningradskiy Petrozavod, Okha (Okhtenskiy) Shipyard, Okhtinskaya Verf

ADDRESS: 195272, St. Petersburg, Russia Krasnogvardeyskaya ploshchad(Square), 2

Tel: (011-7-812) 224-1260, 224-1226, 224-90-01, 224-1779; Telex: 121396 CEDRI SU;Teletype: 121329 FERMA; Fax: (011-7-812) 224-2249, 293-45-15, E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Petrozavod, one of the oldest shipbuildingestablishments in Russia, lost its building ways in the 1970s and was converted to manufacturemachine tools and components for use in other shipyards. It was founded at the junction of theOkhta and Neva rivers in 1721 as a roofing shingle works, a settlement for serfs working at theMain Admiralty Yard, and a small shipyard. It was enlarged in 1806 and, as the Okhta Admiralty,built sailing frigates and ships of the time. It was leased to private shipbuilders between 1872 and1913 for construction of smaller ships, and in 1931 it became a specialist in the construction oftugs. During the 1950s and 1960s it built 63 oceangoing tugs of the "Goliat" class (known in theWest as the Okhtenskiy class) and harbour tugs of the "Peredovik" (Sidehole) and "Prometey"(Saka) classes. After the yard was rebuilt in the late 1970s it has manufactured sophisticatedshipbuilding production line equipment. Early projects include mechanization of the assembly andwelding production lines at the Vyborg Shipbuilding Plant and the construction of a unit forassembly and welding of large hull sections at the Zhdanov Shipbuilding Plant in Leningrad.

PRODUCT SPECIALTY: Small tonnage shipbuilding, wooden shipbuilding, welding equipment,semi-automatic machines, shipbuilding machinery, wood working and metal processingequipment.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Shipbuilding machinery; SIC Code: 3441, 443, 3469,3541, 3544, 3546, 3548, 3553

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 570; Date: 1995

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Leonard S. Shelest, General Director M. Pavlov,Deputy Director Victor N. Ignatiev, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1721

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Shipbuilding machinery, speed boats.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Machine tools, welding equipment, sheet formingequipt., metalworking and woodworking machinery, welded metal blocks.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Metal cut computer control equipment,casting factory, cutting workshop, thermal-processing, galvanic protection products, assemblywelding workshop, shell assembly.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Development of small capacity shipbuilding and stainless steel kitchen utensils.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Petrozavod is associated with theRitm Scientific Production Association of St. Petersburg.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: POISK SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nauchnyy issledovatelniy institut "Poisk", NII Poisk,Poisk State Enterprise

ADDRESS: 195009, St. Petersburg, Russia Mikhailova Street, 17

Tel: (011-7-812) 531-89-72; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 122043 Mikron; Fax: (011-7-812) 542-1214;E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Poisk Scientific Research Institute specializes inelectronic management systems.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Development of electronic management systems; SICCode: 3429, 3669

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,000; Date: December 1995.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Leonid S. Egorenkov, Director Vladmir F. Vasilyev,Chief Engineer; Vyacheslav A.Lukin, Deputy Director for Commercial Issues .OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1930

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Management systems for artillery shells,mortars, aviation bombs and explosive devices.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Explosive devices for mining and coal industries,consumer goods (Electronic locks, security systems).

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Design facilities for electronicmanagement systems.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The institute has plans to create a company thatwill manufacture windowframes.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFO: N/A ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: POPOV RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTINSTITUTE FOR RADIO BROADCASTING AND ACOUSTICS (NIIRPA)

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Joint Stock Company NIIRPA

ADDRESS: 197376, Russia, St. Petersburg, Naberezhnaya Reki Krestovki, 3 Tel: (812) 234-2945, 234-0011, Fax: (812) 234-5722; Telex: N/A; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The A.S. Popov Institute was founded in 1923 andremains the biggest scientific center in the field of radio broadcasting, electro-acoustics,professional audio and studio equipment. It is a part of the State Science and ProductionEnterprise "Informakustika". PRODUCT SPECIALTY: Complexes for TV reporters,consumer radio reception and acoustics equipment, sound amplifying equipment (household) andstudio sound equipment.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of Communications EquipmentIndustry.

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: 500 employees; Date: December1995.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Dr. Alexander E. Denin, Director

OWNERSHIP: Privatized joint stock company (open type).

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1923

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: High sensitive receivers and listening devices,information security systems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Loud speakers, studio monitors, public addresssystems, studio mixing consoles, sound processors, digital audio workstations, broadcastingsystems, fixed, portable, radio and car-radio tape recorders, CD players, audio amplifiers, wirelessmicrophones, sound reinforcement systems, reverberators, sound effect processors, informationsecurity systems, test and measuring equipment and marketing studies for audio systems. PRIMARY TECH. AND EQUIPMENT: The institute is equipped with two anechoic chambers(the biggest in Europe), electronically shielded rooms, test equipment for certification ofproduction prototypes, and listening rooms meeting IEC standards.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The institute proposes working with foreignfirms on production of loudspeakers and other consumer electronic products, distribution andrepair services. OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION : The institute's scientific facilities arecomprised of four buildings with a total of 10,000 sq. meters. Production facilities total anadditional 2,000 sq. meters. A new 37,000 sq. meter production plant previously underconstruction is at a standstill. ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: POZITRON JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye obshchestvo "Poztron",NPOPozitron, Leningrad Electronics Production Association, Positron Association

ADDRESS: 194223 St. Petersburg, Russia Kurchatov Ulitsa, 10

Telephone : (011-7-812) 552-1617, 552-6016: Telex: 121452 VITA SU; Fax: (011-7-812) ,552-6081, 552-0903; E-mail: root @ positron.spb.su

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Pozitron is the leading former Soviet productionfacility for the manufacture of resistors, capacitors and television components. Pozitron producesa variety of military equipment, including electronic components and tensile condensers formissiles. It is composed of several enterprises, a research institute, and a design bureau.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronic components, televisions, VCRs; SIC Code:3629, 3651; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Electronics Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 500; Date: December1995.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Yuriy I. Blokhin, General Manager Alexander V.Lanskov, Manager

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1971

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Integrated circuits; multilayer chip capacitors;semiconductors for research; thermal detectors; sensors/potentiometers; reverse engineering ofJapanese and Western electronic equipment; ceramic capacitors; tantalum capacitors.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Television sets (Electronika and Colorstar brands);VCRs; resistors and capacitors; laboratory equipment and medical instruments; computers; tools;bearings; abrasive materials; Christmas tree decorations; office equipment; film.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Electronic component production equipment; diamondlathe; clean room. For more information, see individual facility descriptions below.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Exploring research and development of tantalumcondensers for televisions; video equipment; machining of metals; and ceramics. Pozitronmanufactured 90,000 televisions in 1990, exporting half to Western Europe. Plans in 1990 calledfor expanding television production to 2 million sets per year. Pozitron has also been emphasizingconsumer goods since 1985. In March 1992, Pozitron's Vidikond Plant opened video assemblyand packing plant as part of joint venture with Korea Daewoo Corporation. They plan toassemble/produce 200,000 annually.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Following privatization, Pozitron nolonger includes the Viton Plant, Kulon Plant, Lakon Plant, Mezon Plant, Rekond Plant and the Gerekond Institute which have all seceded from Pozitron and currently act as independentcompanies.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: PRIMORSK SCIENTIFIC TECHNICAL CENTEROF THE RUSSIAN SPACE CORPORATION ENERGIYA

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Primorskiy filial NPO Energiya imeni akademika S.P.Koroleva

ADDRESS: 188910, Primorsk, Russia (Leningrad Oblast) MalodetskoselskiyProspekt, 32

Tel: (011-7-81278) 75-737, 75-331 (General Director), 78-559 (Tech. Manager); Telex: N/A;Fax: (011-7-81278) 75-443

GENERAL OVERVIEW: A long time participant in the development & testingof rocket engines for missiles & space launch vehicles, Primorsk is now exclusively involved inspace programs. It is part of the Russian Space Corpn. Energiya, Russia's premier developer ofspace technology. Primorsk specializes in rocket propulsion technology developed by Energiya. .PRIMARY BUSINESS: Rocket propulsion; SIC Code: 2821, 2891, 3423,3556, 3569, 3842

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of General Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 700; Date: December 1995.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Sergey K. Petrov, Director Yury V. Sidel'nikov,First Deputy Director Alexander Zilitinchevich, Chief Designer

OWNERSHIP: State-owned: a subsidary of the Russian Space CorporationEnergiya.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Assembly & testing of rocket & aircraft engines and fuel.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Prosthetic devices; food processing equipment.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Primorsk has advanced facilities for the assembly andtesting of rocket and aircraft engines.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: A prototype of the Vulcan cleaner has beendeveloped at Primorsk based on the cleaning system used for rocket engines and fuels. This smalldevice is designed to clean pollutants such as waste water, industrial emissions, and toxic wastes. Fixed and truck-mounted versions of the Vulcan cleaner are planned.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Primorsk is seeking joint ventureswith Finland and Western countries to develop civilian products. ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: PROMETEY CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTE OF STRUCTURAL MATERIALS

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: TsNII konstruktsionnykh materialov (TsNIIKM)"Prometey," TsNIIMS, Central Research Institute of Construction Materials

ADDRESS: 193167 St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Shpalernaya, 49

Tel: (011-7-812) 274-3796, 274-2620; Telex: 322147 ALFA; Fax: (011-7-812) 274-1707;E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Prometey Institute develops and producesadvanced alloys and conducts research in metallurgical and welding techniques.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Metallurgy R&D; SIC Code: 2813, 2819, 3341, 3356,3363, 3364, 3429, 3443, 3498, 3499, 3533, 3548, 3561, 3569, 3599, 3823, 3841, 3842, 3949;HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,700; Date: 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Igor Vasilievich Gorynin, Director Oleg G. Sokolv,First Deputy Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1939

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Heavy armor research and development;metallurgical research for shipbuilding; defectoscope quality control measures; titanium-alloy forsubmarine hull construction; non-magnetic steels and alloys for anti-submarine vessels;high-strength hull steels, advanced propulsion system materials, aluminum alloys; titanium alloysfor machinery system applications.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Titanium alloys; aluminum-magnesium alloy with"memory" properties; large volume pressure containers made of wound polymer or carbon fibers;catalytic converters containing titanium fuel; double-layer steel with corrosion protection for coldweather environments (ice breaker sterns); corrosion resistant pipes for long distance heatingsystems; welding electrodes; titanium hydrofoils; technology for joining steel and aluminum andsteel and titanium; testing systems to detect intercrystalline corosion (used in nuclear industries),and anode protection for ships.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Processes for working with titanium andother alloys, including vacuum-arc and electroslag capabilities; process for rolling berylliumbetween two sheets of steel; argon gas-flow meter for welding; argon-filled chamber to work ontitanium submarine hulls; composites; coatings; plastics; corrosion research-galvanic protectionusing an external current and special paint; porous amorphous materials able to withstand hightemperature used as flexible radar absorption material.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Use of titanium-alloy in off-shore drilling rigs,hulls and props for commercial ships, surgical instruments, filters, pumps, tanks, and sportsequipment. Commercial applications for amorphous metal alloys with fine grains include use inmagnetic and electromagnetic components.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Prometey has a branch facility locatedat a shipyard in Severodvinsk, as well as a building in suburb of Gatchina in Leningrad. Prometeyalso has underground facilities: a main one beneath Aleksandr Nevskiy Monastery Museum andanother in the area between Sinopskaya Naberezhnaya and Ulitsa Krasnovo Tekstil'shchika,possibly contiguous with Nevskiy complex. _____________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: PYROMETER JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Leningradskiy zavod "Pirometr" ADDRESS: 197061, St Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Skorokhodova, 16

Tel: (011-7-812) 238-7245, Telex: 121687 ARTEK; Teletype: 321384 ARTEK; Fax:(011-7-812) 238-8306; E-mail: N/A.

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Pyrometer makes many types of electronic productswith uses in a wide range of applications. It was formerly part of the Elektroavtomatika ScientificProduction Association.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronics; SIC Code: 3542, 3572, 3651, 3661, 3663,3679, 3699, 3823, 3829, 3843, 3845; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,000.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Sergey D. Bodrunov, President

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company, open type

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1920s

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Various military electronic componentsincluding infrared electronics and electronic warning signaling equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Pyrometric instrumentation for heavy metalindustry, ultrasonic technologies, tape recorders, electronic switches, telephonic apparatus,micromotors.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Brightness and spectrographicmeasurement devices. CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFO. : N/A

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: RADAR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALT. NAMES: NII Radar, Radar MMS Company

ADDRESS: 198095, St. Petersburg, Russia Promyshlennaya Ulitsa, 19 Tel:(011-7-812) 186-3310 Fax: (011-7-812) 186-4505; E-Mail: N/A

Radar MMS Co., (medical equipment) 197349, St. Petersburg, Russia 37 Novoselkovskay Tel:(011-7-812) 393-9600, 393-3403 Fax: (011-7-812)394-4000 Moscow: Tel. (011-7-095)925-1013

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Radar Scientific Research Iinstitute designs anddevelops ship radars and surveillance systems. It is a part of the Scientific and ProductionAssociation Ravenstvo.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: radars.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROX. EMPLOYMENT : Total: 270; Date: 1995.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Boris Nikanorovich Astashov, Director, GeorgyAntsev, Gen. Director, Radar MMS (Medical equipt.& software development)

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Military radars and surveillancemechanisms

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Civilian radars and radarscopes, medical equipmentfor emmergency use.

KEY TECH. / EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : Electronics, radar technology

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Civilian radars, medical equipment for use inambulances and helicopters.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A

___________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: RADUGA JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Raduga Electronics Plant, Kozitsky Prodn. Assn., POKozitskiy

ADDRESS: 199161, Russia, St. Petersburg, Vasilaevsky Island, 5 Liniya,70

Tel: (011-7-812) 213-9604, 213-6140; Fax : (011-7-812) 218-7426; Telex: 321259 COLOR RU;E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Raduga Joint Stock Company is a majorproducer of color TV sets, marine telecommunications equipment and household electronics.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Telecommunications equipment

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the CommunicationEquipment Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,000; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Nikolay G. Baranov, Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company. Employees hold 42% of the stock, while2 private firms own 26% of the stock.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Telecommunications equipment for navalvessels.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Color televisions, amplifiers, security systems,portable radio stations.

KEY TECH. / EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The company has a joint venture witha Norwegian company for the manufacture of consumer goods. The company is interested inmodernizing its equipment in an effort to focus on the manufacture of radio and electronicconsumer goods. ______________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: RAVENSTVO PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Proizvodst vennoye obyedineniye "Ravenstvo", PORavenstvo

ADDRESS: 198099, Russia, St. Petersburg, Ulitsa Promyshlennaya, 19

Tel: (011-7-812) 186-8460, 186-1860 (Gen. Dir.), 186-2406 Ravenstvo-Servis), Fax :(011-7-812) 186-4505; Telex: n/a; Teletype: 321829 LYUKS; E- Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Ravenstvo is a mid-size company whose primaryproduct has been ship radars and control systems. It is now expanding its production tocommercial products in the oil and gas, mining and electronics industries. It includes the RadarScientific Research Institute and the Ravenstvo-Servis State Enterprise. PRIMARYBUSINESS: Ship radars

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2800 employees; Date: 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Yury V. Nikandrov, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1945

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Ship radars, electronic components andcontrol systems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Gas pipeline pump control systems, units fordiamond, special purpose operator consoles, metro counters, electric lighters, commercialhamburger-making equipment, medical equipment, ecological devices, and radio receivers.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. : N/A CONVERSION PROJECTS: none

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A ___________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: REDAN JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye obshchestvo "Redan", AO Redan,Redan Central Design Bureau

ADDRESS: 197374, St. Petersburg Russia, Primorsky Prospect, 46

Tel: (011-7-812) 239-4000, 239-2159, 239-1891; Fax: (011-7-812) 239-3123; Telex: N/A;E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Redan Joint Stock Company is a relatively smallproducer of boats and equipment for naval and commercial uses, particularly patrol and rescueoperations.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Special purpose boats.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total:356; Date: 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Stanislav P. Abramov, General Director, Yakov Y.Lebedev, Design Bur. Director,

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company, open type.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Patrol boats and rescue vessels.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Pleasure motor-boats, hydrological equipment,anchors, lifeboats, deck machinery for ships and model ships for hobbyists.

KEY TECH. / EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Construction of passenger craft and yachts.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The controlling block of stock is heldby the multi-national oil company "Hermes-Soyuz" in Moscow. A large block of stock is held bythe Industrial Construction Bank (Moscow & St. Petersburg).______________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: RUBIN CENTRAL MARINE DESIGNBUREAU

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: TsKBMT Rubin, Rubin Central Maritime DesignBureau, TsKB Rubin, Rubin Central Design Bureau for Maritime Engineering

ADDRESS: 191126 St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Marata, 90 Tel: (011-7-812)210-1705, 113-5132, 314-0373, 314-3769; telex: 121455 NEPT SU; Teletype: 121091NEPTUN; Fax: (011-7-812) 164-3749, 112-4064; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Rubin Central specializes in submarine and otherunderwater technologies, but has suffered a sharp cutback in orders. Design bureau officials aretrying to compensate with work on civilian projects. Civil work has reportedly increased from 10percent in 1987 to 35 percent, mainly for the domestic oil, gas and fishing industries. In 1993,Rubin exhibited a model of a 30,000 ton underwater supertanker for use in exploiting oil and gasfields off Russia's Artic coast.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Shipbuilding; SIC code: 373; HS# N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2,500; Date:1987.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Igor D. Spasskiy, General Director Sergey A.Komorov, Deputy Gen. Director, Nikolay Nosov, Deputy Director, Gennadiy B. Sorokin, Headof Marketing Export, Project Neptun, Vladimir Barantsev, Chief Designer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Submarine designs.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Equipment for producing glue, gelatin, dry foods,coffee.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Tourist submarines; portable power stations;underground nuclear power stations; arctic drilling platorms; underwater tankers; fast foodenterprises; health spas; plastic models of submarines.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The commercial arm of Rubin'sExport Project Neptun, which is located at the neighboring Neptun Hotel & Business Center. Information on Export ProjectNeptun: ADDRESS: Obvodny Canal, 939,191126, St. Petersburg, Russia; Tel.: 314-3769; telex: 121455; Telefax: 1643749; its projectsinclude export of diesel submarines. ________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: RUSSIAN INSTITUTE OF HIGH-POWEREDRADIO BUILDING

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Rossiskiy institut moshnogo radiostroyeniye, NPORIMR, NII Kominterna

ADDRESS: 199161, St. Petersburg, Russia Vasilievsky Island, 11 Liniya,66

Tel: (011-7-812), 213-0647; Fax: (011-7-812) 213-0625; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 121216 URAN;E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Komintern institute specializing in the design ofradio transmitters for military and civil applications. It has affiliates in Luga, Krasnyy Bor, andVoyevoko. . PRIMARY BUSINESS: Radio communications equipment

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the CommunicationsEquipment Industry.

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 70; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Boris I. Zolotov, Director Vladimir F. Sharayev,Deputy Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1911

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Radio communication systems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Broadcast antennas, medical equipment, radio andTV transmitters of small and medium output, and radio systems for charged particle accelerators.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFO. : N/A . ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: SEVERNAYA VERF SHIPBUILDING PLANT

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Sudostroitelnyy zavod "Severnaya verf," NorthernShipyard, Leningradskiy sudostroitelnyy zavod imeni A.A. Zhdanova, Northern Shipyard OpenJoint Stock Company.

ADDRESS: 198096 St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Korabelnaya, 6

Tel.: (011-7-812) 184-8233, 184-8284 (chief engineer); Telex: 121386 SVER SU, 121386KLAPAN; Fax: (011-7-812) 184-7678; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Severnaya Verf is a major shipyard producing bothnaval and civilian ships. It is capable of building merchant ships up to 13,000 deadweight tons. The shipyard is part of the Severnaya Verf Production Association, which includes an electrodesfactory with a capacity of 20,000 tons annually and a furniture factory.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 373; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 7,300; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Yuriy Lvovich Bokov, Director

OWNERSHIP: The enterprise has privatized and is now a joint stock co.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Early 1900s

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Destroyers.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Roll-on/Roll-off (RO/RO) freighters; bulk carriers;accessories and spare parts for ships; salvage and diving equipment; barges; souvenirs; mattresses;furniture; consumer goods; metal structures; washbasins; nails.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Bulk carriers

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: "SEVERNOYE" DESIGN BUREAU (Northern)

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: KB Sever

ADDRESS: 198096, Russia, St. Petersburg, Ulitsa Korabelnaya, 6

Tel: (812) 184-7674 Fax: (812) 184-1277, 184-8312 Telex: N/A; E- mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Large design bureau specializing in ship design;co-located with the Northern Shipyard.

PRODUCT SPECIALITY: Design of large ships.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 830; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladimir Yukhin, General Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Design of large antisubmarine battleships,cruisers and torpedo boat destroyers.

CVIL PRODUCT LINES: Design of civilian ships.

KEY TECH. / EQUIPT. : Design technology for ships.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: There are several conversion programs underconsideration by the enterprise for the design of ships for commercial purposes.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The structure of the enterprise hasn'tchanged during the last years. The enterprise has a "project" department that functions as amarketing department. Ninety percent of production is delivered to state-owned factories and 10percent to privately-owned firms. ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: SIGNAL SCIENTIFIC-INDUSTRIALENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPP Signal, PO Signal

ADDRESS: 193019, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Knipovich, 4

Tel: (011-7-812) 567-2233; Fax : (011-7-812) 567-8355;Telex: 122269 PIRS; Teletype: N/A; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Signal Scientific Industrial Enterprise producescommunication equipment for the military and the civilian market. The company has four sites,including a central design office and three factories.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Radio Equipment. SIC Code: 3571, 3651,3661,3663,3843, 3944, 3999.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the CommunicationsEquipment Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,700; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Professor Valentin P. Zanin, Director

OWNERSHIP: One of the three factories has been transformed into ajoint-stock company "SPECTR". The others remain state-owned, although they are taking stepstowards privatization.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1944

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Communications equipment, includingcryptographic equipment and telephones.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Renovation of electrical and electronic and medicalequipment: systems for ultraviolet and combined UV-Magnetic-Laser therapy of human blood,dental chairs; comm ercial information protection systems; Infra-Red vision devices and similarequipment for commercial use; Infra-Red driers for fruits, mushrooms and other produce. KEYTECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A

PRIMARY TECH. / EQUIPT.: Precision mechanics, PCB manufacturing, various assemblylines.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The following projects are under considerationby Signal:

1. St. Petersburg International Business Center. 2. Advanced Output Devices for controlsystems, computers, data processing and transmission systems. 3. Advanced Miniprinters andsimilar devices . 4. Specialized criminalistic laboratories with advanced communications andartificial vision devices. 5. Cryptographic confidential information protection systems 6. Ecological equipment for purification and regeneration of electroplating. 7. Radio and Telephonemobile system for transportation on route between St. Petersburg-Novorossiysk. 8. Automobileelectronics (Electronic systems for fuel injection)

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Signal has joint projects withDeutsche Telecom (Renovation of telephones), International American Products, Inc. (Dentalchairs) and others. ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: SREDNENEVSKY SHIPBUILDING PLANT

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Sredne-Nevskiy sudostroitelnyy zavod, Middle NevaShipyard, Ust-Izhora Shipyard

ADDRESS: 189633, Kolpino Rayon, Russia St. Petersburg, ProspectPontonnyy

199106, Russia, St. Petersburg, Shkiperskiy protok, 19

Telephone: (011-7-812) 265-5580, 265-5535 (Director), 265-5500 (technical Mgr.); Telex: N/A;Fax: (011-7-812) 463-9766

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Srednenevsky shipyard, located near the junctionof the Izhora and Neva rivers in the Kolpino district of southern St.Petersburg, is an importantbuilder of mine warfare ships for the Russian navy. The yard probably dates back to 1911, whenthe St. Petersburg Metals Plant, then a builder of marine turbines, established a shipyard atUst-Izhora to build destroyers. Between the world wars the Ust-Izhora yard was limited to theconstruction of river barges. It was expanded into a major builder of minesweepers and othersmall combatants after World War II and built ships of the steel-hulled T-43, T-58, Turka, andNatya classes in the 1950s and 1960s. It has also built a few large tugs and small tankers forservice as naval auxiliaries.

Around 1970 it began to experiment with glass-reinforced plastic and subsequently built a fewZhenya-class minehunters and many Yevgenya- and Lida-class inshore minesweepers. It also builthydrofoils of the Matka and Turya classes and the Tarantul-class missile corvettes. Today it isoffering several types of ships on the civil market similar to its minesweeper classes, includingships of upto 100 tons with glass-reinforced plastic hulls, steel-hulled ships of up to 800 tons, andsimilar ships built with low-magnetic steel.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: shipbuilding; SIC Code: 2023, 2511, 2514, 3523,3536, 5337, 3589, 3731, 3732, 3799.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Viktor Pavlovich Pylev, Director Yuriy S.Yegorov,Technical Manger, Vsevolod D. Semenov, Commercial Dir.

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1911

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Minesweepers and small missile-armedcombatants.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Ships and ship equipment, control and measuringinstruments, automated systems and devices, dried milk, agricultural machinery, machinery for thefood processing industry, household furniture, pleasure boats and sailboats.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFO: N/A ________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ST. PETERSBURG KRASNY OKTYABRMACHINE-BUILDING ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE : December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Sankt-Peterburgskoye mashinostroitelnoyepredpriyatiye "Krasnyy Oktyabr," Red October Machine Building Production Association

ADDRESS: 194100, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Politekhnicheskaya,13/15

Tel.: (011-7-812) 247-9715, Telex: N/A; Teletype: 322194 KARTER SU; Fax: (011-7-812)247-2634; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Krasny Oktyabr Machine-Building Enterprise isa major producer of helicopter engines and components, as well as being the only producer ofhelicopter engine transmissions in the former USSR. It also has produced fighter jet engines androcket engines.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Aircraft Engines; SIC Code: 3724; HS #: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 7,000; Date: 1992.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Anatoliy N. Fomichev, General Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Helicopter engines, generators, andtransmissions; fighter jet engines; rocket engines.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Helicopter engines and other components.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Mopeds, engines for small tractors, snowmobiles,small motorcycles, gas turbine engines of various sizes, transmissions self-propelled cultivators,home water heaters, small winches, kitchen knives, footwear-making equipment, and medicalequipment.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Krasnyy Oktyabr enterprise doesserial production of engines developed by the Klimov Design Bureau in St. Petersburg.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: SVETLANA JOINT-STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPO Svetlana, Leningrad Svetlana ElectronicInstrument Building Association, The St. Petersburg Svetlana Conglomerate of the ElectronicInstrument Engineering Industry, Svetlana Electronic Device Manufacturing Corporation,Svetlana Electronic Instrument-Making Association.

ADDRESS: 194156. St. Petersburg, Russia Prospekt Engelsa, 27

Tel: (011-7-812) 554-91-08, 554-03-72, 554-03-70; Telex: 121466 ELEKS SU; Fax:(011-7-812) 553-70-01; Teletype: 121004 BARKHAT

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Svetlana Joint-Stock Company is a largeconglomerate primarily involved in the research, design, and manufacturing of electronic,microwave and electronic instruments. Svetlana also produces a wide variety of other productsincluding medical, transportation, communications, agriculture, and recreation equipment andhousehold appliances. The Svetlana Joint-Stock Company consists of approximately five separateplants, five experimental design bureaus, and two addresses, 27 Prospekt Engelsa and 2 ProspektSvetlanskiy, for the main Svetlana facility in St. Petersburg.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Microelectronics; SIC Code: 3231, 3469, 3671, 3679,3823, 3825, 3844, 3845, 3861, 3873, 3944

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Electronics Industry

APPROX. EMPLOYMENT: 10,600 (down from 28,000 in the 1980's)

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladmir Popov, General Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1889

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Military electronics.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: The Svetlana Association produces a variety ofelectronic and microelectronic instruments, including transmitting and modulator tubes for allfrequency ranges; X-band broadband passive TR limiter; klystron amplifiers; X-ray and radiotubes; portable X-ray units for medicine and industry; high-frequency fast response thyristors;transistors; integrated microcircuits; microwave components, microcomputer; microcontrollers;microcalculators; ultrasonic delay lines; receiving tubes; process equipment for the manufacture ofelectronic engineering items. the Svetlana Company also produces consumer goods such asarticles made from electro-vacuum glass, dewar flasks, lamp-brackets, photographic and cinemaaccessories, agriculture selection equipment, coffee makers, ski bindings, strings for musical instruments, glass and crystal utensils and articles, thermos flasks, automobile mirrors,tachometers, chess computers, and toys.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The Svetlana received $3 million from the U.S.Defense Enterprise Fund and established a subsidiary SED-SPB to market electronic devices.Svetlana established a joint venture with R & G Inc., a U.S. company. This joint venture(SED-SPB) empolys 2,500. SED-SPB's output equals that of all Svetlans's subsidiariescombined. Svetlana is still seeking to enter into additional joint ventures for manufacturingelectronic engineering equipment; cooperate in the marketing and sales of products, with the salesrights allotted to its partners; exchange electronic engineering equipment for process equipment;purchase special equipment for the manufacturing of electronics; and advertise its products on theinternational market.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Because of its sucessful cooperationwith its U.S. partner, Svetlana's export sales are booming. It predicts a 12 percent growth inproduction in 1996. Svetlana will also modify any of its products to meet the specific needs of itscustomers; develop new items for its customers within a period of six to twelve months; andextend licenses for manufacturing electronic engineering equipment. Setlana became a joint stockcompany in 1994.

_______________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: VAVILOV STATE OPTICAL INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Gosudarstvennyy opticheskiy institut (GOI) imeni S. I.Vavilova; All-Russian Science Center "State Optical Institute imeni S.I.Vavilova"

ADDRESS: 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia Birzhevaya Liniya, 12

Tel.: (011-7-812) 218-4892, 218-7526; Telex: 121235 GOI.SU; Teletype: 122118 LAVINA;Fax: (011-7-812) 128-3720; E-Mail: niop@niopsh.spb.su

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Vavilov Institute, like the U.S. National Instituteof Standards and Technology, sets the standards for all optics institutes, plants, and enterprises inthe former Soviet Union. Roughly 60 percent of Vavilov's research and design efforts werededicated to military and space projects. It includes the Scientific Research Institute of TestingComplexes for Optical Electronic Instruments & Systems, 188537 Sosnovyy Bpr, LeningradOblast, and a Branch for Hydroponics & Thermal Optics, 190000 St. Petersburg. Pochtamtskaya3.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Optics R&D; SIC Code: 3828; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 12,000. Date: 1991.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Guriy T. Petrovsky, Director General

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1918

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Optical components for weapons, includingsubmarine and naval applications, space and strategic defense; guidance systems; spectroscopicinstruments; radiometers.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Television equipment; multipath interferometers;beacons; marine navigation signals; lighthouses; flash lamps; zoom and other variable-focuscameras; automobile headlights; airport landing lights; opthalomological lenses; zinc selenide forlasers; special-effect holograms; iridium mirrors. Space and lasers optics, including large lensesand mirrors; beryllium and composite mirrors; adaptive optics; diamond-turned metal mirrors;glass-crystalline mirrors; wide range of anti-reflective and mirror coatings; photoelectric sensors. General optical instruments, including image transmission fiber bundle for medical endoscopes;reflective, selective, and anti-reflective coatings; computer-aided lens design; computer-aidedproduction and testing of precision optical surfaces; methods for polishing extremely soft or hardoptical materials; ultrasonic and ion cleaning and ion polishing; aspheric surface generation;infrared imagers for medical diagnosis and for industrial uses such as detection of heat losses inbuildings and in heat supply systems.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: See tech. and processes described above.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Production of lasers for medical uses in place oflasers used for defense applications. Civil products exhibited in 1993 include the world's largestcolor hologram and laser equipment for engraving crystal tableware.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Vavilov publishes the journals OpticalJournal and Works of the Vavilov Institute and sells some of its products through V/OMASHPRIBORINTORG, 121200 Moscow, Telexes: 411235, 411236.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: VEKTOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nauchno-issledovatelniy onstitut "Vektor", NIIVektor

ADDRESS: 197376, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Academica Pavlova 14A

Tel: (011-7-812) 233-7815, 234-1509, Fax: (011-7-812) 234-1974; Teletype: 321201SVINETS; Telex: N/A; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Vektor is a research institute specializing in radiocomponents and radiotechnical reconnaissance systems.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronics

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the CommunicationsEquipment Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2,360; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Gennady M. Kobyakob, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Radio-Technical reconnaissanceequipment

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Hearing aids, electronic equipment, for cars andlocomotives.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFO. : N/A

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: VYBORG INSTRUMENT BUILDING PLANT

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Vyborgskiy priborostroitelniy zavod, VyborgElectronic Equipment Making Plant

ADDRESS: 188900, Vyborg, Leningrad Oblast, Russia Ulitsa Danilova, 15

Tel.: (011-7-812) 78 254-06, 78 289-16, Experimental Design. Bureau (011-7-812) 732-254-06;Fax: (011-7-812) 78 217-45 Telex: N/A; Teletype: 322856 KLEN; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The plant specializes in products for the electronicsindustry, including devices for pollution control, computing equipment, medical devices, andcommunications equipment. The plant has a co-located Experimental Design Bureau.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronics including electron microscopes andelectron beam equipment.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Electronics Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,200; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Gennady N. Fedoronko, Director Boris V. Gin,Deputy Dir./ External Affairs

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1953

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Electronic and control equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Small electron microscopes, pollution controldevices. medical respirators, aerosol particle counters, scales, dosimeters, mass spectrometers,computers, and precision temperature regulators.

KEY TECH. / EQUIPT. : The plant possesses a sufficient quantity of highprecision machining equipment, control-measuring equipment and devices for radiophysicalcharacteristics measurement.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Production of scales, automobile wiring,harnesses and electron microscopes.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The plant is interested in foreignpartners for organization of new product manufacturing using technical abilities of the plant inaccordance with Western technologies. _______________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: D.V. YEFREMOV STATE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTE OF ELECTROPHYSICAL APPRATUS

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: NIIEFA Imeni Yefremova

ADDRESS: 189631, St. Petersburg, pos.Metallostroy, Russia SovetskiyProspekt,1

Telephone: (011-7-812) 464-7980, 464-5845; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 322115 OBZOR; Fax: (011-7-812) 265-7974; E-Mail: filatov@niiefa.spb.su

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Tefremova Institute is a leading designer oflasers, particle accelerators and other specialized electrical equipment for research and industry. It developed the TOKOMAK controlled thermonuclear fusion installation, and has participated inthe building of all large accelerator, laser and thermonuclear fusion installations in the formerSoviet Union. It was formerly a part of NPO Elektrofizka.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Nuclear physics; SIC Code: 3443, 3511,3621,3699,3845

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of Atomic Power

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2500. Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Oleg A. Gusev, Deputy Director for Electrotechnical Equipment Mikhail D. Veselov, Deputy Director for Economics

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1945

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: N/A.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Nuclear reactors and particle accelerators, laserselectric motors and other electric machines, generators for steam and gas turbines, and electricequipment spare parts and accessories.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Low-energy medical linear accelerators for cancertreatment and medical sterilization.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Housing, day care, kindergardens, medicalclinic, sports complex.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: . The Yefremov institute has been aparticipant in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor Project.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ZVEZDA JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: March 1995

ADDRESS: 193012, St. Petersburg, Russia Ultisa Babushkina, 123

Tel: (011-7-812) 262-0747, 262-0747; marketing dept. 262-8142; fax: (011-7-812) 267-4685,262-5518, marketing dept. 267-2364; Tele-type: 322183 KOLCO; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Joint Stock Company "ZVEZDA" is a high volumemanufacturer of light-weight high-speed diesel engines and diesel electric generating sets used insubmarines, torpedo, rocket and landing boats.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: high-speed light-weight diesel engines SICCode: 3519

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of Transportations

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 5,000; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Valery A. Radchenko, General Director, Vladimir F.Kopasevich, Director of Foreign- Economic Relations, Alexander V. Tyubin, CommercialDirector

OWNERSHIP: Joint stock company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1932

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Engines for tanks, submarines, torpedo,rocket-artillery boats and landing craft.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: High-speed, diesel engines from 500 to 1100 kw forlocomotive, truck, trawler, earthmover, hydrofoil boat use. Also diesel-electric generating setsfrom to 7350 kw and heavy duty pumping units.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Aluminium alloy castings to 400 kg.,steel and titanium forgings to 50 kg. Eighteen shops with the latest machining centers.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Engines for hydro-foil passenger ferries and largeUPS (un-interruptible power supplies).

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The plant has a fully developed socialservices infra-structure with kindergardens, clinics and swiming pools.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The plant exports its products to alarge number of overseas customers in many countries.



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