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Military



Directory of Russian Defense Enterprises in St. Petersburg and LeningradOblasts - Part 1


Produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Export Administration
July 1996

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • Admiralty Shipyard Joint Stock Company
  • All-russia Scientific Research and Design Institute of Energy Technology (Vnipiet)
  • The All-russia Scientific Research Institute of Transport Machinery Building Joint StockCompany (Vniitm)
  • All-russia Scientific Research Institute of Radio Equipment (Vniira) (Ausrire)
  • All-russia Scientific Research Institute of Television (Niitv)
  • Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau
  • Arsenal Design Bureau
  • Arsenal Joint Stock Company
  • Avangard Joint-stock Company
  • Baltic Plant Joint Stock Company
  • Baltsudoproekt Central Design Bureau
  • Central Design Bureau of Machine-building (Tskbm)
  • Central Scientific Research Institute for Materials (Tsniim)
  • Central Scientific Research Institute of Technology Of Shipbuilding
  • Design Bureau of Special Machine-building
  • Domen Scientific Research Institute
  • Electropribor Central Scientific Research Institute
  • Electroavtomatika Experimental Design Bureau
  • Gidropribor Central Scientific Research Institute
  • Granit Central Scientific Research Institute
  • Impuls Scientific Production Association
  • Izhorskiy Zavod Joint Stock Company
  • Kalinin Plant State Production Association
  • Kirov Plant Joint Stock Company
  • Klimov Plant Scientific Production Enterprise
  • Krasnaya Zarya State Production Association
  • Krasnaya Zarya Scientific Research Institute of Electrotechnical Supplies
  • Krasnoznamenetz State Scientific Production Enterprise
  • Krylov Central Scientific Research Institute
  • Leninets Holding Concern, Joint Stock Company
  • Leningrad Optical-mechanical Association (Lomo)


PROFILE OF KEY ELEMENTS

Each entry provides the following information:

ENTERPRISE NAME: This entry provides the name by which the enterprise ismostcommonly
known. We have also tried to provide the most commonly known alternative names of the
enterprise. Names of facilities in Russian can vary widely. At times, some enterpriseswere
known under the name of the building in which it was located or a location within a city. In
addition, many enterprises have changed their names over the past year.

ADDRESS/TELEPHONE: This entry provides the address in Russian format. Writingfirstis
suggested. When following up on a lead by mail, the addresses should be written in thefollowing
format, preferably in Russian, to assure proper delivery:

Country name in Russian Zip Code
City Street Name, Street
# Apartment/Office
# Addressee
(Name of company and contact)
Country name in English

Space is provided for telephone, telex, teletype, fax and Electronic Mail (E-Mail). Where no number appears, information will be added as it becomes available. The reliability of these numbers varies and the lines of communication are not always operating.

Telegrams are a useful and reliable mechanism for communications. Note that the Russian
communications system differentiates among telegraph, teletype, and telex. UseInternational Access Code "011" to place a station-to-station call and "00" for operator-assistedcalls (e.g., person-to-person calls).

The Russian term "TELEGRAPH' refers to a telegraphic address using the citycommunications
center, which delivers the telegram (comparable to sending a telegram via Western Union inthe
U.S.). The Russian term "TELETYPE" relates to the internal NIS (former Soviet Union)
telecommunications system directly to a terminal at an enterprise. The keyboard and printer arein
Cyrillic. Finally the Russian term "TELEX" means the international telextelecommunications
system directly to a terminal at an enterprise. The keyboard and printer are usually in Latin
characters. Some private information enterprises and most likely some citytelecommunications
centers offer a service of providing a manual interface between the Telex and Teletype or
Telegraph systems.

Increasingly, Russian government and enterprise officials are using Internet-compatibleE-Mail
(via domestic networks such as Relcom and international links such as SprintNet, Sovam
Teleport, etc.) to communicate quickly, reliably and conveniently. Following issuance ofthe
second installment, our own E-Mail has increased substantially, using the addresses listedtherein.
The process works!! Information sent via an E-mail file requires approximately five percentthe
size of the corresponding fax file. E-Mail also provides greater flexibility than faxtransmissions,
as messages can be stored until the receiving end is operating. Moreover, E-Mail rates maybe
less expensive than fax rates at the point of origin.

GENERAL OVERVIEW: This entry provides a general overview of theenterprisedetailingits
major products and technology.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: This lists the specific military focus of the enterprise(e.g.electronic
components) and provides the nearest equivalent U.S. Standard Industry Classification(SIC)
code(s) for it. When available, we intend to provide the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HS)
number(s).

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: In the past, one of several centralministries
controlled Soviet defense industry enterprises. The majority of defense plants in Russia todayare
now subordinate to, although not strictly controlled by the Russian Ministry of DefenseIndustry.

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: This provides the latest known number ofemployees. Today these figuresare
highly variable as many enterprises are in a state of flux as they restructure to adapt to anevolving
economic system.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: This lists the known principal officers of theenterprise (alongwiththeir titles) OWNERSHIP: Until the past year, the state owned all defense enterprises in Russia.With
the introduction of economic reforms, some have now become joint-stock companies as partof
the privatization process and others are leased. Where known, this entry indicates who ownswhat
share of joint-stock firms.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Date the enterprise was established. This informationmayprovidesome
indication of the age of some of the basic-infrastructure at the enterprise.

MILITARY PRODUCT LINE: This category lists products produced for themilitary.Again,this
may provide an indication of the types of technology available.

CIVILIAN PRODUCT LINE: This category lists products manufactured forciviluse.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Any knownsophisticatedfacilities,
equipment, or processes belonging to the enterprise are listed under this entry.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: This entry identifies any conversion plans oreffortscurrentlytaking
place at the enterprise.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: This will identify any human resourcessupport(e.g.,
housing, medical, child care) that the facility provides its work force. U.S. industry shouldtake
careful note of the additional financial burden these may impose on joint ventures and beprepared
to address this issue in negotiations.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: This provides any additional relevantinformation.For
example, if the facility is part of an association, this entry identifies the members of theassociation
and provides the basic information (e.g., number of employees, product lines) for each.

TRANSLATION OF RUSSIAN ABBRIEVIATIONS

NII - Scientific Research Institute (G) NPO - (State) Scientific Production Association (G) NPP-
(State) Scientific Production Enterprise AO - Joint Stock Company KB - Design Bureau ANTK-
Aviation Scientific Technical Complex PO - Production Association


ENTERPRISE NAME: ADMIRALTY SHIPYARD JOINT STOCKCOMPANY

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Obedineniye "Admiralteyskiye Verfi", LeningradskoyeAdmiralteyskoye
obedineniye (LAO), Admiralty Shipyards

ADDRESS: 190008, St Petersburg, Russia Naberezhnaya Reki Fontanki, 203AdmiraltyShipyard
Joint Stock Company

Telephone: (011-7-812) 114-09-81, 114-87-23, 216-88-31, 114-88-81, 216-72-49;216-76-07
(Commercial Director); 312-72-12 (General Director); Telex: 121202 RIF SU; Teletype:121721
RIF; Fax: (011-7-812) 311-13-71

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Admiralty yard in St. Petersburg is one of theoldest andlargest
shipyards in Russia. It was established as the New Admiralty yard in 1800, supplementingand
soon replacing the Main Admiralty yard that had been founded in the center of the city acentury
earlier, and was transferred to its current location as the Admiralty Shipyard in 1908. It wasa
major builder of battleships in the 19th century and submarines and cruisers in the 20th. Sincethe
mid-1950s its surface-ship facilities have specialized on large merchant ships, icebreakers,large
rescue and salvage ships, fish-factory ships, floating dry docks, and a few naval auxiliaries
(notably the three large missile range support ships of the Marshal Nedelin class). In 1966the
yard resumed submarine production with the delivery of a Victor I-class nuclear attacksubmarine,
and production of Victor II and Victor III-class nuclear and Kilo-class diesel submarines
followed. In 1972 Admiralty absorbed the Leningrad Shipbuilding and MechanicalEngineering
(Sudomekh) yard, located on the original site of the New Admiralty yard and a specialist in
submarine construction since the 1930s. The resulting entity was named the LeningradAdmiralty
Association. In recent years, Admiralty has produced numerous specialized submersibles,
including the civilian Sever-2 (1969), Tinro-2 (1972), Bentos (1975-1982), Tetis (1976),Osa,
Argus, and Osmotr (1988) types, plus the naval Lima, Uniform, Xray, Beluga, and Paltus classes.
Admiralty is still producing sea-going vessels, but it is also expanding into other technologiesand
products to support itself.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 2511, 2512, 2514, 2842,3061, 3366,3354,
3412, 3465, 3523, 3531, 3547, 3548, 3552, 3567, 3569, 3714, 3949

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the ShipbuildingIndustry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 10,000; Date: 1991

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladimir L. Aleksandrov, General Director Yegor V.Kozlov,
Commercial Director

OWNERSHIP: Admiralty recently became a joint-stock company.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1704

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Naval warships including nuclear anddiesel-powered
submarines and large auxiliaries.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Merchant ships; submersibles; ship componentsincludingdeck
installations, boilers, water piping, propellers, ductwork, electrical equipment, andstateroom
furniture; agricultural equipment including animal husbandry machines, grain elevators, andfodder
processing equipment; engineering and building maintenance services; motor vehiclecomponents;
industrial machinery and equipment including automated pneumatic systems, lubrication
equipment, filtration devices, rubber technology items, electrical equipment, and
servomechanisms; wood and metal office furniture; scrap and waste metals reprocessing;
containers; fiber processing machines; non-household plastic products; medicinal materials
including equipment and instruments; warm air heating and air-conditioning equipment;
construction materials; consumer products including tourist and sports equipment, dyes and
household chemicals, and household furniture.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: The yard's buildingwayscan
accommodate ships up 70,000 deadweight tons, 250 meters in length and 35 meters in width.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Admiralty is offering additional product lines,includingblast
furnaces and steel mill equipment, rolling mill machinery, welding apparatus, metalstampings,
aluminum extruded products, non-wire steel springs, measuring and controlling devices,metal
barrels, drums and pails, as well as reconstituted wood products.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALL-RUSSIA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ANDDESIGN INSTITUTE OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGY (VNIPIET)

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Vserossiyskiy nauchno-issledovatelskiy i proektnyyinstitut
energeticheskoy tekhnologii (VNIPIET); All-Union Design and Scientific Research Instituteof
Complex Power Engineering

ADDRESS: 197228, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Savushkina, 82

Tel.: (011-7-812) 239-1491 (Gen. Director); (812) 239-1991 (Technical Manager); Telex:N/A;
FAX: (011-7-812) 239-0393

GENERAL OVERVIEW: VNIPIET prepares designs and projectdocumentation forthe
construction, reconstruction, and technical refurbishment of atomic power stations. It is
associated with many major projects in this field, including design of the containmentsarcophagus
for the damaged reactor at Chernobyl. It also does design work for radiochemical,metallurgical,
mechanical, and instrument-engineering plants and performs research work ondecontamination
and removal of radioactive contamination and transportation of radioactive waste.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Nuclear Equipment Design; SIC Code: 3462; HS#:N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of MediumMachine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Edward K. Potyomkin, General Director VladimirP. Soroka, Asst. to Gen. Manager

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1946

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Design of nuclear equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Design of nuclear reactors and power plants.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Computers andcomputer-aided design equipment.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: VNIPIET is exploring possible uses of navyreactors for civilian purposes and is designing a facility to store fissionable material.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFO: N/A
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALL-RUSSIA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTE OF TRANSPORT MACHINE- BUILDING JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: VNIITM, VNIITransMash, Mobile VehicleEngineering Institute.

ADDRESS: 198323, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Zarechnaya, 2

Tel: (011-7-812) 135-9850, 135-9915; Fax : (011-7-812) 135-9837; 146-1618; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: This facility probably designed and built prototypesof tanks,including
the T-80, for the Kirov Plant Production Association. It is currently involved in the conversionof
tank technology for civilian applications. It is also the production facility for the RussianMars
rover, which is being developed in concert with the Babakin Center and the Institute forSpace
Research.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Tank design

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1269; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Eduard K. Potemkin, General Director Vladimir P.Soroka,Assistant
to Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint stock company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1930 KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Proto-type tanks

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Tracked transport vehicles, other commercialvehicles basedontank
technology, remotely- controlled vehicles, " moonrovers," planetary surface vehicles.

KEY TECH. & EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The institute has convertedspace for themanufacture oflog
structures.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: VNIITransMash participated in ademonstration ofa
Russian Mars rover at the NASA Ames Center in early 1993 in which the Russian hardwarewas
sucessfully connected to American software. The institute is located in the Krasnoselskiydistrict
at the southern edge of St. Petersburg and has set aside large amounts of productionfloorspace
for use by interested sub-contractors.
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALL-RUSSIA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTE OFRADIO
EQUIPMENT (VNIIRA) (AUSRIRE)

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Vserossiyskiy nauchnoissledovatelskiy institutradioapparaturiy,
All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Radio Equipment (AUSRIRE), VasileostrovskiyRadio
Apparatus Plant.

ADDRESS: 199106, St. Petersburg, Russia Shkiperskiy protok, 19

Tel: (011-7-812) 356-18-34; 351-17-07 (Chief Designer) 356-01-40, 351-13-15 (assoc.plant);
Telex: 121320 NAUKA SU; Fax: (011-7-812) 352-37-04, 352-37-51

GENERAL OVERVIEW: VNIIRA develops radio beacons, air navigationsystems,surveillance
and landing radars, air traffic-control systems, and IFF systems. It also develops techniquesto
render these systems immune to electronic warfare. VNIIRA-designed equipment is inoperation
throughout the former Soviet Union as well as among former Soviet client states, such asFinland,
Yugoslavia, Mongolia, Hungary, Germany and Czechoslovakia. VNIIRA has developed theonly
category-III approved microwave landing system (MLS) in the world. A five-channelGlobal
Positioning System (GPS) receiver and a four-channel Global Navigation Satellite System
(GLONASS) receiver developed by VNIIRA is being installed in Tu-204 and IL-114 airliners.
VNIIRA's facilities include a production plant at its main St.Petersburg location and two
subordinate design and production facilities in the Leningrad Oblast, one at Siverskaya and oneat
Zhigulyovsk.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Radio locating equipment; SIC Code: 3571, 3663,3812

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,000. Date: 1992.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Gennadiy N. Gromov, Chief Dsgnr.General, Pavel N.Konokotin,Chief
of Protocol Grp. OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1946

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Air navigation systems, pilot training systems,on-board
instrumentation systems for the Russian space program, outfitted military trucks and vanswith
electronic equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Weather radars, data processing equipment,automated airtraffic
control systems.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: VNIIRA is capable of fabricating digitalprocessing
devices utilizing gallium arsenide and semiconductor technology.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: GPS/GLONASS receivers, MLS systems

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Eight directors of VNIIRA havejoinedtogether toform
"Intra-Port," a small company that operates as a commercial front end to VNIIRA. Intra-Portis
intended to help VNIIRA gain access to western technology and to help facilitate personnel
matters. In 1990, VNIIRA began working with a U.S. avionics firm to prepare a proposal tothe
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration for the development of a microwave landing system.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALL-RUSSIA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTEOF
TELEVISION
(NIITV)

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAME: Beserossiskiy nauchnyy issledovateniy instituttelevideniye

ADDRESS: 194021, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Politekhnicheskaya, 22

Tel: (812) 247-4167, 247-3892; Fax: (812) 550-6509, Telex: 121140 VNIIT SU; Teletype:
322198 REKORD; E- mail: N/A;

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The All-Russia Scientific Research Institute ofTelevision isRussia's
pre-eminent organization for Russia's development of the research and equipment forproducing,
transmitting, and receiving TV programs, and for image processing in general.

PRIMARY BUSINESS : Television equipment.broadcasting studios; SIC Code: 3663,4833,
4899, 7812

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDIN. : Ministry of the Communications Equipment Industry.

APPROX. EMPLOYMENT: Total 3,000; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: MiKhail A. Grudinsky, Gerneral Director VladimirV.Kovanko,
Assistant to Director

OWNERSHIP: 100 percent state-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1943

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Imaging equipment for global weatherforecastingnetworks,
television equipment for use in space, ultra-violet and infra-red cameras, underwaterimaging
equipment, and ground stations for satellite communications.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Television cameras, video cameras, microphonesandequipment,
telescope imaging enhancement, TV broadcasting studios, Video measurement equipment;
medical instruments and television systems for microsurgery.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : Image processing, television andsatellite commn.
equipment; SIC Code: 3651, 3651, 3663, 3671, 3812, 3826, 4841

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Fifty percent of output goes tomilitary and50percent
to civilian production. The institute relies on 300 to 400 suppliers. It is the preeminent institutein
Russia for imaging technology ranging from space stations to underwater exploration. Inaddition
to the facility in St. Petersburg proper, the Institute has two other facilities: a 95,800 sq.meter
facility in Vyborg consisting of a 25,000 sq. meter laboratory production building, 8500 sq.meter
production building, a 25,400 sq. meter assembly and testing building and a 5,000 sq. meter
industrial complex currently under construction; as well as a 15,700 sq. meter facility in the
Krasnoselsky region consisting of two laboratory production buildings. The institute isinterested
in working with U.S. companies. However, it does not have a specific enterprise. At this time,it
proposes offering a highly trained staff of scientists, engineers and technicians, industrialspace,
raw material and energy resources from its research division. In exchange, it seeksinvestment
from U.S. companies which would include modernized equipment and expertise inmanufacturing,
production, marketing and essentially every aspect of trade with western partners. The joint
cooperation may include assembly and tuning operations, consumer goods, television andvideo
cameras, for personal and professional use, as well as complex television production equipment.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ALMAZ CENTRAL MARINE DESIGNBUREAU

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Tsentralnoye morskoye konstruktorskoye byuro(TsMKB)"Almaz,"
CMDB Almaz.

ADDRESS: 199155, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Uralskaya, 19

Tel.: (011-7-812) 350-2983, 359-0239; Telex: N/A; Fax: (011-7-812) 350-9430

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Almaz is a leading designer of high-speed combatships andboats,
including dynamically supported craft (hydrofoils, hovercraft, and surface-effect ships). Almazis
the designer of the Dergach missile air cushion vehicle, the Nanuchka and Tarantul-classmissile
corvettes, the Matka-class missile hydrofoil, the Pauk-class anti-submarine warfare vessel, andthe
Pomornik-class air cushion vehicle.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 373, 3731; HS#: N\A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry APPROX.
EMPLOYMENT: Total: 600; Date: 1992.

PRINCIPAL OFFICER: Alexander Vasilevich Shlyakhtenko, Head and Chief Designer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1940

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Designs for small surface combatants,includinghydrofoil,
air-cushion, and surface-effect ships.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Designs for fast passenger hydrofoils, air-cushionvehicles,surface
effect ships, fast ferries, and others.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Almaz has developed surface-effect ships to beused asfastferries
for civilian use (Project"Mistral").

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The "Dergach," designed by Almaz, istheworld's
largest surface-effect ship.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ARSENAL DESIGN BUREAU

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: KB Arsenal

ADDRESS: 195009, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Komsomola, 1/3

Tel: (011-7-812) 542-2973, 542-2252; Telex: 121608 ARS SU; Teletype: 122774 GROT;Fax:
(011-7-812) 542-2060

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Arsenal Design Bureau is engaged in researchanddevelopment
and manufacturing of satellites and devices for space research and space-borne environment
monitoring. It is collocated with the Arsenal Joint Stock Company .

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Space, Artillery; SIC Code: 3585, 3663, 4899; HS#:N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,500; Date: 1996.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vitaliy Sychev, General Director Boris IvanovichPoletayev,Director
Yuriy Fedorovich Valov, Deputy Director Boris Ivanovich Poletayev, Chief Designer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1949

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Satellites.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Design of satellites for scientific research, incooperationwiththe
Russian Academy of Sciences. Design of commercial satellite projects, including "Taxi"
(piggybacking a customer's payload on a launch vehicle carrying a primary payload);"Platform"
(custom-made space stations for scientific and commercial use accomodating payloads of up to4
tons); and "Precursor" (Predvestnik), a satellite system for earthquake forecasting andmonitoring
of seismic activity. KB "Arsenal" also develops large refrigerating systems for storagefacilities
and warehouses.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Welding, high-vacuum processes,CAD-CAM,treatment
and processing of light metals and light metal alloys.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The Arsenal Design Bureau is focusing itsconversioneffortson
civilian satellite projects, satellite launch services, development of new types of internal
combustion engines, camping stoves, electric samovars and propulsion systems. HUMAN
RESOURCES SUPPORT: Arsenal sponsors an in-house program for scientific andtechnical
training of employees.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Arsenal has close links with theRussianaerospace
industry.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ARSENAL JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO "Arsenal," PO "Arsenal" imeni M. V. Frunze

ADDRESS: 195009, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Komsomola, 1/3

Tel: (011-7-812) 542-28-46, 542-70-77; 542-36-30 (Deputy Director), 542-71-27 (Deputy
General Director for Foreign Economic Ties); Telex: 121608 ARS SU; FAX: (011-7-812)
542-71-27; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Historically, a major producer of artillery, theArsenal JointStock
Comapany also produces a variety of complex mechanical equipment, such as compressor
stations, refrigeration and gas equipment, extrusion machines, and satellite platforms. It is
collocated with the Arsenal Design Bureau. It is composed of 5 separate administrativeentities:
two civilian production operations, a military production operation, a technical supportfacility,
and a commercial center.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Artillery; SIC Code: 3489, 3542, 3585, 3679; HS#:N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDIN. :. Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 8,000; Date: 1996.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vyacheslav G. Petrov, General Director, VladimirI.Grigorieu,Deputy
Director Mikhail A. Myslin, Deputy Director Aleksandr N. Chlennikov, Deputy Director PetrS.
Kushnir, Deputy General Director, Foreign Economic Ties

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1719

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: 110mm naval guns.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: High-purity liquid nitrogen production equipment,autonomous
thermal power plants with Stirling-type engines, special-purpose mobile screw compressors,
extrusion equiptment, hydraulic pumps, precision machine tools & toys.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Welding, high vacuum processes,CAD-CAM,treatment
and processing of light metals and light metal alloys.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The plant is expanding its production of aircompressors,medical
instruments, and household appliances, and is introducing the production of refrigeration
equipment. It produces gas pistols used for self-defense. Only 45 percent of Arsenal'sorders
come from the defense sector.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Arsenal sponsors an in-house program forscientific &tech.
training of employees, and supports kindergartens & medical clinics.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Arsenal has a large capacity forfurthergrowthand
owns tracts of land outside of St. Petersburg. It is collocated with the Arsenal DesignBureau.
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: AVANGARD JOINT-STOCK COMPANYLASTUPDATE:December
1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye Obshcnestvo "Avangard", AO"Avangard",NPO
"Avangard",

ADDRESS: 195271, St. Petersburg, Russia Kondratyevskiy prospekt, 72

Tel: (011-7-812) 540-1550, 540-1955, 543-9545, 544-6901; Fax: (011-7-812) 540-1844;
Telex:121431 NTS SU; Teletype: 122299 GNOM; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Avangard was the leading enterprise of the formerMinistryofthe
Radio Industry, developing and manufacturing high precision special electronic componentsfor
communications systems, satellites, and military rockets. Avangard consists of tworesearch
institutes and two production plants which develop and produce components forelectronics,
processing equipment, and instrumentation for the instrument-making industry.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronics; SIC Code: 3663, 3674, 3679, 3695, 3812,3823,3825,
3829

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vakhtang P. Koveshnikov, General DirectorKonstantin B.Sukhomlin,
Dir. Econ. Dev . Anatoly I. Artemiev, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: Joint-Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1948

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: High precision electronic components formilitary
communication systems, satellites, & missile systems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Laser optical video disks, all-wave TV channelselectors, &electronic
components for civil applications.

KEY TECHNOLOGY/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Avangard Joint Stock Company has proposedjointengineering
development of a method for annealing structural defects in semiconductor or dielectriccrystals
using acoustical oscillations at room temperature. They have stated that they have carriedout
basic research work and obtained samples of a structure that had a low defect concentrationlevel,
and that the technique makes possible annealing crystal defects virtually on every stage of adevice
fabrication process, allowing a noise level decrease, higher charge carrier mobility, andimproved
amplification of a device. Avangard has also developed microelectronic chemical sensorsfor
environmental protection applications and lavistor semiconductor instruments withenhanced
radiation resistance for work in high radiation zones.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Avangard has been involved in a jointprojectwith27
Russian and German research institutes and companies to develop new gas sensors. The
Avangard staff includes 9 doctors of science and more than 60 candidates of science.
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: BALTIC PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye Obshsnestvo "Baltiyskiy zavod," AOBaltiyskiyzavod,
Baltic Shipyard, Baltic Works, Baltiyskiy zavod imeni Sergo Ordzhonikidze

ADDRESS: 199026, St. Petersburg, Russia Kosaya Liniya, 16

Telephone: (011-7-812) 217-95-80, 217-93-06, 217-93-00, 217-93-75, 217-10-79(Director);
Telex: 121141 BSHL SU; Fax: (011-7-812) 217-22-96, 217-29-06; E-Mail: N/A; Teletype:
122581 VINT

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Baltic Plant is one of the largest shipyards in theformerSoviet
Union. It is capable of building merchant ships up to 45,000 deadweight tons and nuclear
powered cruisers. The Baltic Plant Production Association was formed in 1989 by the mergerof
the Baltic Shipyard and a special design bureau for boiler construction. It became ajoint-stock
company in 1993.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 3443, 3556, 3585, 3589,3731; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total:12,000; Date: 1990.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Oleg B. Shulyakovskiy, General Director E.I.Koshelev,Deputy
General Director Y.I. Lopatin, Deputy Manager

OWNERSHIP: Joint-stock. The sale of shares began in March 1993.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1856

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Kirov-class nuclear-powered cruisers. CIVILPRODUCT
LINES: Merchant ships; chemical tankers; nuclear-powered icebreakers; quick-freezingunits;
cooking boilers; sausage-making machines. The shipyard has presented designs for 40,000dwt
double hull tankers.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: The shipyard has two open slipways:one of250m x30m
and a second of 375m x 40.5m. The latter is one of the largest in the former USSR. Theyard
also has shops for castings and production of ship components such as large shafts and propellers.
Transport and storage of steel sections not suited for units of more than approximately 80metric
tons. Outfitting quay served by four cranes of 50 mt capacity; another 11 cranes of 50 mt
capacity serve the two open building ways.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Merchant ships; chemical tankers.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Baltic Plant Joint Stock Companyis alsoafounder
of the Transokeanik Joint-Stock Society along with the Nevskoye Design Bureau. Transokeanik's
role is to establish a maritime passenger line between St. Petersburg and New York,primarily
aimed at businessmen.
___________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: BALTSUDOPROEKT CENTRAL DESIGNBUREAU

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: TsKB BALTSUDOPROEKT, TsentralnoyeKonstruktorskoyeByuro
"Baltsudoproekt"

ADDRESS: 190068, St. Petersburg, Russia, KanalGriboyedova, 90

Tel: (011-7-812) 310-34-23, 314-21-75, 314-11-71; Fax: (011-7-812) 314-00-95 Telex:121345
PTB SU FOR VATMAN E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The enterprise designs various types of civilian andspecializedmilitary
ships.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Ship Design; SIC Code: 8711

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Shipbuilding industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 750; Date: 1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Nikolay N. Rodionov, Director Valery N. Kruglov,TechnicalDirector

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1925

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Design of special-purpose ships for theNavy.

CIVIL PRODUCTS LINES: Design of fishing and cargo ships; container ships,passengerferries
and tugboats. KEY TECH. / EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: N/A.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Development of floating diesel-electricpower-generatingstations.
OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Ships designed by Baltsudoproekt arebeingbuiltat
different shipyards in St. Petersburg, Kerch (Ukraine), and other cities in Russia.
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: CENTRAL DESIGN BUREAU OFMACHINE-BUILDING(TsKBM)

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Tsentralnoye konstruktorskoye byuromashinostroyeniya(TsKBM)

ADDRESS: 195272, St. Petersburg, Russia Krasnogvardeyskaya Ploshchad,3

Telephone:; N/A; Fax: N/A; Telex: N/A; Teletype: 122817 DELTA; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Central Design Bureau of Machine-Building(TsKBM)is
responsible for the design, research, and prototype development of industrial gas centrifugesfor
uranium isotope separation. It is involved in gaseous diffusion technology and thermionics, andis
also developing thermionic space-based nuclear power reactors in the "Topaz" series.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Nuclear fuel processing & reactor design; SIC Code:2421,2426,3429,
3563, 3567, 3675, 3821

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of MediumMachine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,500-2,000; Date: 1991.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladimir P. Nikitin, Chief Yevgeniy Sokolov, FirstDeputyDirector

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1945

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Prototypes of gas centrifuges for uraniumisotopeseparation,
TEC-3 portable 1.2 megawatt nuclear power reactors, fuel loading machines for RBMKreactors
(high-power channel reactors), equipment for uranium enrichment, uranium and uranium
products, and nuclear submarine reactor cooling pumps.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Turbo-molecular pumps for the chemical industry,microelectronic
components, and furniture.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: In 1991 TsKBM was authorized to useWestern
technology and equipment in its manufacturing processes.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: TsKBM began about 1989 to produceturbo-molecularpumpsfor
the chemical industry, microelectronics components, a deep vacuum system to ensure thepurity
of microelectronics materials produced at the facility and at other plants throughout Russia,and
furniture.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: TsKBM, together with the KurchatovAtomicEnergy
Institute, Moscow, and the Luch Scientific Production Association, Podolsk, developed the
"Topaz-2", a small nuclear reactor capable of powering various types of spacecraft for periodsof
up to five years. The program was stopped for lack of funds, but the InternationalScientific
Production Corporation, a U.S. firm, has proposed a joint project to use Topaz systems incivilian
space programs.
____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTEFOR MATERIALS (TsNIIM)

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Tsentralniy Naucnyy Issledovatelniy InstitutMaterialov

ADDRESS: 191014, St. Petersburg, Russia Ultisa Paradraya, 8

Tel.: (011-7-812) 271-4972 (Gen. Director), 271-2288 (Deputy Director); Fax: (011-7-812)110-7660, Telex: 121345 PTB SU; Teletype: N/A; E-mail: dmitry@ crim.spb.su

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Central Scientific Research Institute of Materialsconducts research and development of a wide variety of materials, including steels, alloys, andcomposites, for military weapon programs and space programs.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: materials research; SIC Code: 2821, 3479, 3531,3532, 3556, 3679

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 300; Date:1994

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Boris Ivanovich Poletayev, Director Yuri FedorovichValov, Deputy Director

OWNERSHIP: state-owned.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1912

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Development of aircraft, missiles, andspace-related products from steel alloys, and composite materials and equipment for theirproduction.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Development of high-strength structural steels andalloys; high-temperature alloys, including superalloys; materials with special properties, includingdamping, magnetic properties, low coefficient of thermal expansion, and shape memory effects;ceramic structural and electrical insulating materials; ceramic resistant to molten metal; metal,ceramic, carbon, and poymer matrix composites; tool steels and alloys, including powdermetallurgy materials, for cutting tools and dies; protective, wear-resistant electrolytic, thermallysprayed. Plasma vacuum coatings; and various welding processes including underwater weldingequipment,

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Technologies and equipment forproduction of materials for special purpose equipment (machinery).

CONVERSION PROJECT: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The principal mission of the Institutehas been the development of materials and process technology aimed at the defense and spaceindustry. The institute is now focussing its resources on establishing joint development programswith private sector companies in Russia and Western countries. ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTEOF TECHNOLOGY OF SHIPBUILDING

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAME: TsNII of the Technology of Shipbuilding, CentralScientific ResearchInstitute of Shipbuilding

ADDRESS: 198095, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Promyshlennaya, 7

Telephone: (011-7-812) 186-0401, 186-0522 (international dept.), 186-1600; Fax: (011-7-812)186-0459; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Central Scientific Research Institute of theTechnology of Shipbuilding is Russia's principal research and development center for advancedmaterials, metallurgical processes, and fabricating techniques for the shipbuilding industry inRussia. It launches and tests ships.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Development of shipbuilding techniques. It alsodesigns special purpose equipment for shipyards and other industries; SIC Code: 3731, 8711

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2,000; Date: December 1995.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladmir D. Gorbach, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1939

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Develops advanced materials and productiontechnology, including production equipment, for ships and submarines.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Techniques for analyzing and reducing vibrationand noise in industrial and residential buildings. It assembles equipment and mechanisms forships. It does interior decoration for ships.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Laboratories for the study of vibrationand sound.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

OTHER REVELANT INFORMATION: The Institute was formerly part of theRITM ScientificProduction Association. It is interested in developing new projects in software, specializedlighting, automation, vibration reduction and noise abatement areas. The enterprise is willing toorganize and hold international and regional exhibitions, symposiums and seminars. Theenterprise is a founder of several scientific societies.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: DESIGN BUREAU FOR SPECIALMACHINE-BUILDING

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALT. NAMES: Konstruktorskoye byuro spetsialnogo mashinostroyeniya(KBSM)

ADDRESS: 194223, St Petersburg, Russia Lesnoy Prospekt, 64

Tel. : (011-7-812) 245-5113 (Construction Design Manager), 245-5133 (Technical Manager);245-3133, 542-8392; Telex: 321223 PIK; Fax: 245-3618; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: KBSM undertakes scientific research and designwork for various machines, mechanisms, and mechanical engineering equipment, including largeload-bearing structures requiring heavy-duty shock-absorbing or high-pressure pneumaticsystems.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Engineering. design; SIC Code: 8711; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of General Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2,000; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Nikolay A. Trofimov, Constr. Dsgn. Mgr. VladimirG. Doblenkov, Chief Engineer

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1947

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Engineering for large-scale militarystructures.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Shock-absorbing systems for nuclear power plantsand other large civil engineering structures.

KEY TECHNOLOGIES/EQUIPMENT EMPLOYED: Pneumatichigh-pressure sealed cylinders,computer-assisted calculations, slow-motion filming of high-speed processes, production controltechnology for dynamic load structures.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Protection of installations against earthquakes. The active and passive shock-absorbing systems developed at KBSM are based upon a number ofinventions and are competitive with Japanese systems. Planning is being undertaken forearthquake protection in California and Hawaii.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFO: N/A

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: DOMEN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: NII "Domen", Domain Research Institute.

ADDRESS: 196084 St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Chernigovskaya, 8

Telephone: (011-7-812), 294-7143, 294-8033, 297-2334; Telex:121014 FERCO SU; Teletype:N/A; Fax:(011-7-812) 298-3497

GENERAL OVERVIEW: NII Domen is well known for its ferrite materials,components, and devices, which are important elements of radioelectronic systems such as radars,radioastronomy, telecommunications, and of many others.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronics; SIC Code: 3264, 3643, 3679, 3824

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Electronics Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Valeriy V. Filippov, Director General

OWNERSHIP: N/A

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1969

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Microwave ferrite materials and components,microwave and millimeter wave equipment for radar and space communications.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Opto-electronics, development and production ofprototypes of piezoelectric devices and electromechanical filters, indicators, coils, ferrites andmagneto-dielectics, electric connectors, switching and wiring articles.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: This Research Institute was formerlypart of the Ferrite Scientific Production Association.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: ELEKTROPRIBOR CENTRAL SCIENTIFICRESEARCH INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Tsentralniy nauchnyy issledovazelskiy institute "Elecktropribor", TsNIIElektropribor.

ADDRESS: 197046, St. Petersburg, Russia, Ulitsa Malaya Posadskaya, 30

Tel: (011-7-812) 232-5915, 232-3118 (plant); Fax: (011-7-812) 232-3376, 232-7467 (Plant),E-Mail: N/A; Telex: N/A; Teletype: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Elektropribor Central Scientific Research Institute is a highly regarded organization specializing in the design and manufacture ofgyroscopic systems for naval and commercial vessels. It has an experimental productionplant.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Gyroscope development; SIC Code: 3511, 3577,3625, 3679, 3728, 3731

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,200 employees (including"Azimut-Electropribor" Experimental Production Plant); Date: December 1995

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladimir G. Peshekhonov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1927

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Design of gyroscopic systems for submarinesand surface vessels.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Design of low power wind generators, medicalequipment and ship stabilizers for satellite TV antennae and scanners.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A____________________________________

Enterprise:"ELEKTROAVTOMATIKA" EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN BUREAU

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALT. NAMES: Electoavtromatika OKB

ADDRESS: 198095, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Marshala Govorova, 40

Tel: (011-7-812) 252-1398; Fax: (011-7-812) 252-3817; Telex: N/A; E-mail: N/A.

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Elektroavtomatika is involved in the development ofelectronic systems for Russian military and civil aircraft. Specific types of products produced byElektroavtomatika include include digital displays, flight management systems (for civil, militaryand space applications), airborne computers for civil and military applications, airborneinstrumentation and simulators, as well as the software used in various computers andsystems.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Electronics; SIC Code: 3571, 3679, 3728, 3812,7371

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,000; Date: December 1995

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Pavel P. Paramonov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1946

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Digital displays, flight management systems,airborne computers, missile guidance systems and software.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Digital displays, flight management systems,airborne computers, simulator systems and software.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: The principal approach of Elektroavtomatika inthe conversion area is the commercial application for its current products including foreigncustomers.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVENT INFORMATION: Elektroavtomatika has formed two joint ventures: -- in1993 with Astronautics Corporation and Kearfott Guidance (USA). AKE is involved in designand development of control and display units, flight instrument systems, and flight managementsystems for civil aircraft; -- in 1995 with CATIC (CHINA) LC Ltd., is engaged in airbornecomputer production, soft ware design, commercial electronics design and production.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: GIDROPRIBOR CENTRAL SCIENTIFICRESEARCH INSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: February 1996 ALTERNATE NAMES: Tsentralniynauchnyy issledovatelniy institut "Gidropribor", TsNII Gidropribor

ADDRESS: 194175, St. Petersburg, Russia Bolshoi Sampsonievsky Prospect,24

Tel: (011-7-812) 248-1032, 248-2884, 248-2703; Fax:: (011-7-812) 542-4663; Telex: n/a;Teletype: 121338 MORE; E-Mail: gidroprb@ sovam. com

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Gidropribor is a leading institute in the developmentof types of marine underwater techniques. The main activity of the institute is fundamentalresearch in the areas of hydro-gas dynamics, hydro-acoustics, hydro-mechanics, management andstabilization of automatic systems.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Underwater equipment development; SIC Code: 3569,3731, 3812

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 2,300; Date: 1995.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Oleg Alekseyevich Ivanov, Director Leonid I.Voronin, Assistant Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1944

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Underwater naval weapons

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Hydro-acoustic equipment, mobile underwaterautomatic station, self-contained ecological monitoring stations, wireless systems forhydro-acoustic control of underwaterdevices and vessels, medical and agricultural equipment.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Underwater acoustic R&D, underwaterrobotics.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A.

_________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: GRANIT CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: TsNII Granit, Tsentralniy nauchno-issledovatelskiy institut "Granit"

ADDRESS: 191014, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Gospitalnaya, 3

Tel: (011-7-812) 271-6756 Fax : (011-7-812) 274-6339 E- Mail: peter@oliv.sbnet.ru

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Granit is a research institute specializing innaval-related electronic control systems.

PRODUCT SPECIALTY: Electronic control and detection systems; SIC Code: 3625, 3761,3825, 3826, 3829

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION : Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,500; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladimir A. Nikoltsev, Director

OWNERSHIP: state-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1921

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Development of missile guidance systems,ship-based fire-control systems and non-acoustic means of ship detection.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Cardiac monitoring equipment, automobilecommunication systems.

KEY TECH./ EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: IMPULS SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTIONASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPO Impulse

ADDRESS: 195220 St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Obruchevykh, 1

Tel: (011-7812) 243-9765, 530-9343 (Experimental Plant); Fax : (011-7-812) 243-9642, (Expl.Plant), E- Mail: N/A; telex: 121033 IMPL; Teletype: 321205 BARK

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Impuls Scientific Production Associationdevelops and produces combat control systems for missile- and space-launch complexes, as wellas information processing systems. It includes an experimental plant and an experimental designbureau. PRIMARY BUSINESS: Combat control systems.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDIN. : Ministry of General Machine BuildingAPPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 4,161; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Boris G. Mikhailov, Director Vyacheslav V.Onishchenko, Head of the Foreign Relations Department.

OWNERSHIP: state-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1960

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Combat control systems and informationciphering equipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Microwave ovens.

KEY TECH. / EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A CONVERSION PROJECTS:N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: N/A ____________________________________ ENTERPRISE NAME: IZHORSKIY ZAVOD JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye obshchestvo "Izhorskiy Zavod", AO Izhorskiy Zavod;Izhora Plant, Izhora Plant Joint Stock Company

ADDRESS: 189630, St. Petersburg (Kolpino), Russia Prospekt Lenina, 1

Tel: (011-7-812) 481-8110, 481-8102 (Gen. Director), 481-8110, 481-8150 (Director of ForeignTrade Firm); Telex: 121435 IZHORA SU; Teletype: 321613 MARTEN; Fax:(011-7-812)463-9269 (Director of Foreign Trade Firm)

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Izhora Plant was established in 1722 by theRussian Navy on the Izhora River as a sawmill. Today its joint stock company is one of theleading metallurgical and machine-building enterprises in Russia with 20 separate plants anddepartments. The company is one of three major builders of nuclear reactors in the former SovietUnion, and it makes heavy machinery and numerous other products for both the military andcivilian sectors. The main facility, located in the St. Petersburg suburb of Kolpino, consisted in1991 of four large divisions and one smaller division. A foreign trade firm was created in 1987 tomarket the firm's products in international markets, and the firm currently exports to more than 20countries. Five design bureaus are also part of the company. Orders for military productsdeclined drastically by the early 1990s and the plant's production lines for armored vehiclecomponents were reportedly idle in early 1993. The Izhora Plant is a founding member of the St.Petersburg Military Industrial Corporation, set up in mid-1992 to earn capital for conversion ofdefense plants to civilian production.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Heavy machines, nuclear reactors; SIC Code: 3325,3369, 3443, 3463, 3469, 3511, 3531, 3599, 3621, 3634

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of Heavy Machine-Building

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 22,616; Date: 1993.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladimir G. Vasilyev, General Director Deonisii D.Stepanyuk, Director of Foreign Trade Firm Alexander I. Baranov, Deputy Director of ForeignTrade Firm

OWNERSHIP: Joint stock. Share of OWNERSHIP: 75%state, 25% private.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1722

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Armor; armored vehicle hulls; tank turrets;tank track wheel assemblies; nuclear reactors for submarines; titanium for submarine hulls.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Articles rolled, hammered and pressed fromtitanium alloys; 300 varieties of steel castings; propeller shafts; excavators and other largemachines; equipment for mineral oil handling; reactors, generators and other equipment for atomicpower stations; turbine and turbine generator sets and rotors; automobile mufflers; kitchenutensils; fabricated plate work.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: The plant has facilities for hammerforging and pressing, rolling steel pipes and plates, electroplating, and thermal treating. Technology for vacuum welding of hard alloys and steel was installed in 1988. The Izhora Plantis also constructing a 125-ton capacity electric arc melting facility, which is to be completed inmid- to late 1993. Special vehicles are used to transport radioactive isotopes.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Storage tanks for various types of fuel began tobe produced following the decline in military orders in the late 1980s, as well as containers fornuclear waste. Izhora also plans to increase its steel production during the 1990s.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Medical center, rest house, sportscomplex, culture club, tourist sanitary center, and 12 hostels.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Izhoraskiy Zavod Joint StockCompany has an agreement with a U.S. firm for joint venture production of pipe molds and otherproducts. It also has two similar joint ventures, known as IZMET, with the French firms SIBCOand SOCONET. The French steel company SADEFA is marketing IZMET's products in theWest. Izhora is also reportedly involved in a joint venture with the U.S. firm Bechtel and theSouth Korean firm Lucky Development Company to build an electronics plant to produce homeappliances and a business complex consisting of a hotel, apartments, and a shopping center. Thejoint venture also involves development of chemical and lumbering plants in St. Petersburg, aswell as other basic industries in Russia. The firm has a contract with a university in the U.S. for amanagement training exchange program. It also has an agreement for management consultingservices with Bechtel Civil. Since the late 1980s, Izhorskiy has been part of the Leningrad (St.Petersburg) Energomash Energy Corporation, a State Interbranch Production Association(GMPO) that consolidates as many as 15 enterprises in the field of power equipment, includingnuclear reactor production facilities.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: KALININ PLANT STATE PRODUCTIONASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: PO Zavod imeni M.I. Kalinina,

ADDRESS: 199155, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Uralskaya, 1 Tel:(011-7-812) 350-1176, 350-8704, 350-0243 (Commercial Director), 350-1354 (Director); Telex:N/A; Fax: (011-7-812) 352-5735, 351-8752

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kalinin Plant State Production Associationproduces munitions for the military. It is now involved in large scale conversion from military tocivil production.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Munitions; SIC Code: 2353, 3431, 3534, 3552, 3559,3563, 3629, 3634, 3651, 3679, 7371, 7372, 7382

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 5,100; Date: 1993.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Alexsandr V. Zakharov, Director Sergei V. Sazonkin,Commercial Director Aleksandr G. Sergeyev, Chief Designer, Consumer Goods Department

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Munitions

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Computer programming services and prepackagedsoftware, environmental controls, medical instruments, radio receivers, televisions (including the"Kvarts" black and white set), home audio equipment (such as the "Static" stereo system, the"Kvazar" cassette player, the "Forum" bass-booster amplifier, and other stereo cassette players),general purpose communications equipment, tape recorders, TEMP-1 portable tire-inflationcompressor, pneumatic-hydraulic car jacks, automotive compressors, sanitation apparatus,household appliances (including "Stezhok" sewing machine, cutlery, fans, and other householdimplements), haberdashery articles, satellite television dishes, battery chargers, electric razors,curling irons, and electronic home security alarms.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: At an exhibition of medical products, Kalininproposed the production of taxnonometers for experimental automatic pressure-measuringdevices.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Kalinin owns several buildings locatedalong an adjacent riverfront and is considering converting them into an apartment-hotel complexto be owned by the facility.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: One of Kalinin's manufacturingfacilities - located on its grounds - is a semi-independent privatized entity whose production isexclusively sold to Kalinin in exchange for manufacturing space. Almost all of the assemblycomponents for Kalinin's civil product lines, including plastic molding, electric motors, andelectronics, are built on-site. Production floor space totals about 76,000 square meters.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: KIROV PLANT JOINT STOCK COMPANY

LAST UPDATE: February 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Aktsionnernoye obshchestvo "Kirovskiy zavod," AO Kirovskiy zavod,Kirovskiy zavodProduction Association; Key Facilities: Kirovskiy mashinostroitelnyy imetallurgicheskiy zavod (Kirovskiy Znamya Oktyabr zavod, Kirov Plant), St. Petersburg;,Gorelovo; Transmash Plant, Tikhvin.

ADDRESS: 198097, St. Petersburg, Russia Prospekt Stachek, 47

187500, Tikhvin, Russia (Leningrad Oblast) Transmash Plant

Tel: (011-7-812), 183-8434, 183-8001, 184-3553, 292-9558, 316-9558, 671-1933, 1-35-42(Transmash Plant); Telex: 121416 POWER SU, 121416 LADOGA, 322326 DIZEL (TransmashPlant); Fax: (011-7-812) 252-04-16; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Kirov Plant Joint Stock Company is a majorproducer of tractors and steam turbines for both the military and civilian markets. It has alsodesigned and produced tanks for the military. It is a vertically-integrated association that alsoproduces its own steel, its own sheet metal, and its own forgings and stampings. The maincomponent of the Kirov Plant Production Association is the Kirov Plant proper, the largest andoldest industrial complex in St. Petersburg. Other components of the Kirov Plant ProductionAssociation include and the Transmash Plant in Tikhvin. The Kirov Plant ceased producing tanksin November 1991. It continues to produce turbines, tractors, construction machinery, and rolledsteel. Tikhvin produces castings, as well as machinery, spare parts, and consumer goods.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Heavy vehicles, turbines; SIC: 3316, 3462,3511,3519, 3531, 3537; HS #: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Defense Industry

EMPLOYMENT: 50,000; Date: 1991.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Pyotr G. Semenenko, President Aleksandr V.Kruglov, Director of International Relations Company, Yevgeny Sergeyevich Malyshev, General Director, Transmash Plant

OWNERSHIP: Joint-stock company Employees acquired 75 percentof thestock and 10 percent of the stock was sold to foreign investors.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1801, as the Putilov Works/Foundry.

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: T-80 tanks, PION self-propelled artillery gun,turbines for naval surface vessels and submarines, silent reduction gears for submarines.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Turbines for electric power generation; circulatingpumps for nuclear power stations; industrial and agricultural tractors ("KIROVETS"-K-700 andK-701M); construction machinery, including bulldozers, cranes, front-end loaders, and canaldigging machinery; automated packaging machinery for agriculture; machines for the miningindustry, road construction, and the repair of oil wells and oil pipelines; consumer goods includingkitchen appliances (juice pressers, meat grinders), window locks, and children's swings.

KEY TECH./EQUIPMT. EMPLOYED: Numerically-controlled machine tools.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Conversion activity includes large-scaleproduction of household appliances and other consumer goods. An effort is underway to producemini-tractors and attachments (K-20, using 35 horsepower engines from Germany) for smallfarms. Kirov is beginning production of municipal service vehicles. It produces annually about21,000 225- and 300-HP tractors, 600,000 meat grinders, and 400,000 juice pressers.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Employee housing, recreation centers,sport centers, a sanitarium, and a subsidiary agricultural farm.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Kirov has approached Ford,Volkswagen, and General Motors in an aggressive effort to obtain a Western partner for jointautomobile production. An automotive joint-venture with Mitsubishi of Japan may already existin facilities at Gorelovo that were built, but never used, for tank assembly. Production of smallmulti-purpose tractors through a joint venture has also been considered. Production of jeepsthrough a joint venture is also being considered. Kirov is also studying the possibility ofwheelchair production. In 1993, Kirov entered into a joint venture with the German firmLandteknik AG of Schonebeck for production of "Maral" grain combines, a German designsuitable for use in Russian fields. ____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: KLIMOV PLANT SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTIONENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: NPP "Zavod imeni V. Ya. Klimova," Leningradskoye NPO imeni V. Ya.Klimova, Klimov Design Bureau, Klimov Corporation, Izotov Engine Design Bureau, KlimovMachine-Building Plant

ADDRESS: 194100, St. Petersburg, Russia Kantemirovskaya Ulitsa, 1

Tel: (011-7-812) 245-3366, 245-0115, 245-4315; Telex: N/A; Fax: (011-7-812) 245-4329;E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Founded by V. Ya. Klimov, the design bureaumoved to its present location after World War II. It was also known for a time as the IzotovDesign Bureau after S.P. Izotov, chief designer following Klimov. After Izotov's death in 1983the design bureau returned to its original name. The bureau is co-located with its ownexperimental prototype plant, the Klimov Machine-Building Plant, and together they form theKlimov Scientific Production Association. Klimov engines are serially produced at the KrasnyyOktyabr' Plant. In early 1992 the Klimov Design Bureau was for the first time referred to as theKlimov Corporation, suggesting it has been reorganized into a joint-stock company. The KlimovEnterprise is vigorously pursuing the export market and joint-ventures with Western aerospacecompanies.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Aircraft engines; SIC Code: 3724; HS #: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Aviation Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,492; Date: 1992.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Aleksandr A. Sarkisov, Director General Valentin V.Starovoytnikov, Chief Designer. Pyotr S. Izotov, Director of Marketing Gennady N. Yezhov, Dir.for Econ. and Fin. A. P. Listratov, Technical Director

OWNERSHIP: Joint-stock company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1944

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Engines for MiG-29 Fulcrum fighter aircraftand Mi-8, Mi-17, and Mi-24 military helicopters.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Engines for the Il-114 civil transports; convertedhelicopter engines; machinery for producing footwear.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : Metallurgy and machining technology. The designbureau developed the capability to machine difficult-to-work metals such as cobalt-tungsten alloysusing its own high-speed cutting tools.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Aggressively pursuing business arrangements withforeign aerospace companies to promote exports and develop joint-ventures. Includes contactswith Snecma France for joint development of a powerplant for new jet trainer for Russia; withChina for the use of a Klimov derivative engine for use on Chinese transports; and with SouthKorea, for a ground-based power station.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: Maintained a sanitarium in the Crimea;health-care center on-site.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Klimov has an engine test facilityin the Shuvalova District of St. Petersburg. Klimov has an agreement with Snecma to prepare atechnical proposal for a military trainer engine. Klimov is discussing an agreement with theChinese to provide a derivative of Klimov's TV7-117 engine. Klimov has formed a joint venturewith South Korea to develop a 1.5-megawatt ground-based electrical power and heating station. Klimov has a two-part agreement with South Africa to define a new business aircraft within theframework of a consortium and to retrofit Klimov's RD-33 engine on Western-built combataircraft. It was announced in July, 1993, that Pratt & Whitney Canada and the KlimovCorporation had formed a joint-venture to develop and produce a range of small gas turbineengines (turboprop, turboshaft and turbofan) for civil aircraft in the CIS and other markets.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: KRASNAYA ZARYA STATE PRODUCTIONASSOCIATION

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Proizvodstvennoye obedineniye "Krasnaya Zarya", LNPO KrasnayaZarya, NPO Krasnaya Zarya, Krasnaya Zarya Plant. Key facility: Delta Research Institute

ADDRESS: 194044, St.Petersburg, Russia B. Samsonevskiy Prospekt, 60

Tel: (011-7-812) 245-3738, 245-3339, 245-8953, 245-1172; Telex: 121592, Teletype: 321306TABLO; Fax: (011-7-812) 245-6450; E-Mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: The Krasnaya Zarya State Production Association isthe largest producer of telecommunications equipment in Russia, specializing in the production oftelephone equipment and exchanges.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Communications equipment; SIC Code: 3429, 3661,3679, 3825, 3949

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vladimir K. Yevseyev, General DirectorVladimir G. Musorin, Deputy Director General for Economics Aleksandr Y. Kukuy, Deputy Dir.General, Mikhail M. Lebedey, Deputy Dir. General, A.Makarov, Commercial Director OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Pre-World War II

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Telephone apparatus, secure communicationssystems.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Telephones and telephone equipment, automatictelephone exchanges, signalling apparatus, locks, automobile anti-theft devices, instruments forpower supply control systems, soldering irons, fishing reels.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A

CONVERSION PROJECTS: N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The current address, B.SamsonevskiyProspekt, formerly was known as Prospekt Karla Marksa. Alternative addresses for KrasnayaZarya are Kantemirovskaya Ulitsa 4,6,and 8. Kantemirovskaya Ulitsa 4 is also the address of theScientific Research Institute of Electrotechnical Devices (NIIETU), at one time part of theKrasnaya Zarya association but separated from it in 1992. Krasnaya Zarya, under the formerSoviet Union, established a joint venture (1991) with Italiana Telecomunicazioni (ITALTEL)S.P.A., called Telezarya, to produce digital telephone exchanges in Russia._________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: KRASNAYA ZARYA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTE OF ELECTROTECHNICAL EQUIPMENT (NIIETU)

LAST UPDATE: March 1996

ALTERNATE NAMES: Nauchno-issledovatelniy institut elektrotekhnicheskikh ustroystv

ADDRESS: 197342, St. Petersburg, Russia Ulitsa Kantemirovskaya, 4

Tel: (011-7-812) 245-3738, 245-5069; Fax: (011-7-812) 245-6752; Teletype: 122280 PRIZMA;Telex: N/A; E- Mail: N/A

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Telecommunications equipment. FORMERMINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 1,954; Date 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Oleg G. Myasnikov, Director

OWNERSHIP: State-owned

YEAR ESTABLISHED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Development of telecommunicationsequipment.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Automatic and semi-automatic telephone stations,automated special communications systems for transmitting data, equipment for operatingloudspeaker systems, and switchboards.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED : N/A CONVERSIONPROJECTS:N/A

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: The Krasnaya Zarya ScientificProduction Association was broken up in January 1992 and NIIETU became independent.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: KRASNOZNAMENETS STATE SCIENTIFICPRODUCTION ENTERPRISE

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALT. NAMES: NPO "Red Banner"

ADDRESS: 195043, St. Petersburg, Russia Chelyabinskaya Street, 95

Tel: (011-7-812) 527-6057, 527-5122; Fax: (011-7-812) 527-3696;E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Production facility for munitions equipment andignition devices.

PRODUCT SPECIALTY: Explosives and munitions for the coal, oil, gas and metalindustries.

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of Machine Building.

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 3,000; Date: 1994.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Nikolai Igorov, Director Alexander Shirshov, ViceDirector

OWNERSHIP: 100 percent state-owned.

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1843

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: N/A

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Munitions Equipment and IgnitionDevices.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Construction Drills, Photo Lamps and Casings,Indoor Electric Heaters, Polyethylene and Computers.

KEY TECH. / EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Ignitions, Electronics, Bushing Presses, and LargePresses.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Production of environmentally-safe insulatingmaterial and batteries.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: Red Banner is interested in partiallyprivatizing its operations and has commenced negotiations with a number of foreign firms. Potential diversification programs include production of insulation materials for residential andcommercial housing construction, production of cinder blocks for house and cottage construction,production of wooden doors and window frames for housing construction and production ofenvironmentally-safe batteries. The facility covers territory of 150 hectares, with roads forautomobile and rail access, and has substantial warehouse facilities.

__________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: KRYLOV CENTRAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHINSTITUTE

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: TsNII imeni akademika A.N. Krylova, Krylov Shipbuilding ResearchInstitute

ADDRESS: 196158 St. Petersburg, Russia Moskovskoye Shosse, 44

Tel: (011-7-812) 291-9606, 291-9665; Telex: 121467 CNEPR SU; Fax: (011-7-812) 127-9595,127-9632; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: A maritime research institute involved inhydrodynamic and testing of ship designs.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 373; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN.: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 10,000; Date: 1975.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Vadim.Y. Spiro, First Deputy. Dir. General

OWNERSHIP: State-controlled

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1894

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Performs testing of full-scale and modelwarship and submarine designs, both model testing and full-scale testing.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Testing of merchant ship designs.

KEY TECH./EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Deep water and shallow water towtanks; high speed tow tanks; basins for seakeeping, maneuverability and cavitation tests; ice modelbasin; cavitation basin; wind and cavitation tunnels; acoustic measurement tanks; tensile testingmachines; fatigue and vibration testing machines; hydraulics and propulsion plant testing facilities;equipment and ranges for full scale ship tests.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Underground nuclear power stations; nuclearpower plant and ship design; acoustical and mechanical testing.

____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: LENINETS HOLDING CONCERN, JOINT-STOCKCOMPANY

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: Kontsern "Leninets," NPK Leninets, Leninets Scientific ProductionConcern, Leninets Central Scientific Production Association, NPO Leninets, LeninetsAssociation, Leninets Holding Company.

ADDRESS: 196066 St. Petersburg, Russia Moskovskiy Prospekt, 212

Tel: (011-7-812) 293-6878, 291-8141; Telex: 122246 RADUGA, 121377; Fax: (011-7-812),299-9041, 291-8138; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: Leninets produces a variety of airborne radars andother radioelectronic equipment as well as a variety of consumer goods. The huge concernincludes 16 factories, 10 research organizations, and 50 small enterprises.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Aeronautical Radars; SIC Code: 3812; HS#: N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Radio Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: N/A

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Anatoly A. Turchak, President/Dir. General, LeonidG. Golovach, Vice President Ramutis Y. Bagdonas, Vice President

OWNERSHIP: Joint Stock Company

YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1974

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Aircraft radars; aircraft computers.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Aircraft radars for a variety of uses (weather andnavigation, land survey, search and rescue) household appliances (refrigerators, razors, kitchenappliances); automotive electronics; radio receiving and sound reproduction equipment; andsatellite television equipment; toys.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Diagnostic, preventive and rehabilitative medicalequipt.; household appliances. Leninets organized the Konvent Concern to create the IndustrialEngineering Center for Conversion in the Leningrad Region. Leninets is involved in a jointventure with the Gillette Company to build a factory to produce shaving products.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: The company has an agro-industrialcomplex, an education center, hotels, and recreation centers.

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: In 1991 about 35 percent of Leninets'output was military, with plans to reduce that share to 25 percent. An experimental plantbelonging to Leninets is located in Gatchina. In 1991, the company worked with the Westernauditing company Coopers and Lybrand tochange to a joint-stock company.____________________________________

ENTERPRISE NAME: LENINGRAD 0PTICAL-MECHANICALASSOCIATION (LOMO)

LAST UPDATE: December 1995

ALTERNATE NAMES: LOMO Joint, AO LOMO, St. Petersburg Optical MechanicalAssociation, Leningradskoye Optiko-mekhanicheskoye obedineniye imeni V.I. Lenina(LOMO).

ADDRESS: 194044, St. Petersburg, Russia Chugunnaya Ulitsa, 20

Tel: (011-7-812) 242-5001, 248-5201, 248-5009; Telex:321421 LOMO Teletype: 321421OKULYAR; Fax: (011-7-812) 542-1839, 542-1065, 542-2269, 542-5322; E-mail: N/A

GENERAL OVERVIEW: This association is the oldest and largest producer ofoptics in Russia and produces a vast array of world-class optical systems for the military and thecivil economy, including high-precision optical-mechanical instruments, lenses, mirrors, prisms,and diffraction gratings. LOMO consists mainly of a central design bureau and four productionplants: the former State Optical Mechanical Plant (GOMZ) at 20 Chugunnaya Ulitsa; the formerProgress Plant on Mikhaylovskava Ulitsa; the branch plant on Pridorozhnaya Alleya; and theKinap Motion Picture Equipment Plant at 8 Zhukova Ulitsa.

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Optical instruments & lenses; SIC Code: 3827; HS#:N/A

FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDN. : Ministry of the Defense Industry

APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 20,000; Date: 1992

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS: Iliya Isofirovich Klebanov, General Director NikolayYu. Shustov, Technical Director Arkady S. Kobitsky, Marketing Director Sergey V. Shnurov,Director of LOMO Foreign Trade Company Valeriy Krukov, Director (economics)

OWNERSHIP: Joint-stock, open-type

YEAR ESTABLISHED: Association founded 1964; the State OpticalMechanical Plant (GOMZ) established in the 1930s.

MILITARY PRODUCT LINES: Infrared homing heads; laser rangefinders;naval detection equipment; periscopes; gun sights.

CIVIL PRODUCT LINES: Microscopes; cameras; precision measuringinstruments; spectrometers; lenses for TV cameras; medical equipment; fiber optic endoscopes;large special purpose optical systems; other optical-mechanical equipment; astronomicalequipment; telescopes; studio sound technological equipment and amplifiers.

KEY TECH. /EQUIPT. EMPLOYED: Industrial robots, includingdie-stamping robots and cold stamping robots; a flexible production module; diamond cuttingtools; aluminum alloys die-casting machines; plastic molding; production of cutting and measuringtools.

CONVERSION PROJECTS: Joint venture with a U.S. company to buildanalytic spectrometers.

HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT: N/A

OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION: LOMO was one of the founders in1990 of the Leningrad Business Forum, an association for foreign economic cooperation.

END OF PART 1

**Provided courtesy of the Business Information Service for the Newly IndependentStates (BISNIS)



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