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SECTION 19
AIR FORCE RESEARCH INSTITUTES

All of the PLAAF's research institutes (yanjiusuo) are subordinate to HqAF's Headquarters, Logistics, or Aeronautical Engineering Department. In turn, all of the research institutes within the Headquarters Department are subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, and those in the Logistics and Aeronautical Engineering Departments to their respective Headquarters Departments. Each of these three departments have a division (chu) which is specifically responsible for planning, budgeting, and issuing requirements/ projects to each of their research institutes.

 There are eight numbered research institutes under the Scientific Research Department. Each of these research institutes have about 180-200 personnel. The senior administrative personnel are active duty military, and the technicians are PLAAF civil service personnel. While this department has functional (yewu) control for the planning, budgeting, and requirements for these institutes, other departments have administrative (xingzheng) responsibilities for them.

 In general terms, the Scientific Research Department is responsible for development of new systems, and the other departments are responsible for the systems once they are deployed. However, the Scientific Research Department, the research institute, and the associated department work closely on all phases of weapons and equipment development. Except for the First and Fourth Research Institutes, all of the research institutes assigned to the Scientific Research Department are associated with departments in the Headquarters Department. The Headquarters Department also has several research laboratories (yanjiushi).

 The First (Aeronautical En ineerin an k~ ong gonacheng) Research Institute, AKA the Maintenance/weihu Research Institute, was established in July 1959, changed its name to the PLA Sixth Research Institute in June 1961, and was reactivated as the PLAAF First Research Institute in September 1962. It is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Aeronautical Engineering Department's Field Maintenance Department. It is located at Beijing Nanyuan airfield.

 The Second (Radar/leida) Research Institute was established between 1959-1965. It is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Radar Department. It is co-located with the Third, Fifth, and Seventh Research Institutes at Qinghe, which is located just north of Beijing. There is an Air Force radar repair factory in Lintong, near Xian, which probably works closely with this research institute.

 The Third (Communications/ton xin) Research Institute was established between 1959-1965. It is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Communications Depattment. It is co-located with the second, fourth, and seventh research institutes in Qinghe.

 In July 1951, the Fourth (Aviation Medicine/hangkong yixue yanjiusuo/ hangyi vanjiusuo) Research Institute was established in Beijing and is co-located with the Air Force General Hospital. It is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Logistics Department's Health Department.

 The Fifth (Air Defense/daodan) Research Institute is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Antiaircraft Artillery Department. It also works closely with the Logistics Department's Armament Department's SAM Division. It is responsible for SAMs and probably AAA, but is not responsible for air-to-air missiles. It is co-located with the second, third, and seventh research institutes in Qinghe.

 The Sixth (Telecommunications Technology/dianxin jishu or Intelligence/ gingbao) Research Institute is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the intelligence department. The primary missions of the Sixth Institute are development of telecommunications equipment for intelligence collection, as well as ground and aerial reconnaissance. Ground reconnaissance includes listening posts along the border, and there is a division (chu) within the institute which is specifically responsible for this mission. Aerial reconnaissance includes photographic and other means. It is located in northern Beijing.

 The Seventh (Aviation Weather/hangkong qixiang) Research Institute was established in 1958. It is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Weather Bureau. It is co-located with the second, third, and fifth Research Institutes in Qinghe.

 The Eighth (Weaavons System and Evaluationlwuqi xitong lunzheng suo) Research Institute belongs solely to the Scientific Research Department. This institute evaluates ongoing/completed research to see if it is actually feasible to proceed with a par!irvlar system. If the eighth research institute approves the theoretical concepts, then it issues the necessary requirements to continue research or to produce the specific system or piece of equipment. This institute has several subordinate laboratories and .is also responsible for airto-air missile development. It was previously co-located with the second, third, fifth, and seventh research institutes in Qinghe, but moved in 1989 to a new facility at Beijing Nanyuan airfield.

 The Simulator Research Lab/moniqi vaniiushi is functionally subordinate to the Scientific Research Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Training Department.

 The Logistics Department's Headquarters Department is responsible for the functional control, including the budget, plans, and regulations, for all of, the research institutes that belong to the Logistics Department. In the 1950s and 1960s, "the Logistics Department established the Medical and Fuels Research Institutes. After the Third Plenum of the 11th Party Congress (1978), research institutes such as those for capital construction, aviation munitions, and SAMs, etc., were established.

 The Fuels vouliao) Research Institute was established as the Aviation Fuel Research Institute (hangkong youliao yanjiusuo) in 1960. It is functionally subordinate to the Logistics Department's Headquarters Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Fuels Department. It is located in Beijing.

 The Clothing_(beizhuang) Research Institute is functionally subordinate to the Logistics Department's Headquarters Department but is administratively subordinate to the Quartermaster Department. It is located in Beijing.

 The Aviation Munitions (hangkong danyao) Research Institute is functionally subordinate to the Logistics Department's Headquarters Department, and is administratively subordinate to the Armament Department. It is located in Chuxian/Chuzhou City, Anhui Province.

 The Four Stations Equipment (sizhan zhuan bei) Research Institute develops oxygen generation, compressed air, battery charging, and power supply equipment. Its location is unknown. There are PLAAF four stations repair facilities (sizhan xiuli chang) in Shenyang and Chuzhou.

 The Medicine Exam in ation/Inspection (Yaoyin lianyan) Research Institute is functionally subordinate to the Logistics Department's Headquarters Department, but is probably administratively subordinate to the Health Department. It is located at Beijing Nanyuan airfield.

 The Capital Construction (jiiian gongcheng) Research Institute is functionally subordinate to the Logistics Department, is probably administratively subordinate to the Airfield Construction and/or Airfield and Barracks Construction Departments.

 The Surface-to-Air Missile (dikongdaodan) Research Institute is subordinate to the Logistics Department. Its functions, compared with that of the Fifth Research Institute, is not known.

 The Aviation Repair (hangkong_xiuli) Research Institute was established in Nanjing in February 1978. It is functionally subordinate to the Aeronautical Engineering Department's Headquarters Department, but is administratively subordinate to the Factory Management Department. It is co-located with the Aviation Electro-Mechanical Research Institute (hangkong jidian yanjiusuo) in Nanjing.

 In addition to the research institutes noted above, the PLAAF formed the research institutes listed below from 1957-1965. Their status today is not known.

 - Aviation Equipment Technical & Maintenance Research Institute (hangkong zhuangbeijishu weixiu yan'iusuo)

 - Navigation Research Institute (daohang yaniiusuo)

 - Automation Research Institute (zidonghua vaniiusuo)

 - Refueling_,E9uipment Research Institute (iiavou shebei yaniiusuo)

 - Chemical Defense Research Institute (fanghuayanjiusuo) 

RESEARCH CENTERS

There are also various PLAAF research centers, such as those listed below: 

- The PLAAF Navigation Theorv Research Center (kongjun linghang lilun yanjiu zhongxin) was established in 1981 

- The PLAAF's SAM and AAA Applied Research Center (kongjun dikong daodan, gaopao yingyong yanjiu zhongxin)



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