INTENSITY CONFLICT (LIC) - SPECIFIC
PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD (IPB)
D + 2 onward, stability operations were the primary mission of the maneuver
elements in Panama. Intelligence gaps became apparent as units began searching
for Noriega loyalists, leaders of para-military and criminal organizations,
or securing areas from looters. Location of homes and work places of the wanted
personnel and determining likely areas of looting became critical nontraditional
elements of IPB. As a result, the All-Source Production Section quickly reorganized
priorities and began providing the new necessary information.
standard IPB process was conducted effectively throughout the pre-deployment
and operation phases. Situation-dependent, minor adjustments were made to some
products to support the on-going mission. However, more attention could have
been given to the unique factors presented by the LIC-specific aspects of the
mission, its locale or the follow-on nation building operations. For example,
the Population Status Overlay, which could have represented the living quarters
and work places of the leaders of the DIGBATs and the para-military organizations,
were not produced. Another valuable product, the Trap Overlay, used to portray
attractive targets for terrorism or insurgent sabotage, could have been used
to present proposed targets of looters and criminal elements. These graphics
and other LIC-specific products could be produced during the pre-deployment
phase, providing maneuver units with workable documents to assist them.
IPB process is sound. LIC operations require the consideration of more factors
than the traditional enemy, terrain, and weather. The civilian population,
logistics sustainability, critical economic and resource areas are important
of action must consider the reaction of the civilian population, refugee control
and collateral damage.
Support Templates/Matrices must be extended to highlight long-term effects
of combat operations so countermeasures can be planned.
teams, the Chaplain, the S4, the S5, MPs and others should contribute to the
IPB process and expand its focus.
IPB process is dynamic and requires constant re-evaluation. Refugees and unpredictable
civil elements compound this.
of Contents, Volume III
Learned - Intelligence: Handling Detainees
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