from the 82d Abn Div consumed both canteens of water on their long flight to
Panama and were unable to replenish them before they jumped. Once they jumped,
it took the dispersed units up to two hours to get to their rally points, and
due to the tropic heat, the troops arrived completely wet with sweat. Several
soldiers became dehydrated and suffered heat injuries. The combat lifesavers
were able to treat them immediately and probably saved many lives.
are convinced that the combat lifesavers saved lives and directly contributed
to accomplishing the mission. Additionally, aerial medical evacuation (MEDEVAC)
was critical, but prioritization of casualties was extremely difficult due
to incomplete MEDEVAC requests, contributing to delays.
lifesavers carrying intravenous (IV) fluid and starter sets are critical in
preventing heat injuries from becoming debilitating. They know the importance
of securing the objective first and then treating the casualty as well as the
limits of their medical capability.
MEDEVAC assets make prioritizing casualties for evacuation and complete, accurate
MEDEVAC requests essential.
medical evacuation litter carrousels hamper quick loading and leaves little
room for ambulatory patients and supplies. For combat operations, when exact
casualty conditions are not known, an empty MEDEVAC aircraft offers the best
arrangement for casualty loads and speed.
must have workable SOPs for controlling the equipment of medically evacuated
helicopters must be prepared to evacuate wounded from a landing zone (LZ) when
they make a second or third lift.
personnel need to be trained in the requirements for helicopter landing zones
and in guiding helicopters.
primary consideration for an aid station site is the availability of space
for an LZ, particularly in MOUT.
casualty transfer points reduce unit medic turnaround time and speed evacuation
time for wounded soldiers.
forces, such as DIGBATs and PDF deserters, did not recognize the red crosses
on ambulances. Evacuation vehicles/aircraft should be escorted whenever possible.
must be prepared to treat civilian casualties. Planning needs to address which
supplies will be expended and how to quickly resupply units experiencing mass
plan for civilian MEDEVAC and collection points must be developed. Treatment
centers must be established, staffed and supplied in conjunction with local
of Contents, Volume III
Learned - Logistics & Equipment: Combat Vehicles
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