CWPC Contingency Wartime Planning Course
Designed Operational Capability (DOC) Statements
Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS)
IP - 2800
INSTRUCTOR: Captain Doug Harrison
DESCRIPTION:This lesson introduces the student to the Designed Operational Capability (DOC) concept and how it is used in contingency wartime planning. The lesson begins by defining Designed Operational Capability and the DOC statement. With the difference between the two clearly explained, the lesson goes on to explain what the DOC statement is used for. Next the lesson addresses how the DOC is measured by use of the Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS). SORTS is first defined and then C-ratings are discussed and explained. Finally, the lesson looks at how DOC/SORTS is used to support deliberate planning.
OBJECTIVE:The objective of this lesson is for each student to comprehend the relationship of the Designed Operational Capability (DOC) statement to contingency wartime planning.
SAMPLES OF BEHAVIOR:
3. Know the definition of SORTS.
4. Describe how DOC is measured.
5. Describe how DOC/SORTS supports deliberate planning.
1. AFI 10-201, Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS),
1 October 1995.
2. CJCS MOP 11, Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS),
16 March 1990, Rev. 24 December 1992.
3. Joint Pub 1-03.3, JRS, Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS),
10 Aug 93.
REQUIRED READING:Review the CWPC Desktop Reference for the
1. Designed Operational Capability (DOC)
2. DOC Statement
3. Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS)
5. Unit Identification Code (UIC)
6. Unit Manpower Document (UMD)
OPTIONAL READING: Scan Chapters 1 & 2 of AFI 10-201, Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS), 1 October 1995.
- INTRODUCTION : Designed Operational Capability (DOC) Statements and the Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS) are closely related. During this lesson you will learn exactly what they are, how they are related, and how they support deliberate planning. The following questions will be answered.
a. What is a DOC and a DOC statement?
b. What is the purpose of a DOC statement?
c. What is SORTS and how is it used to measure DOC?
d. How does DOC/ SORTS support deliberate planning?
2. DESIGNED OPERATIONAL CAPABILITY (DOC).
(1) Designed Operational Capability (DOC): The mission for which a measured unit has been equipped, organized, or designed.
(2) Measured Unit: Those AF active duty, Air Force Reserve, and Air National Guard units that are registered in SORTS with a unit descriptor code (UDC) indicating combat or combat support. In addition, certain combat service support units will be measured.
(3) DOC Statement: The document prepared by the parent MAJCOM for each measured unit which summarizes the DOC of the unit and contains unit identification, mission tasking narrative, mission specifics, and resources to be measured. It provides unit commanders a clear definition of their unit's wartime capability, based upon the authorized manpower and materiel strength of the unit.
b. PURPOSE OF THE DOC STATEMENT:
(1) PRIMARY PURPOSE IS TO SERVE AS THE BASELINE FOR SORTS REPORTING: The DOC statement is the baseline for Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS) reporting. It defines the total capability of the unit and documents the resources required to provide that capability.
(2) SECONDARY PURPOSE - A COMMANDERíS REFERENCE: It provides the
unit commander a reference for what the unit should be able to accomplish if it is fully manned, equipped, and trained. It is a clear statement of the unit's wartime capability, based upon the authorized manpower and materiel strength of the unit.
(3) TERTIARY PURPOSE - REFLECTS OPLAN TASKING OR FUNCTIONAL MANAGER TASKING: The DOC statement is not a tasking document. It may reflect Oplan tasking/other document tasking or Functional Manager tasking.
c. UNITS REQUIRING A DOC STATEMENT. The five categories of units that must have a DOC statement are outlined below along with examples of the types of units found in each category. See Chapter 2 of AFI 10-201 for a complete listing.
(1) Aircraft-Combat Units: Fighter, Special Operations units, etc,.
(2) Nonaircraft-Combat Units: Missile Squadrons, etc,.
(3) Aircraft-Combat Support Elements: Air Rescue Squadrons, etc,.
(4) Nonaircraft-Combat Support Elements: Communications Squadrons, etc,.
(5) Combat Service Support Elements: Transportation Squadrons, Supply Squadrons, etc.
d. DEVELOPING A DOC STATEMENT.
(1) Created by parent MAJCOM with lots of help from the unit.
(2) AF OPR is HQ USAF/XOOOR
(3) AFI 10-201 directs the Parent MAJCOM to review DOC Statements annually.
e. FORMAT OF A DOC STATEMENT.
(1) Section I. Unit identification.
(a) Measured Unit.
(b) Home Location.
(c) Unit UTC.
(e) DOC Mission Title.
(h) Mission (indicate whether primary, secondary, or
(2) Section II. Mission Identification:
(a) Mission Tasking Narrative.
(b) Mission Specifics:
1 . Response Time and Source.
2. MDS (aircraft units only).
3. Sorties/Flying Hours (aircraft units only).
(c) Unit Type Codes (UTCs) Tasked to Support: A hyphen is placed
next to the UTC if the unit is not required to provide the entire UTC.
(d) Direct Support Unit (UICs) (aircraft units only).
(e) Plans Tasked to Support. (Optional)
(3) Section III. Measured Resource Areas:
(b) Equipment and Supplies on Hand.
(c) Equipment Condition.
(4) Section IV. Amplifying Notes.
(5) Section V. Gaining Command(s).
(6) Section VI. Coordination/Review.
f. CLASSIFYING DOC STATEMENTS:
(1) In general, a DOC statement is classified according to the classification of the source documents for the information contained in the DOC statement.
(a) Flying Units and Missile Units: DOC statements of flying units/missile units are usually classified secret due to information in the Mission Tasking Narrative block and/or Mission Specifics block which comes from WMP 3.
(b) DOC Statements of Combat Support and Combat Service Support units that do not identify the Oplan or that donít have a special mission are usually unclassified.
3. STATUS OF RESOURCES AND TRAINING SYSTEM (SORTS):
a. DEFINITION. SORTS is the system used to report the status of a unit's resources and training by which commanders, up to and including the National Command Authorities (NCA), can track the readiness of our force structure on a daily basis.
b. PURPOSE OF SORTS: The primary purpose of SORTS is to provide a timely and accurate assessment of the status of the resources required by a unit to accomplish its wartime mission. In other words, SORTS measures the DOC. It also provides a data base of essential resource and training information.
c. RELATIONSHIP OF DOC STATEMENT TO SORTS. The DOC STATEMENT defines the wartime mission of the unit and identifies the resources and training necessary to accomplish that mission. SORTS compares the resources on hand to those identified in the DOC statement and reports the results of the comparison.
d. SORTS CATEGORY LEVEL ASSESSMENTS: Sorts measures unit capability in four areas: Personnel, Equipment and Supplies On Hand, Equipment Condition, and Training. There are two types of category level assessments.
(1) Objective assessment
(b) Equipment & Supplies On Hand
(c) Equipment Condition
(2) Commanderís subjective assessment.
(a) Measured areas
(b) Non-measured areas
A unitís status will be rated as follows to indicate its readiness to perform its wartime mission:
(1) C-1 Unit possesses the required resources and is trained to undertake the full wartime mission for which it is organized or designed.
- Total 90 - 100%
- Critical 85 - 100%
S-1 Equip/Supplies On Hand 90 - 100%
R-1 Equipment Condition 90 - 100%
T-1 Training 85 - 100%
(2) C-2 Unit possesses the required resources and is trained to undertake the bulk of the wartime mission for which it is organized or designed.
- Total 80 - 89%
- Critical 75 - 84%
S-2 Equip/Supplies On Hand 80 - 89%
R-2 Equipment Condition 70 - 89%
T-2 Training 70 - 84%
(3) C-3 Unit possesses the required resources and is trained to undertake the major portions of the wartime mission for which it is organized or designed.
- Total 70 - 79%
- Critical 65 - 74%
S-3 Equip/Supplies On Hand 65 - 79%
R-3 Equipment Condition 60 - 69%
T-3 Training 55 - 69%
(4) C-4 Unit requires additional resources and/or training to undertake its wartime mission. But, if the situation dictates, it may be directed to undertake portions of its wartime mission with resources on hand.
- Total 0 - 69%
- Critical 0 - 64%
S-4 Equip/Supplies On Hand 0 - 64%
R-4 Equipment Condition 0 - 59%
T-4 Training 0 - 54%
(5) C-5 Unit is undergoing a service-directed resource change and is not prepared, at this time, to undertake the wartime mission for which it is organized or designed.
- Undergoing major equipment conversions
- Placed in cadre status by its parent unit
- Being activated, deactivated, or reactivated
- Authorization for reporting C-5 rests with MAJCOM/CC
(6) C-6 This rating is not to be used for overall C-level. It is assigned by Service direction and is reported for individual resource or training areas that are not measured.
e. CLASSIFYING SORTS REPORTS.
(1) Classify the following confidential for one unit and secret for multiple units and C-5 or C-141 units:
(a) Resource area percentages and/or C-levels associated with affected units
(b) Overall C-level associated with affected units
(c) Reason codes and remarks identifying limiting factors when associated with the affected unit
f. SORTS REPORT FORMAT/CONTENT: A SORTS report software or word processing software or a message software such as SARAH Lite is used to write the SORTS report. The software used to write the report may differ for each MAJCOM.
Accusers software is widely used but AFSORTSDET is the SORTS report writing software thatís preferred and most compatible with the JCS software. The SORTS report contains pertinent information from the DOC statement such as unit identification, C-level status of the four measured resource areas and overall unit C-level. Generally, it includes the following:
(1) Basic Identity: This section contains the unit identification data of the reporting unit.
(2) Reporting Organization and Transfer Status: This section mostly consists of reporting command and transfer status between MAJCOMs.
(3) General Status: This section lists the commands that have operational/administrative control, unit home location/present location and gives unit involvement in different types of activities (I.E., contingencies, exercises, etc.).
(4) Personnel Strength Status.
(5) Resources and Training Status.
(6) Equipment and Crew Status.
(7) Reserve Component Organization Status (pertains to reserve units only).
(8) Transportable Communications Equipment Status: This section includes identification, location, and availability data on JCS controlled and other designated communications equipment.
(9) Remarks: This section contains plain language comments by the commander and higher echelons to explain reported data.
g. UTILIZATION OF DOC/SORTS IN PLANNING:
(1) Crisis Action Planning (Time-sensitive ). SORTS is most beneficial during Crisis Action Planning. SORTS is used to help in unit selection during crisis planning. During crisis, or time-sensitive, planning, a unit's status (C-level) is critical to whether the unit is equipped and prepared to perform its designated wartime mission. A SORTS report is a snapshot of the unitís status at the time of the report. On the other hand, DOC statements are of little use during crisis action planning.
(2) Deliberate Planning SORTS plays a limited role in deliberate planning. SORTS supports the information requirements of users for deliberate and peacetime planning as well as the Servicesí management responsibilities to organize, train, and equip forces used by the combatant commands. DOC statements are used during deliberate planning. For example, they reflect which units can provide a certain capability.
h. SORTS REPORT ROUTING: Handout 2 is a diagram showing how SORTS reports are routed. It is a new routing known as "direct reporting." There are other differences between commands, mainly in the software used by the Wing Command Post to construct the SORTS report and the type of communication line used to transmit the report.