|Department of Defense|
November 5, 1990
Certified Current as of December 8, 2003
Incorporating Through Change 2, July 13, 1992
References: (a) DoD Directive 5100.51, "Protection and Evacuation of U.S Citizens and Certain Designated Aliens in Danger Areas Abroad (Short Title: Noncombatant Evacuation)," October 11, 1966 (hereby canceled)
(e) through (q), see enclosure 1
1.1. Replaces reference (a).
1.2. Updates policies, responsibilities, and procedures for the protection and evacuation of U.S. citizens and designated aliens in danger areas abroad, and assigns responsibilities for noncombatant evacuation operations (NEO) planning and implementation.
This Directive applies to the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD); the Military Departments; the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff and Joint Staff; the Unified and Specified Commands; the Defense Agencies; and the Coast Guard when operating under the Department of the Navy by agreement with the Secretary of Transportation (hereafter referred to collectively as the "DoD Components").
Terms used in this Directive are defined in enclosure 2.
4.1. In the event of imminent or actual hostilities or civil disturbances overseas, the Department of Defense is primarily responsible for the protection and evacuation of U.S. citizen noncombatants at the U.S. Naval Base, Guantanamo, Cuba. In addition, subject to reimbursement by the Department of State (DoS) (see paragraph 5.3., below), the Department of Defense shall also assist, as militarily feasible, in implementing DoS evacuation decisions and supporting DoS objectives to:
4.2. The Chief of Diplomatic Mission or Principal Officer of the DoS is the lead Federal official for the protection and evacuation of all U.S. noncombatants, including DoD dependents, except for Defense Attache Systems personnel and Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Liaison Offices. The authority of the Chief of Diplomatic Mission or Principal Officer, DoS, to order evacuation does not extend to military personnel of the Armed Forces except as agreed upon between the DoS and the Department of Defense. If additional exceptions are desired, they should be recommended through established regional liaison group channels for consideration by the Washington Liaison Group (WLG) and resolution by the DoS and Department of Defense, in accordance with the State-Defense Statement (reference (b)). (See definition E2.1.9. in enclosure 2.)
4.3. As specified in E.O. 12656 (reference (c)), the Secretary of Defense shall advise and assist the Secretary of State and the Heads of other Federal Departments and Agencies, as appropriate, in planning for the protection, evacuation, and repatriation of U.S. citizens in overseas areas.
4.4. Under emergency conditions, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) is the lead Federal Agency for the reception of all evacuees in the United States and their onward movement. Under less-than-emergency conditions, and if requested by the DoS, the DHHS shall provide support for non-DoD evacuees. Each Federal Agency is ultimately accountable for assistance to its own noncombatant personnel.
4.5. The Department of the Army is the DoD Executive Agent for repatriation of DoD noncombatants. When requested, the Army shall also provide repatriation services to non-DoD personnel. Headquarters (HQ) U.S. Forces Command and HQ Western Command are the Army's Executive Agents for executing repatriation operations.
5.1.2. Appoint the OSD member of the WLG to oversee DoD responsibilities for NEO as outlined in the State-Defense Statement (reference (b)), and coordinate participation and the position of DoD attendees at WLG meetings.
5.1.3. After coordination with the DoS, advise the Secretaries of the Military Departments; the Commanders in Chief (CINCs); the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff; and the appropriate DoD Components, to suspend, if required, the forward movement of DoD noncombatants to any danger area abroad.
5.1.4. Ensure procedures for evacuation of noncombatants are followed to include reimbursement of expenses for the DoD noncombatants and uniformity among the Military Departments regarding entitlements for per diem travel and transportation allowances, as outlined in section 6., below.
5.1.5. Ensure, when practical, provisions are made by the appropriate DoD Components for the resolution of personal financial obligations by evacuees to local nationals that might go unsettled as a result of evacuation.
5.1.6. Monitor, through the Department of the Army, the movement, location, and welfare of all noncombatants from the evacuation area, to include return to their duty station, return to the United States, and onward movement to their final destination.
5.1.7. When the situation permits, and after coordinating with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the DoS, authorize the appropriate DoD Components to return evacuated DoD noncombatants to their sponsor's duty location or to the duty location from which they were evacuated.
5.2. The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)), in conjunction with the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management and Personnel) (ASD(FM&P)), shall work closely with the DoS on NEO policy matters, including assessing political-military implications of an evacuation order, determining potential danger areas, keeping the members of the WLG informed of actions requiring restriction of forward movement of DoD noncombatants, and providing guidance for military assistance for protection or evacuation.
5.3. The Comptroller of the Department of Defense (C, DoD) shall complete financial arrangements with the DoS and issue instructions to the DoD Components for obtaining reimbursement under 31 U.S.C. 1535 (reference (d)), for the costs of protecting and evacuating personnel for whom the Department of Defense is not responsible. Under this criterion, the expense of evacuating noncombatant U.S. citizens from the U.S. Naval Base, Guantanamo, Cuba (see paragraph 4.1., above) would be that of the Department of Defense. When the DoS incurs expenses for personnel for whom the Department of Defense is responsible, the C, DoD, shall complete arrangements for the reimbursement of such costs.
5.4. The Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs) (ASD(PA)) shall provide guidance to all DoD Components regarding release of information on DoD participation in protection and evacuation operations, and ensure coordination with other Federal Agencies, as appropriate.
5.5.2. Appoint the CJCS representative of the WLG to coordinate the execution of NEO responsibilities outlined in the State Defense Statement (reference (b)).
5.5.4. Recommend to the Secretary of Defense transportation movement priorities and the use of the U.S. Transportation Command (USTRANSCQM) to provide the appropriate transportation resources in support of DoS requests.
5.6.1. Appoint the Army member of the WLG to coordinate the execution of NEO responsibilities outlined in the State-Defense Statement (reference (b)).
5.6.2. Act as the designated DoD Executive Agent for repatriation planning and operations, and coordinate within the Department of Defense and other Federal Agencies as well as State and local agencies, as needed, in planning for the reception in the United States and onward movement of DoD dependents, non-essential DoD civilians, U.S. nationals, and designated aliens evacuated from overseas areas.
5.6.4. Manage all of the DoD noncombatants' needs as specified in the Joint Plan for DoD Noncombatant Repatriation (reference (e)) upon arrival to a safe haven location.
5.7.1. Appoint the Navy and the Marine Corps members of the WLG to coordinate the execution of NEO responsibilities outlined in reference (b).
5.8.1. Appoint the Air Force member of the WLG to coordinate the execution of NEO responsibilities outlined in reference (b).
5.8.2. Through the Military Airlift Command (MAC), as the air component of USTRANSCOM, provide air transportation, including theater, strategic, and intra-Continental United States (CONUS) as well as aeromedical evacuation to support medical NEO (MEDNEO) requirements.
5.9.2. Prepare and maintain plans for the protection and evacuation of U.S. noncombatants abroad for whom the Department of Defense is responsible, in accordance with the State-Defense Statement (reference (b)).
5.9.4. Appoint the military members to the regional liaison groups. The WLG in its additional role as a regional liaison group for Canada, Caribbean, and unassigned areas shall include membership from the Commander in Chief, Atlantic Command (USCINCLANT), along with the Commander in Chief, Forces Command (USCINCFORSCOM), as required. (See definition E2.1.9. in enclosure 2.)
5.9.5. Examine all DoS emergency action plans for countries and consular districts in their area of responsibility or for areas where they might logically participate in noncombatant operations to determine if the following criteria are complied with:
18.104.22.168. Assumptions based on the use of DoD resources are militarily acceptable and in accordance with reference (b).
5.9.6. Provide guidance to the military members of the local Emergency Action Committees regarding the inclusion of military personnel in consular embassy plans. (See definition E2.1.1. in enclosure 2.)
5.9.7. Ensure plans are prepared, as appropriate, for evacuation of military personnel not included in consular and/or embassy plans, and that these plans also include identification of emergency-essential civilians operating in support combat units who will not be evacuated.
5.9.8. When conditions of potential hazard warrant, recommend to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that the movement of DoD noncombatants into countries or areas be suspended. Also, recommend evacuation of DoD noncombatants if conditions warrant.
5.9.9. If time prevents communication with the Departments of State or Defense and upon request of the Chief of Diplomatic Mission, provide such assistance as is feasible for the protection and evacuation of U.S. noncombatants. If timely communication with the Chief of Diplomatic Mission is not possible, the U.S. military commander shall take the proper action.
5.9.11. Upon completion of an evacuation involving DoD resources or personnel, provide the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff with an after-action report containing a summary of the activities and, as appropriate, recommendations for improving future operations.
6.1. Evacuation of DoD noncombatants defined in item E2.1.4. of enclosure 2 shall generally correspond to protection and evacuation plans established by the DoS as follows:
6.1.3. Authorized Departure. Departure of noncombatants, including command-sponsored military dependents, nonessential DoD civilians and their families, families of essential DoD civilians, and Department of Defense Dependents Schools (DoDDS) staff and/or faculty to an announced safe haven is encouraged and authorized at Government expense, with return also at Government expense.
6.1.4. Stop Movement. If the DoS announces an authorized departure, the Department of Defense issues a stop forward movement of military dependents, nonessential DoD civilians and their families, families of essential DoD civilians, and DoDDS staff and/or faculty.
6.2.1. Military Dependents. The provisions of 37 U.S.C. 405a (reference (h)) apply.
22.214.171.124. Chapter 6 of the JFTR (reference (f)) prescribes evacuation allowances for travel, transportation of household goods and privately owned vehicles, station allowances, per diem, family separation and dislocation allowances, and pay advances.
126.96.36.199. DoD Directive 1315.7 (reference (i)) outlines provisions for the early return of dependents.
6.2.2. Civilian Employees and Dependents. The provisions of 5 U.S.C. 5522-5527 (reference (j)) apply.
188.8.131.52. Chapter 12 of the JTR (reference (g)) contains payment authority for evacuation and adverse condition travel, and Chapter 11 of reference (g) provides for emergency storage of privately owned motor vehicles.
184.108.40.206. Standardized Regulations, Chapter 600, Section 260 issued by the DoS (reference (k)); Chapter 171 of FPM Supplement 990-2, Book 550 (reference (l)); DoD 1400.25-M, CPM Chapter 592, Subchapter 6 (reference (m)); and DoD Instruction 1400.11 (reference (n)) apply to evacuation in foreign countries, as well as any territory or possession of the United States.
220.127.116.11. The provisions for job placement of DoD civilian employees in an evacuation are outlined in the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Civilian Personnel Policy) Memorandum (reference (o)) and in the DoD Priority Placement Program (PPP), in accordance with DoD 1400.20-1-M (reference (p)).
18.104.22.168. Emergency-essential civilian employees shall comply with DoD Directive 1404.10 (reference (q)).
6.3. The preferred method of moving noncombatants requiring medical care to safe havens or other destinations will be through the aeromedical evacuation system when airlift is available, conditions are suitable, and unless medically contraindicated.
7. CHAIN OF COMMAND
Nothing in this Directive alters or otherwise affects the chain of command established by the Constitution and laws of the United States for the direction and control of the United States Armed Forces.
8. INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS
The reporting requirements prescribed in this Directive, have been assigned Report Control Symbols DDFM&P(AR)1819, DD-FM&P(AR)1820, and DD-FM&P(AR)1885.
9. EFFECTIVE DATE AND IMPLEMENTATION
This Directive is effective immediately. The Military Departments shall forward two copies of implementing documents to the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management and Personnel) within 120 days.
Enclosures - 2