Conduct of an Air Assault Operation
The following sequence demonstrates the air assault task force movement from the assembly area to the pickup zone and on to the landing zone. Some steps may be deleted when not appropriate, or they may be accomplished concurrently with other steps.
The AATF operation normally begins at the assembly area.
MOVEMENT FROM ASSEMBLY AREA TO LANDING ZONE
a. At the prescribed time, units move from the assembly area to the holding area, via a route designated by the AATFC. A holding area must be:
(1) Covered and concealed.
(2) Sufficient size for the assault force,
(3) Close to primary and alternate PZs.
b. Each unit commander notifies the PZ control party upon his unit's arrival in the holding area. In this area, unit leaders separate the unit into loads according to the loading plan. Heavy loads and slingloads should not be programmed in initial serials. Offloading heavy internal loads is time-consuming and slows troop buildup (Figure A-1).
Figure A-1. Movement to pickup zone.
c. Each load includes a designated aircraft troop commander responsible for briefing his troops and inspecting the load. He ensures that the load is organized and ready to be loaded as planned. The PZ control party briefing includes the loading point for primary and alternate PZs and the routes to those points. The aircraft troop commander briefs his personnel. As a minimum the briefing includes:
(1) Loading procedures.
(2) Bump plan (for individual and/or load bumps).
(3) Use of safety belts.
(4) Preflight safety inspection of soldiers.
(5) In-flight procedures.
(6) Downed aircraft procedures
(7) Offloading procedures.
(8) Movement from the LZ.
A -4. Organization of the pickup zone.
a. The PZCO lays out the PZ as directed in the plan. For example, if the plan calls for landing to the west in a staggered trail formation with the lead aircraft landing on a spot marked by a smoke grenade, or panel markers, the PZ is laid out that way. Pathfinders should assist the PZCO when available (Figure A-2)
Figure A-2. Organization of the pickup zone.
b. It is imperative that aviation elements arrive at the PZ in the formation directed in the plan. This minimizes confusion during loading. The PZCO, or pathfinder element, assists in loading by ensuring aircraft and personnel are in the proper location and formation at the correct time. If an aircraft (scheduled for the lift) is unable to complete its mission due to mechanical failure, the PZCO informs the unit commander, who implements the aircraft "bump" plan.
A -5. Infantry movement to pickup zone.
a. The PZCO coordinates the arrival of aircraft and troops so that the troops arrive at their respective loading points just before the aircraft land. This prevents congestion, facilitates security, and reduces vulnerability to enemy actions during PZ operations.
b. On the PZCO's signal, aircraft troop loads move by designated routes from their holding area(s) to their loading points on the PZ. The PZCO may use schedules, messengers, arm-and-hand signals, light signals, or (as a last resort) radio to order helicopter loads to move to the PZ.
c. If the primary PZ cannot be used ,the PZCO advises the unit commander to move to the alternate PZ.
A -6. Helicopter movement to pickup zone.
a. Aircraft begin movement to arrive on the PZ at the time listed on the air movement table. The PZCO contacts the aviation element if there is a PZ change. If there has been a change in allowable cargo load, number of aircraft, or formation, the AMC contacts PZ control.
b. During air movement to the PZ, enemy antiaircraft or other fire may be encountered. Therefore, air cavalry scout teams may be used to locate and suppress enemy positions prior to the arrival of the lift aircraft. Air cavalry scout teams may also be employed on the flanks and to the rear of the lift aircraft. Attack helicopter and/or air cavalry scout teams will not normally land on the PZ. When the lift helicopters are to be on the ground for extended periods, the attack helicopter, air cavalry teams may occupy holding areas nearby or return to rearm-refuel sites. The command-and-control helicopter is positioned where the command group can see and control critical events.
c. Strict radio discipline is maintained throughout the operation; radio silence should not be broken unless absolutely necessary. Radio calls between aircraft are permitted only as a last resort when other signals are not appropriate.
d. The helicopters should use terrain flying techniques en route to the PZ.
A -7. Lift-off from the pickup zone.
a. When the aircraft are loaded and ready for lift-off, the PZCO signals the flight leader using arm-and-hand or light signals. The flight leader may signal other aircraft by turning on (or off) his navigation lights. For example, upon landing, the lights are turned on, and when they are turned off, the flight lifts off. Members of the PZ control party may also relay the alert to lift off to aircraft in the rear of the formation, or the flight leader simply lifts off and the others follow (Figure A-3).
Figure A-3. Movement from pickup zone to release point.
b. Lift-off should be at the time prescribed in the air movement table. However, the aircraft will not loiter in the PZ. If they are early, they lift off and alter speed to cross the SP or first ACP on time. This should place the first aircraft of the first lift in the LZ at H-hour.
c. Lift-off may be by single aircraft or by serial. Under some conditions (dusty PZ, restricted PZ, or high density altitude and no wind), it is best to break serials into smaller increments. When possible, simultaneous lift-off is best for the following reasons:
(1) It is easier for the attack helicopter unit commander to plan his scheme of maneuver and provide security en route for aircraft.
(2) AATF control is more positive.
(3) It reduces the enemy's time to fire at the aircraft.
d. Theflightleaderadjuststheflight'sspeedandrateofclimbsoallelementsform into the en route flight formation at the required altitude.
A -8. En route to the landing zone.
a. The AMC predetermines the en route flight speed and the flight leader paces the flight to ensure the flight crosses the SP on time.
b. Radio silence is paramount; however, if directed in the order, serial leaders report to the AMC on passing each communication checkpoint. En route radio calls are made only if the flight is late or if it is required to deviate from the plan.
c. Troop unit commanders, leaders, and aircraft troop commanders must remain oriented throughout the flight. They do this by following and verifying the flight route using terrain observation, maps, aircraft compass, and aircraft speed.
d. When a threat is encountered along the flight route, such as heavy enemy fire, the AATFC gives the order for the AMC to modify or switch to an alternate flight route. The AMC's radio traffic is brief when shifting aircraft to an alternate flight route. If the LZ is to be changed, the AATF commander makes the decision and informs the AMC. If the AATFC cannot be contacted, the senior ground commander in the flight will make the decision. It is recommended that the AATFC or an S3 representative fly with the AMC to facilitate command and control.
A -9. Security.
a. Air cavalry and attack helicopter units provide security for downed aircraft, route reconnaissance, and other assistance en route (as desired by the AMC).
b. United States Air Force aircraft (when assigned this role) may work with attack helicopter units to provide security to the flanks, front, and rear of the helicopter formations). When performing this role in a medium-to-high Threat environment, specially equipped aircraft suppress or destroy surface-to-air missile sites and radar-directed guns. Other USAF aircraft may be used to selectively jam enemy radar and communication signals using jamming transmitters or other methods such as "chaff '(dropping shredded aluminum foil strips to foul radar). Ground attack aircraft, A-10, A-7, A-37, or AC-130 may be with, or in advance of, the flight formation, or may be on alert nearby or in planned orbits and support patterns to respond rapidly.
c. Indirect fire weapons provide suppressive fires along the flight routes as planned or as necessary.
d. If a lift aircraft emergency occurs (forced landing in an unsecure area), the aircraft commander (if time permits) switches his radio to the "guard channel" and transmits a "Mayday" in the clear. He announces his identification, heading, position, nature of emergency, and intentions. (The aircraft crew alerts passengers of the emergency and secures loose equipment.) The SOP for downed aircraft is then put into effect. The AATFC makes the decision on whether the ground element aboard the aircraft moves to a linkup point and continues the mission or remains with the aircraft.
A-10. Landing operations.
a. Afterpassingthereleasepoint,serialsproceedtoassignedLZs.TheRPcrossing is used to time the lifting and shifting of artillery and close air support strikes, if preparatory fires are used. The RP is also the point at which the aircraft shift to LZ formation, if required (Figure A-4).
Figure A-4. Movement from release point to landing zone.
b. Napalm and other incendiary ordnance are not normally used on the LZ and its immediate vicinity (just prior to landing), because foliage fire and smoke could endanger aircraft or hamper the mission. However, helicopters equipped with smoke generators can be utilized to provide a smoke screen. Wind direction, speed, and enemy air defense must be considered along with friendly indirect fire support.
c. Attack helicopter units and/or teams are employed in various roles during an LZ operation. They may:
(1) Precede the lift element into the LZ (by a few minutes) for reconnaissance and/or to provide suppressive fires to prevent a time gap in LZ fires (provided by other support elements).
(2) Recommend last-minute changes regarding aircraft landing instructions.
(3) Provide area cover and neutralize known enemy positions, or provide security for lift aircraft while in the LZ area.
(4) Observe ground approaches to the LZ for possible enemy attacks.
NOTE: After the initial pass, attack helicopters may enter an overmatch flight pattern around the LZ.
A-11. Command and control helicopter.
At the RP, the command-and-control helicopter moves into position (employing terrain flying) to observe and communicate with assault elements. To avoid enemy weapons, the pilot uses popup techniques to observe activity. The AATFC will determine where he can best influence the action, by remaining on the aircraft or joining the ground forces.
A-12. Support fires.
a. Preparatory fires should be planned for all primary and alternate LZs. The decision to fire a specific LZ preparation is made by the AATFC. The FSO should travel with the AATFC to expedite fires and changes to preplanned fires. Fires will be planned along all routes leading to the LZ. Planned fire should be intense. Fires shift or lift shortly before the first assault element lands. A preparatory fire sequence might look as follows:
H-20 to H-5
H-5 to H-2
H-2 to H-Hour
H-Hour to H+30
H+30 to H+120
Recon by air cavalry completed.1
Tactical air strike (USAF).2
FA shifts fires; attack helicopter suppression.
First lift lands.
Attack helicopters .3
1Conduct route reconnaissance (recon) from PZ to LZ. At H-20 move to alternate LZS and continue reconnaissance.
2FA and tactical air may engage simultaneously if sufficient ammunition is available.
3On station for targets of opportunity in the vicinity of the LZ
40n-call suppressive fires and counterbattery fires.
b. In the development and sequencing of fire plans, the following are considered:
(1) Deception. False preparations may be fired in areas other than the objective area.
(2) Loss of surprise. A preparation of long duration may reduce the possibility of surprise.
(3) Availability of fire support. The FSO considers the assets that can fire preparations and coordinates the arrangements with the FA battalion S3. Preparations by USAF tactical aircraft are requested through the FAC.
(4) Significant targets. A known or suspected enemy force located in the vicinity of the LZ, regardless of size, warrants LZ preparation.
(5) Shifting fires. Artillery fire continues throughout the assault phase, shifting from the LZ to known or suspected targets.
(6) Obstacles to landing and maneuver. Various types of ordnance used in a preparation can cause craters, tree blow-down, fires, smoke, and poor visibility on and near the LZ.
(7) Positive control measures. Control measures must be established for lifting or shifting fires; for example, restrictive fire line or restrictive fire area (RFA).
(8) Ammunition. Basic load and resupply limitations.
c. Because CAS station time is limited by fuel and enemy air defenses, the sequencing of support fire is carefully controlled by the FSO to obtain maximum, continuous support. To ensure that all fire support assets are utilized at the correct time, the FSO must be constantly informed as to the status of the flight. This allows him to orchestrate fires to coincide with the actual arrival of assaulting elements at the LZ (Figure A-5).
Figure A-5. Preparatory fires and air strikes.
d. Another method of continuing assault fire support is to shift indirect fires to one flank, conduct a simultaneous airstrike on another flank, and use the attack helicopter teams to orient on the approach and departure routes. This technique requires precise timing and assault formation navigation to avoid flight paths of other aircraft and gun target lines of indirect fire weapons.
A -13. Landing techniques.
a. The AATF lands as planned unless last-minute changes in the tactical situation force the commander to abort or alter the landing. The aviation crew must make every effort to keep the troops in their aircraft informed of the situation, especially of any changes to the original plan.
b. A simultaneous landing is desired so as to place the maximum number of troops on the ground, in a given area, in the shortest possible time. Individual aircraft touchdown points are planned to disembark troops as close as possible to their initial positions.
c. The operation is accomplished with a minimum number of lifts, each with the maximum number of aircraft the LZ will accommodate. This reduces the expo sure time of the aircraft, maintains unit integrity, provides maximum combat power, and gives the enemy less time to react. When separate element landings are dictated because of LZ size, time intervals between elements are kept as short as possible. Ideal timing has an aircraft element landing immediately after the preceding element lifts off.
d. Troops are most vulnerable during landing; they disembark rapidly and deploy to carry out assigned missions.
e. An air evacuation location is designated, normally at the approach end of the LZ. This permits continuation of the lift and prompt evacuation of the wounded.
f. At the LZ, leaders at each command level account for all personnel and equipment and submit appropriate reports to higher headquarters. Key personnel killed, wounded, or missing are replaced according to unit SOP; key weapons missing or out of action may require the force to reorganize. After the unit completes its consolidation of the LZ, it is reorganized as necessary. Ground combat operations are no different from those conducted by other infantry units (FM 7-20).
A-14. Lift helicopter(s) return trip.
a. When the LZ operation is finished, aviation elements return by preselected routes to complete subsequent lifts or to conduct other operations or, if prescribed in the order, move to a laager.
b. If subsequent lifts are required in the same operation, the procedures described above are repeated.
AIR ASSAULT SCENARIO
This is an example of air assault in a counterinsurgency situation, with map overlay schematics, an operation order, and an air movement table, describing a unit in action.
A-16. Basic situation.
a. The 21st Light Infantry Division, as a part of a joint task force, has been deployed to Palomas for an unspecified period of time. The deployment of the division was in response to a request for increased US assistance due to the deteriorating military and political situation within Palomas. The division will augment the Palomas Army and provide the needed additional forces for security operations until the Palomas Army is expanded. After completion of the deployment phase, the brigades set up support bases in their assigned area of operations. The 2d Brigade began conducting offensive operations in the state of Sedona.
b. On 10 June, the scout platoon from the 1st battalion located what is believed to be a guerrilla base camp. The enemy force concentration indicated they were preparing for an offensive operation within several days. The scout platoon stated the camp was occupied by an estimated reinforced platoon of 50 to 60 men armed with AK assault rifles, RPK machine guns, RPG rocket grenade launchers, and SA7 portable air defense missiles. The fleeting target would have to be attacked quickly or an opportunity would be lost. The 2d Brigade commander ordered the Ist Battalion to destroy the enemy force and the guerrilla base camp.
A-17. Special situation.
The 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry, is in an assembly area on the north side of the brigade operational support base. At 101100 June, the battalion received the brigade order to conduct an air assault operation to destroy the enemy force and the guerrilla base camp at 110530 June. The battalion immediately began preparing for the operation. The battalion commander issued a warning order to subordinate commanders and planning guidance to his staff which resulted in the formulation of an operation order. A copy of the written order follows:
SAMPLE OPERATION ORDER
|Copy No ______of______ Copies
TF 120 INF
OPORD 6-85 (EAGLE)
Reference: Map, series B142, Palomas Special Edition,
Time Zone Used Throughout the Order: Sierra
Mort Plt (for movement only)
A/21 Atk Hel Bn (OPCON)
TM/B/1-11 ACS (OPCON)
210 CAC (DS)
211 CAC (DS)
a. Enemy Forces.
(1) Elements of a reinforced platoon occupy positions vic ( _________ ).
(2) The enemy is capable of employing dismounted weapons systems; it is unlikely that the enemy will have substantial artillery support.
(3) The enemy will initially defend but most likely avoid decisive engagement and attempt to escape along trails to the southeast and southwest from the guerrilla base camp.
b. Friendly Forces.
(1) 2d Bde conducts offensive operations from present location commencing _________ with the intent of destroying enemy forces in assigned area of operations.
(2) TF 2-20 conducts offensive operations from present location commencing _________to establish company-size blocking positions _________ , and _________ .Oriented toward the southeast.
(3) TF 3-20 conducts offensive operations from present location commencing _________ to establish company-size blocking positions _________ , and _________ . Oriented toward the southwest.
(4) 1-221 FA DS to 2d Bde.
c. Attachments and Detachments: None.
2. MISSION. TF 1-20 air assaults at 110530 Jun to attack and destroy the enemy forces and the guerrilla base camp, located vicinity coordinates _________ .
a. Concept of Operation. Annex B (Operation Overlay)
(1) Maneuver. TF 1-20 conducts multiple company-size air assaults from PZSX ( _________ ), Y( _________ ), and Z ( _________ ) and attacks to seize Objectives RED, WHITE, and BLUE. Co A, Co B, and Co C air assault simultaneously commencing 110530 Jun, with Co A to LZ A ( _________ ) to establish platoon-size blocking positions within OBJ RED ( _________ ) to destroy any escaping enemy from the guerrilla base camp; Co B to LZ B ( _________ ) makes the main attack to destroy the enemy forces and the guerrilla base camp (OBJ WHITE _________ ). Co C to LZ C ( _________ ) to establish platoon-size blocking positions within OBJ BLUE ( _________ ), to destroy any escaping enemy from the guerrilla base camp. My intent is for Co B to attack the guerrilla base camp to destroy it, killing or capturing as many guerrillas as possible. Co A and Co C will simultaneously be positioned along the routes of escape to set up platoon-size blocking positions to kill or capture escaping guerrillas. Annex C, Air Movement.
(2) Fires. Annex D, Fires Support Overlay.
(a) Priority of FA fires initially to Co B, then to Co A.
(b) A 3-minute prep will be fired on LZ B from H-5 to H-2.
(c) Priority of mortar fires, upon completion of air assault, initially to Co B, then to Co C.
b. Co A:
(1) Conduct air assault from PZ X ( _________ ) to LZ A ( _________ ) in accordance with Air Movement Table, Appendix 2 of Annex C.
(2) Establish platoon-size blocking positions within OBJ RED ( _________) across the major trail leading southwest out of the guerrilla base camp, oriented toward the northeast.
(3) On order, detach one platoon to TF control for air assault reconnaissance missions in selected areas.
(4) Be prepared to assist in the seizure of, or to attack, OBJ WHITE.
c. Co B:
(1) Conduct air assault from PZ Y ( _________ ) to LZ B ( _________ ) in accordance with Air Movement Table, Appendix 2 of Annex C.
(2) Attack and destroy the enemy forces and the guerrilla base camp, OBJ WHITE ( _________ ).
(3) Do not pursue enemy force from OBJ WHITE.
d. Co C:
(1) Conduct air assault from PZ Z ( _________ ) to LZ C ( _________ ) in accordance with Air Movement Table, Appendix 2 of Annex C.
(2) Establish platoon-size blocking positions within OBJ BLUE ( _________ ) across the major trail leading southeast out of the guerrilla base camp, oriented toward the northwest.
(3) Assume attachment of the mortar platoon for movement only.
(4) Be prepared to detach one platoon to TF control for reserve.
e. FSE/1-221 FA: Annex D (Fire Support Overlay).
f. Scout Platoon:
(1) Provide PZ security.
(2) Upon completion of air lift, locate on PZ Y, prepare for contingencymission.
g. Mortar Platoon:
(1) Attached to Co C for movement.
(2) Conduct air assault from PZ Z ( _________ ) to ( _________ ) in accordancewith Air Movement Table, Appendix 2 of Annex C.
(3) Firing position located at ( _________ ), be prepared to displace on order.
(4) Priority of fires initially to Co B, then to Co C.
h. A/21 AHB (OPCON):
(1) Provide air route security to LZ A, B, and C.
(2) Provide supporting fires in priority on LZ B, A, and C from H-2 toH-Hour. On order shift priority to support Co B's attack.
(3) Direct coordination with AMC and Cdr, Co B required.
i. Tm/B/1-11 ACS (OPCON):
(1) Conduct route reconnaissance of all flight routes NLT 110530 Jun.
(2) Provide terminal guidance to LZ A, B, and C for lift assets.
(3) On order, screen to the north of OBJ WHITE.
j. 210 CAC (DS):
(1) Establish laager site vic ( _________ ) from _________ to _________ .
(2) Back haul casualty(s) in event of "hot" LZ.
(3) Execute Air Movement, Annex C (Air Movement Table).
k. 211 CAC (DS):
(1) Establish laager site vic ( _________ ) from _________ to _________ .
(2) Back haul casualty(s) in event of "hot" LZ.
(3) Execute Air Movement, Annex C (Air Movement Table).
1. Coordinating Instructions:
(1) Report LZ status immediately upon landing.
(2) Report all PZs by location and size (in numbers of aircraft) to CP NLT 112100 Jun.
(3) Annex E, OPSCD.
(4) Annex F, OPSEC.
(5) H-Hour is 110530 Jun.
4. SERVICE SUPPORT.
Annex G, Service Support.
5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL.
(1) Command group with Co B for the air assault.
(2) Jump CP to be established with Co B vic ( _________ ).
(3) TOC will displace on order to ( _________ ).
(4) Succession of command: Cdr, XO, S3, Co B Cdr, Co A Cdr.
(5) BN XO will be located in the TOC.
(1) CEOI #29 in effect.
(2) Air assault net frequency is _________; alternate frequency is _________ .
(a) All stations enter at 110445 Jun.
(b) Ground elements leave net upon securing theLZ.Ground elements send code word BIG SKY when leaving the air assault net.
(c) Assault aviation units remain on assault net until mission complete.
(d) Attack helicopter Co remains on assault net until directed to other nets.
(e) AirCavTeam remains on assault net until directed to other nets by the AATFC.
(3) Emergency signal to lift fires is code word CARDINAL.
(4) Companies mark location with colored smoke as indicated:
Co A - Yellow
Co B - Violet
Co C - Green
(5) Medical evacuation frequency is _________ .
A - Intelligence (Omitted)
B - Operations Overlay
C - Air Movement
D - Fire Support Overlay
E - OPSCD
F - OPSEC (Omitted)
G - Logistics (Omitted)
Annex B (Operation Overlay) to OPORD 6-85 (Eagle).
Reference: Map, Series B142,
Palomas, Sheet 1011, Special Edition 1, 1:50,000
ANNEX C (Air Movement) to OPORD 6-85 (Eagle)
a. Enemy Forces. Annex A, Intelligence.
b. Friendly Forces. Basic OPORD.
c. Attachments and Detachments: Basic OPORD.
2. MISSION.TF1-20 air assaults at lIO53O Jun to destroy the enemy forces and the guerrilla base camp, located vicinity coordinates
a. Concept of Operation. TF 1-20 air assaults from three PZs to multiple LZs via UH-60 with 2 lifts of 24 aircraft each. Companies will assemble and load as shown in Appendix I (PZ Layout). Air assaults will be from designated PZs to designated LZs as per Appendix 2 (Air Movement Table).
b. 210 CAC (DS):
(1)Provide 12 Operational UH-60s.
(2) Provide headset in AMC UH-60 for AATF commander to monitor operation.
c. 211 CAC (DS): Provide 12 operational UH-60s.
d. Coordinating Instructions.
(1) ACL for UH-60 is 12 PAX.
(3) Flight routes indicated at Appendix 3 (Flight Routes).
(4) SEAD targets on flight route overlay at Appendix 3.
4. SERVICE SUPPORT.
(1) Replacement receiving point (RRP) at ( _________ ).
(2) FARP at ( _________ ).
(3) Annex G.
b. Administration. Annex H.
5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL.
(1) PZ control will be admin-log frequency.
(2) Red colored smoke on LZ means NO LAND - USE ALTERNATE.
(1) AATF commander will ride in AMC aircraft initially.
(2) Basic OPORD.
1 - PZ Layout (Omitted)
2 - Air Movement Table
3 - Flight Routes
APPENDIX 3 (FI-IGHT ROUTES) to ANNEX C
(AIR MOVEMENT) to OPORD 6-85 (EAGLE)
1. SEAD mission based on flak map.
2. LZ prep targets contained in Annex D (Target List).
3. PZ to SP-2 minutes.
4. RP to LZ-3 minutes.
ANNEX D (FIRE SUPPORT OVERLAY) to OPORD 6-85 (EAGLE)
See Appendix 1 to Annex D (Target List). Flight Corridor not to exceed 500 feet (AGL).
APPENDIX 1 (TARGET LIST) to ANNEX D (FIRE SUPPORT OVERLAY)
to OPORD 6-85 (EAGLE)
|LINE NUMBER||TARGET NUMBER||GRID||DESCRIPTION|
|(Left blank intentionally)|
Target Grid and description based upon support of current tactical plan.
ANNEX E (OPSCD) to OPORD 6-85 (EAGLE)
|1||H-60||TM/6/1-11 ACS||Commence route reconnaissance with FAC aboard.|
|2||H-30||AATF||PZ posture on all PZs.|
|2a||TM/B/1-11||ACS Report progress on route reconnaissance.|
|3||H-20||TM/B/1-11||ACS Reconnaissance LZs A, B, C.|
|4||H-15||TM/B/1-11 ACS||Report LZ status of LZs A, B, C.|
|5||H-12||A/21 AHB||Rendezvous at LZs X, Y, Z.
Provide en route security.
|7a||A/1-20||Depart PZ X.|
|7b||B/1-20||Depart PZ Y.|
|7c||C/1-20||Depart PZ Z.|
|8||H-5||1-221 FA||Commence prep fires on LZs A, B, C.|
|9||H-3||AATF||En route from RP.|
|9a||TM/B/1-11 ACS||Rendezvous with lead elements of AATF for terminal guidance.|
|10||H-2||1-221 FA||Cease fire on prep.|
|10a||A/21 AHB||Commence 2-min prep fire on LZs A, B, C.|
|11||H-Hour||AATF||Land at LZs A, B, C.|
|11a||A/1-20||Land at LZ A.|
|11b||B/1-20||Land at LZ B.|
|11c||C/1-20||Land at LZ C.|
|11d||TM/A/21 AHB||Overwatch LZs A, B, C.|
|12||H-Hour||210 CAC, 211 CAC||En route to PZs X, Y, Z.|
|12a||TM/A/21 AHB||En route, air assault route security.|
|13||H+10||210 CAC 211 CAC
210 AVN TM
|Arrive at PZs X, Y, Z.|
|14||H+11||210 CAC 211 CAC
210 AVN TM
|Depart LZs X, Y, Z.|
|14a||A/1-20||Depart LZ X.|
|14b||B/1-20||Depart LZ Y.|
|14c||C/1-20||Depart LZ Z.|
|14d||TM/A/21 AHB||En route, air assault route security.|
|15||H+18||210 CAC 211 CAC
210 AVN TM
|En route from RP.|
|15a||1-20||En route from RP.|
|15b||TM/B/1-11 ACS||Rendezvous with lead elements of AATF for terminal guidance.|
|15c||TM/A/21 AHB||En route, air assault route security.|
|16||H+21||210 CAC 211 CAC
210 AVN TM
|Land at LZs A, B, C.|
|16a||A/1-20||Land at LZ A.|
|16b||A/1-20||Land at LZ B.|
|16c||A/1-20||Land at LZ C.|
|17||H+22||AATF||Completion of air assault phase.|
NOTE: OPSCD can be carried out throughout the entire operation.
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