Organization and Equipment
The ranger regiment is a specially organized and trained light infantry force consisting of about 2,000 personnel. It includes a regimental headquarters and headquarters company and three ranger battalions. (See Appendix A.) The regiment can operate as a single unit, separate battalions, or separate companies on specific missions. Independent missions are not normally assigned to ranger platoons.
2-1. Headquarters and headquarters company.
The HHC of the ranger regiment consists of 130 personnel, the majority being senior noncommissioned officers, commissioned officers, or soldiers with special skills to support the operations of the ranger battalions. (See Appendix A.) The HHC consists of two elements: the regimental headquarters and the headquarters company (minus).
2-2. Regimental headquarters.
a. The regimental headquarters consists of the regimental commander and his staff. The primary staff is composed of five sections: personnel (S1), intelligence (S2), operations and training (S3), supply (S4), and civil affairs (S5). These staff sections perform the standard functions and are supervised by the executive officer (XO). The regimental commander has a deputy commander and a special staff consisting of a communications officer, fire support officer, surgeon, and staff judge advocate. The S2 officer has a large intelligence analysis and counterintelligence section. The S3 section has extra liaison officers and assistant operations officers to coordinate the widespread and complex ranger missions. A United States Air Force (USAF) staff weather officer and a tactical air control party (TACP) are permanently attached.
b. The regimental headquarters:
- Analyzes assigned missions.
- Plans, coordinates, and controls training and operations.
- Coordinates the infiltration, resupply, exfiltration, and debriefing of the reconnaissance teams.
- Provides liaison support.
- Provides administrative, medical, NBC, and logistical planning and coordination support to the committed ranger battalions.
- Coordinates special support requirements (rigger, transportation, communications security [COMSEC]) for the ranger battalions.
2-3. Regimental headquarters company.
The regimental headquarters company (minus) consists of the company commander and his administrative personnel, plus the limited combat support (CS) and combat service support (CSS) elements assigned to the regiment. These are the fire support element, the communications platoon, the reconnaissance platoon, and the medical treatment team.
a. The company headquarters:
(1) Provides command and control of assigned elements.
(2) Provides administrative, personnel, logistical, and maintenance support to the assigned elements.
b. The fire support element:
(1) Plans fires to support the commander's ground tactical plan.
(2) Coordinates the integration of all available fire support means (mortars, artillery, armed helicopters, close air support, naval gunfire) to support mission execution.
c. The communications platoon (see Appendix A):
(1) Provides secure SATCOM teletype (TTY) and facsimile transmissions (FAX) abilities at the remote marshalling base or intermediate staging base (REMAB or ISB).
(2) Provides secure SATCOM, TTY, and FAX to the regimental headquarters and ranger battalions in the objective area.
(3) Provides cryptographic support to the regimental headquarters.
(4) Provides limited repair of radio and cryptographic equipment.
d. The reconnaissance platoon (see Appendix A):
(1) Trains, equips, and controls the employment of three reconnaissance teams.
(2) Infiltrates the objective area by parachute (high-altitude, low-opening [HALO]; high-altitude, high-opening [HAHO]; static line), helicopter, fixed-wing aircraft, self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA), small boat, or other means.
(3) Remains undetected in the objective area for up to five days.
(4) Performs reconnaissance.
(5) Performs demolition target analysis.
(6) Uses small boats and inflatable rafts.
(7) Emplaces and monitors unattended ground sensors.
(8) Uses night image enhancement devices.
(9) Uses photographic equipment.
(10) Emplaces electronic target acquisition and designation devices.
(11) Collects specific combat information to satisfy priority intelligence requirements (PIR).
(12) Reports information using secure, long-range communication equipment.
Figure 2-1. Reconnaissance platoon communications.
(13) Performs drop zone (DZ) and landing zone (LZ) selection, marking, and reception duties.
(14) Escapes and evades enemy areas.
(15) Performs limited attacks or ambushes when tasked by the regimental commander.
(16) Reports weather in the objective area.
e. The medical treatment team:
(1) Provides medical support to the regimental headquarters.
(2) Coordinates required medical support and evacuation.
2-4. Ranger battalion.
a. The ranger battalion is organized and equipped to conduct both special and conventional combat operations. It contains organic combat, CS, and limited CSS elements. It consists of a battalion headquarters, a headquarters company, and three ranger rifle companies. (See Appendix A.)
b. The ranger battalion is the combat element of the ranger regiment. It can conduct independent combat operations or subdivide into its separate ranger rifle companies and their subordinate elements who can conduct semi-independent operations.
c. The ranger battalion headquarters and headquarters company (see Appendix A) includes:
(1) Battalion headquarters. The battalion headquarters consists of the commander; the executive officer; the command sergeant major; the S1, S2, S3, S4, and S5 officers; the chaplain; the communications officer; the fire support officer; and two radio operators.
(2) Battalion headquarters section. The battalion headquarters section consists of the S3 air and assistant S8, an assistant S2, an intelligence sergeant and a senior intelligence analyst, two operations sergeants and an operations assistant, a personnel staff noncommissioned officer (PSNCO), the chaplain's assistant, two clerk typists, two radio operators, a chemical officer and NCO, a personnel administration center (PAC) NCO, three PAC clerks, and a legal specialist. There is a USAF tactical air control party permanently attached.
(3) Communications section. The communications section consists of one telecommunications technician, one tactical communications chief, two combat signal radio team chiefs, one tactical communications systems supervisor, three radio operators, one switchboard operator, one single channel radio operator, and two equipment mechanics. The section provides communications support and associated maintenance.
(4) Battalion medical section. The battalion medical section consists of one general medical officer, one physician's assistant, two medical specialists, and twelve aidmen. The section provides unit-level medical support and trains selected members of the battalion in advanced medical procedures.
(5) Battalion support platoon. The battalion support platoon consists of a battalion support platoon leader, an ammunition NCO, and a food service section. The platoon provides limited CSS for assigned and attached units. This platoon does not have organic transportation. The battalion food service section consists of a food service sergeant (E7), a first cook (E6), and eight cooks.
(6) Fire support team headquarters. The fire support team (FIST) headquarters is supervised by the battalion fire support officer. It consists of the fire support sergeant and two fire support specialists. The headquarters controls three 9-man fire support teams. These teams are normally with the ranger rifle companies in a habitual support relationship. When operations are conducted near water, the fire support team headquarters may be augmented by spotter teams from the naval shore fire control party.
(7) Company headquarters. The HHC company headquarters consists of a commanding officer, an executive officer, a first sergeant, a supply sergeant, and an armorer.
d. The ranger rifle company (see Appendix A) includes a company headquarters, three rifle platoons, and a weapons platoon. Each company can conduct semi-independent operations for a short time when augmented by assets from the ranger battalion headquarters company.
(1) Ranger rifle company headquarters. The ranger rifle company headquarters consists of a commanding officer, an executive officer, a first sergeant, a supply sergeant, a tactical communications chief, two radiotelephone operators, an armorer, and an NBC NCO. It also has a two-man sniper team equipped with a sniper weapon. It normally has one of the 9-man FISTs attached from the ranger battalion headquarters company. Elements of this FIST may be further attached to the ranger rifle platoons.
(2) Ranger rifle platoon. The ranger rifle platoon consists of a headquarters section, three rifle squads, and a machine gun squad. The headquarters section personnel include a platoon leader, a platoon sergeant, and a radiotelephone operator. Each rifle squad consists of a squad leader and two balanced fire teams of four men each. The machine gun squad consists of a squad leader and three M60 machine gun crews of three men each. The machine gun squad is normally employed as a single element to provide quick, accurate, long-range supporting fire. One or more crews may be attached to other squads within the platoon.
(3) Ranger weapons platoon. The ranger weapons platoon consists of a headquarters section, a mortar section, and an antiarmor section. The headquarters section consists of a platoon leader, a platoon sergeant, and a radiotelephone operator. The mortar section has two 3-man 60-mm mortar squads. The mortar squads are normally employed as a section. They may be attached by section or squad to other platoons. The antitank section normally consists of a section sergeant and three 3-man 90-mm recoilless rifle or Dragon missile teams. They are normally employed as a section. The antiarmor section may also be attached by section or team to other platoons.
2-5. Special teams and elements.
The ranger regiment forms special teams to do critical tasks. These teams are made up of members of the unit and are used when needed. Examples of these special teams and elements are--
a. SCUBA teams whose members are graduates of the Special Forces Underwater Operations School. They conduct special insertion and reconnaissance duties.
b. HALO teams whose members are graduates of the Special Forces Freefall School and who conduct high-altitude, low-opening parachute operations.
c. HAHO teams whose members are also graduates of the Special Forces Freefall School and who conduct high-altitude, high-opening parachute operations, allowing offset parachute insertions.
d. Scout swimmer teams whose members are specially trained by the Landing Force Training Command (United States Marine Corps [USMC]) to conduct operations along coastlines, waterways, and inland waters. These teams conduct special insertion, reconnaissance, and security tasks often in support of amphibious operations.
e. Sniper teams, whose members are authorized by the table of organization and equipment (TOE), are used for both conventional and special operations. Along with the two-man sniper teams in the rifle company headquarters, each rifle platoon has two trained snipers.
f Demolition teams whose members are trained in advanced demolition and incendiary techniques and the use of special explosives,
g. Air defense teams trained in the use of man-portable air defense system (MANPADS) weapons. Such teams give the ranger battalion limited self-defense against air attack.
h. Liaison teams that are used by the ranger regimental commander to augment the existing command and control links from the employing unit headquarters to the ranger regiment. These teams are placed where they are most needed and may assist the higher headquarters staff in planning and target selection, as well as performing other liaison duties. See Appendix B for a detailed listing of the personnel and equipment included in the ranger liaison teams.
Figure 2-2. HALO and HALO parachute operations.
i. The ranger support element (RSE).
(1) The RSE is a special support element provided by host installation commanders at CONUS posts. It consists of elements and teams from either TOE units stationed at the installation or from the table of distribution and allowances (TDA) organizations under the command of the installation commander.
(2) The RSE provides the necessary support to ensure a timely and efficient deployment of the ranger battalion. During CONUS deployments, the RSE is responsible for both the departure and the reception support provided the battalion. During OCONUS deployments, the RSE is responsible for initial deployment and continuing support until the deploying ranger force is OPCON to the supported unified command or JTF. The responsible theater commander assumes support of the ranger battalion at the REMAB or the ISB if outside continental United States (OCONUS). On deployments that require the ranger battalion to move directly to the objective area from CONUS, the RSE continues support of the ranger battalion until released, and is prepared to accept considerable augmentation assets. The RSE provides the following support:
(a) Furnishing meals that are either served by a supporting unit in an established facility or taken to the ranger battalion at an isolated location.
(b) Issuing supplies from existing stocks, or from contingency items stored for use by the ranger battalion.
(c) Transporting supplies, food, personnel, and equipment.
(d) Palletizing equipment and ammunition for air movement and airdrop.
(e) Rigging vehicles and equipment for airdrop.
(f) Refueling vehicles and equipment.
(g) Issuing barrier and construction material for building of rehearsal sites.
(h) Helping in the construction of rehearsal sites and targets.
(i) Securing, storing, moving, and issuing ammunition and other Class V items.
(j) Maintaining ranger weapons and equipment, to include communications equipment. This is normally done by maintenance contact teams.
(k) Setting up and operating the RSE emergency operations center.
(l) Securing the REMAB if it is in CONUS.
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