H-SERIES TOE CONSIDERATIONS
The greatest impact the transition to J-series TOE will have at the squad and platoon level will be the loss of two men per squad and the dedicated M60 machine gunner. This appendix covers the organization and employment of the H-series squad and platoon with the 11-man squad and dedicated M60 machine gunner, and the effect of that organization on operations. The fundamentals of employment for the squad and platoon remain consistent with the tactics and techniques presented in the chapter of this manual for the nine-man squad. Only additional considerations for employing the H-series squad and platoon will be discussed in this appendix.
The platoon headquarters is organized as shown in illustration. (Fig. A-1.) (The platoon sergeant is a part of the platoon headquarters, but he rides in a squad APC.)
A typical seating arrangement for the platoon headquarters is shown in illustration.
The squad is composed of the APC and 11 men organized into two teams.
As a minimum, the carrier team is normally composed of the team leader/gunner and the driver.
The dismount team is made up of all squad members not a part of the carrier team. The platoon leader normally specifies the organization of the dismount team. His decision is usually based on squad strength, mission, enemy terrain, and guidance from the company commander.
A typical seating arrangement for a squad in the APC is shown in illustration.
The squad with the platoon sergeant on board its APC will have a typical seating arrangement as shown in illustration. (Fig. A-5.)
Each squad is arranged in its vehicle so it can observe in all directions and deliver sustained, effective fire while moving or rapidly exit the dismount team from the vehicle when required to, accomplish dismounted tasks. Each squad member has certain duties and responsibilities based on his duty position in the squad as discussed in chapter 2.
The considerations for employing the understrength squad, as discussed in chapter 2, remain the same. However, since the H-series TOE dedicates an M60 machine gunner, the M60 is normally considered second in priority of manning after the Dragon.
A-2. ORGANIZATION FOR DISMOUNTED OPERATIONS
The dismount element, composed of the dismount teams, for the H-series TOE is shown in illustration.
While the methods of control remain the same, the 11-man squad has the extra firepower provided by the M60 machine gunner and a rifleman. Platoon and squad leaders must consider them in their plans for control.
A-3. MOVEMENT FORMATIONS
As discussed in chapter 4, movement formations are an aid to command and control; leaders place themselves where they can best command and control movement. Their placement also is governed by the movement technique being used. It must be clearly understood, however, that movement techniques apply to how a formation moves; and they are not, in and of themselves, formations.
An example of a dismount team formation for the 11-man squad is shown in illustration.
When mounted, the M60 machine gunner replaces one of the SAWs in the cargo hatch as shown in illustration.
A-4. TACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
The offensive firepower provided by the dedicated M60 machine gunner is employed to aid the SAWs and caliber .50 in suppression missions:
During overwatch, against ATGMs.
While mounted, against enemy vehicles during initial contact.
Combined with other weapons while mounted and following tanks, to secure between and to the flanks of the tank formation.
To cover the flanks of the platoon while moving mounted.
Against close-in personnel targets.
In support of the dismount element when left behind with the carrier element to support by fire.
Combined with the SAWs and caliber .50 when assaulting mounted to cover the front and the area beyond 300 meters.
To aid in marking the objective for the dismount element through the use of tracer ammunition.
In the defense, the nine dismount team members are usually placed in two-man positions. The squad leader should consider whether to remain mounted or to dismount the APC and leave the gunner and driver as the carrier team. If the sector being defended is narrow, then the number of positions may be reduced. If a sector is wide, then it may become necessary to occupy positions with only one man. (Remember to maintain two-man positions on crew-served weapons such as the M60 machine gun.) The illustration shows a typical dismount team's position.
Even though it is a small organization, the dismount team has lots of combat power. To fight enemy dismounted attacks, it is armed with one M60 machine gun, four M16A1 rifles, two M203 grenade launchers (each mounted on an M16A1 rifle), two SAWs, and assorted hand grenades and antipersonnel mines. Against enemy mounted attacks, the dismount team can employ the Dragon, LAWs, the M203 HEDP round, and antitank mines.
As discussed in chapter 6, the distance between dismount teams will be determined by enemy capabilities, the terrain, visibility conditions, strength of the dismount teams, and their location with respect to the carrier teams.
The dismount element leader insures that key weapons are mutually supporting and that no gaps appear in the element's sector. Overlapping sectors of observation and fire between adjacent weapons, fighting positions, and teams provide mutual support within the element's sector. This fire must be enough to stop enemy soldiers from penetrating the position or isolating any part of the dismount element. Obstacles should be planned and emplaced to support the fire plan. Engineer assets, whenever available, should be used to the maximum extent to emplace obstacles and/or to prepare positions.
A-5. BATTLE DRILL EXAMPLES--H-SERIES TOE
This paragraph depicts the changes for the 11-man squad from the standard mechanized battle drills shown in appendix H.
DRILL TITLE: Dismount the APC.
TASK: Squad dismounts left or right.
CONDITION: The squad is moving as part of a platoon to make contact with the enemy. Visibility is good.
STANDARD: The dismount team immediately exits the vehicle to the left or right and orients to the front of the vehicle.
INITIATING CUE: The squad leader directs the dismount team to dismount left or right.
The squad leader alerts the dismount team.
The driver looks for a covered and concealed position.
The gunner uses the caliber .50 machine gun to suppress the enemy.
The vehicle is halted in the best available covered and concealed position.
The dismount team dismounts in the following order:
a. No. 5, 9, 8, 7, 1, 10, 6, 4, 11 (dismount right).
b. No. 9, 8, 7, 5, 1, 10, 6, 4, 11 (dismount left).
As the dismount team dismounts, the members orient to the front of the vehicle, which should be facing toward the enemy.
COUNTERTASK: The opposing force (OPFOR) engages the APC with antiarmor fire.
CONDITION: OPFOR is in a covered concealed fighting position and is armed with ATGM systems.
STANDARD: OPFOR suppresses the squad.
NOTE: The dismount battle drill terminates when the last man exits the vehicle and orients to the front. The battle drill does not necessarily require the exact dismount sequence shown. The dismount team may not "layout" as depicted but may dismount and move out in a specific direction.
DRILL TITLE: Mount the APC.
TASK: Dismount team mounts the vehicle.
CONDITION: The squad is occupying a defensive position as part of the platoon. Visibility is good. Squad's position has become untenable.
STANDARD: The dismount team mounts the vehicle.
INITIATING CUE: The squad leader, or dismount team leader, orders the dismount team to mount the vehicle.
Squad leader or dismount team leader gives warning or signal to prepare to mount.
Squad leader or dismount team leader gives the order to mount.
Soldiers should remount by number in the following order: No. 11, 4, 6, 10, 1, 5, 9, 8, 7.
First soldiers to mount, cover remaining dismounted team.
Gunner uses the caliber .50 machine gun to suppress the enemy.
Squad leader indicates direction of travel for move out.
COUNTERTASK: OPFOR detects the squad occupying a defense position. OPFOR closes with the squad.
CONDITION: OPFOR is conducting an attack.
STANDARD: OPFOR destroys the squad.
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