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a. Description. The qualification tests presented here are designed to be used by the commander as a guide in developing a program that fully qualifies all personnel involved in firing. The commander may use these tests, modified as required to meet local requirements, to determine the level and knowledge of selected personnel concerning safety regulations and procedures. Also, he may use them to determine specific areas that require refresher or remedial training.

b. Format. Qualification Test I is designed for those personnel not ordinarily tasked to compute safety data; for example, the howitzer section chief, platoon sergeant, and gunnery sergeant. Test II is designed for all officers and any other personnel who may be responsible for the computation of safety data. At the discretion of the examiner, Test I may also be given with Test II.

c. Test Administration.

(1) Examinees should be allowed about 1 week to prepare for the examination. During this period, they should have access to the following references:

  • AR 385-63.
  • FM 6-40.
  • FM 6-50.
  • TM 43-0001-28.
  • Local range regulations, SOPs, and any other local publications pertaining to safety.
  • Weapon technical and field manuals.

(2) The following should be provided by the examiner for use by the examinee for Test II, part 4, only:

    • Applicable tabular and graphical firing tables.
    • Graphical site table.
    • AR 385-63.
    • FM 6-50.
    • One copy of local range regulations.

d. Grading. Table O-1 presents a recommended method of weighing this examination. Test I is valued at 55 raw points. Tests I and II together are valued at 196 raw points.


a. Description.

(1) The hands-on safety certification test presented here is a sample of a test to be conducted in conjuction with the written safety test. The hands-on safety certification allows the commander to determine if subordinate leaders are adequately prepared to perform safety-related duties during live-fire exercises.

(2) Conduct this test in a field location. The battalion survey section will establish the orienting station, orienting line, end of orienting line, and several known aiming points with known direction. The unit being evaluated will provide all nesessary equipment to perform all listed tasks. The S3 will provide inert traning rounds, fuzes, and propellant.

(3) The certification test must approximate the conditions and stress a safety-certified person will encounter. This test does not specify a maximum allowable time for completion of individual tasks. The appropriate AMTP can be used as a standard.

b. Test Administration.

(1) The test should be conducted to certify, as a mimimum, the battery commander, platoon leaders, fire direction officers, platoon sergeants, gunnery sergeants, chief computer, and howitzer section chiefs.

(2) The battalion commander will evaluate the battery commander on the tasks listed in Table O-2. When the battery commander has been certified, he, the battalion executive officer, and S3 will conduct the certification of the battery personnel.

(3) The platoon leaders and fire direction officers will be evaluated on the tasks listed in Table O-3. The platoon sergeants and gunnery sergeants will be evaluated on the tasks listed in Table O-4. The howitzer section chiefs will be evaluated on tasks listed in Table O-5, and the chief computer and/or fire direction specialists will be evaluted on the tasks listed in Table O-6.

(4) Howitzer sections will be given a series of dry fire missions which they will be required to process. During these missions, the howitzer section chiefs will be evaluated on their ability to determine if the commands sent are safe to fire. The section chief will have his section members perform their individual tasks during fire mission processing to verify proper procedures are being used. (See paragraph c below.)

(5) There are 17 errors that may occur on the howitzer if the howitzer is not checked before every round is fired. These errors will cause a firing incident. They must be prevented by the safety NCO who safes the weapon before firing. A safety NCO that overlooks any one of these 17 possible errors will eventually fire an unsafe round.

c. Dry-Fire Mission for Section Chief Safety Test. To present a stressful exam that can identify safe chiefs, this test consists of 10 fire missions. In the process of those 10 missions, all 17 errors that will cause firing incidents occur. The test sight is set up as close to a live fire situation as possible. Cannoneers set off the induced errors, have them corrected, and fire the 10 missions safely to pass the test. Annexes to this hands-on test are as follow:

  • Annex 1- The 17 errors that can occur in a mission.
  • Annex 2 - The 10 fire missions (with error annotated).
  • Annex 3 - Section member cue cards. The data that each one of the section members sets off.
  • Annex 4 - The safety Ts that the chief being tested will use.

  • Annex 5 - The inbriefing to the test sight.
  • Annex 6 - The equipment needed at the test sight.
  • Annex 7 - A grade sheet.

d. Safety Certification (1) Record. Units should keep a record of all safety certifications. The record should include the following:

  • Name
  • Unit
  • Position in which safety-certified
  • Date of safety exam
  • Date of certification
  • Name of certifying officer
  • Test scores

(2) Statement. Units should keep on file a statement signed by the cerified individual indicating that he understands that--

  • For every function connected with firing, there is a person responsible for doing it, and there is a safety-certified person responsible for seeing that it is done properly.
  • The person checking data must be safety-certified himself.
  • At no time may an imdividual perform a function related to firing and check himself.
  • The individual understands his duties as a safety-certified person and will do his duties without compromise.


The verification checklists presented below may be modified as necessary to meet local requirements.


1. Verify lay and referred deflections of weapons.

2. Verify sight to crest and distance to crest of weapons.

3.Verify posted safety limits of weapons.

4. Ensure azimuth of fire is verified with M2 compass on each howitzer.

5. Verify Boresight.


1. Verify the lay of the weapon as follows:

a. Lay deflection.

b. Referred deflection to the second circle and to the aiming points.

2. Verify sight to crest.

3. Verify boresight.

4. Verify that prefire checks have been performed.

5.Post safety limits when a safety T is received.

6. Before firing verify the following:

a. Shell-fuze combination and fuze setting.

b. Charge

c. Deflection and quadrant settings (bubbles level), and the gunner has the correct sight picture.

d. Fire commands are safe to fire using the safety T.

e. The number of cut charges remaining.

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