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This publication is a guide for the commander of a field artillery cannon battalion organized under either J-series or L-series tables of organization and equipment (TOEs). It is also a guide for the staff, battery commanders, and commanders of the supported units. This publication sets forth doctrine pertaining to organization; command and control; operations and tactics, techniques, and procedures for the battalion. It establishes the responsibilities and general duties of key personnel by focusing on how the field artillery fights. It keys the battalion commander to those areas that must be trained in order to win the fight. The specifics of how we train to fight are outlined in soldier's manuals and Army training and evaluation program (ARTEP) mission training plans (AMTPs). They should be referenced when this area is addressed.

The TOEs detail manpower and equipment authorizations for US Army units. However, all Army units are organized under modification tables of organization and equipment (MTOEs). To determine manpower and equipment authorizations for a specific unit, refer to the authorization document (MTOE) for that unit. The units described in this publication reflect the L-series Department of the Army (DA) objective TOEs.

This publication describes how the cannon battalion operates to support the combined arms team. The tactics and techniques presented apply equally to those battalions that are equipped with the tactical fire direction system (TACFIRE) and those battalions that are not. Any TACFIRE-specific procedures are noted as such. Integration of the operations of TACFIRE and non-TACFIRE units is addressed in Appendix A.

Operations in support of both heavy and light maneuver forces are addressed, as are operations in special environments (Appendix B). The principles set forth in this manual apply to military operations anywhere in the world.

This publication is compatible with AirLand Battle doctrine as outlined in FM 100-5. It does not stand alone. It must be used in conjunction with FM 6-20, FM 6-20-2, FM 6-20-10, FM 6-20-30, FM 6-20-40, FM 6-20-50, FM 6-50, FM 6-121, TC 6-40, and TC 6-40A, as well as the maneuver doctrinal manuals for both heavy and light forces. Its primary focus is on the unit performing the mission of direct support. However, this manual has a more general application in that many of the concerns of a direct support battalion apply equally to the commander of a battalion assigned a general support or reinforcing mission.

During its development, FM 6-20-1 has undergone several draft revisions. Numerous individual Redlegs have helped to shape and define this manual. Representatives from a wide variety of artillery units have provided input during the development cycle. The units listed below provided representatives to a unique developmental exercise that encompassed a comprehensive review and rewrite of the draft manual. The efforts of these artillerymen resulted in this final product. It reflects a broad consensus from the field and the US Army Field Artillery School (USAFAS) concerning the tactics, techniques, and procedures for the field artillery cannon battalion. The field representatives were from--

  • 1st Cavalry Division Artillery, Fort Hood, Texas.
  • 2d Infantry Division Artillery, Republic of Korea.
  • 3d Infantry Division Artillery (Mechanized), Wuerzburg, Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 4th Infantry Division Artillery (Mechanized), Fort Carson, Colorado.
  • 8th Infantry Division Artillery (Mechanized), Baumholder Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 10th Mountain Division Artillery, Fort Drum, New York.
  • 82d Airborne Division Artillery, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
  • National Training Center, Fort Irwin, California.

This publication implements the following North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) standardization agreements (STANAGs) and quadripartite standardization agreements (QSTAGs):

  • STANAG 2031, Edition 5, and QSTAG 515, Edition 1, Proforma for Artillery Fire Plan.
  • STANAG 2129 Edition 5, and QSTAG 538, Edition 1, Identification of Land Forces on the Battlefield.
  • STANAG 2887, Edition 3, and QSTAG 217, Edition 2, Amendment 2, Tactical Tasks and Responsibilities for Control of Artillery.

The proponent of this publication is HQ TRADOC. Send comments and recommendations on DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) directly to:

US Army Field Artillery School
Fort Sill, OK 73503-5600
(AUTOVON 639-4225/4240)

Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns
and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.

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