ACIF artillery counterfire information form ACRV armored command and reconnaissance vehicle AFATDS advanced field artillery tactical data system AFSO aerial fire support observer AHB attack helicopter battalion ALGOR algorithm ALO air liaison officer AMTP Army training and evaluation program mission training plan AR Army regulation ARTEP Army training and evaluation program ASI additional skill identifier ATF automatic terrain following ATI artillery target intelligence ATIZ artillery target intelligence zone BCS battery computer system bde brigade bn battalion BOMREP bombing report btry battery C2 command and control C3 command, control, and communications cav cavalry cdr commander CDR coordinate report (TACFIRE) CFFZ call-for-fire zone CFL coordinated fire line CFO counterfire officer CFZ critical friendly zone cmd command COLT combat observation/lasing team comm communication COMNET communications net COMSEC communications security COP command observation post (Soviet) CP command post CPT captain CPX command post exercise CSB common sensor boundary CTAD corps target acquisition detachment CZ censor zone D digital DAG division artillery group (Soviet) DC direct current DF direction-finding div division div arty division artillery DMA Defense Mapping Agency DMD digital message device DS direct support DST decision support template DTED digital terrain elevation data DTG date-time group DTOCSE division tactical operations center support element EAC echelons above corps ECCM electronic counter-countermeasures ECM electronic countermeasures ECOA enemy course of action ELINT electronic intelligence ELOS electronic line of sight ELP electronic line printer EMP electromagnetic pulse ERPSL essential repair parts stockage list EW electronic warfare EWO electronic warfare officer FA field artillery FAIO field artillery intelligence officer FCE fire control element FDC fire direction center FDS fire direction system FEBA forward edge of the battle area FEM field exercise mode FF Firefinder FFED Firefinder elevation data FIST fire support team FLOT forward line of own troops FM field manual; frequency modulated FO forward observer FSCOORD fire support coordinator FSE fire support element FSO fire support officer FTX field training exercise GS general support GSR ground surveillance radar HB high burst HE high explosive HHB headquarters and headquarters battery HMMWV high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle HPT high-payoff target HQ headquarters HVT high-value target Hz hertz IEW intelligence and electronic warfare intel intelligence IPB intelligence preparation of the battlefield IPW prisoner-of-war interrogation km kilometer kw kilowatt LO liaison officer LOS line of sight LT lieutenant m mil MAC maintenance allocation chart maint maintenance MDS meteorological data system met meteorology METL mission-essential task list METT-T mission, enemy, terrain, troops, and time available MFR mission fired report MI military intelligence MLRS multiple launch rocket system mm millimeter MOI message of interest MOPP mission-oriented protective posture MORTREP mortar bombing report MPI mean point of impact MSG master sergeant MTI moving-target indicator MTLR moving-target-locating radar MTOE modification tables of organization and equipment NAI named area of interest NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NBC nuclear, biological, chemical NCO noncommissioned officer NCS net control station nuc nuclear OB order of battle OF observed fire OP observation post OPCON operational control OPLAN operation plan OPORD operation order ops/F operations/fire (radio net) ORF operational readiness float PADS position and azimuth determining system PCM pulse code modulation PE probable error PFC private first class PLL prescribed load list plt platoon PMCS preventive maintenance checks and services POL petroleum, oils and lubricants pri priority PW prisoner of war QSTAG quadripartite standardization agreement R reinforcing RAG regimental artillery group (Soviet) RATELO radiotelephone operator RATT radio teletypewriter RDF radio direction finding RDO radar deployment order recon reconnaissance ref reference ROCKREP rocketing report RSO reconnaissance and survey officer SCP survey control point SEAD suppression of enemy air defenses sec section SFC sergeant first class SGT sergeant SHELREP shelling report SIGNT signals intelligence SOI signal operation instructions SOP standing operating procedure SP self-propelled SPC specialist SPCE survey planning and coordination element SPCO survey planning and coordination officer SSG staff sergeant STANAG standardization agreement TA target acquisition TAB target acquisition battery TACFIRE tactical fire direction system TAI target area of interest TAMMS The Army Maintenance Management System TC training circular TDA target damage assessment TF task force TFT tabular firing table TLE target location error TM technical manual TMDE test, measurement, and diagnostic equipment TOC tactical operations center TOE tables of organization and equipment TSOP tactical standing operating procedure TVA target value analysis USAFAS US Army Field Artillery School USAF United States Air Force UTM universal transverse mercator V voice VFMED variable-format message entry device VHF very high frequency WLR weapons-locating radar WO warrant officer
artillery target intelligence zone--An area in enemy territory that the maneuver commander wants to monitor closely. Weapon locations in this zone will be reported immediately. Their priority is exceeded only by targets in a critical friendly zone or a call-for-fire zone.
aspect angle--The relative angle between the path of a projectile, or moving target, and the beam of the radar observing it. For example, if the projectile and the radar beam are perpendicular, the aspect angle is 1,600 mils.
call-for-fire zone--An area in enemy territory that the maneuver commander considers extremely important to neutralize fires from by immediate counterfire.
centralized control--The mode in which control is kept at a higher echelon, such as div arty or corps.
common sensory boundary--A line established by the division artillery or FA brigade that divides TA areas of search into dose and deep areas for the AN/TPQ-36 and AN/TPQ-37 respectively. This boundary is established to prevent target duplication and maximize range capabilities of the radars.
counterfire--Fire intended to destroy, neutralize, or suppress enemy weapons
counterpreparation fires--An intense volume of prearranged fires delivered when the threat of enemy attack is discovered.
counterreconnaissance--Action taken against enemy reconnaissance elements.
critical friendly zone--An area in which are located friendly units or units that the maneuver commander designates as critical.
cueing--External actions or inputs that cause a surveillance or target acquisition device to turn on and search a suspect area.
cueing agent--One who is authorized to direct a TA sensor to turn on and search an area of interest.
decentralized control--The mode in which control is given to lower echelons, such as battalion or battery.
electronic line of sight--A straight, unobstructed path from the transmit antenna of an emitter to either a reflecting object or a receive antenna.
forward edge of the battle area--The forward limit of the main battle area.
forward line of own troops--A line that indicates the most forward positions of friendly forces in any kind of military operation at a specific time. The FLOT may be at, beyond, and short of the FEBA, depicting the nonlinear battlefield.
high-payoff target--A high-value target that must be acquired and successfully attacked for the success of the friendly commander's mission.
high-trajectory weapons--Weapons such as mortars that fire projectiles at an angle exceeding 800 mils.
high-value target--An asset the enemy commander requires for the successful completion of his mission.
intelligence preparation of the battlefield--A continuous systematic approach to analyzing the enemy, weather, and terrain in a specific geographical area. It integrates enemy doctrine with the weather and terrain as they relate to mission and the specific battlefield environment. This is done to determine and evaluate enemy capabilities, vulnerabilities, and probable courses of action.
low trajectory weapons--Weapons such as artillery or rockets that fire projectiles at angles less than 800 mils.
mask--High ground in front of the antenna that blocks the transmitted radar beams. mask angle--The vertical angle from the radar to the top of the mask, or screening crest.
real-time cueing--Planned procedure in which the radar is cued and then locates and reports the target. Immediate fire is then directed on the target.
screening crest--A hill or ridge located in front of a radar set to mask it from unwanted returns (clutter) at dose range and to provide security against electronic detection or jamming. A screening crest also prevents visual observation and attack by direct fire weapons.
sector of search--An area that a target acquisition or surveillance device is required to search.
target--An area designated and numbered for future firing. Also, in radar (NATO), a target generally is any discrete object that reflects or retransmits energy back to the radar equipment. Specifically, a target is an object of radar search or surveillance.
target acquisition--The detection, identification, and location of a target in sufficient detail to permit attack by friendly weapons.
target acquisition capabilities overlay--An overlay that graphically depicts the target acquisition coverage of a unit. The overlay is constructed and maintained by the unit controlling headquarters S2. It is used to help S2s plan and control assigned TA assets.
target intelligence--The product resulting from the collection, evaluation, and interpretation of target information.
target value analysis--An analytical tool used in the targeting process by which the maneuver commander--
- Provides focus for his TA effort.
- Identifies priorities for the engagement of enemy targets that will facilitate the success of his mission.
- Identifies effects criteria.
- Permits planning for identified contingencies based on enemy options available when the enemy operation fails.
- Can better estimate friendly unit capabilities.
track volume--The portion of a projectile trajectory that a weapons-locating radar tracks.
tunneling--Positioning a radar so that vegetation is to the sides and rear in order to reduce the side and back lobes of radiation and decrease radar vulnerability to direction-finding equipment.
visibility diagram--A diagram depicting the capability of a TA sensor to observe a given area.
ATI artillery target intelligence CDR coordinate report DA division artillery FM fire mission FOCMD forward observer command (message) INTM initiate mission MFR mission fired report MOI message of interest OBCO observer location PTM plaintext message RFAF request for additional fire SPRT support (program) SUBS subsequent commands message SYS system
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