Organizational containers are the wave of the future. Containerization of unit equipment and cargo can take on many forms, such as the ISUs, 20-foot MILVANs, and commercial 20- and 40-foot shipping containers. Familiarization with the different types of containers will enhance the selection and loading process.
Considerations when selecting a container should include the characteristics of the container, the cargo to be shipped, available materials handling capabilities, and the available mode for transporting containers. ISUs and QUADCONs are containers developed with unit deployment in mind and should be strongly considered by contingency forces.
E-1. The following is a list of available containers units and installations may use for deployments.
EQUIPMENT DEPLOYMENT STORAGE SYSTEM
E-2. The EDSS is a series of containers that consists of a QUADCON and ISUs (ISU-60 and ISU-90). The EDSS has differing transport capabilities from 5,000 to 12,500 pounds depending on the container and method of movement. It is compatible with the FMTV. The system is air transportable, has four liftable points, and is MHE compatible.
E-3. The QUADCON measures 82 x 57 x 96 inches (see Figure E-1). It is a lockable, weatherproof, reusable, prefabricated container with a cargo capacity of 8,000 pounds. The QUADCON has a structural steel welded frame. Its top sides and door panels are made of plywood coated with a plastic laminate. The floor is of high density plywood covered on both sides with sheet steel. It has ISO corner fittings for lifting and restraint and for coupling up to four QUADCONs together. The QUADCON has a base that allows four-way forklift entry. Four QUADCONs coupled together have the same dimensions as a standard 20-foot ISO container. These QUADCONs are compatible with the 20-foot cell guides of a containership.
Figure E-1. QUADCON
E-4. The internal airlift/helicopter slingable container unit (see Figure E-2) is certified for helicopter internal/external airlift, AMC aircraft, and combat off-load. It is 463L pallet compatible and has a 10,000-pound capacity. The base measures 88 x 108 inches and allows forklift entry. ISUs are available in heights ranging from 60 to 90 inches.
Figure E-2. ISU-90
NOTE: ISU containers should always have shoring to protect the bottom.
E-5. Deploying units should also consider using 20-foot MILVANs (see Figure E-3). These containers have a significant weight and cube capacity and fit more efficiently into the transportation system, and will speed the movement of unit equipment through a water terminal. Upon request by the unit, these containers will be obtained through the ITO. The container will be positioned at the location identified by the unit. Any movement of these containers will be coordinated through the ITO or his representative.
Figure E-3. MILVAN Characteristics
QUALIFICATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR CONTAINERIZATION
E-6. Unit equipment is qualified for containerization based on interior container length, door opening dimensions, and container weight capacities. For blocking and bracing, the usable interior container length is reduced by 6 inches. The decision to use a container will be based on the following:
- Coordination between the unit, the ITO, MTMC, and the gaining command.
- Availability of MHE at destination.
- Means of transporting the container from the SPOD to the unit's destination.
- Guidance from the theater of operations commander on the container's unstuffing location and the container retrograde plan. A theater container return policy must be in place to return containers to the transportation system.
STUFFING SHIPPING CONTAINERS
E-7. Container contents may be subjected to sudden jolts. Therefore, personnel must stuff cargo so that it does not shift inside the container. Boards, packing paper, and banding material are used to keep the load from shifting (for more information, consult DA Pamphlet 740-1). When stuffing containers, personnel will do the following:
- Distribute the weight of the cargo evenly over the floor of the container.
- Place heavy cargo on the bottom of the container and lighter cargo on top.
- Block and brace the cargo at the bottom, sides, and front of the container, especially near the door.
- Fill in the space between the cargo and the container sides.
- Place any package containing liquid on a double layer of dunnage to reduce damage due to leakage.
- Use block stowage to protect bagged cargo from shifting.
- Keep the CB of the cargo as near as possible to the center of the container. If this is not possible, mark the CB on the container and notify the carrier.
- Keep within the load limits of the container. Never overload.
- Close and seal container doors carefully. Put serial numbered seals on the container to detect pilferage and tampering.
- Place one copy of the packing list inside and one outside the door (see Appendix A).
- Weigh containers before shipment at the origin. Mark weight of container on shipping documents.
- Observe procedures for hazardous cargo (see Appendix D) and sensitive cargo (see Appendix F).
Figure E-4. Distribution of Loads in Containers
Figure E-5. Distribution of Heavy Loads in Containers
OVERHAUL OR REPAIR OF MILVAN CONTAINERS
E-8. All containers should be inspected for serviceability before stuffing. Figures E-6 through E-11 show the construction and components of typical MILVANs. The following deficiencies should be noted during inspection and constitute damage requiring repairs.
Figure E-6. Main Structural Member
Figure E-7. Exploded View of Typical Steel Container
Figure E-8. Exploded View of Typical Aluminum Container
Figure E-9. Typical Rear End and Door Construction
Figure E-10. Wood Floor Structural Components
Figure E-11. Wood Floor Repair
E-9. Check the exterior for the following deficiencies:
- Corrugated sheets should not be dented or torn. Dents cannot exceed 3/4 inch.
- Identification must not be obliterated.
- Welds must not be broken, cracked, or missing. They must be properly made, not primed or painted.
- Top and bottom rails should not be bent, cut, or crushed. Rails must not be bent past the plane of corner fittings. Bends cannot exceed 3/4 inch.
- The door frame must not be cut, broken, or distorted. Hinges must not be broken, torn, or twisted. Doors must not be out of alignment, punctured, or rusted out. Door handles (operating levers) must not be bent or broken.
- Locking bar guides and locking bar tubes must not be bent or twisted.
- Rubber seals must not be cut or torn loose.
- Roof panels should not be punctured or dented or have Stage IV corrosion. Dents may not exceed 3/4 inch.
NOTE: Stage IV corrosion is rust or black or white chemical corrosion with powdering, scaling, severe pitting and holes, and irregular areas of surface material eroded away. Nonacceptable corrosion of nonstructural members can be determined if the corroded metal can be punctured by striking the area lightly with a welder's hammer.
E-10. Check the underside for the following deficiencies:
- Floor cross members should not be bent, cut, crushed, severely rusted, or broken loose from side rails or floor. They should not have cracked or broken welds. Bends may not exceed 3/4 inch.
- Stiffeners should not be bent, cut, crushed, severely rusted, or broken loose from side rails. They should not have cracked, missing, or broken welds. Bends may not exceed 3/4 inch.
- The threshold plate should be firmly attached and free of damage.
E-11. Check the interior for the following deficiencies:
- Roof bows must not be cut or broken loose from top rails.
- Floor boards must not be splintered, broken, cracked, or rotten.
- The restraint system must not be bent, torn, or detached from side panels.
- Walls and doors (top and bottom) must not leak from metal punctures, cracked welds, or bad seals.
- Corner posts should not be dented, fractured, or torn. Dents may not exceed 3/4 inch. Corner castings (fittings) should not be fractured or distorted.
- The frame must not be out of alignment.
- The inside must not be corroded to the point where its fit, wear, function, or life has been significantly affected.
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