COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT
CSS begins at the engineer company level. The engineer company has an organic supply section. All other CSS is under the engineer battalion's control. The battalion has the burden of logistics support. This frees the company commander to concentrate on fighting to accomplish the tactical mission.
COMMAND AND CONTROL
- Determines the general location for the company resupply point.
- Receives periodic maintenance updates from the platoon leaders and sergeants, the 1SG, and the maintenance-team chief.
- Receives, consolidates, and forwards all administrative, personnel, and casualty reports to the battalion/TF combat trains.
- Directs the medical evacuation section and company maintenance support team (MST) forward when the situation requires.
- Establishes and organizes the company resupply point.
- Meets logistics packages (LOGPACs) at the LRP, guides the LOGPAC to the company resupply point, and supervises resupply operations.
- Orients new personnel to the company and assigns them to platoons.
- Supervises the acquisition, treatment, and evacuation of casualties.
- Supervises the evacuation of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) and damaged equipment.
- Maintains a personnel roster for the company.
- Attends the CSS rehearsal as the company representative.
- Requests Class II, IV, VII, and IX items.
- Coordinates with the battalion/TF support platoon leader for Class I, III, and V supplies.
- Maintains individual supply and clothing records.
- Picks up personnel replacements at the engineer battalion field trains and in-processes them into the company.
- Receives and evacuates killed in actions (KIAs) to the graves registration point in the brigade support area (BSA).
- Returns the LOGPAC with EPW and damaged vehicles to the BSA for further disposition.
- Organizes and supervises the MST by-
- Conducting battle damage assessment and repair (BDAR) procedures.
- Performing mission-essential maintenance-only procedures.
- Advises the XO, the 1SG, and platoon leaders on vehicle recovery, repair, and destruction.
- Ensures that requests for repair parts are prepared and forwarded to the battalion/TF UMCP.
- Distributes repairs when they are received.
- Supervises exchange and cannibalization when that authority is delegated to him.
- Coordinates with the platoon sergeants for maintenance status' of their platoons (if not already provided by the 1SG).
- Takes responsibility for recovery operations to the UMCP or other designated maintenance collection points.
- Supervise the triage of the wounded and ill (both friendly and enemy).
- Advise the commander on the command's health.
- Evacuate seriously wounded personnel under the direction of the 1SG.
- Provide emergency medical treatment and stabilize injured soldiers for evacuation.
- Control, issue, and request resupply of Class VIII supplies, including nerve-agent antidote injectors.
- Train soldiers and combat lifesavers in first-aid procedures.
- Take responsibility for the medical evacuation-team operations.
- Advise the chain of command on field sanitation measures.
The company trains normally operate between 500 to 1,000 meters (547 to 1,094 yards) (or one terrain feature) behind the engineer company. This allows the 1SG to provide immediate recovery, combat health support, and maintenance support to the company. During defensive missions, the engineer company is typically working across the TF's sector. The 1SG should attempt to locate the company trains where they can best support the platoons as they prepare the barrier and fortification plan.
During battle, the 1SG continually monitors the company command net and sends combat health and maintenance support forward to the platoons. He must have an armored vehicle (wheeled or tracked) with compatible communications to control the company combat trains effectively. He keeps the TF and engineer battalion combat trains command posts (CTCPs) informed on a continuing basis on the engineer company's logistics status.
Class I items are rations and health, morale, and welfare items. Meals, ready-to-eat (MRE) are kept on each company vehicle in a basic load (normally three to five days). MRE and water are delivered daily to the company from the field trains by the supply section. Hot meals should be served whenever the tactical situation allows. Water is delivered in the company water trailer brought forward by the supply sergeant. Water is more critical than food and must be delivered daily. Rations are automatically requisitioned and issued to the engineer company by the S4 based on the previous day's strength reports submitted to the S1. (The command/support relationship determines whether the engineer or the TF CTCP will receive these reports.)
Class II items include clothing, individual equipment, tentage, tools, and administrative equipment and supplies. These items are requisitioned through the S4 based on requirements from the company supply sergeant. The supply sergeant receives these supplies from the field trains and transports them forward with the LOGPAC.
Class III items include POL. Class III bulk products are delivered with each LOGPAC from the battalion support platoon. The company refuels its vehicles and equipment daily as a minimum. If the engineer company has a fuel tanker attached, it will return to the Class III supply point in the BSA to refuel after the company refuels. During extensive defensive preparations, the company will require additional mission loads of Class III for support fortification construction.
The company normally keeps a basic load of Class III package products (hydraulic fluid, motor oil, and vehicle lubrication) stored on each combat and tactical vehicle. Package products are replenished as they are used from stockage brought forward daily with the fuel tanker during LOGPAC distribution.
Class IV items include construction materials. Combat units normally carry small, basic loads of Class IV materials such as overhead cover material (sandbags and lumber) and concertina wire for individual fighting positions and protective-obstacle construction.
The Class IV/V (barrier material and mines) items for extensive defensive preparations will normally be pushed forward by division or corps transportation assets to a maneuver brigade or TF-controlled supply point. This supply point is managed by the maneuver unit with engineer representation.
Class V items include ammunition. Class V material is based on reported ammunition expenditures submitted to the field trains by the 1SG. The engineer company's ammunition is delivered daily with the LOGPAC. Special-purpose ammunition can be pre- positioned or delivered as part of the company LOGPAC or separately to a predetermined site, depending on the mission (MICLIC reloads for the offense or mines for defensive preparations).
Class VI items include personal-demand items available through the post exchange. These items are requested through the S1 by the 1SG.
Class VII items include major end items. These items are requisitioned through the S4. Crews are assigned and the replacement combat vehicles normally come forward with the LOGPAC. Engineer-specific equipment replacement is normally received through the engineer battalion regardless of the command/support relationship.
Class VIII items include medical supplies. These items are provided by the TF's or engineer battalion's medical platoon, depending on the command/support relationship. Requests for medical supplies to replenish aid bags for the company medics and combat lifesavers are submitted to the TF's aid station by the company senior aidman.
Class IX items include repair parts and documents for equipment maintenance. Repair parts are requested through the prescribed load list (PLL) clerk. They are delivered with LOGPAC or picked up by the MST at the UMCP.
- Assembled in the BSA and then led by the supply sergeant with a TF or engineer battalion support platoon to an LRP.
- Picked up by the 1SG at the LRP and moved forward to a secure area behind the company's position to feed, fuel, and resupply the company.
- Returned by the 1SG to the LRP where the supply sergeant takes control of it and moves it back to the field trains under the control of the TF or engineer battalion support platoon.
The tailgate method differs from the service-station method in two major aspects (see Figure 6-2). First, the 1SG brings the LOGPACs to each platoon's general location. Second, the tailgate LOGPACs are usually not as comprehensive as the service-station LOGPACs because the tailgate resupply is more mobile and spends more time in transit. The tailgate method takes more time for the 1SG but interferes least with the platoon work effort. The platoon does not have to spend time moving to the LOGPAC distribution site.
The modified-tailgate method organizes the LOGPAC into separate platoon packages which are picked up at the company resupply point by the platoon sergeants and then delivered to the platoon work sites. This method is particularly effective during defensive preparations because it minimizes platoon travel and allows the soldiers to resupply at their work sites. However, this type of LOGPAC distribution requires special coordination with the S4 and HHC commander to be configured into platoon packages (see Figure 6-3).
The platoons may receive LOGPACs with the maneuver companies/teams as a method of resupply. This method is also effective during defensive preparation, especially for the A&O platoon. The A&O platoon will typically spend a great deal of time in each company BP preparing vehicle and crew-served weapons positions. This method also requires very close coordination to ensure that the engineer platoon is working in the maneuver company/team location when they receive their LOGPAC. Care must also be taken to ensure that the engineer platoon's rations, supplies, ammunition, and fuel are included with the company's LOGPAC.
COMBAT HEALTH SUPPORT
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