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A2C2 - Army airspace command and control

AA - assembly area

AAA - air avenue of approach

AADC - Army air defense commander

AAM - air-to-air missile

ABMOC - Air Battle Management Operations Center

AC - aircraft

ACA - airlift clearance authority

ACP - air control point

ACR - armored cavalry regiment

active air defense -
direct defensive action taken to destroy attacking enemy aircraft or missiles or to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such attack. It includes such measures as the use of aircraft, interceptor missiles, air defense weapons artillery, non-air defense weapons in an air defense role, and electronic countermeasures and counter-countermeasures (Joint Publication 1-02).

AD - air defense

ADA - air defense artillery

ADADO - assistant division air defense officer

ADCOORD - air defense coordinator

ADCS - air defense coordination section

ADIZ - air defense identification zone

ADLNO - air defense liaison officer

ADMIN/LOG - administrative/logistics

ADO - air defense officer

ADW - air defense warning

air battle management -
a fundamental task of air defense command and control and airspace management which encompasses the principles for the control and coordination of both tactical air and ground-based air defense resources. Air battle management is exercised through positive and procedural methods.

air corridor -
a restricted air route of travel specified for use by friendly aircraft and established for the purpose of preventing friendly aircraft from being fired upon by friendly forces.

air defense (AD) -
all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of attack by hostile aircraft or guided missiles both before and after they are airborne.

air defense artillery (ADA) -
ground-based, surface-to-air weapons, including guns and surface-to-air missiles and support equipment, for engaging air targets.

air strike -
an attack on specific objectives by fighter, bomber, or attack aircraft on an offensive mission.

airspace control -
a service provided in the combat zone to increase operational effectiveness by promoting the safe, efficient, and flexible use of airspace. Airspace control is provided to permit greater flexibility of operations, while authority to approve, disapprove, or deny combat operations is vested only in the operational commander.

airspace management -
the coordination, integration, and regulation of the use of airspace of defined dimensions.

alert -
a warning signal of a real or threatened danger, such as an air attack; to forewarn; to prepare for action.

allocation -
(1) the translation of the apportionment into total number of sorties by aircraft type available for each operation task and (2) an apportionment of a definite quantity of supplies space services personnel, or productive facility for a specific use.

ALO - air liaison officer

alt - altitude

alternate position -
the position given to a weapon, unit, or individual to be occupied when the primary position becomes unsuitable for carrying out its task. The alternate position is located so that the weapon can continue to fulfill its original task.

AM - amplitude modulation

AMC - at my command--a method of control for fire support.

AMO - air movement officer

ant - antenna

AO - area of operations

AOC - Army Operations Center

APOD - aerial port of debarkation

APP - Allied Publication Procedure

area air defense commander (AADC) -
within an overseas unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task forces, the commander will assign overall responsibility for air defense to a single commander. Normally, this will be the Air Force component commander. Representation from the other service components involved will be provided, as appropriate, to the area air defense commander's headquarters.

ARTEP - Army Training and Evaluation Program

aslt - assault

ASM - air-to-surface missile; aim smart munitions

ASP - ammunition supply point

AT - antitank

ATGM - antitank guided missile

atk - attack

ATP - Allied Tactical Publication; ammunition transfer point

attach -
the placement of units or personnel in an organization where such placement is relatively temporary. Subject to limitations imposed by the attachment order, the commander of the formation, unit, or organization receiving the attachment will exercise the same degree of command and control thereover as he does over units and persons organic to his command. However, the responsibility for transfer and promotion of personnel will normally be retained by the parent formation, unit, or organization.

attack -
an offensive action characterized by fire and maneuver and culminating in a violent assault or, in an attack by fire, in the delivery of intensive direct fires from an advantageous position. Its purpose is to direct a decisive blow at the enemy to hold him, destroy him in place, or force him to capitulate.

attn - attention

Aug - August

AVT - automatic video tracker

AWACS - Airborne Warning and Control System

BAI - battlefield air interdiction

basic load (ammunition) -
that quantity of nonnuclear ammunition that is authorized and required by each service to be on hand for a unit to meet combat needs until resupply can be accomplished. It is expressed in rounds, units, or units of weight, as appropriate.

battle position -
a position on which the main effort of the defense is concentrated. A battle position is made up of a system of defensive sectors that support one another.

battlefield operating system (BOS)-
a major function occurring on the battlefield and performed by the force to successfully execute operations. The seven systems are (1) maneuver, (2) fire support, (3) air defense, (4) command and control, (5) intelligence, (6) mobility and survivability, and (7) combat service support. NBC must be integrated throughout each BOS.

BC - battery commander

BCE - battlefield coordinating element

BCS - battery computing system

BCU - battery coolant unit

BDA - battle damage assessment

bde - brigade

BDO - battledress overgarment

BFA - battlefield functional area

BII - basic issue items

BMNT - beginning morning nautical twilight

bn - battalion

BNTOC - battalion tactical operations center

BOS - battlefield operating system

boundary -
in land warfare, a line by which areas of responsibility between adjacent units and or formations are defined.

bounding overwatch -
a movement technique used when contact with enemy forces is expected. The unit moves by bounds. One element is always halted in position to overwatch another element while it moves. The overmatching element is positioned to support the moving unit by fire or fire and maneuver.

BP - battle position

BSA - battalion support area

BSFV - Bradley Stinger Fighting Vehicle

btry - battery

c - control

C2 - command and control

C2I - command, control, and intelligence

C3 - command, control, and communications

C3I - command, control, communications, and intelligence

CAAD - combined arms air defense

CAM - chemical agent monitor

CAS - close air support

cav - cavalry

cbt - combat

cdr - commander

CDT - control display terminal

CESO - communications-electronics staff officer

cGy - centigray

close air support (CAS) -
air action against hostile targets which are in proximity to friendly forces and which require detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of those forces.

CM - cruise missile

cmd - command

CNR - combat net radio

co - company

CO2 - carbon dioxide

combat service support (CSS) -
the essential logistics functions, activities, and tasks necessary to sustain all elements of an operating force in an area of operations. Combat service support includes, but is not limited to, the assistance provided operating forces primarily in the fields of administrative services, chaplain services, military police, supply, maintenance, transportation, construction, troop construction, acquisition and disposal of real property, facilities engineering, topographic and geodetic engineering functions, food service, graves registration, laundry, dry cleaning, bath, property disposal, and other logistics services.

combat support -
fire support and operational assistance provided to combat elements. It includes artillery, air defense artillery, aviation (less air cavalry and attack helicopter), engineer, military police, signal, military intelligence, and chemical.

combat support elements -
those elements whose primary missions are to provide combat support to the combat forces and which are a part, or prepared to become a part, of a theater, command, or task force formed for combat operations.

combat trains -
the portion of unit trains that provides the combat service support required for immediate response to the needs of forward tactical elements.

COMINT - communications intelligence

command -
the authority that a commander in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtute of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. It also includes responsibility for the health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel (Joint Publication 1-02).

command and control (C2 ) -
the exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission (Joint Publication 1-02).

command post (CP) -
a unit's or subunit's headquarters where the commander and the staff perform their activities. In combat, a unit's or subunit's headquarters is often divided into echelons; the echelon in which the unit or subunit commander is located or from which he operates is called a command post.

communications security (COMSEC) -
the protection resulting from all measures designed to deny unauthorized persons information of value which might be derived from the possession and study of telecommunications, or to mislead unauthorized persons in their interpretation of the results of such possession and study.

COMSEC - communications security

continuity -
continuity implies the responsibility of ensuring an operation is not affected by an interruption of support or by unforeseen events.

control -
authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations.

CONUS - continental United States

COSCOM - corps support command

counterair operations -
air operations conducted to attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority by the destruction or neutralization of enemy territory and are generally conducted at the initiative of friendly forces. The latter are normally conducted near or over friendly forces and are generally reactive to the initiative of the enemy air forces.

CP - command post

CRC - control and reporting center

CRP - control and reporting post

CS - combat support

CSB -corps service battery

CSS - combat service support

cueing -
providing specific and timely position data with tentative identification of aircraft within a designated range of a fire unit.

CVC - combat vehicle crewman

DA - Department of the Army

DC - District of Columbia; direct current

decisive engagement -
an engagement in which a unit is considered fully committed and cannot maneuver or extricate itself. In the absence of outside assistance, the action must be fought to a conclusion and either won or lost with the forces at hand.

decon - decontamination

defend -
a mission assigned to a unit which requires it to destroy an attacking enemy force or stop it from penetrating the sector or battle position. Subunits of the defending unit may have such missions as defend, delay, or counterattack.

DEW - directed early warning

DISCOM - division support command

div - division

DP - decision point

DS - direct support

DS2 - decontaminating solution number 2

DSM - decision support matrix

DST - decision support template

DSU - direct support unit

DTAC - division tactical (operations center)

DTD - detailed troop decontamination

DTG - date-time group

DZ - drop zone

E - east

EA - engagement area

EAC - echelons above corps

early warning (EW) -
early notification of the launch or approach of unknown weapons carriers.

ECCM - electronic counter-countermeasures

ECM - electronic countermeasures

ECU - environmental control unit

EENT - end (of) evening nautical twilight

EFF - enemy fighting force

EH - extremely high risk

electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) -
division of electronic warfare involving actions taken to ensure friendly effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum despite the enemy's use of electronic warfare.

electronic countermeasures (ECM) -
that division of electronic warfare involving actions taken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum.

electronic warfare -
military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine, exploit, reduce, or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum and action which retains friendly use of the electromagnetic spectrum..

ELINT - electronic intelligence

EMCON - emission control

engage -
in air defense, a fire control order used to direct or authorize units and or weapon systems to fire on a designated target.

engagement area (killing area or zone) -
an area in which a commander plans to force the enemy to concentrate so as to destroy him with conventional weapons.

engr - engineer

EPLRS - enhanced position location reporting system

EPW - enemy prisoner of war

EW - early warning

EWBN - early warning broadcast net

FA - field artillery

FAA - forward alighting area

FAAD - forward area air defense

FAC - forward air controller

FACS - field artillery coordination section

FARP - forward area rearm and refuel point

FASCAM - family of scatterable mines

FAX - facsimile

FDC - tire direction center

FDO - fire direction officer

FEBA - forward edge of the battle area

FEZ - fighter engagement zone

FFE - fire for effect

field of fire -
the area which a weapon or group of weapons may cover effectively with fire from a given position.

field trains -
the portion of the unit trains that provides the combat service support not required for immediate response to the needs of tactical elements. They are located rearward to prevent interference independently from the supported tactical unit, and achieve security through passive measures.

fire and maneuver -
tactical technique, usually an extension of bounding overwatch, used once contact with the enemy is gained. One element moves while another provides a base of fire.

fire support coordination line (FSCL) -
a line established by the appropriate ground commander to ensure coordination of fire not under his control but which may affect current tactical operations. The fire support coordination line is used to coordinate fires of air, ground, or sea weapons systems using any type of ammunition against surface targets. The FSCL should follow well-defined terrain features.

fire support coordinator -
the senior field artillery officer at each echelon above maneuver platoon level who serves as the principal advisor to the commander for the planning and coordination of all available fire support.

fire support element (FSE) -
a functional portion of a force tactical operations center that provides centralized targeting, coordination, and integration of fires, delivered by fire support means under the control of, or in support of, the force on surface targets.

fire support team (FIST) -
in fire support operations, a team comprised of a team chief (FA lieutenant) and the necessary additional personnel and equipment required to request, coordinate, and direct fire support effort for company-size units.

1SG - first sergeant

FIST - fire support team

FLIR - forward looking infrared

FLOT - forward line of own troops

fluid - events easily changed or tending to change.

FM - frequency modulation; field manual

FOB - forward operating base

forward area rearm and refuel point (FARP) -
a temporary facility organized, equipped, and deployed by an aviation unit commander and normally located closer to the area of operation than the aviation unit's combat service area to provide fuel and ammunition necessary for the employment of helicopter units in combat. The FARP permits combat aircraft to rapidly refuel and rearm simultaneously.

forward edge of the battle area (FEBA) -
the foremost limit of a series of areas in which ground combat units are deployed, excluding the areas in which the covering or screening forces are operating, designated to coordinate fire support, the positioning of forces, or the maneuver of units.

forward line of own troops (FLOT) -
a line which indicates the most forward positions of friendly forces in any kind of military operation at a specific time.

fq - frequency

FRAGO - fragmentary order

fragmentary order (FRAGO) -
an abbreviated form of an operation order, usually issued on a day-to-day basis, that eliminates the need for restating information contained in a basic operation order. It may be issued in sections.

FS - fire support

FSB - forward support battalion

FSCL - fire support coordination line

FSE - fire support element

FSO - fire support officer

ft - foot

FU - fire unit

FW - fixed wing

G - group

G2 - Assistant Chief of Staff (Intelligence)

G3 - Assistant Chief of Staff (Operations and Plans)

GBS - ground-based sensor

GPS - Global Positioning System

GS - general support

GS-R - general support-reinforcing

H - high risk

HHB - headquarters and headquarters battery

HIDACZ - high-density airspace control zone

HIMAD - high-to medium-altitude air defense

HIMEZ - high-altitude missile engagement zone

HMMWV - high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle

HQ - headquarters

hostile criteria -
description of conditions under which an aircraft or vehicle may be identified as hostile for engagement purposes.

ICAC2 - integrated combat airspace command and control

ID - identification

identification, friend or foe (IFF) -
a system using electromagnetic transmissions to which equipment carried by friendly forces automatically responds; for example, by emitting pulses, thereby distinguishing themselves from enemy forces.

IFF - identification, friend or foe

in - inch

indirect fire -
fire delivered on a target that is not itself used as a point of aim for the weapon or the director.

insertion -
(1) placement of troops and equipment into an operational area in airmobile operations, and (2) the placement of observation posts, patrols, or raiding parties, either by helicopter or parachute.

INT-EXT - internal and external

intel - intelligence

intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) -
a continuous, integrated, and comprehensive analysis of the effects of terrain, weather, and enemy capabilities on operations. Using overlays, graphic display, and templating techniques, the IPB process increases the accuracy and timeliness of the intelligence available to the commander. It should start well before combat operations begin.

IP - initial point

IPB - intelligence preparation of the battlefield

JAAT - joint air attack team

jamming -
the deliberate radiation, reradiation, or reflection of electromagnetic energy to prevent or degrade the receipt of information by a receiver. It includes communications jamming and noncommunications jamming.

Jan - January

JEZ - joint engagement zone

JFACC - joint force air component commander

JTIDS - joint tactical information distribution system

km - kilometer

L - low risk

LADW - local air defense warning

LBE - load-bearing equipment

LC - line of contact

LCD - liquid crystal display

LD - line of departure

ldr - leader

LDS - lightweight decontamination system

liaison -
that contact or intercommunications maintained between elements of military forces to ensure mutual understanding and unity of purpose and effort.

linkup -
a meeting of friendly group forces (such as when an advancing force reaches an objective area previously seized by airborne or air assault forces, when an encircled element breaks out to rejoin friendly forces, or when converging maneuver forces meet).

linkup point -
an easily identifiable point on the ground where two forces conducting a linkup meet. When one force is stationary, linkup points normally are established where the moving force's routes of advance intersect the stationary force's security elements. Linkup points for two moving forces are established on boundaries where the two forces are expected to converge.

LL - latent lethality

LNO - liaison officer

LOA - limit of advance

LOC - line of communications

logistics package (LOGPAC) -
a daily resupply of normally Classes I, II, and V, as well as medical and ADA-peculiar items.

LOGPAC - logistics package

LOMEZ - low-altitude missile engagement zone

LOS - line of sight

LP - listening post

LRF - laser range finder

LRP - logistics release point

LSDIS - light and special divisions interim sensor

LZ - landing zone

m - meter

M - moderate risk

main attack -
the principal attack or effort into which a commander throws the full-weight of the offensive combat power at his disposal. An attack directed against the chief objective of the campaign or battle.

MANPADS - man-portable air defense system

mask clearance -
(1) the absence of any obstruction in the path of a trajectory, and (2) the amount of clearance by which a projectile passes over any object between the weapon and its target.

MEDEVAC - medical evacuation

METT-T - mission, enemy, terrain, troops, and time available

MFCS - manual FAAD control system

MOPP - mission-oriented protection posture

MOS - military occupational specialty

movement technique -
manner of traversing terrain (for example, traveling, traveling overwatch, and bounding overmatch). The likelihood of enemy contact determines which technique is used.

movement to contact -
an offensive operation designed to gain initial ground contact with the enemy or to regain lost contacts (in NATO, the term "advance to contact" is used).

MPH - miles per hour

MRAD - milliradians

MRE - meals, ready-to-eat

MRR - minimum risk route

MSE - missile support element

MSR - main supply route

MTC - movement to contact

MTR - missile tracking radar

mutual support -
that support which units render each other against an enemy, because of their assigned task, their position relative to each other and to the enemy, and their inherent capabilities.

NAI - named area of interest

NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NAVSTAR - navigational star

NBC - nuclear, biological, chemical

NBCO - nuclear, biological, and chemical officer

NCS - net control station

NLT - not later than

NMC - non-mission-capable

no - number

Nov - November

NVD - night vision device

NVG - night vision goggles

obj - objective

OCA - operational control authority

obscuration fire -
a category of fire using smoke or other obscurants directly on or near the enemy with the primary purpose of suppressing observers and minimizing the enemy's vision, both within and beyond their position area.

observation and fields of fire, cover and concealment, obstacles, key terrain, and avenues of approach.

OIC - officer in charge

OJT - on-the-job training

OP - observation post

OPCOM - operational command

OPCON - operational control

operation order (OPORD) -
a directive issued by a commander to subordinate commanders for the purpose of effecting the coordinated execution of an operation.

operation overlay -
overlay showing the location and strength of friendly forces involved in an operation. It may indicate predicted movements and locations of enemy forces. It is usually substituted for an operation map at the lower echelons as an essential part of an operation order.

operation plan (OPLAN) -
a plan for a single or series of connected operations to be carried out simultaneously or in succession. It is usually based upon stated assumptions and is the form of directive employed by higher authority to permit subordinate commanders to prepare supporting plans and orders. The designation "plan" is usually used instead of "order" in preparing for operations well in advance. An operation plan may be put into effect at a prescribed time, or on signal, and then becomes the operation order.

operational command (OPCOM) -
the authority granted to a commander to assign missions or tasks to subordinate commanders, to deploy units, to reassign forces, and to retain or delegate operational and or tactical control as may be deemed necessary. It does not of itself include responsibility for administration or logistics. May also be used to denote the forces assigned to a commander.

operational control (OPCON) -
transferable command authority which may be exercised by commanders at any echelon at or below the level of unified or specified combatant commands. It normally provides full authority to organize commands and forces and to employ those forces as the commander in operational control considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions. Operational control does not, in and of itself, include authoritative direction for logistics or matters of administration, discipline, internal organization, or unit training.

OPLAN - operation plan

OPORD - operation order

overwatch -
(1) a tactical technique in which one element is positioned to support the movement of another element with immediate direct fire, and (2) the tactical role of an element positioned to support the movement of another element with immediate direct fire.

passage point -
a point where units will pass through one another either in an advance or withdrawal. It is located where the commander desires subordinate units to physically execute a passage of lines.

passive air defense -
all measures, other than active defense, taken to minimize the effects of hostile air action. These measures include the use of cover, concealment, camouflage, deception, dispersion, and the use of protective construction.

PCI - product configuration identification

PD - point of departure

PDDA - power driven decontamination apparatus

PFC - private first class

PL - phase line

PLGR - precision lightweight GPS receiver

plt - platoon

PMCS - preventive maintenance checks and services

POL - petroleum, oils, and lubricants

pop-up point -
the location at which aircraft quickly gain altitude for target acquisition and engagement.

positive control -
a method of airspace control that relies on positive identification, tracking, and direction of aircraft within an airspace conducted with electronic means by an agency having this authority and responsibility therein.

PP - passage point

primary position -
that location which provides the best means to accomplish the assigned mission.

procedural control -
a method of airspace control that relies on a combination of previously agreed upon promulgated orders and procedures.

PSG - platoon sergeant

psn - position

PTL - primary target line

PZ - pickup zone

R - reinforcing

RCS - radar cross section

RCU - remote control unit

remotely piloted vehicle (RPV) -
an unmanned vehicle capable of being controlled from a distant location through a communications link. It is normally designed to be recoverable. See unmanned aerial vehicle.

RES - reserve

RF - radio frequency

RISTA - reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance, and target acquisition

ROA - restricted operations area

ROE - rules of engagement

ROZ - restricted operations zone

RP - release point

RPV - remotely piloted vehicle

RSOP - reconnaissance, selection, and occupation of position

rte - route

rules of engagement (ROE) -
directives issued by competent military authority which delineate the circumstances and limitations under which forces will initiate and or continue combat engagements with other forces encountered. In air defense, directives that delineate the circumstance under which weapons may fire at an aircraft. The right of self-defense is never denied.

RW - rotary wing

(S) - secret

S2 - intelligence officer

S3 - operations and training officer

S4 - supply officer

SAAFR - standard use Army aircraft flight routes

SBF - support by fire

sct - scout

sec - section

SF - supported force

SGT - sergeant

SHORADEZ - short-range air defense engagement zone

SHTU - simplified handheld terminal unit

SINCGARS - single-channel ground and airborne radio system

SITREP - situation report

SLAR - side-looking airborne radar

SLC - side lobe cancellor

SOI - signal operation instructions

SOJ - standoff jammer

SOP - standing operating procedure

SOR - states of readiness

SOSR - suppress, obscure, secure, and reduce

SP - start point

SPC - specialist

SPOD - seaport of debarkation

SPOTREP - spot report

spt - support

SSG - staff sergeant

stab - stabilized

STANAG - standardization agreement

STANO - surveillance, target acquisition, and night observation

support area -
a designated area in which combat service support elements, some staff elements, and other elements locate to support a unit.

supporting attack -
an offensive operation carried out in conjunction with a main attack and designed to achieve one or more of the following: deceive the enemy, destroy or pin down enemy forces which could interfere with the main attack, control ground whose occupation by the enemy will hinder the main attack, or force the enemy to commit reserves prematurely or in an indecisive area.

suppression -
temporary or transient degradation of the performance of a weapon system, below the level needed to fulfill its mission objectives, by an opposing force.

surveillance -
the systematic observation of aerospace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, natural, electronic, photographic, or other means.

SVML - standard vehicle mounted launcher

SWA - Southwest Asia

TAA - total Army analysis; tactical assembly area

TAC - Tactical Air Command

TACSOP - tactical standing operating procedure

tactical operations center (TOC) -
an element within the main command post which consists of those staff activities involved in sustaining current operations and in planning future operations.

TAI - target area of interest

task organization (TASKO) -
a temporary grouping of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission. Task organization involves the distribution of available assets to subordinate control headquarters by attachment or by placing assets in direct support or under the operational control of the subordinate.

TASKO - task organization

TASM - tactical air-to-surface missile

TBD - to be determined

TBM - tactical ballistic missile

TBP - to be published

TF - task force

tm - team

TM - technical manual

TMD - theater missile defense

TOC - tactical operations center

TOE - table of organization and equipment

traveling -
a movement technique used when speed is necessary and contact with enemy forces is not likely. All elements of the unit move simultaneously with the unit leader located where he can best control.

traveling overwatch -
a movement technique used when contact with enemy forces is possible. The lead element and trailing element are separated by a short distance which varies with the terrain. The trailing element moves at variable speeds and may pause for short periods to overwatch the lead element. It keys its movement to terrain and the lead element. It overmatches at a distance such that enemy engagement of the lead element will not prevent the trailing element from firing or moving to support the lead element.

trp - troop

TRP - target reference point

TSOP - tactical standing operating procedure

TTP - tactics, techniques, and procedures

TV - television

TX - Texas

(U) - unclassified

UAV - unmanned aerial vehicle

UMCP - unit maintenance collection point

unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) -
an air vehicle that is remotely or automatically controlled. See remotely piloted vehicle.

US - United States

USAADASCH - United States Army Air Defense Artillery School

USAF - United States Air Force

USMC - United States Marine Corps

USN - United States Navy

v - velocity; volts

VA - vertical angle

VACR - visual aircraft recognition

VDC - video display control

veh - vehicle

vs - versus

vic - vicinity

WARNO - warning order

WCS - weapon control status

weapon control status (WCS) -
the degree of fire control imposed upon Army units having an air defense mission in the combat zone. Weapon control status terms normally used are WEAPONS FREE, WEAPONS TIGHT, and WEAPONS HOLD.

weapon engagement zone -
in air defense, airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement normally rests with a particular weapon system.

weapons control -
the varying degrees of formal control an air defense commander exercises over all air defense weapons in his area of responsibility.

in air defense, a weapons control order imposing a status whereby weapons systems may be fired at any target not positively recognized as friendly.

in air defense, a weapons control order imposing a status whereby weapons systems may be fired in self-defense or in response to a formal order.

in air defense, a weapons control order imposing a status whereby weapons systems may be fired only at targets recognized as hostile.

WEZ - weapons engagement zone

WFZ - weapons free zone

XO - executive officer

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