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APPENDIX D

Stinger Crew Drills

This appendix sets forth the standardized crew drills for the Stinger weapon system and is designed to train the Stinger crew to perform their mission in a cohesive, efficient, and professional manner in a training/combat environment.
Modern warfare has expanded the battlefield from the old concept of frontlines, rear areas, and specific enemy and friendly lines to an in-depth, three-dimensional, 360 attack and defend environment. To add complexity to the battlefield, advances in weapon systems and electronic technology are significantly affecting military concepts and operations. These conditions demand the ultimate coordinated efficiency on the modern battlefield. Because of the lethality of the threat environment, current doctrine emphasizes winning the first battle.
This appendix emphasizes those drills which are essential in the accomplishment of the MANPAD unit mission and which add to survival and success on the modern battlefield in any part of the world where MANPAD teams will be utilized.
The four basic drills included in this appendix are to be performed in a standardized manner without error or safety violations. The drills must be practiced to the degree of proficiency that the MANPAD crewman will react from rote.

CONTENTS

Crew Drill Training

Basic Load Rearrangement

Preparation for Engagement from Mounted Position

Preparation for Engagement from Foot-March Position

Preparation for Engagement from Foxhole Position

CREW DRILL TRAINING

Crew drills can serve as an effective training tool. By practicing the crew drills, the team can improve its skill, proficiency, and experience in performing combat critical tasks with the system. The frequency that these drills are performed is left to the discretion of the training manager and trainer.

Initially, team members should read their procedures carefully to understand their individual actions and how they relate to those of the other team member. Next, team members should walk through the procedures with a trained and experienced team member. During the walk through, team members rehearse the crew drill, pointing out the equipment they will use and the actions they will perform. These preliminary steps serve to resolve any doubt or questions that may exist in their minds prior to actually handling the equipment and to reinforce the safety precautions applicable to the system. Stinger technical manuals list all safety requirements in the form of notes, cautions, and warnings and they must be understood and followed. They must adhere to these safety requirements and not risk personal injury or equipment damage for the sake of speed. Once the team members are confident with their equipment and procedures, the crew drills can be run.

The crew drills should be taught in sequence, beginning with basic load rearrangement and ending with preparation for engagement from foxhole position. Once the sequence is mastered, training can be conducted on any drill with which the team is weak until the desired level of proficiency is reached. They must be performed without error and to the degree that the actions are performed automatically and without hesitation by rote. Additional guidelines for conducting the crew drills include the following:

  • Conduct them in silence except for commands and reports.

  • Supervise them so that mistakes are discovered and corrected immediately.

  • Repeat them until team reactions are automatic, rapid, and efficient.

  • Rotate team members so that each member of the team can perform all duties within the team.

  • Perform them IAW performance measures as stated in the tasks, conditions, and standards listed for each drill.

    BASIC LOAD REARRANGEMENT

    The load rearrangement drill will be performed with weapon-round and missile-round containers after missile expenditures. The purpose of this drill is to train team members in the proper method of loading and unloading weapon-round and missile-round containers using the M416 trailer. Both team members are required to perform this drill because of the weight of the containers and to prevent dropping the containers. Full weapon-round and missile-round containers should always be on top for immediate use. This drill will be performed under non-MOPP and MOPP 4 conditions and during the hours of daylight and darkness, under any weather condition in which enemy aircraft may be launched against assets being protected.

    TASK: Rearrange the weapons-round and missile-round container in the M416 trailer after missile expenditure.

    CONDITIONS: Given the Stinger basic load properly loaded and secured on the M416 cargo trailer, a MANPAD team with their individual combat equipment positioned five paces from the trailer, with Stingers on their shoulders, the gunners have fired. Task must be performed under any weather conditions in a non-MOPP/MOPP 4 environment.

    TNG/EVAL STANDARD(S): Team must properly rearrange the basic load after missile expenditure within 4 minutes in a non-MOPP or 5 minutes in a MOPP 4 environment with no safety/equipment violations.

    REFERENCES: FM 44-18-1, TM 9-1425- 429-12.

    PREPARATION FOR ENGAGEMENT FROM MOUNTED POSITION

    This drill emphasizes the expeditious teamwork necessary to prepare a team for immediate engagement from a mounted position. The team vehicle (M151) will be moving at not more than 15 miles per hour and a radio transmission alerting the team will be received initiating the drill. After a safe stop, the team dismounts and proceeds to assigned positions on sides of trailer and, working together, readies the Stinger for engaging and firing at detected and identified threat aircraft. This drill must be performed under a non-MOPP and MOPP 4 condition during the hours of daylight and darkness and under all weather conditions in which threat aircraft may be launched against assets being protected.

    TASK: Prepare for engagement from a mounted position.

    CONDITIONS: Given a MANPAD team seated in an M151 truck, traveling at a speed not more than 15 miles per hour, weapons in the ready-rack configuration. Team has just received an aircraft alert warning. Task may be performed under any weather condition in a non-MOPP/MOPP 4 environment.

    TNG/EVAL STANDARD(S): Team will properly prepare for engagement from a mounted position within 10 seconds in a non-MOPP environment and within 15 seconds in a MOPP 4 environment with no safety/equipment violations. Team will implement target engagement procedures using proper voice commands and engagement procedures in a non-MOPP or MOPP 4 environment.

    REFERENCE: FM 44-18-1

    PREPARATION FOR ENGAGEMENT FROM FOOT-MARCH POSITION

    This drill will be performed by a MANPAD team from a march column while wearing full field equipment. The gunner and team chief are each carrying a Stinger weapon. The team chief carries a radio through which an alert may be received or an alert may be given by hand and arm signal or by verbal signal. Once weapons are unslung, safety procedures are adhered to and weapons readied for engagement as expeditiously as possible. Drill will be performed in a non-MOPP and MOPP 4 environment, during the hours of daylight and darkness, and under all weather conditions in which threat aircraft may be launched against assets being protected.

    TASK: Prepare for Engagement from a Foot-March Position.

    CONDITIONS: Given a MANPAD team with full field equipment, MANPAD weapon at sling arms with BCUs installed, moving on foot in a march column. Team has been alerted to an aircraft attack. Task may be performed in any weather conditions in a non-MOPP/MOPP 4 environment.

    TNG/EVAL STANDARD(S): Team will safely and properly prepare for engagement from a foot-march position within 15 seconds in a non-MOPP environment and within 25 seconds in a MOPP 4 environment with no safety/equipment violations. Team will implement target engagement procedures using proper voice commands and engagement procedures in a non-MOPP or MOPP 4 environment.

    REFERENCE: FM 44-18-1

    Note: Safe engagement position is minimal 50 meters from other personnel/equipment.

    PREPARATION FOR ENGAGEMENT FROM FOXHOLE POSITION

    This drill is performed after the MANPAD team has had time to improve defensive positions and foxholes have been dug. Team members will be in foxholes and weapons will be set on the ground close by in ready-to-fire condition. Once initiating alert has been received by team members, they immediately climb out of foxholes and prepare their weapons to engage threat aircraft. This drill will be performed in a non-MOPP and MOPP 4 environment, during the hours of daylight and darkness, and under all weather conditions in which threat aircraft may be launched against assets being protected.

    TASK: Prepare for engagement from a foxhole position.

    CONDITIONS: Given a MANPAD team situated in individual foxholes with full field equipment, MANPAD weapons lying on the ground beside foxholes, and with BCUs installed. Task may be performed in any weather conditions in a non-MOPP/MOPP 4 environment.

    TNG/EVAL STANDARD(S): Team will safely and properly prepare for engagement from a foxhole position within 10 seconds in a non-MOPP environment and within 15 seconds in a MOPP 4 environment with no safety/equipment violations. Team will implement target engagement procedures using proper voice commands and engagement procedures in a non-MOPP or MOPP 4 environment.

    REFERENCE: FM 44-18-1

    Note: Safe engagement position is minimal 50 meters from other personnel/equipment.



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