Civil Affairs (CA) forces support missions in every theater, in peace and war, throughout the full range of military operations. They are a combat multiplier for every commander across the domains of conflict. The role of CA forces in support of civil-military operations (CMO) is clarified for the missions, employment, support requirements, capabilities, and limitations of these forces.
CA forces are only one of the many resources a commander has to help him with the myriad of tasks in this complex and ever-increasing mission. They are an essential element of CMO by virtue of their area and linguistic orientation, cultural awareness, training in military-to-host nation advisory activities, and civilian professional skills that parallel common government functions.
Although written primarily to assist theater Army, Army corps, and divisions in planning and conducting CA activities, this field manual (FM) has application in joint force operations as well. The commander must always consider the civil aspects within the area of operations (AO).
The proponent of this manual is the United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School (USAJFKSWCS). Reviewers and users of this manual should submit comments and recommended changes on Department of the Army Form 2028 to Commander, United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, ATTN: AOJK-DT-CA, Fort Bragg, North Carolina 28310.
Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.
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