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Military

GLOSSARY

ABN airborne
acclimatization the physiological changes that allow the body to adapt or get used to the effects of a new environment, especially low oxygen saturation at higher elevations
ACE armored combat earthmover
acetazolamide a pharmaceutical drug used to accelerate acclimatization
ADA air defense artillery
ADAM area denial artillery munitions
AH-64 attack helicopter also called the Apache
aid in mountaineering, a climbing device, such as pitons, bolts, chocks, and stirrups, used for body support and upward progress; also used for artificial height in the absence of handholds and footholds
ALOC air lines of communications
AM amplitude modulation
ambient temperature encompassing atmosphere
AMS acute mountain sickness
anchor a secure point (natural or artificial) to which a person or rope can be safely attached
aneroid using no liquid
ANZAC Australia and New Zealand Corps
AO area of operations
apnea temporary suspension of respiration
ARSOF Army special operations forces
ART Army tactical task
ARTEP Army training and evaluation program
assault climber military mountaineer possessing advanced (Level 2) skills, capable of leading small teams over class 4 and 5 terrain and supervising rigging/operation of all basic rope systems
AT4 a man-portable, lightweight, self-contained, antiarmor weapon
ATGM anti-tank guided missile
basic mountaineer a military mountaineer trained in fundamental (Level 1) travel/climbing skills necessary to move safely and efficiently in mountainous terrain
belay a rope management technique used to ensure that a fall taken by a climber can be quickly arrested; belay techniques are also used for additional safety/control in rappelling, raising and lowering systems, and for mountain stream crossings
BFV Bradley fighting vehicle
BSFV Bradley Stinger fighting vehicle
BN battalion
C2 command and control
CAFAD combined arms for air defense
CFV cavalry fighting vehicle
CHS combat health support
CNR combat net radio
continental climate bitterly cold winters, extremely hot summers; annual rain and snowfall is minimal and often quite scarce for long periods
cordillera principal mountain ranges of the world, named after the Spanish word for rope
crampons climbing irons, attached to the bottom of boots, used on ice or snow in mountaineering
crevice a narrow opening resulting from a split or crack as in a cliff
CS combat support
CSS combat service support
DA Department of the Army
defile a narrow passage or gorge
DPICM dual-purpose improved conventional munition
DZ drop zone
ECWCS extended cold weather clothing system
edema a local or general condition in which the body tissues contain an excessive amount of tissue fluid
evacuation team a team trained to move casualties over steep slopes, cliffs, and other obstacles that would significantly impede the mobility of standard litter bearers
EW electronic warfare
F Fahrenheit
FARP forward arming and refueling point
FASCAM family of scatterable mines
FEBA forward edge of the battle area
fixed alpine path a mountain path created by any combination of aids, to include steps, stanchions, standoff ladders, suspended walkways, cableways, or other improvements made of materials available; normally an engineering task.
fixed rope a rope, or series of ropes, anchored to the mountain at one or more points to aid soldiers over steep, exposed terrain; usually installed by lead climbing teams (normally Level 2 qualification)
flash defilade to arrange fortifications to protect from fire
FM field manual; frequency modulation
FSMC forward support medical company
FOX system a lightly-armored, wheeled laboratory that takes air, water, and ground samples and immediately analyzes them for signs of weapons of mass destruction
gabion a wicker basket filled with earth and stones often use in building fortifications; can also be created out of similar materials, such as wire mesh/fence, lumber, plywood, or any suitable material that forms a stackable container for rocks, gravel, and soil
giardiasis parasitical illness
glaciated covered with glacial ice
GPS global positioning system
GTA graphic training aid
guide a soldier experienced in all aspects of mountaineering who has the skills and knowledge to identify obstacles and ways to overcome them; commander's advisor on technical mountaineering matters that could affect the tactical scheme of maneuver; primary function of mountain leaders (Level 3 qualification)
HACE high altitude cerebral edema
HAPE high altitude pulmonary edema
HE high explosives
Hellfire tank-killing missile carried by the Apache attack helicopter
high mountains mountains that have a local relief usually exceeding 900 meters (3,000 feet)
HUMINT human intelligence
HWY highway
hygrometer an instrument used to measure humidity or moisture content in the air
hypoxia a deficiency of oxygen reaching the tissues of the body
ice fog trails steam/smoke trails created by firing weapons
ID infantry division
IFV infantry fighting vehicle
IHFR improved high frequency radio
IMINT imagery intelligence
installation team a team organized to construct and maintain rope installations used to facilitate unit movement; usually comprised of Level 1 and 2 mountaineers
interdiction to stop or hamper
ionospheric a part of the earth's atmosphere of which ionization of atmospheric gases affects the propagation of radio waves; starts at about 30 miles above ground
IPB intelligence preparation of the battlefield
IV intravenous
JSTARS joint surveillance, target attack radar system
km kilometer
lead climbing team a roped climbing team (usually Level 2 qualification) trained to lead on class 4 and 5 terrain; establishes/prepares the entire route for the remainder of the unit
leeward the side sheltered from the wind
lenticular having the shape of a double-convex lens
LOC line of communication
local relief the difference in elevation between valley floors and the surrounding summits
look-down angles the angle from the aircraft to the target
low mountains mountains that have a local relief of 300 to 900 meters (1,000 to 3,000 feet)
LPT logistics preparation of the theater
LRS long-range surveillance
LRSU long-range surveillance unit
LSDIS light and special division interim sensor
LTC lieutenant colonel
LZ landing zone
MANPADS man-portable air defense system
maritime climate mild temperatures with large amounts of rain or snow
MBA main battle area
METT-TC mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available, time available, civil considerations
MK-19 40-mm grenade machine gun, MOD 3
MOPP mission-oriented protective posture
motti Finnish word meaning "a pile of logs ready to be sawed into lumber"; used in military terms to describe setting the conditions so a larger force can be defeated in detail
mountain leader a military mountaineer possessing the highest level (Level 3) of mountaineering skills with extensive experience in a variety of mountain environments in both winter and summer months
MSE mobile subscriber equipment
MSRT mobile subscriber radio terminal
MTF manual terrain following
NBC nuclear, biological, and chemical
OCOKA observation and fields of fire, cover and concealment, obstacles, key terrain, and avenues of approach
OH-58D a scout and attack helicopter known as the Kiowa Warrior
OP observation post
OPORD operation order
OPSEC operations security
OR operational readiness
orographic pertaining to the physical geography of mountains and mountain ranges
PADS Position Azimuth Determining System
POL petroleum, oils, and lubricants
protection in mountaineering, special anchor points established during a roped party climb to limit potential fall distances, protecting climbers from severe fall/ground-fall consequences
PSYOP psychological operations
RAAMS remote antiarmor mine system
rappel method of controlled frictional descent down a rope
RCW ration, cold weather
rockfall rockfall occurs on all steep slopes. It is caused by other climbers or by the continual erosion of the rock on a mountainside resulting from freezing, thawing, and heavy rain; grazing animals; or enemy action.
SATCOM satellite communications
scree small unconsolidated rocks or gravel, fist-size or smaller, located mostly below rock ridges and cliffs
screening crest a hill or ridge located in front of a radar set to mask it from unwanted returns (clutter) at close range, and to provide security against electronic detection or jamming; screening crest also prevents visual observation and attack by direct fires
SEE small emplacement excavator
SHELREP shelling report
SHORAD short-range air defense
SINCGARS Single-channel Ground and Airborne Radio System
SOF special operations forces
squall a sudden, violent wind
SR special reconnaissance
talus accumulated rock debris that is much larger than scree, usually basketball-size or larger
TBP to be published
TC training circular
TCF tactical combat force
TCP traffic control point
temperature inversion when the temperature is warmer at higher elevations than lower elevations
TM technical manual
TOC tactical operations center
TOW tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided, heavy antitank missile system
TRADOC United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
tundra treeless, black, mucky soil with permanently frozen subsoil; located in mountainous regions above the timberline
tussocks grassy clumps
UAV unmanned aerial vehicle
UGR unitized group ration
UHF ultrahigh frequency
Venturi effect as a fluid (such as air) flows through a constriction (like a mountain pass), the speed increases and the pressure drops
VFR visual flight rules
VT variable time
wind chill the rate at which a man or object cools to the ambient temperature; wind increases the rate of cooling and adds to the risk of frostbite, hypothermia, and other cold-weather injuries
windward being in or facing the direction from which the wind is blowing
WP white phosphorous



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