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AFRTS Armed Forces Radio and Television Services
BOD Broadcast Operations Detachment
C2 protect command and control-protect—see command and control warfare
C2W command and control warfare
command and control warfare The integrated use of operations security (OPSEC), military deception, psychological operations (PSYOP), electronic warfare (EW), and physical destruction, mutually supported by intelligence, to deny information to, influence, degrade, or destroy adversary command and control capabilities, while protecting friendly command and control capabilities against such actions. Command and control warfare applies across the operational continuum and all levels of conflict. Also called C2W. C2W is both offensive and defensive:
C2-protection To maintain effective command and control of own forces by turning to friendly advantage or negating adversary efforts to deny information to, influence, degrade, or destroy the friendly C2 system.
civil affairs the activities of a commander that establish, maintain, influence, or exploit relations between military forces and civil authorities, both governmental and nongovernmental, and the civilian populace in a friendly, neutral, or hostile area of operations in order to facilitate military operations and consolidate operational objectives. Civil affairs activities (1) embrace the relationship between military forces and civil authorities and population in areas where military forces are present; and (2) involve application of civil affairs functional specialty skills, in areas normally the responsibility of civilian government, which enhance conduct of civil-military operations. These activities may occur prior to, during, or subsequent to other military actions. They may also occur, if directed, in the absence of other military operations.
combined operation an operation conducted by forces of two or more allied nations acting together for the accomplishment of a single mission.
command information see internal information
community relations establishing and maintaining effective relationships between military and civilian communities through planning and active participation in events and processes which provide benefits to both communities.
community relations program that command function which evaluates public attitudes, identifies the mission of a military organization with the public interest, and executes a program of action to earn public understanding and acceptance. Community relations programs are conducted at all levels of command, both in the United States and overseas, by military organizations having a community relations area of responsibility. Community relations programs include, but are not limited to, such activities as liaison and cooperation with associations and organizations and their local affiliates at all levels; armed forces participation in international, national, regional, state, and local public events; installation open houses and tours; embarkation in naval ships; orientation tours for distinguished civilians; people-to-people and humanitarian acts; cooperation with government officials and community leaders; and encouragement of armed forces personnel and their dependents to participate in activities of local schools, churches, fraternal, social, and civic organizations, sports, and recreation programs, and other aspects of community life to the extent feasible and appropriate, regardless of where they are located.
GIE global information environment
global information environment all individuals, organizations, or systems, most of which are outside the control of the military or National Command Authorities, that collect, process, and disseminate information to national and international audiences.
ground rules conditions established by a military command to govern the conduct of news gathering and the release and/or use of specified information during an operation or during a specific period of time.
information age the future time period when social, cultural, and economic patterns will reflect the decentralized, nonhierarchical flow of information.
information architecture Description and specifications of information systems to include identification of communicators, information transmitted, equipment specifications and network designs. Includes operational, system and technical architectures.
information operations continuous military operations within the military information environment that enable, enhance, and protect the friendly force's ability to collect, process, and act on information to achieve an advantage across the full range of military operations; information operations include interacting with the global information environment and exploiting or denying an adversary's information and decision capabilities.
information strategy a synchronized plan for using all available and appropriate methods of communication to achieve specific goals of informing target audiences.
internal information communication by a military organization with service members, civilian employees and family members of the organization that creates an awareness of the organization's goals, informs them of significant developments affecting them and the organization, increases their effectiveness as ambassadors of the organization, and satisfies their desire to be kept informed about what is going on in the organization and operation (also known as command information).
JIB joint information bureau
joint information bureau facilities established by the joint force commander to serve as the focal point for the interface between the military and the media during the conduct of joint operations. When operated in support of multinational operations, a joint information bureau is called a Combined Information Bureau or an Allied Press Information Center.
joint force a general term applied to a force composed of significant elements, assigned or attached, of two or more Military Departments, operating under a single joint force commander.
joint operations a general term to describe military actions conducted by joint forces, or by Service forces in relationships (e.g., support, coordinating authority), which, of themselves, do not create joint forces.
JOPES Joint Operations Planning and Execution System
joint task force a joint force that is constituted and so designated by the Secretary of Defense, a combatant commander, a subunified commander, or an existing joint task force commander. Also called JTF.
media facilitation the range of activities such as providing access and interviews that assist news media representatives covering military operations.
media operations center facility that serves as the focal point for the interface between the military and the media covering an event or operation.
media pool a limited number of news media who represent a larger number of news media organizations for news gathering and sharing of material during a specified activity. Pooling is typically used when news media support resources cannot accommodate a large number of journalists. The DoD National Media Pool is available for coverage of the earliest stages of a contingency. Additionally, the combatant commanders may also find it necessary to form limited local pools to report on specific missions.
METT-TC mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available and civilians
MIE military information environment
military information environment the environment contained within the global information environment, consisting of the information systems and organizationsfriendly and adversary, military and nonmilitarythat support, enable, or significantly influence a specific military operation.
MPAD Mobile Public Affairs Detachment
multinational operations a collective term to describe military actions conducted by forces of two or more nations, typically organized within the structure of a coalition or alliance.
news media representative an individual employed by a civilian radio or television station, newspaper, newsmagazine, periodical, or news agency to gather information and report on a newsworthy event.
NGO nongovernmental organization
nongovernmental organizations transnational organizations of private citizens that maintain a consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. Nongovernmental organizations may be professional associations, foundations, multinational businesses, or simply groups with a common interest in humanitarian assistance activities (development and relief). "Nongovernmental organizations" is a term normally used by non-United States organizations. Also called NGO. See also private voluntary organizations.
PAD Public Affairs Detachment. The smallest of the PA units.
PAG public affairs guidance
PAOC Public Affairs Operations Center.
private voluntary organizations private, nonprofit humanitarian assistance organizations involved in development and relief activities. Private voluntary organizations are normally United States-based. "Private voluntary organization" is often used synonymously with the term "nongovernmental organization." Also called PVO. See also nongovernmental organizations.
psychological operations operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of psychological operations is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator's objectives. Also called PSYOP.
PSYOP psychological operations
public affairs assessment an analysis of the news media and public environments to evaluate the degree of understanding about strategic and operations objectives and military activities and to identify levels of public support. Includes judgments about the public affairs impact of pending decisions and recommendations about the structure of public affairs support for the assigned mission.
public affairs estimate as assessment of a specific mission from a public affairs perspective.
public affairs guidance normally, a package of information to support the public discussion of defense issues and operations. Such guidance can range from a telephonic response to a specific question to a more comprehensive package. Included could be an approved public affairs policy, news statements, answers to anticipated media questions, and community relations guidance. Public affairs guidance also addresses the method(s), timing, location and other details governing the release of information to the public.
public information A general term describing processes used to provide information to external audiences through public media.
sustaining base the home station or permanent location of active duty units and Reserve Component units (e.g., location of armory or reserve center) that provides personnel, logistic and other support required to maintain and prolong operations or combat.

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