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Military

Appendix X

MEDIA GROUND RULES

OPERATION DESERT STORM GROUND RULES

The following information should not be reported because its publication or broadcast could jeopardize operations and endanger lives:

(1)     For U.S. or coalition units, specific numerical information on troop strength, aircraft, weapons systems, on-hand equipment or supplies (e.g. artillery, tanks, radars, missiles, trucks, water), including amounts of ammunition or fuel moved by support units or on hand in combat units. Unit size may be described in general terms such as "company-size, multi-battalion, multi-division, naval task force and carrier battle group." Number and amount of equipment and supplies may be described in general terms such as "large, small, or many."

(2)     Any information that reveals details of future plans, operations or strikes, including postponed or cancelled operations.

(3)     Information, photography and imagery that would reveal the specific location of military forces or show the level of security at military installations or encampments. Locations may be described as follows: all Navy embark stories can identify the ship upon which embarked as a dateline and will state that this report is coming "from the Persian Gulf, Red Sea or North Arabian Sea." Stories written in Saudi Arabia may be datelined "Eastern Saudi Arabia, near the Kuwaiti border, " etc. For specific countries outside Saudi Arabia, stories will state that the report is coming from the Persian Gulf region unless that country has acknowledged its participation.

(4)     Rules of engagement details.

(5)     Information on intelligence collection activities, including targets, methods and results.

(6)     During an operation, specific information on friendly force troop movements, tactical deployments and dispositions that would jeopardize operational security and lives. This would include unit designations, names or operations and size of friendly forces involved until released by CENTCOM.

(7)     Identification of mission aircraft points of origin, other than as land or carrier based.

(8)     Information on the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of enemy camouflage, cover, deception, targeting, direct and indirect fire, intelligence collection or security measures.

(9)     Specific identifying information on missing or downed aircraft or ships while search and rescue operations are planned or underway.

(10)     Special operations forces methods, unique equipment or tactics.

(11)     Specific operating methods and tactics, (e.g. air ops angles of attack or speeds, naval tactics and evasive maneuvers). General terms such as "low" or "fast" may be used.

(12)     Information on operational or support vulnerabilities that could be used against U.S. forces, such as details of major battle damage or major personnel losses of specific U.S. or coalition units, until that information no longer provides tactical advantage to the enemy and is, therefore, released by CENTCOM.

* Damage and casualties may be described as "light," "moderate," or "heavy."



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