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Appendix B

Army Airspace Command and Control Tasks

The commander must develop and implement the Army airspace command and control (A2C2) system for his assigned area of responsibility. To assist him in this effort, the commander utilizes his staff. This appendix discusses the basic tasks the staff must complete and how they will manage A2C2 information.

CONTENTS

Basic Staff Tasks
A2C2 Information Management
      Battlefield Coordination Detachment
      Corps A2C2 Element

      Division A2C2 Element
      Brigade A2C2 Element
      Battalion A2C2 Element

BASIC STAFF TASKS

B-1. The basic staff tasks to be accomplished are the same for A2C2 as for any other function. These tasks are—

  • Facilitate and monitor the accomplishment of command decisions.

  • Provide timely and accurate information to the commander and subordinate units.

  • Anticipate requirements and provide estimates of the situation.

  • Determine various courses of action and recommend one course of action that will best accomplish the mission.

  • Prepare plans and orders.

  • Integrate and implement airspace control measures directed by the airspace control authority.

B-2. This appendix lists basic A2C2 staff tasks and identifies the element or cell responsible for each task. The tasks in Table B-1 are divided into subtasks. The A2C2 staff section chief (echelon-dependent) must ensure that the appropriate staff completes the tasks or provides the information required.

Table B-1. Staff Tasks for A2C2

 

BCD

CORPS

DIV

BDE

BN

Task 1. Identify and resolve airspace conflicts.

a. Current Operations.

(1) Monitor operations of airspace users.  

X

X

X

X

(2) Monitor intelligence reports.

X

X

X

X

X

(3) Disseminate immediate airspace requests (CAS, aeromedical evacuation, deep attacks, and UAV).

X

X

X

X

X

(4) Inform airspace users at each echelon of any communication loss affecting any airspace user.

 

X

X

X

X

(5) Identify and correlate situations affecting airspace use for unscheduled events.

 

X

X

X

X

(6) Analyze airspace use to determine and resolve conflicts.

X

X

X

X

 

(7) Recommend shifting or ending fires when affecting high priority aviation missions.

 

X

X

X

X

(8) Disseminate changes of control or restriction measures, weapons control status, and NBC information that affect airspace users.

X

X

X

X

X

(9) Review immediate air requests (Army) for conflicts with current operations.

 

X

X

X

X

b. Future Operations (more fully developed under Task 4). Analyze the OPLANs and OPORDs for possible conflicts among flight routes, control measures, artillery/ADA locations, and flight obstructions.

         

(1) Determine the impact.

X

X

X

X

X

(2) Develop and recommend alternatives.

X

X

X

X

X

Task 2. Develop and maintain A2C2 overlay.

a. Air Defense Artillery.

         

(1) Unit locations.

X

X

X

X

X

(2) Weapons control status.

X

X

X

X

X

(3) Weapon system coverage for HIMAD primary and short-range air defense, as required.

X

X

X

X

 

b. Fire Support.

         

(1) Coordinating measures.

X

X

X

X

X

(2) Planned targets.

X

X

X

X

X

(3) Ongoing fires.

X

X

X

X

X

(4) Firing battery locations.

X

X

X

X

X

c. Aviation.

         

(1) Battle positions (current and preplanned).

X

X

X

X

X

(2) Assembly areas and unit locations.

X

X

X

X

X

(3) Forward arming and refueling points.

X

X

X

X

 

(4) Air routes.

X

X

X

X

 

d. Air Traffic Service.

         

(1) Airspace control measures and restrictions.

X

X

X

X

 

(2) Friendly aircraft locations.

X

X

X

X

X

(3) Instrumented landing sites.

X

X

X

   

(4) Navigational aids.

 

X

X

   

e. Intelligence.

         

(1) Contaminated areas.

X

X

X

X

X

(2) Massed enemy aircraft locations.

 

X

X

X

 

(3) Areas affected by friendly electronic countermeasures.

X

X

X

X

X

(4) Flight obstructions.

         

(5) Special electronic mission aircraft (current and preplanned).

X

X

X

X

 

(6) UAV flight routes and launch and recovery sites.

X

X

X

X

X

Task 3. Request, maintain, and disseminate A2C2 measures or restrictions.

a. Request.

         

(1) Joint measures or restrictions.

X

X

X

   

(2) Army-specific measures (only affects Army users below coordinating altitude).

 

X

X

X

X

b. Maintain.

         

(1) Joint measures or restrictions.

X

X

X

X

 

(2) Army-specific measures.

 

X

X

X

X

c. Disseminate.

         

(1) Joint measures or restrictions.

X

X

X

X

 

(2) Army-specific measures (overlay if possible).

 

X

X

X

X

d. Determine the Mission.

         

(1) Receive higher headquarters' operation plan.

X

X

X

X

X

(2) Extract required information from the plan.

         

(a) Task organization.

X

X

X

X

X

(b) Mission statement.

X

X

X

X

X

(c) Concept of operation.

X

X

X

X

X

(d) A2C2 annex (include information from ATO with special instructions or ACO).

 

X

X

X

 

Task 4. Develop and coordinate A2C2 annex to operation plan.

a. Identify the following:

         

(1) Area for which the commander is responsible, to include:

         

(a) Vertical limits.

X

X

X

X

X

(b) Left and right limits.

X

X

X

X

X

(c) Front and rear limits.

X

X

X

X

X

(2) The degree of authority which has been vested in the ground commander.

X

X

X

X

X

(3) The users of the airspace:

         

(a) Army aviation.

X

X

X

X

X

(b) Other services/multinational forces.

X

X

X

X

X

(c) Fire support.

X

X

X

X

X

(d) Air defense.

X

X

X

X

X

(e) Air traffic services.

 

X

X

   

(f) Intelligence.

X

X

X

X

X

(4) Requirements for the uses of the airspace:

         

(a) Combat.

 

X

X

X

X

(b) Combat support.

 

X

X

X

X

(c) Combat service support.

 

X

X

X

X

(5) A2C2 control measures imposed by higher headquarters.

 

X

X

X

X

(6) The commander's guidance or concept.

 

X

X

X

X

b. Determine. From information internal to the command post, determine:

         

(1) A2C2 priorities.

X

X

X

X

 

(2) All airspace user requirements:

 

X

X

X

X

(a) Combat missions.

 

X

X

X

 

(b) Combat support missions.

 

X

X

X

 

(c) Combat service support missions.

 

X

X

X

 

c. Prepare Staff Estimates.

         

(1) Consolidate airspace use requirements for each course of action. Integrate requirements when possible. Identify conflicts.

 

X

X

X

X

(2) For each course of action, determine the requirements to resolve conflict (control measures), the difficulty of solving conflict, and how the requirements to solve conflict affect the concept of the operations.

 

X

X

X

X

(3) Recommend one specific course of action.

 

X

X

X

X

(4) Receive commander's decision and guidance for implementation.

 

X

X

X

X

d. Develop A2C2 Annex (see FM 5-0 for format). Include the following as a minimum:

         

(1) Delineate the airspace subsector:

         

(a) Upper limits.

 

X

X

   

(b) Left and right limits.

 

X

X

   

(c) Front and rear limits.

 

X

X

   

(2) Describe authority to be exercised by each echelon concerning:

         

(a) Army users.

 

X

X

   

(b) Other service users.

 

X

X

   

(c) Establishment of control measures.

X

X

X

X

X

(d) Positive and procedural control requirements.

 

X

X

X

X

(3) State the commander's airspace priorities.

 

X

X

X

X

(4) State the A2C2 mission.

 

X

X

X

X

(5) Explain the concept of operations and scheme of maneuver, to include A2C2 overlay.

 

X

X

X

X

(6) Write subunit paragraphs for each airspace user (fire support, other services and multinational forces, aviation, AD, and ATS). Discuss for each user:

         

(a) Type of control required (positive or procedural, when, and where).

 

X

X

X

X

(b) A2C2 responsibilities not covered in SOP, such as peculiar information requirements, changes to responsibility for managing subsectors, weapon control orders and autonomous operation procedures (if changed), and times of operations and restrictions.

 

X

X

X

X

(7) Delineate information affecting more than two users:

         

(a) All procedural A2C2 control measures and restrictions (include fire support); information not included in overlays.

 

X

X

X

X

(b) Flight rules.

 

X

X

   

(c) Airspace control order issuing times.

 

X

X

X

 

(d) High-use areas.

 

X

X

X

 

(e) Friendly electronic warfare operations which affect airspace users.

 

X

X

X

X

(f) FARPs (active and preplanned).

 

X

X

X

 

(g) Airfield locations and /operations.

 

X

X

X

 

(h) NAVAIDs locations (active and preplanned time of operation).

 

X

X

X

 

(8) Address service support and command and signal requirements.

 

X

X

X

X

e. Generate Airspace Control Measure Requests. Support the annex and forward for approval (theater requirements and means to accomplish this may vary).

 

X

X

X

X

ATS-air traffic service
BDE-brigade
BN-battalion
CAS-close air support
DIV-division
FARP-forward arming and refueling point
NAVAID-navigational aid
NBC-nuclear, biological, and chemical
CORPS also applies to echelons above corps.
*In those commands where a BCD does not exist due to command and control arrangements and organization, the functions performed by the BCD are performed by the appropriate staff element.

A2C2 INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

B-3. This section outlines the information required to operate an A2C2 system. The tables depict the primary players at the various headquarters organizations—ranging from the battlefield coordination detachment (BCD) to the maneuver battalion. The information required, the source of the information, the element of the staff using the information, and the expected uses of the information are shown. The information shown is not all-inclusive, nor is all required in every scenario; it is situation dependent.

BATTLEFIELD COORDINATION DETACHMENT

B-4. The A2C2 element representing the joint forces land component commander is located in the BCD. The A2C2 representatives work within the operations and plans division of the BCD.

Plans Division

B-5. The joint air operations center (JAOC) plans division has a BCD A2C2 representative. This representative needs information to interface in the Theater Air-Ground System airspace control center on all requests for control measures and restrictions. The appropriate corps A2C2 elements may provide this information:

  • Forward line of own troops (FLOT) location and fire support coordination line (FSCL) locations.

  • Friendly surface-to-air missile location and associated coverage.

  • Air defense (AD) weapons control status.

  • Significant planned indirect fires, particularly fires forward of the FSCL.

  • Planned unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operations and launch sites.

  • A2C2 priorities.

  • Air tasking order (ATO) and airspace control order (ACO).

  • Disposition of Army airfields and principal landing sites.

B-6. The BCD A2C2 representative, in coordination with the JAOC combat plans division, approves or disapproves notification for Army airspace requests, orders, and recommendations. These notifications are to the appropriate requesting corps A2C2 element (G3), corps fire support element (FSE), or control and reporting center (CRC). Additionally, the BCD A2C2 representative provides the current joint forces air component commander's airspace utilization priorities, control measures or restrictions, and all other elements of information necessary for the corps to maintain a complete A2C2 picture.

Operations Division

B-7. To interface with the JAOC combat operations division, the BCD A2C2 representative in the JAOC operations division needs information on—

  • Requests for immediate changes to the current A2C2 plan (as established in the control plan, ATO, or ACO).

  • Changes to the air defense artillery (ADA) high-to-medium-altitude air defense (HIMAD) locations.

  • Changes to the weapons control status.

  • Changes to FLOT and boundaries.

  • Additions or changes to the significant planned indirect fires.

  • Procedural changes to identification, friend or foe (IFF) or selective identification feature (SIF).

  • ATO and ACO.

  • UAV missions above the coordinating altitude.

  • Locations of instrumented airfields.

  • Movement of Army airfields.

  • Reduction or suspension of Army air traffic management services.

B-8. Table B-2 depicts BCD vertical information requirements.

Table B-2. BCD Vertical Information Networking

Information Required

Received From

Action Officer

Action/Output

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

Corps

Corps A2C2 Element
Corps G3

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C

A2C2 Control Measures and Restrictions

Requests

Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

C, A

Approvals

JAOC

BCD A2C2 Element

D
Corps A2C2 Element
ADA Brigade

FLOT

 

Corps A2C2 Element
Corps G3

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D

A2C2 Priorities

Army

Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
JAOC Combat Ops

Air Forces

Combat Ops

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

ATO and ACO

 

JAOC Combat Ops

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C

ATO Issuing Times

 

Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D

IFF and SIF Procedures

 

CRC

BCD A2C2 Element

D
Corps A2C2 Element
JAOC and A2C2

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

 

JAOC Combat Ops

BCD A2C2 Element

C, D,
Corps A2C2 Element
ADA Brigade

NBC Contaminated Areas

 

Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
JAOC Combat Ops

Friendly ECM Activities (Affecting Avionics)

 

Corps A2C2 Element G2

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
JAOC Combat Ops
and Plans

SEMA and UAVs (Above Coordinating Altitude)

 

Corps A2C2 Element G2

Corps FSE

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
JAOC Combat Ops
and Plans

ADA Locations and Status (HIMAD)

 

Corps A2C2 Element
ADA BDE

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C

ADA Weapons Control Status

Requests

Corps A2C2 Element G3

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, A

Approvals

CRC

BCD A2C2 Element

D
Corps A2C2 Element

Army ADA Priorities

 

Corps A2C2 Element
G3

BCD A2C2 Element

C, D
JAOC Combat Ops

AD Warnings

 

CRC
Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

C, D
Corps A2C2 Element
ADA BDE
JAOC Defensive Duty Officer

ADA Weapon Engagement Zones and Weapons Coverage

 

CRC
JAOC Plans
ADA Brigade

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Significant Planned Indirect Fires

 

Corps FSE Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

 

Corps FSE
Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

C

Locations and Status

Army Articles

Corps A2C2 Element Corps AVN Units

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
JAOC

NAVAIDs

Corps A2C2 Element
ATS Group and BN

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
JAOC

AIC

Corps A2C2 Element
ATS Group and BN

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, D
JAOC

SAAFRs

 

Corps A2C2 Element

BCD A2C2 Element

P, C, A
(if above coordinating
altitude

A-Approval
ATS-air traffic service
AVN-aviation
BDE-brigade
BN-battalion
C-Coordination
D-Distribution
ECM-electronic countermeasures
NAVAID-navigational aid
NBC-nuclear, biological, and chemical
Ops-operations
P-Planning
SAAFR-standard Army aircraft flight route
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft
*Action/output assumes each A2C2 element section passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

CORPS A2C2 ELEMENT

B-9. The corps A2C2 element has staff responsibility for A2C2 in the corps area. The corps A2C2 element staff function requires information provided from the sources listed in Table B-3. The staff elements using this information are shown by duty position.

Table B-3. Corps A2C2 Element Lateral Information Networking

Information Items

G3 Air

Corps Aviation Officer

Corps ADA Liaison Officer

Air Traffic Service Liaison Officer

Fire Support Coordinator

Air Liaison Officer

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

X

X

X

X

X

X

ATO and ACO

X

X

X

X

X

 

Airspace Control Issuing Times

X

X

X

X

X

X

Airspace User Priorities

X

X

X

X

X

 

A2C2 Restrictions and Control Measures (Current and Requested)

X

X

X

X

X

X

Army AD Priorities

X

X

X

     

AD Warnings

 

X

X

X

X

X

AD Weapons Control Status (Current and Requested)

X

X

X

X

 

X

Friendly ADA Locations and Coverage

X

X

X

X

 

X

ADA Weapon Engagement Zones

 

X

X

X

   

FARPs

 

X

 

X

 

X

Location and Status of Airfields (Includes FARPs)

X

X

 

X

   

Field Artillery Locations

X

X

 

X

X

X

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

X

X

 

X

X

 

Significant Planned and Ongoing Fires (Assumes No Fires in Rear Areas)

X

X

 

X

X

 

Army Aviation Airspace Requirements (Includes SEMA)

X

X

X

     

Army Aviation Unit Locations (Company and Larger)

X

X

 

X

   

Aviation Battle Positions

 

X

X

 

X

X

Massed Enemy Aircraft Locations

   

X

     

IFF and SIF Procedures

 

X

X

X

   

SAAFRs

 

X

X

X

X

 

UAV Flight Paths and Routes

 

X

 

X

X

 

UAV Launch Sites

 

X

 

X

X

 

Flight Obstructions

 

X

 

X

   

Sortie Allocation

X

     

X

 

FLOT

 

X

X

X

X

 

Positions of Instrument Landing Systems

 

X

 

X

   

Location and Status of NAVAIDs

 

X

 

X

   

Intelligence Summaries

X

X

X

 

X

X

Air Support Requests and Requirements (Includes SEMA and UAV)

 

X

X

X

X

 

Air Support Requests and Requirements (Includes Air Force Only)

       

X

 

NBC Contaminated Areas

 

X

 

X

   

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

     

X

   

Airborne Tactical Formations

 

X

 

X

   

Friendly ECM Activities

 

X

 

X

   

Location of AIC

     

X

 

X

NBC Reports

 

X

 

X

X

 

Weather Reports

X

X

 

X

 

X

ECM-electronic countermeasures
FARP-forward arming and refueling point
NAVAID-navigational aid
NBC--nuclear, biological, and chemical
SAAFR-standard Army aircraft flight route
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft

B-10. Table B-4 depicts corps A2C2 element information requirements:

  • Where information from outside the corps A2C2 element originates.

  • Who the primary corps A2C2 element action officer is.

  • Where the information is sent when going outside the corps A2C2 element.

  • What the information is used for.

Table B-4. Corps A2C2 Element Vertical Information Networking

Information Required

Received From

Action Officer

Action/Output

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

Corps

G3

G3 Air

P, C, D
BCD

Division

G3

G3 Air

P, C, A

A2C2 Control Measures and Restrictions

Requests

Corps G3,

DIV A2C2 Element

G3 Air

P, C, A, D
BCD

Approvals

BCD A2C2 Element

G3 Air

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

FLOT

 

G3

G3 Air

P, D
BCD

A2C2 Priorities

Army

G3

G3 Air

P, C, D
BCD
DIV A2C2 Element

Air Forces

BCD A2C2 Element

G3 Air

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

ATO and ACO

 

BCD
ASOC

G3 Air

P, C
DIV A2C2 Element

ATO Issuing Times

 

BCD

G3 Air

P, C, D

IFF and SIF Procedures

 

BCD A2C2 element

G3 Air

P, D DIV A2C2 Element

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

 

BCD
ASOC

G3 Air

D
DIV A2C2 Element

NBC Contaminated Areas

 

Corps NBC Element

G3 Air

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element
All A2C2 Element
Sections

Air Support Requirements and Requests

Army Aviation
Attack

G3
Corps AVN Units
DIV A2C2 Element

AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Airlift

G4/G3
Corps AVN Units
DIV A2C2 Element

AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

SEMA

G2/G3
Corps AVN Units
DIV A2C2 Element

AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Air Forces
CAS

G3

G3 Air

P, C

Recon

G2/G3

G3 Air

P, C

Airlift

G4/G3

G3 Air

P, C

ADA Locations and Coverage

 

Corps ADA Units
DIV A2C2 Element

ADA LNO

P, C, D
BCD A2C2 Element

ADA Weapons Control Status

Requests

G3
DIV A2C2 Element

ADA LNO

P, C, D
BCD A2C2 Element

Approvals and Modifications

Corps A2C2 Element

ADA LNO

P, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Army ADA Priorities

 

G3

ADA LNO

P, D
DIV A2C2 Element

AD Warnings

 

BCD Subordinate Units
DIV A2C2 Element

ADA LNO

C, D
BCD
DIV A2C2 Element

ADA Weapon Engagement Zones and Weapons Coverage

 

BCD
ATO

ADA LNO

P

Significant Planned and Ongoing Indirect Fires

 

Corps Arty

FSCOORD

P, C

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

 

Corps FSE

FSCOORD

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element
BCD

Field Artillery Locations

 

Corps Arty

FSCOORD

P, C , D
DIV A2C2 Element

UAV Launch Sites

 

DIV A2C2 Element

FSCOORD

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

UAV Flight Routes

 

DIV A2C2 Element

G3 Air

P, C, A, D
DIV A2C2 Element
UAV Units

SAAFRs

 

DIV A2C2 Element
Corps AVN

G3 Air

P, C, A, D
DIV A2C2 Element
BCD (if above coordinating altitude)

Army AVN Unit Locations

 

Corps AVN Units
G3

AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Airborne Tactical Formations

 

Corps AVN Units
G3

AVN LNO

C

Locations and Status

Army Articles

Corps AVN Units
G3
DIV A2C2 Element

AVN LNO
G3 Air

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element
BCD

FARPs

Corps AVN
DIV A2C2 Element

AVN LNO
G3 Air

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

NAVAIDs

ATS BN/CO G3

ATS LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element
BCD

AIC

ATS BN/CO

ATS LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element
BCD

Flight Obstructions

 

ATS BN/CO
Corps AVN Units
DIV A2C2 Element

ATS LNO

P, C, D

Intelligence Summaries

 

G2

G3 Air

P, C

Friendly ECM Activities

 

G2

G3 Air

P, C

Massed Enemy Aircraft Formations

 

G2
ADA Units

G3 Air

P, C, D

A-Approval
ASOC-air support operations center
Arty-artillery
AVN-aviation
BN-battalion
C-Coordination
CAS-close air support
CO-company
D-Distribution
DIV-division
ECM-electronic countermeasures
FARP-forward arming and refueling point
FSCOORD-fire support coordinator
NAVAID-navigational aid
NBC-nuclear, biological, and chemical
P-Planning
Recon-reconnaissance
SAAFR-standard Army aircraft flight route
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft
*Action/output assumes each A2C2 element section passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

DIVISION A2C2 ELEMENT

B-11. The division A2C2 element has staff responsibility for A2C2 in the division area, requiring information provided from the sources listed in Table B-5. The staff elements using this information are shown by duty position.

Table B-5. Division A2C2 Element Lateral Information Networking

Information Items

G3 Air

Aviation Officer

ADA Liaison Officer

Air Traffic Service Liaison Officer

Fire Support Coordinator

Air Liaison Officer

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

X

X

X

X

X

X

ATO And ACO

X

X

   

X

 

Airspace Control Issuing Times

X

X

X

X

X

X

Airspace User Priorities

X

X

X

X

X

 

A2C2 Restrictions and Control Measures (Current and Requested)

X

X

X

X

X

 

Army AD Priorities

X

 

X

     

AD Warnings

X

X

X

X

X

X

AD Weapons Control Status (Current and Requested)

X

X

X

X

 

X

Friendly ADA Locations and Coverages

X

X

X

X

 

X

ADA Weapon Engagement Zones

X

   

X

 

X

FARPs

 

X

X

X

 

X

Location and Status of Airfields (Includes FARPs)

X

X

       

Field Artillery Locations

X

   

X

X

X

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

X

X

 

X

X

X

Significant Planned and Ongoing Fires (Assumes No Fires in Rear Areas)

X

X

 

X

X

X

Army Aviation Airspace Requirements (Includes SEMA)

X

X

X

     

Army Aviation Unit Locations (Company and Larger)

X

X

 

X

 

X

Aviation Battle Positions

X

         

Massed Enemy Aircraft Locations

X

         

IFF and SIF Procedures

 

X

X

X

 

X

SAAFRs

X

X

X

X

X

X

UAV Flight Paths and Routes

 

X

 

X

X

 

UAV Launch Sites

 

X

 

X

X

 

Flight Obstructions

 

X

 

X

   

Sortie Allocation

X

     

X

X

FLOT

X

X

X

X

X

X

Positions of Instrument Landing Systems

 

X

       

Locations and Status of NAVAIDs

 

X

 

X

   

Intelligence Summaries

X

         

Air Support Requests and Requirements (Includes SEMA and UAV)

X

X

   

X

 

Air Support Requests and Requirements (Includes Air Force Only)

X

   

X

 

X

NBC Contaminated Areas

X

X

 

X

   

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

X

         

Airborne Tactical Formations

 

X

 

X

   

Friendly ECM Activities

 

X

 

X

   

Location of AIC Logistic Resupply Requests

 

X

 

X

   
ECM-electronic countermeasures
FARP-forward arming and refueling point
NAVAID-navigational aid
NBC-nuclear, biological, and chemical
SAAFR-standard Army aircraft flight route
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft

B-12. Table B-6 depicts division A2C2 element information requirements:

  • Where the information is transmitted when going outside the division A2C2 element.

  • Where information from outside the division A2C2 element originates.

  • What the information is used for.

  • Who the primary division A2C2 element action officer is.

Table B-6. Division A2C2 Element Vertical Information Networking

Information Required

Received From

Action Officer

Action/Output

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

Corps

G3

G3 Air

P, C

Division

G3

G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Brigade

G3

G3 Air

P, C, A

A2C2 Control Measures and Restrictions

Requests

G3
BDE S3

G3 Air

P, C, A, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Approvals

Corps A2C2 Element

G3 Air

P, C, D
BDE S3 Air

Directed (current)

Corps A2C2 Element

G3 Air

P, C, D
BDE S3 Air

FLOT

 

G3

G3 Air

P, D
Corps A2C2 Element

A2C2 Priorities

Army

Corps A2C2 Annex
G3

G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element
BDE S3 Air

Air Forces

Corps A2C2 Annex

G3 Air

P, C

Sortie Allocation

 

ASOC
G3 Air

G3 Air

P, C, D
BDE S3 Air

IFF and SIF Procedures

 

Corps A2C2 Element

G3 Air

P, D

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

 

Corps A2C2 Element
G3

G3 Air

C, D

NBC Contaminated Areas

 

Corps A2C2 Element
DIV NBC Element

G3 Air

P, C, D
BDE S3 Air

Air Support Requirements and Requests

Army Aviation
Attack

G3
DIV AVN Units
BDE S3 Air

AVN LNO

P, C, D
S3 Air

Airlift

G4/G3
DIV AVN Units
BDE S3 Air

AVN LNO

P, C, D
S3 Air

SEMA

G2/G3
DIV AVN Units
BDE S3 Air

AVN LNO

P, C, D
S3 Air

Air Forces CAS

G3
S3 Air

G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Recon

G3/G2

G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Airlift

G4/G3

G3 Air

C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

ADA Locations and Coverage

 

DIV ADA
Corps ADA
Corps A2C2 Element

ADA LNO

P, C
Division Aviation
Brigade

ADA Weapons Control Status

Requests

G3
BDE S3
S3 Air

ADA LNO

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Approvals and Modifications

Corps A2C2 Element

P, D
BDE S3 Air

Army ADA Priorities

 

G3
Corps A2C2 Element

ADA LNO

P, C, D
S3 Air

AD Warnings

 

Corps A2C2 Element
Subordinate Units

ADA LNO

C, D
Corps A2C2 Element
S3 Air

Significant Planned and Ongoing Indirect Fires

 

DIV Arty

FSCOORD

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

 

Corps A2C2 Element
DIV Arty

FSCOORD

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element
BDE FSO

Field Artillery Locations

 

DIV Arty

FSCOORD

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

UAV Launch Sites

 

UAV Units

FSCOORD

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

UAV Flight Routes

 

N/A

G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

SAAFRs

 

DIV AVN

G3 Air

P, C, A, D
Corps A2C2 Element
S3 Air

Army AVN Unit Locations

 

DIV AVN Units
Corps A2C2 Element

AVN LNO

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Airborne Tactical Formations

 

DIV AVN Units
Corps A2C2 Element
S3 Air

AVN LNO

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element
S3 Air

AVN Battle Positions

 

DIV AVN Units
Corps A2C2 Element
BDE S3

AVN LNO

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Locations and Status

Army Airfields

Corps A2C2 Element
G3
DIV AVN Units

AVN LNO
G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

FARPs

DIV AVN Units
S3 Air

AVN LNO
G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

AIC

ATS CO/Platoon
Corps A2C2 Element

ATS LNO

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Flight Obstructions

 

DIV AVN Units
S3 Air
ATS CO/Platoon

ATS LNO

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element

Intelligence Summaries

 

G2

G3 Air

P, C, D
S3 Air
Corps A2C2 Element

Friendly ECM Activities

 

G2

G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element
S3 Air

Massed Enemy Aircraft Formations

 

G2
Corps A2C2 Element
ADA Units

G3 Air

P, C, D
Corps A2C2 Element
S3 Air

A-Approval
Arty-artillery
AVN-aviation
BDE-brigade
C-Coordination
CAS-close air support
CO-company
D-Distribution
DIV-division
ECM-electronic countermeasures
FARP-forward arming and refueling point
FSCOORD-fire support coordinator
N/A-not applicable
NBC-nuclear, biological, and chemical
P-Planning
Recon-reconnaissance
SAAFR-standard Army aircraft flight route
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft
*Action/output assumes each A2C2 element section passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

BRIGADE A2C2 ELEMENT

B-13. The brigade staff performs A2C2 at brigade. Since no formalized A2C2 element exists at brigade, the brigade staff extracts information from various sources to perform A2C2. The brigade commander may form a brigade A2C2 element from the ADA liaison officer (LNO), the brigade fire support officer (FSO), the air liaison officer (ALO), and the Army aviation LNO. When the Army aviation LNO is not present, the S3 air assumes his duties. When present, the Army aviation LNO performs these functions to coordinate with the brigade staff:

  • Reviews the airspace utilization and Army aviation plans and graphics from the division operation order (OPORD) or operation plan (OPLAN); advises the brigade commander and staff on actions required at the brigade to follow or to implement the required A2C2 measures.

  • Receives the division aviation battalion OPORD or OPLAN; advises the brigade commander and staff on Army aviation support in the brigade area.

  • Receives the brigade OPLAN or OPORD; advises on Army aviation annex when necessary; assists in planning operations requiring Army aviation support.

B-14. A2C2 priorities are established and coordination is accomplished on the brigade staff as—

  • Division A2C2 priorities are received from the division A2C2 element for implementing at the brigade.

  • Significant planned indirect fires are received from the FSO and sent to aviation unit operations. The staff sends significant indirect fires that are immediate to the airspace information center (AIC) either directly or via the division A2C2 element.

  • Requests for brigade A2C2 priorities are received from the brigade S3 air and forwarded to the division A2C2 element for approval.

  • Field artillery locations are received from the FSO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • Fire support coordinating measures are received from the FSO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • The ADA weapons control status is received from the ADA LNO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • A2C2 restrictions received from the division A2C2 element are passed to the FSO, S3 air, ALO, and ADA LNO for fire support planning. A2C2 restrictions originating at brigade to facilitate fire support planning are sent to aviation unit operations and the division A2C2 element.

  • FLOT information is received from the brigade S3 and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • AD warnings are received from the ADA LNO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • Requests for Air Force air support are received from the S3 air. Once requests are approved and scheduled, the staff sends information to aviation unit operations.

  • Requests for Army aviation support are received from the S3 air and sent to the division A2C2 element and supporting aviation unit.

B-15. The brigade staff function requires information provided from the sources listed in Table B-7. The staff elements using this information are shown by duty position.

Table B-7. Brigade Staff Lateral Information Networking

Information Items

ADA Liaison Officer

Army Aviation Officer

Fire Support Officer

Air Liaison Officer

S3 Air

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

X

X

X

X

X

ATO and ACO

X

X

X

X

X

Airspace Control Issuing Times

     

X

X

Airspace User Priorities

       

X

A2C2 Restrictions and Control Measures (Current and Requested)

X

X

 

X

X

Army AD Priorities

X

   

X

X

AD Warnings

X

   

X

X

AD Weapons Control Status (Current and Requested)

X

X

 

X

X

Friendly ADA Locations and Coverage

X

X

 

X

X

ADA Weapon Engagement Zones

X

   

X

X

FARPs

 

X

   

X

Locations and Status of Airfields (Includes FARPs)

X

X

 

X

X

Field Artillery Locations

 

X

X

X

X

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

X

X

X

X

X

Significant Planned and Ongoing Fires (Assumes No Fires in Rear Areas)

 

X

X

X

X

Army Aviation Airspace Requirements (Includes SEMA)

 

X

 

X

 

Army Aviation Unit Locations (Company and Larger)

 

X

   

X

Aviation Battle Positions

 

X

X

 

X

Massed Enemy Aircraft Locations

       

X

IFF and SIF Procedures

X

X

 

X

 

SAAFRs

X

X

X

   

UAV Flight Paths and Routes

 

X

X

   

UAV Launch Sites

 

X

X

   

Flight Obstructions

 

X

   

X

Sortie Allocation

       

X

FLOT

X

X

X

X

X

Positions of Instrument Landing Systems

 

X

 

X

 

Locations and Status of NAVAIDs

 

X

 

X

 

Intelligence Summaries

       

X

Air Support Requests and Requirements (Includes SEMA and UAV)

X

X

X

X

X

Air Support Requests and Requirements (Includes Air Force Only)

X

 

X

 

X

NBC Contaminated Areas

 

X

   

X

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

       

X

Airborne Tactical Formations

X

     

X

Friendly ECM Activities

 

X

   

X

Location of AIC

 

X

 

X

 
ECM-electronic countermeasures
FARP-forward arming and refueling point
NAVAID-navigational aid
NBC-nuclear, biological, and chemical
SAAFR-standard Army aircraft flight route
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft

B-16. Table B-8 depicts the brigade staff information requirements:

  • Where information from outside the brigade originates.

  • Who the primary brigade action officer is.

  • Where the information is transmitted when going outside the brigade staff.

  • What the information is used for.

Table B-8. Brigade Staff Vertical Information Networking

Information Required

Received From

Action Officer

Action/Output

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

Division

G3

S3 Air

P, C

Brigade

S3

S3 Air

P, C, D
BN S3
DIV G3

Battalion

S3

S3 Air

P, C, A

A2C2 Control Measures and Restrictions

Requests

S3
BN S3

S3 Air

P, C, A, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Approvals

DIV A2C2 Element

S3 Air

P, C, D
BN S3

Directed (Current)

DIV A2C2 Element

S3 Air

P, C, D
BN S3

FLOT

 

S3

S3 Air

C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

A2C2 Priorities

Army

S3
DIV A2C2 Annex

S3 Air

P, C, D
BN S3

Air Forces (if affects BDE)

DIV A2C2 Annex

S3 Air

P

Sortie Allocation

 

G3 Air

S3 Air

P, C, D
BN S3 Air

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

 

DIV A2C2 Element
G3 Air

S3 Air

C, D

NBC Contaminated Areas

 

DIV A2C2 Element BDE
NBC Officer

S3 Air

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Air Support Requirements and Requests

Army Aviation
Attack

S3

S3 Air/AVN LNO

P, C, D
BN S3 Air
DIV A2C2 Element

Airlift

S3/S4

S3 Air/AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

SEMA

S2/S3

S3 Air

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Air Forces
CAS

S3

S3 Air ALO

P, C, D
BN S3 Air
DIV A2C2 Element

Recon

S3/S2

S3 Air ALO

P, C, D
BN S3 Air
DIV A2C2 Element

Airlift

S3/S4

S3 Air ALO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Airspace Control Issuing Times

 

DIV A2C2 Element

S3 Air

P

ADA Locations and Coverage

 

ADA BN/Battery

ADA LNO

P, C

ADA Weapons Control Status

Requests

S3

ADA LNO

C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Approvals and Modifications

DIV A2C2 Element

ADA LNO

P, D
BN S3 Air

AD Warnings

 

DIV A2C2 Element
Subordinate Units

ADA LNO

C, D
DIV A2C2 Element
BN S3 Air

Significant Planned and Ongoing Indirect Fires

 

DIV Arty
DS Arty

FSO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

 

DIV Arty
DS Arty

FSO

P, C, D
S3 Air

Field Artillery Locations

 

DIV Arty
DS Arty

FSO

P, C , D
DIV A2C2 Element

UAV Launch Sites

 

UAV Units

FSO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

UAV Flight Routes

 

DIV A2C2 Element

S3 Air

P, C

Army AVN Unit Locations

 

DIV A2C2 Element
AVN Units

S3 Air
AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Airborne Tactical Formations

 

AVN Units
S3

S3 Air
AVN LNO

C

FARPs

 

DIV A2C2 Element
AVN Unit

S3 Air
AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

AVN Battle Positions

 

AVN Unit

S3 Air
AVN LNO

P, C, D
DIV A2C2 Element

Intelligence Summaries

 

S2

S3 Air

P, C

Friendly ECM Activities

 

S2
DIV A2C2 Element

S3 Air

P, C

Massed Enemy Aircraft Formations

 

DIV A2C2 Element
ADA Units

S3 Air

C

A-Approval
Arty-artillery
AVN--aviation
BDE-brigade
BN-battalion
CAS-close air support
D-Distribution

DIV-division
DS-direct support
ECM-electronic countermeasures
NBC-nuclear, biological, and chemical
P-Planning
Recon-reconnaissance
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft
C-Coordination FARP-forward arming and refueling point
*Action/output assumes each A2C2 element section passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

BATTALION A2C2 ELEMENT

B-17. As with the brigade staff, no formal A2C2 element exists at battalion. The commander is the airspace manager and his staff performs the coordination. The information requirements by duty position are the same from brigade to battalion with one exception. The S3 or S3 air generates the ADA and aviation information if either the ADA or aviation LNO is not present.

B-18. Table B-9 depicts the battalion staff information requirements:

  • Where information from outside the battalion originates.

  • Who the primary battalion action officer is.

  • Where the information is transmitted when going outside the battalion staff.

  • What the information is used for.

Table B-9. Battalion Staff Vertical Information Networking

Information Required

Received From

Action Officer

Action/Output

OPORD or OPLAN (Includes A2C2 Annex)

Brigade

S3

S3 Air

P, C

Battalion

S3

S3 Air

P, C

A2C2 Control Measures and Restrictions

Current

S3 Air

S3 Air

P, C

Required

N/A

S3 Air

P, C, D
BDE S3 Air

FLOT

 

S3

S3 Air

P, C

A2C2 Priorities (Army Only)

 

S3
BDE S3 Air

S3 Air

P, C

AD Warnings

 

BDE S3 Air

S3 Air

C

Sortie Allocation

 

BDE S3 Air

S3 Air

P

Air Support Requirements and Requests

Army Aviation
Attack

Subordinate Units
S3

S3 Air

C, D
BDE S3 Air

Airlift

S4/S3

S3 Air

C, D
BDE S3 Air

SEMA

S2/S3

S3 Air

C, D
BDE S3 Air

Air Forces
CAS

S3

S3 Air
ALO

C, D
BDE S3 Air

Recon

S2/S3

S3 Air
ALO

C, D
BDE S3 Air

Airlift

S4/S3

S3 Air

C, D
BDE S3 Air

Unscheduled, Large Formation Missions

 

BDE S3 Air

S3 Air

C

ADA Locations

 

ADA Unit

S3

C

ADA Weapons Control Status

 

S3

S3

C, D
BDE

Significant Planned and Ongoing Indirect Fires

 

DIV Arty

FSO

C, D
BDE S3 Air

Fire Support Coordinating Measures

 

DIV Arty
DS Arty

FSO

C

Field Artillery Locations

 

DS Arty

FSO

C

Army AVN Locations and Coverage

 

AVN Units

S3 Air

C, D
BDE S3 Air

AVN Battle Positions

 

AVN Units

S3 Air

C, D
BDE S3 Air

A-Approval
Arty-artillery
AVN-aviation
BDE-brigade
C-Coordination
CAS-close air support
D-Distribution
DIV-division
DS-direct support
N/A-not applicable
P-Planning
Recon-reconnaissance
SEMA-special electronic mission aircraft
*Action/output assumes each A2C2 element section passes information it obtains to its parent unit.



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