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Military

GLOSSARY

AA

assembly area; antiarmor

AAR

after-action review

ABF

attack by fire

ACE

ammunition, casualty, equipment (report)

ADA

air defense artillery

ADACC

air defense and air coordination cell

ADW

air defense warning

AFATDS

advanced field artillery tactical data system

AIM-1

laser aiming light for the M249, M60, and MK19

AMD

air and missile defense

AN/PAQ-4B/C

laser aiming light for the M16, M4, M203, codeable infrared light device

AN/PVS-14

night vision goggle

AN/TPQ-37

 

AO

area of operation

AP

antipersonnel

ARTEP

army training and evaluation program

ASAS

all-source analysis system

ASLT POSN

assault position

AT

antitank

ATGM

antitank guided missle

ATK POSN

attack position

   

BAS

battalion aid station

BCIS

battlefield combat identification system

BDA

battle damage assessment

BHL

battle handover line

BMNT

beginning morning nautical twilight

BMP

Russian abbreviation for tracked infantry fighting vehicle

BN

battalion

BOS

battlefield operation systems

BP

battle position

BSA

brigade support area

BTR

abbreviation for Russian wheeled armored personnel carrier

   

C2

command and control

C3

command, control, and communications

C3I

command, control, communications, and intelligence

CAS

close air support

CASEVAC

casualty evacuation

CCP

casualty collection point

CDR

commander

CIV

commander's independent viewer

CLU

command launch unit

CO

company

COA

course of action

COLT

combat observation and laser team

COMSEC

communications security

COP

common operating picture

COTS

commercial off-the-shelf

CP

command post; checkpoint

CS

combat support

CSOP

combat security outpost

CSS

combat service support

CSSCS

combat service support control system

CTD

commander's tactical display

CTT

common task test

DA

Department of the Army

DAT

damage assessment team

DEUCE

deployable universal combat earthmover

DLIC

detachment left in contact

DM

designated marksman

DPICM

dual-purpose improved conventional munitions

DS

direct support

   

EA

engagement area

EENT

end of evening nautical twilight

EFST

essential fire support task

EPLRS

enhanced position location reporting system

EPW

enemy prisoner of war

ESV

engineer squad vehicle

   

1SG

first sergeant

FA

field artillery

FAAD

forward area air defense

FAC

forward air controller

FBCB2

force XXI battle command brigade and below

FDC

fire direction center

FEBA

forward edge of battle area

FFE

fire for effect

FIST

fire support team

FLIR

forward-looking infrared radar

FM

frequency modulated; field manual

FO

forward observer

FPF

final protective fire

FPL

final protective line

FRAGO

fragmentary order

FSE

fire support element

FSO

fire support officer

   

GCP-1

ground commander's pointer

GPS

global positioning system

GS

general support

GS-R

general support-reinforcing

   

HE

high explosive

HEAT

high explosive anti-tank

HEDP

high explosive, dual purpose

HMEE

high mobility engineer excavator

HPT

high profile target

HQ

headquarters

HTU

hand-held terminal unit

   

IAW

in accordance with

IBCT

interim brigade combat team

ICM

improved conventional munitions

ICV

infantry carrier vehicle

ID

identification

   

INU

inertial navigation unit

IPB

intelligence preparation of the battlefield

IR

infrared

ISR

intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance

IV

inter-visibility

IVIS

inter-vehicular information system

   

JP8

army common fuel

   

KIA

killed in action

   

LD

line of departure

LNO

liaison officer

LOC

line of communication

LOGPAC

logistics package

LWS

land warrior system

LZ

landing zone

   

MANPADS

man-portable air defense system

MBA

main battle area

MCOO

modified combined obstacle overlay

MCS

maneuver control system

MDMP

military decision-making process

MDI

modernized demolition initiator

MDS

modular decontamination system

MEC

medium engineer company

MEL

maximum engagement line

METT-TC

mission, enemy, terrain, troops and equipment, time available and civil considerations

MG

machine gun

MGS

mobile gun system

MICLIC

mine clearing line charge

MLRS

multiple launch rocket system

mm

millimeter

MOGAS

motor gasoline

MOPMS

modular pack mine system

MOPP

mission-oriented protective posture

MP

military patrol

MPAT

multipurpose antitank

MR

moon rise

MRE

meal, ready to eat

MRP

motorized rifle platoon

MS

moon set

MTC

movement to contact

NAI

named area of interest

NBC

nuclear, biological, and chemical

NCO

noncommissioned officer

NCS

net control system

   

NFA

no-fire area

NGF

naval gunfire

NLT

not later than

NVD

night vision device

NVG

night vision goggle

   

OBJ

objective

OAKOCCOKA

observation and fields of fire, avenues of approach, key terrain, obstacles, cover and concealment, obstacles, key terrain, avenues of approach

OBJ

objective

   

OP

observation post

OPCON

operational control

OPLAN

operations plan

OPORD

operations order

OPSEC

operational security

ORP

objective rally point

OT

observer target

OTN

own the night

   

PC

personnel carrier

PCC

precombat check

PCI

precombat inspection

PD

point of departure

PDF

principal direction of fire

PIR

priority intelligence requirements

PL

platoon leader

PLD

probable line of deployment

PLGR

precision lightweight global positioning system receiver

PNS

precision navigation system

POL

petroleum, oils, and lubricants

POSNAV

position navigation

PSG

platoon sergeant

PSYOP

psychological operations

PZ

pickup zone

   

RATELO

radiotelephone operator

RFL

restrictive fire line

RLEM

rifle-launched entry munitions

ROE

rules of engagement

ROI

rules of interaction

RRP

re-entry rally point

RSTA

reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition

R&S

reconnaissance and surveillance

RP

release point; reference point

   

SALUTE

size, activity, location, unit, time, equipment (report)

SASO

stability operation and support operations

SAW

squad automatic weapon

SBCT

Stryker brigade combat team

SBF

support by fire

SDT

self-development test

SHORAD

short-range air defense

SINCGARS

single-channel ground and airborne radio system

SITEMP

situational template

SITREP

situation report

SNAP

size or shape, nature or nomenclature, activity, protection or posture

SOI

signal operating instructions

SOP

standard operating procedures

SPOTREP

spot report

SR

sun rise

SS

sunset

SSCO

small-scale contingency operations

SU

situational understanding

SVML

standard vehicle-mounted launchers

   

TACP

tactical air control party

TI

tactical internet

TL

team leader

TLP

troop-leading procedures

TOW

tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided (missile)

TP-T

target practice-tracer

TRP

target reference point

TSOP

tactical standing operating procedures

TTP

tactics, techniques, and procedures

   

UAV

unmanned aerial vehicle

UO

urban operations (replacing term MOUT)

   

VC

vehicle commander

   

VIS

vehicular intercommunication system

VMS

vehicle motion sensor

   

WARNO

warning order

WCS

weapons control status

WIA

wounded in action

WP

whitephosphorus

WRP

weapons reference point

   

XO

executive officer

 

DEFINITIONS

Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS): A computer that provides fire support officers command and control and fire direction capabilities for field artillery. AFATDS replaces TACFIRE.

black lights: Various configurations of infrared light sources including buttons, post lights, bike lights, tube lights, and remote unit lights. The lights are powered by AA and 12-volt batteries. They can be used to mark landing and pickup zones, obstacles, checkpoints, routes, sectors of fire, TRPs, routes.

digital communications: The transmission of information using a digital radio.

digital system: Any combination of computers, radios, or software enhancing the soldier's ability to do his job.

digitization: The combination of a number of electronic enhancements designed to increase information sharing across the battlefield at all echelons. The enhancements functioning together are referred to as digitization

doctrine: The fundamental principles by which military forces or elements thereof guide their actions in support of national objectives. It is authoritative but requires judgment in application.

flare, infrared, parachute: A parachute flare that emits infrared light once discharged. The flare is essentially the same as its conventional "white light" counterpart but it emits infrared light.

flare, handheld infrared: A handheld tube with an infrared flare on one end and a smoke on the other. The smoke burns for about 16 seconds and the flare's burn time is about 20 seconds.

goggles, night vision (AN/PVS-14): A night vision goggle fitted with a fourth generation image intensification tube that provides increased resolution and tube life. The goggles have a 40-degree field of view, weigh 680 grams, and are powered by two AA batteries or one lithium battery.

Javelin: An antitank weapon that has a 2,000+ meter range. It is a fire-and-forget missile that has a "top-down attack" capability. The Javelin has a second generation forward-looking infrared nightsight. The missile weight is approximately 50 pounds. This weapon is a replacement for the Dragon.

laser aiming light (Aim-1): A device that mounts on the M249, M-240B machine gun, and MK19 Grenade Launcher to fire an eye safe infrared laser aiming light on the target for improved target sighting. The Aim-1 weighs 200 grams and is powered by two AA batteries.

laser aiming light (AN/PAQ-4B/C): A pulsating infrared aiming laser that mounts on the M16, M4, M203, and M249. The laser is designed for use with night vision goggles and provides a pulsating laser on the spot the shooter intends to fire at for target sighting. The AN/PAQ-4 weighs 125 grams and is powered by two AA batteries.

magnifier 10X: A snap on/screw on optic lens for the AN/PVS-14 that magnifies the image seen in the image intensification tube to increase clarity and resolution. Weight is 190 grams.

own the night (OTN): Any system or piece of equipment designed to enhance the soldier's night fighting capability.

Phoenix codeable infrared light: An infrared light source used with night vision goggles that can be programmed for a steady or flashing code or sequence up to 4 seconds in duration. The Phoenix weighs 57 grams and is powered by one 9 volt battery.

pointer, ground commander's (GCP-1): An infrared laser pointer/illuminator that provides clandestine target designation and illumination for night vision goggles. The laser beam can be adjusted from a thin to wide beam of infrared light, weighs 190 grams, and is powered by a 9-volt battery or two AA batteries.

POSNAV (position navigation): Any system providing individual soldier or unit locations via GPS or digital system. It greatly reduces the risk of navigation errors.

procedures: A standard detailed course of action that describes how to perform a task. Procedures prescribe the way of accomplishing tasks.

smoke, handheld infrared: A handheld tube with an infrared flare on one end and a smoke on the other. The smoke burns for about 16 seconds and the flare's burn time is about 20 seconds.

tactics: (1) The employment of units in combat. (2) The ordered arrangement and maneuver of units in relation to each other and/or to the enemy to use their full potential.

tactical SOP: A set of instructions covering those features of operations which lend themselves to a definite or standardized procedure without loss of effectiveness. The procedure is applicable unless ordered otherwise.

techniques: The general and detailed methods used by troops or commanders to perform assigned missions and functions, specifically, the methods of using equipment and personnel. Techniques describe a way, not the only way.



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